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Carey, they have now to add that of Morrison-names, both of them, which will ever hold a high rank among Oriental and Biblical Scholars. The talents of Carey were employed on a variety of languages; the energies of Morrison were concentrated on one-but that one was the Chinese. Carey lived to a good old age; and came to his grave, like as a shock of corn cometh in, in his season. Morrison was cut off in the vigour of life, when years of further service might have been not unreasonably anticipated. Both, however, had finished the work appointed them to do; and for both is, doubtless, reserved the applauding sentence-"Well done, good and faithful servant ! enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.”
Twenty-seven years ago, when Dr. Morrison, then a young man, embarked for China, no Protestant Missionary had trodden that vast and neglected field; and, for sacred purposes, there was but one Protestant European who had attempted to master the difficulties of its most difficult language. Dr. Marshman was at that time laudably engaged in a distant province of India, in effecting a translation of the Sacred Scriptures into Chinese, which, after a few years, passed through the press at Serampore; but Dr. Morrison was the first to make the attempt in China itself; and this gigantic work (aided in part by the late lamented Dr. Milne) he lived to accomplish; thus unfolding the volume of Inspired Truth to above three hundred millions of the human race.
The talent, the zeal, the devotedness, the perseverance, requisite for such an undertaking as this, may be more easily conceived than described. Yet this was not the only task which Dr. Morrison imposed upon himself; his Chinese Dictionary, printed at the expense of the Hon. East India Company, would alone have been a noble monument of his industry and learning. He also published, in Chinese, many smaller works; among which, as illustrative of his catholic spirit, may be mentioned his translation of the Liturgy of the Church of England.
In order duly to estimate his fervent and unwearied zeal, it should be borne in mind, that he entered on the labours of the Chinese Mission single-handed; that he had to encounter innumerable discouragements; that years elapsed before he was permitted to see any direct fruit of his Missionary exertions ; and that at no time was it his privilege to hail a numerous accession of Christian converts. To him it was appointed, almost exclusively, to prepare the precious seed, and to scatter a few handfuls of it; to others it is reserved to gather in that harvest, to which the fields appear already white.
And here, while the Committee must needs deplore their loss, they cannot but adore the goodness of God, who spared his servant long enough to lay the foundation of such a work in China; and who, in the meanwhile, was providing a succession of Christian men to carry it forward-Dyer, Medhurst, Gutzlaff
—and, among others, one bearing the name of Morrison, and destined, we may hope, to emulate his father's worthy example —these still survive, and stand girded for action. We have, therefore, encouragement to believe, that the temple of Christianity shall yet, and ere long, be built upon the ruins of Chinese superstition; and that, throughout that vast empire, myriads shall soon be heard to sing the praises of Him, whose name is above every other name, and at whose name every knee shall
In concluding this tribute to the memory of their friend, the Committee cannot but advert to the modesty with which he was accustomed to speak of his own labours; as also to the promptness with which he uniformly ascribed all his attainments and all his success to the grace of God. It is instructive and consolatory to know, that this grace, having supported him through life, still soothed and upheld him on the approach of death ; and that a portion of his last Sabbath was employed in singing, together with a few Christian friends, in the Chinese language, the praises of that Redeemer, by whose love he was stimulated, and on whose merits he had long reposed; whose kingdom on earth he had laboured to extend; and, in the contemplation of whose unveiled glory, he now finds the heaven which he · desired.
MEMOIR OF THE REV. DR. MILNE.
DR. MILNE, the assistant and colleague of Dr. Morrison, in his Chinese Missionary labours and in translating the Scriptures, was disciplined in a Scottish Sunday-school. He was first a scholar, and afterwards a teacher ; and as the Rev. R. Philip, his biographer, states, “ It was the spark of Sundayschool zeal which kindled the flame of missionary enterprise in his bosom.”
William Milne was born in 1785, at Kennethmont, in Aberdeenshire : his father died when he was six years of age; and his mother gave him the education common at that period among the Scotch. He learned by heart the Assembly's Shorter Catechism, and Willison's Mother's Catechism, while he hated religion, though he “sometimes said his prayers at night, for fear of evil spirits.” But about his thirteenth year a partial reformation took place in him, chiefly by reading Willison's Treatise on the Sabbath, and Russell's seven Sermons, by the example of two pious person, the dread of temporal evils, and the representations of the sufferings of Christ, as given at the sacramental services. All the good impressions thus produced were rendered permanent and saving, by his attendance at a Sabbath evening school, established by the Rev. Mr. Cowie of Huntley. “Sometimes I used to walk home from school alone,” he states, “ about a mile, over the brow of the hill, praying all the way. At this time I began the worship of God in my mother's family; and also held
some meetings for prayer with my sister and other children in a barn belonging to the premises.” When about sixteen, he became acquainted with Adam Sievwright, a man in humble life, whose pious instructions and prayers were a blessing to him. “Books," he says, “were my constant companions : a book entitled, “The Cloud of Witnesses,' containing an account of the persecution in Scotland in the reign of Charles II., gave me an exalted idea of the excellency and power of Christianity.” This book of the “ Martyrs in Scotland ” was read by him with the deepest interest, exciting within him ardent zeal for Christ. Boston's “Fourfold state of man," his “ Believer's Espousal to Christ," and the ministry of Mr. Cowie, greatly aided his spiritual progress; and when he was about eighteen, he was received a member of the Christian Church at Huntley.
William Milne engaged as a shepherd, with one “in whose house God was not worshipped: but his confession of Christ won them over to establish family prayer; and thus both his master and mistress became followers of the Saviour. He took a very lively interest and an active part in the Scottish Sabbath-schools. His spirit may be seen in one case. Going one night with a friend to visit a school, the road lay through a solitary glen, which resembled the recess among hills where he had consecrated himself to God. The scene recalled his vows. He paused, and said, 'I am afraid to enter on the solemn work of the evening without special prayer.' The two friends knelt down together, and spent a considerable time in fervent wrestling with
God. It was in this spirit he entered the schools. He also established winter evening prayer meetings, in the destitute corners of the parish ; and, with a few young men, who were like-minded with himself, went from house to house praying and speaking with the poor.”
Mr. Cowie, his minister, had belonged to the Secession Church, but now he became an Independent; and, as Mr. Philip states, “ He sacrificed his name and his place, influential as they were among the Antiburghers, that he might promote Foreign Missions, Home Itinerancies, and Sabbath-schools. He threw all his mighty zeal into the cause of universal evangelization.” “ Thus the Church at Huntley was both literally and emphatically a Missionary Society. In this way William Milne became acquainted with the subject of missions." He offered himself, and was accepted by the Directors of the London Missionary Society; and, in 1809, entered their College under Dr. Bogue. In 1812, he was appointed as a colleague of Dr. Morrison, in China; and having married Miss Cowie, an estimable lady of Scotland, they sailed for China, September 4th, 1812. A detail of his invaluable labours as missionary to the Chinese cannot here be given. He projected and urged the important mission to Madagascar, he succeeded in mastering the Chinese language, co-operating with Dr. Morrison in translating the Scriptures. He took the books of Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings, which were revised by Dr. Morrison. In 1817, he was honoured by the University of Glasgow with a diploma of