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jjf-/t*1-. nac* been promised. Mustapha considered him/ /'A-*-"-* sufficiently certain of his prosperity, to dare openly appear perjured and ungrateful. He refused to give up what he termed the patrimony of his ancestors, declaring to Demetrius, who demanded of him, in the name of Manuel, the execution of the treaty of Constantinople, that he neither could nor would mangle the Ottoman empire. Demetrius, having been his first deliverer, made no scruple of reproaching him with his perfidy. But Mustapha was not susceptible of shame; he complained in his turn of Manuel's cruelty, who had retained him captive in the isle of Lest>os, the latter part of the reign of Mahomet. After a speech, full of pride and bitterness, he ordered Demetrius to go and tell the Greek emperor from him, that he would be his ally, only on condition of Manuel's renouncing his unjust pretensions. The Greek emperor was confounded with so much audacity; he saw with grief his perfidies repaid, and that he mould not receive from » them the fruit which he had expected. Not

being sufficiently strong to punish, he resolved to offer his feeble succours to the sultan Amurath, whom he had betrayed; but on whom he founded all his hopes of revenge. The Ot^ toman prince was not cast down at having opposed an insufficient force to the enterprise of Mustapha; he favorably received the ambassadors

of <jf the emperor Manuel, and sent him others in hf^f1return, in order to dissemble the resentment that «^v—» he felt at the setting up of a pretended Mustapha; but he would never promise, either to trust his two brothers to the Greeks, or to give up Gal-. lipoli, as Manuel demanded. This would have been paying too dear for the alliance of that prince, for the ancient masters of the world had hardly any thing but good wishes to offer their allies.

The young Amurath had seen how the address sineis be. alone of Mustapha had made him reign at A-pretended drianople: he was willing in his turn to get the sorUthePgogood opinion of the people: he published that of snrjma. the fins of the Mahometans had drawn on them ^fapbhaanthe wrath of God. When he learned the total h°TMJXI destruction of his army, he exclaimed in open %mo&T divan: What can. a created being do, when the 1°n<:Creator is against him. This maxim is retained by the Turks; they repeat it often in Amurath's own words. This prince went publicly some leagues from Bursa, to visit a dervis, who possessed great reputation for sanctity throughout Asia., He gave the solitary man a great many proofs of piety and veneration; he intreated him to go to prayer, in order to learn from God, and from his prophet, if he should undertake the war, and what success the monarch might hope from it. The pretended faint, after a long meditation, assumed the voice of inspiration, and M 2 promised

jif' l\\u promised the sultan several times, from Maho«—-V-*» met, the"most complete victory, and the 'constant prosperity of the house of Ottoman. This . oracle, designedly spread throughout the empire, weakened the sort of charm employed by the pretended Mustapha. He contributed himself, still more than the dervisian prophet, to ruin his party. Since he thought himself settled on his throne, luxury and debauchery had rendered him incapable of business, and he even neglected to please those from whom he thought he had nothing more to expect. The repeated reproaches of Sineis at length drew Mustapha from the sloth in which he had languished for a year past. His troops passed the straits, and the two armies met. Amurath, who knew Sineis to be an able general and a traitor, chose rather to corrupt than to fight him.. He proposed to him, by an officer of his army, brother to Sineis, who went to meet him in the night, to restore him Ephesus and Smyrna, of which he had been bashaw, on the sole condition of the oaths, and an annual tribute. Sineis found Mustapha, neither sufficiently vigilant, nor warlike, to flatter himself with his being able to retain his conquests. He began to repent of having attached his fortune to that of an usurper, who was incapable of sustaining his dange.rons part, and who was but an impostor, even in the eyes of his partisans, Sineis gave his

•word, word, on which much dependance could notJ-0-1^i

* Heg. £24.

be put, and the next night set out for Smyrna. «—*-—» The news of this desertion Were a signal for all Mustapha's soldiers, who dispersed, as soon as they saw themselves without a chief. Amurath, who had expected it, had caused bridges to be constructed at equal distances, and avenues to be prepared, in order that the deserters might come to his camp with greater facility, and where they actually arrived in great number. The abandoned Mustapha fled to Lampfac'o, followed only by four servants; it was with difficulty that he found a bark to carry him to Europe. The army of his enemy was close after him: the usurper was hard pressed to assemble at Gallipoli his few remaining soldiers, and particularly to flee from Amurath. He passed the straits without an escort. Amurath likewise wanted vessels Amuntit,

'by the as,

to carry over his army; but the Latin Christians fifance of served the sultan, better than his allies or his noescyesown subjects could have done. The ctreum- sues hii stance was favorable: the Genoese possessed atarmy* that time in Phocis, on the borders of. the sea, a mountain, from which they drew alum, and which was, for them, a considerable object of commerce. They had constructed, at the foot of this mountain, a town and port called Phocea, and. were continually sending vessels thither. This establishment had formerly paid 'a tribute to the Greek emperor; but, in the sequel, the


j.c. 1421. Ottomans had possessed themselves of this tri

Heg. 824.

*.*-*-—» bute, as of almost all Asia. There were several years of this tribute due, as they had been obliged, through circumstances, to neglect the payment of it. Immediately on this revolution, Adorna, who was at that time podestate of Phocea, offered the sultan to furnish him with as many vessels as he should want to transport his troops across the straits, on condition that the sums due from the republic of Genoa should be remitted. The proposal was accepted, and as soon as it was known that the false Mustapha was passed into Europe, Amu rath wrote from Lampsaco to the podestate Adorna, to summon him to his word. The Genoese sent his vessels immediately, and Amurath's army embarked the third day after their arrival at Lampsaco.i As foon as Mustapha saw the sea covered withGenoese vessels, he detached a bark to offer the podestate a considerable sum, if he would, under some pretext, retard the disembarking of the Turks. Adorna steadily refused to listen to this perfidy. The troops remaining at Gallipoli, and those which Mustapha had been able to assemble, courageously opposed the descent of Amurath; but, overcome by number, the usurper's only resource was flight. Amurath remained three days at Gallipoli, in order to receive the soldiers who flocked in crowds to his standard.


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