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BOOK I.

OF THE NATURE AND PUNISHMENT OF

OFFENCES.

CONSTITUTION OF LOUISIANA.

ARTICLE VI. Section 15. All the laws that may be passed by the legislature, and the public records of this state, and the judicial and legislative written proceed. ings of the same, shall be promulgated, preserved and conducted in the language in which the constitution of the United States is written.1

Section 17. No power of suspending the laws of this state shall be exer. cised, unless by the legislature or its authority.

Section 20. No ex post facto law shall be passed.

ARTICLE IV. Section 11. The legislature shall never adopt any system or code of laws, by a general reference to the said system or code, but in all cases, shall specify the several provisions of the laws it may enact.

1“The constitution requiring that all judicial proceedings shall be in the language in which the laws and constitution of the United States are written, it necessarily follows, that we cannot recognize any validity or force in any judicial

proceedings couched in any other language. Per Cur. in W. F. Macarty's case. 2 Mar. 277.

BOOK THE FIRST.

:

CHAPTER I.

OF CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS.

I. Definitions of certain crimes and misdemeanors to be

according to the common law.

ARTICLE I. All the crimes, offences and misdemeanors herein before named, shall be taken, intended and construed,

1933, Act 4 May, 1805, 1 D. 369.

2.The crimes before named are, 1, wilful murder, § 1; 2, rape, 52; 3, the crime against nature, $ 2; 4, arson by maliciously burning any dwelling house, sugar house, rum house, cotton house, cotton-gin house, or store, or outhouse or building adjoining such dwelling house, sugar house, cotton house, cotton-gin house, or store, $ 3; 5, robbery, $ 4; 6, burglary, 95; 7, the being an accessary, before or after the fact, to any wilful murder, rape, arson, robbery or burglary, 8 6 and 7; 8, horse, mule, or slave stealing, $ 8; 9, lar. ceny, and the being accessary thereto, § 9; 10, misprision of felony by concealing, or not making known any wilful murder, rape, arson, robbery, burglary or larceny, § 11; 11, receiving or buying stolen goods or chattels know. ing them to have been stolen, and receiving, harboring or concealing any felon, knowing him to be such, $ 12; 12, wilful and malicious burning any outhouse, barn, or stable, not adjoining any dwelling house, sugar house, cotton house, cotton.gin house, or store, or burning any hovel, crib, cock, mow or

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