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: The vessels agreed on were faithfully furnished; J.C.1522.

Heg. 928, and the knights put on board them the remains & 929.? of the riches of the Order, and the ornaments of the churches, which they wished to convey master of

Rhodes is from the avidity of the Mussulmen. Two days admitted after the capitulation, Achmer having had a con- dience of

the empe. ference with the grand master about the execution ror. of the treaty, this minister informed him, that Solyman desired to see him. L'isle Adam had a disike to the interview ; but it would not have · been prudent to refuse such an absolute van

quisher, who might retract his word under that
pretext, without its being possible to make him
repent of it. On the other hand, the knights,
who knew how little the Turks respect the law
of nations, pressed their grand master not to trust
himself in the hands of these barbarians; but
L'isle Adam, accustomed to the greatest dangers,
repaired to the camp of the Turks early in the
morning, without any other escort than a few of
his brethren. Though it was then the most
rigorous season of the year, the officers of the
grand seignior left this illustrious old man, with
all his retinue, exposed to the inclemency of
the weather, 'till the beginning of the night.
They then clothed him in a magnificent vest, as
likewise his followers, and introduced them, with
an interpreter, into the tent of the emperor, who
received them on his throne. Solyman had a
lofty soul. The resistance of the knights of


THE OTTOMANS. J.C. 1522. Rhodes, in kindling his wrath, had excited his Heg. 928, * 929. admiration. He treated the grand master kind

ly, praised his valour, and said to him, that the conquest or the fall of empires was the common play of Fortune; he tried even to prevail on L'ifle Adam to enter into his service, representing to him his having just experienced, how little he could depend on the friendship and alliance of the Christian princes, and that, if he would embrace the law of Mahomet, he might expect the greatest dignities in the Ottoman empire. The grand master, as firm in his faith as attached to his Order, answered the emperor, that he should be unworthy of his favor, if he were capable of accepting his offers. He seized this occasion to desire Solyman to grant the yanquished a necessary protection, and to order, that the knights should not be molested in their retreat or their embarcation. The sultan replied, that his word was inviolable; and, as a mark of his protection, he gave him his hand to kiss. . : Notwithstanding such positive promises, a · crowd of janiffaries, under pretext of visiting

their comrades in garrison in the town, rushed in unexpectediy five days after the capitulation, They pillaged some churches, and particularly the infirmary, which was immensely rich, and where the sick were served with as much magnificence as care. They insulted the citizens of Rhodes, and put the houses of the richest persons


under contribution. The complaints of the grand :C.1523. master put a stop to this disorder. Achmet, & 929 who had been a witness of the reception which Solyman had given the knights, ordered the aga of the janissaries to be told, that his head would answer for the conduct of his men. And in- ' deed the sultan, jealous of his personal reputation as much as of the glory of his arms, was desirous that the vanquished should carry to all the ex. tremities of the universe, testimonies of the van. quisher's kindness, and the assurance of his being faithful to his word. In consequence, the disorder was soon repressed.

Solyman, in order to secure the tranquility of Solyman - Rhodes, resolved to visit it himself, before the felf to knights had left it. After having examined the and treats ruins of these redoubtable fortifications, which master

kindly. were no longer any thing but heaps of stones and afhes, before which, even by the confession of the Turks, more than forty thousand soldiers had fallen by the hands of six thousand, the emperor. would fain enter the palace of the grand master. . L'isle Adam went out to meet his vanquisher. The monarch accosted him in an affable manner; he exhorted him even to-support with courage this misfortune, and told him that he might peaceably embark every thing belonging to the Order and to the Rhodians who were desirous of following him; that if the time agreed on were not sufficient, he, the emperor, would


the grand

Heg. 929

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L.C.1523. voluntarily prolong it. He gave the grand mal

ter new assurances of an inviolable fidelity in the execution of the capitulation; then turning to Achmet, he said: “ It is not without some pain " that I oblige this Christian, at his age, to go « out of his house.”

L'isle Adam did not abufe the favor granted him by his enemy. Having learned that he · was preparing to return in two days to Constan

tinople, the grand master, that he might not remain at the mercy of those who should command at Rhodes in the absence of the emperor, haftened his embarcation, which was made in the night

between the last day of December 1522, and the Solyman first of January 1523. Four thoufand Rhodians, Rhodes, men, women, and children, resolved to escape the knights & dominion of these barbarians. They embarked fand Rho- with the knights and attached themselves to the embarked. fortune of the Order. The precipitation and

disorder of this flight presented a moving spec. tacle; nothing was heard but cries, murmurs, and complaints. The knights lost a fine fovereignty; and the Rhodians regretted a fortunate climate, where the fertility of the soil and the falubrity of the air had furnished them with a livelihood both plentiful and serene. Almoft every one lamented a friend or relation abandoned to the yoke of the Mussulmen. An inhabitant of Rhodes, unfortunately of a too illustrious birth, would willingly have followed these fugi


after the

four thou

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tives. This was a son of prince Zizim, the bro- .C. 1523.
ther of the emperor Bajazet II. who, the reader
must remember, fought an asylum in Rhodes,
and afterward perished by the treachery of
pope Alexander VI. This prince, obliged to
leave the island, left an infant son there, who was
brought up and instructed in the Christian reli-
gion. He married and had two sons. This
family, though respected by the knights, lived at
Rhodes in retirement, and almost forgotten. On
the news of the fiege, the son of Zizim Aattered
himself with remaining confounded in the crowd
of Greeks; but Solyman was ignorant of nothing
that could interest him. He discovered the asy-
lum of the nephew of his grandfather, and took
care how he let him escape. When they had
fecured this unfortunate prince, his wife, and chile,
dren, they asked them, if they persisted in the
Christian religion. All having declared that
they would live and die Christians; the sultan
seized this pretext to cut off every shoot of this
adverse branch; he ordered all four to be be-
headed, and set out the next day for Constan-
tinople, after having assured himself of the de.
parture of the knights. . .
Solyman, on his return to Constantinople, He makes

regulations determined to employ himself on government. both for the He caused several cadis to be punished, who had ftration of been guilty of partiality in the administration of the command justice, or fraud in the receipt of the public “cs.



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