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A

PARTING MEMORIAL,

&c. &c.

DISCOURSE I.

INTRODUCTION,

merce.

The city of Canton in China is situated on the banks of a river about one hundred miles from the sea. The river is in this part of its progress called Chookeang, “The Pearl River,” from the circumstance of its once having contained pearl oysters.

Between the walls of the city and the river, on the south west corner, is the residence of Europeans and Americans, who visit China for commercial purposes. In this neighbourbood also are situated the counting-houses, warehouses, and shops, of those natives who are concerned in European com

These native warehouses are in Chinese called Hongs, or “ Walks," from their extent.

On Saturday, the 2d of Nov. 1822, a fire, which broke out the preceding night, about half a mile to the north of the British Factories, extended southward and westward, with tremendous fierceness; and, impelled by a strong gale, overpowered all human efforts to resist its progress, till factories, hongs, and shops, were involved in flames, and consumed in one general conflagration. Thousands of houses, and millions of property were entirely destroyed. About a hundred lives were lost, partly by the fire, and partly by attacking or defending property. The governor of Canton, and all the local magistrates, attended.

B

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