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encouraged rebellions, which troubled both his J-c- 14»i. and his successor's reign. His viziers concealed «X^his death, according to his own instructions, in order to give Amurath, his eldest son, time to arrive from Amasia. During forty-one days, justice was administered in the name of Mahomet, as if he had been still living: after which, the new emperor sent the body of his father to Bursa, where it was interred in the mosque which that prince had founded.



A MURATH II. was eighteen years old when TheempeJ-S' he ascended the throne. He received an StfT4 embassy from the Greek emperor Manuel, im- j^/jl mediately thereon, to demand his two brothers, ^t\££ in order to their being educated at Constantinople, according to the will of Mahomet. The Greek prince offered likewise to renew the alliance between them. The grand vizier Bajazet, replied in the name of his master, that the Ottomans would never be the first disturbers of the peace established between the two crowns, but that a Mussulman sovereign could not confide the education of two princes of his house to Infidels,


i.c- i42I-and that, in short, Amu rath was resolved not to

Heg. 824.

v—y—> comply with a disposal, which Mahomet never could nor ought to have made. The ambassadors retired apparently discontented; but Manuel was seeking only a pretext for a rupture. He was not long in seizing it; he sent Demetrius Lascaris, with ten galleys, to the isle of Lesbos, for the pretended Mustapha and Sineis his companion in fortune; this was the fame Demetrius who had once already saved their lives. Manuel, who wanted only to profit by the dissentions of the Turks, prescribed to the phantom that he set against Amurath, conditions, which the pretended prince agreed to without difficulty. As he possessed nothing, he promised every thing. Mustapha was to cede to the Greeks the countries bordering on the Pont Euxine as far as the frontiers of Walachia, and all the towns of Thessaly, as far as mount Athos. Without doubt he would have promised the empire entire, had it been demanded of him. Immediately after this treaty, which was confirmed by oath, ten galleys, commanded by Demetrius, conveyed to the port of Gallipoli the pretended Mustapha, Sineis, and all those who would embrace their party. Thepre- she noble air of this adventurer, who per

tended s

Mustapha fectly resembled the prince whose name he upossession of the citadel sword in hand, whilst ]£• I*»I• Mustapha went to get himself acknowledged in *^-v—» the Hexamilium.t In effect, whether the people were afraid of being governed by a master too young, or that they thought they saw their lawful prince in this man, whose outward appearance seduced them, Mustapha entered several places, more like a favorite monarch than a conqueror. The arrival of these news at Bursa, raised the whole council of the young emperor against the grand vizier Bajazet. They reproached this minister with a misfortune which he ought to have foreseen, for no one doubted but it was the haughty reply made the Greeks, which had determined them to set up an emperor. The council was unanimous for charging Bajazet with the event of a war which he alone had incited. The time was precious, as it was necessary to march troops from Asia. Bajazet passed the straits with less than thirty thousand men; some soldiers joined him in Europe; The usurper seemed to be a prince confirmed on his throne, which some factious people were vainly attempting to pull down.

takes pos- ^ * *

session of surped, his affability and persuasive eloquence, The grand soon opened to him the gates of the city, which jazet at first had threatened resistance. Sineis took

marches a- rr> rr>

gainst him. possession


f This was what they called the peninsula on which Gallipoli is situated, because the isthmus, which joins it to the continent, is but six miles broad; this was what gave the name of Hexamilium to Lysimachia, built on chit isthmus. The isthmus of Corinth had a wall and a town which bore the same name.

lif^iV' Though Bajazet's forces were very inferior, he *.—*—«* marched courageously against the enemy. MusBajazetis tapha advanced slowly, at the head of sixty

army deserts by de- thousand men: Sineis commanded the troops.

grees to the ,.. - ,,

enemy. Mustapha was employed only in increasing his »kierhim-party, in flattering all those whom he had intesurrfnders rest to gain, and in persuading by caresses those surpe^r men accustomed to tremble before their masters, himput'to and to kiss the dust of their feet. And indeed fath- Mustapha intentionally permitted the enemy's army to approach him. He and Bajazet met near Gallipoli -, the usurper's camp was well fortified; almost convinced that his enemy would not attack him, he undertook to vanquish him without striking a blow. He advanced every day, with a feeble escort, as far as the advanced guards, or towards the dispersed knots of men, and conversed familiarly with the commanders or soldiers. He made all those recollect him that had formerly seen Mustapha; he called God to witness the justice of his cause, and swore by the prophet to govern equitably the empire which he was obliged to conquer. His conversations had almost always the success which he expected: the soldiers either followed him, or returned to their camp only to bring him a greater number of deserters; in short, in a few days, Bajazet's army was so reduced by desertions to Mustapha's, that the vizier cpuld no longer flat-? ter himself with making the least resistance. He

went went the last to implore the clemency of him, jif-/f"; who had vanquished him without a battle. The <—v—' pretended prince would have spared him, agreeably to his political principles; but his general, Sineis, whom it was dangerous for him to offend, was the declared enemy of Bajazet. This vizier had formerly sought the alliance of Sineis; he had asked his daughter in marriage for his son. Sineis, who hated Bajazet, had preferred giving his daughter to a slave newly enfranchised, whom he made sangiac of Nimphea. In the first disgrace of Sineis, Bajazet' had taken possession of that town, imprisoned the governor, who had been preferred to his son, and ordered him to be made an eunuch. The remembrance of this cruelty had left deep traces in the heart of Sineis. He no sooner saw this vizier prisoner, than he had him wrested from Mustapha's tent, notwithstanding the protection of that" prince, which the unfortunate vizier loudly Unclaimed, and had him beheaded in his presence.

After this event, Mustapha flattered himself, The pre. . that he should peaceably possess all that the ^"topha Ottomans had conquered in Europe. He had ^fthf*" dispersed an army of Amurath's without difficulty: Price°rhis

1 * * succours.

and was received at Adrianople with the accla- This .

1 pnnce, ir

mations of all the people. This child of fortune rluted at


was beginning to resign himself on the bosom aeceivert,

. ioins A.

of his prosperity, when the Greeks demanded of murath. him Gallipoli and the other/places which they

M had

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