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Carey, and John Fernandez. It will chiefly be confined to teaching catechisms in Bengalee and English, as the children learn to read and write every day. I have received a letter from a gentleman up the country, who writes very warmly respecting the general establishment of Christian Schools all over Bengal."
Mr. Ward's labours were extraordinary, not only as a printer, but as an author. His “ View of the History, Literature, and Mythology of the Hindoos," in four volumes octavo, exhibits his vast information on those subjects. In 1819, he arrived on a visit to England, where his statements regarding India excited a deep commiseration for the Pagan nations of the East; and his volume of “ Farewell Letters,” on his return to India, after travelling through England, Wales, Holland, and America, pleading the cause of the Baptist Missionary Society, greatly affected the minds of thousands. A few extracts from one of those “ Letters” will show, in some degree, the progress that had been made in Bible and Missionary labours. He says :
“ Six hundred Hindoos have renounced their gods, the Ganges, and their priests, and have shaken from their limbs the chains of caste. The distance between Britain and India had been annihilated; for fifty converted natives have become, in some sense, Missionaries. The Hindoos all over Bengal are soliciting schools for the children at the hands of the Missionaries.” Having referred to the opposition of the Government for many years, until the New Charter of the East India Company, in 1813, he says, “Now, in all that concerns the mental and moral cultivation of India, the Governor-General and the Government of Bengal are become powerful auxiliaries. Native schools have, for some years back, been under their absolute patronage. Christian Institutions at Calcutta, for the good of the natives, received a marked countenance. The School-book Society, which is supplying the natives with translations of interesting English books, was formed at the suggestion of the benevolent Marchioness of Hastings. The funds for our native schools, containing 8,000 heathen children, are principally derived from the liberality of our countrymen. And the same is true of the large funds raised by the Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society, of the funds of the Hindoo College, of those of the School-book Society, the School Society, the two Missionary Societies [London and Baptist], the Orphan and Free Schools, and other institutions of great importance. Some of our countrymen have also been liberal in donations to the Serampore College ; and though a Missionary College, the most noble the Governor-General of India, is its distinguished patron. Nor must we forget the Calcutta Episcopal College, which will, we hope, have an important share in the illumination of the Eastern world.”
Mr. Ward sailed from London, May 28, 1821, on his return to India, and arrived at Calcutta on the 25th of October. There he renewed his valuable labours, which he finished March 17, 1823, when, by means of the cholera he entered into the joy of his Lord.
Dr. Carey and Dr. Marshman have since followed their younger brother to their eternal rest, leaving the reputation of their having been three of the most extraordinary men, whom God raised up especially to bless the nations of India!
MEMOIR OF THE REV. HENRY MARTYN, M.A.
HENRY MARTYN is regarded as having been one of the most heavenly-minded servants of Christ; possessing some of the rarest qualifications for a translator of the Scriptures. He was born February 18, 1781, and educated in the Grammar School of his native town, Truro, in Cornwall, by Dr. Cardew. His tutor encouraged him to go to Cambridge University; and he entered St. John's College, in October, 1797.
Mr. Martyn appears to have been converted to the love of the Gospel of Christ, while studying astronomy, by the reading of the Bible; and this belief sanctified his diligence, so that the highest academical honour was adjudged to him in January, 1801. He was chosen fellow of his college in March, 1802; and he obtained the first prize for the best Latin prose composition in the University. But he now devoted himself to the work of the ministry, and sought to be a labourer in connexion , with the Church Missionary Society.
Being known to the venerable Mr. Simeon of Cambridge, he obtained from him a curacy; and
he was ordained deacon, October 22, 1803. He preached, for the first time, November the 10th, at Trinity Church, Cambridge. He sought a chaplaincy in the East India Company's service, and was ordained priest, in March, 1805; when he received the degree of Bachelor of Divinity. He embarked for India, September 10, 1805 ; and first beheld the shores of that desired country at Madras, April 21, 1806. He landed at Calcutta, and was received with affection by the Rev. David Brown.
Mr. Martyn had commenced the study of Hindoostanee while in England; and now he added the Sanscrit and Persian. He removed to a station at Dinapore, where he completed a translation of the English liturgy into Hindoostanee, February 24, 1807. He completed also a translation of the New Testament in that language, and, in 1808, proceeded with a version of the New Testament in Persian, which had been confided to Sabat. At the close of 1809, Mr. Martyn commenced his first public ministrations among the Heathen, a crowd of mendicants, whom he appointed to meet on a stated day, for the distribution of alms. About five hundred attended on another occasion, and five hundred and fifty on the last day of the year. On the 7th day of January, 1810, on the Anniversary of the Calcutta Bible Society, he preached a sermon which was printed, and entitled, “ Christian India : or an Appeal on behalf of nine hundred thousand Christians in India who want the Bible.”
Mr. Martyn perceived his health seriously declining, and he prepared to leave for England. He preached the last time to the people of Calcutta on the text—“But one thing is needful ;” and then departed from India. He was five months on his way to Shiraz, in Persia, where he spent ten months, holding much converse with the learned professors of the Mohammedan creed in that famous city, endeavouring to convert them to the faith of Jesus Christ. He was very desirous of presenting in person a copy of his translation of the New Testament to the King of Persia, and to the Prince, his son. But his health failing through fever, he left Persia, in hope of reaching England to recover his strength, that he might return and spend his life in the service of Christ among the nations of the East.
Though extremely weak, Mr. Martyn set forward on his journey overland from Persia, and endured much misery through fatigue and the excessive heat, so that he was unable to proceed any further than Tocat, in Asiatic Turkey, where he surrendered his soul into the hands of his Redeemer, entering “ the rest that remained to the people of God,” October 16, 1812.
Mr. Martyn left a character as one of the most holy, humble, and devoted of the servants of Christ, exhibiting much of the mind, and bearing largely the image of his Lord and Master; while his works praise him, though he reached only to his thirtysecond year. By him and his means, part of the Liturgy of the Church of England, the Parables of Christ, and the New Testament were translated into Hindoostanee. By him and by his means also, the