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548

Helping all urchin blasts, and ill-luck signs
That the shrewd meddling elf delights to make,
Which she with precious vial'd liquors heals.
For which the shepherds at their festivals
Carol her goodness loud in rustic lays,
And throw sweet garland wreaths into her stream
Of pancies, pinks, and gaudy daffodils.

850

Helping all urchin blasts, and perly belonged. T. Warton. ill-luck signs

846. That the shrewd meddling That the shrewd meddling elf elf &c.] That is Puck or Robin

delights to make,] Goodfellow, whose character and The virgin shepherdess Clorin, qualifications are described in in Fletcher’s pastoral play so fre. Shakespeare's Mids. N. Dream, quently quoted, possesses the act ii. Delights to make, at first skill of Sabrina, act i. s. 1. p.

he had written to leave ; and in 104.

the Manuscript is the following

verse, Of all green wounds I knowe the remedies

And often takes our cattle with strange In men or cattle; be they stung with

pinches, snakes,

Which she with precious &c. Or charm’d with powerful words of wicked art:

846. Shakespeare mentions a Or be they lovesick, &c.

spirit, who “ mildews the white These can I cure, such secret virtue " wheat, and hurts the poor crealies

“ ture of the earth.” K. Lear, In herbs applied by a virgin's hand.

act i. s. 4. And he calls Robin T. Warton.

Goodfellow "a shrewd and knav. 845. Helping all urchin blasts,]

“ish sprite." Mids. N. Dream, The urchin, or hedge-hog, from act ii. s. 1. T. Wartoni its solitariness, the ugliness of 849. -in rustic lays,] Rightly its appearance, and from a po- altered from lively or lovely pular opinion that it sucked or lays. poisoned the udders of cows,

850. And throw sweet garland was adopted into the demono- wreaths into her stream] See B. logic system: and its shape was and Fletcher's False One, act iii. sometimes supposed to be as S. 3. sumed by mischievous elves. See With incense let us bless the brim, the Tempest, act i. s. 2. act ii. s. And as the wanton fishes swim, 3. Macbeth, act iv. s. 1. And

Let us gums and garlands fling, &c. Titus Andronicus, at least cor

T. Warton. rected by Shakespeare, act ii. s. 851. Of pancies, pinks, and 2. There was a sort of subor- gaudy daffodils.] This line was dinate or pastoral system of at first, magic to which the urchin pro Of pancies, and of bonny daffodils.

And, as the old swain said, she can unlock
The clasping charm, and thaw the numbing spell,
If she be right invok'd in warbled song,
For maidenhood she loves, and will be swift
To aid a virgin, such as was herself,
In hard-besetting need; this will I try,
And add the pow'r of some adjuring verse.

555

860

Song.
SABRINA fair,

Listen where thou art sitting
Under the glassy, cool, translucent wave,

In twisted braids of lilies knitting
The loose train of thy amber-dropping hair ;

his grotto.

853. The clasping charm, &c.] 861. Translucent, which I alAt first the verse was thus, ways thought to be first used by Each clasping charm, and secret hold. Milton, occurs in Brathwayte's ing spell.

Love's Labyrinth, Lond. 1615.

12mo. p. 29. Of the sun, “ hea856. To aid a virgin, such as

“ ven's translucent eie." Pope was herself,] Alluding perhaps to the Danaid's invocation of perhaps had it from Milton, on Pallas, wherein they use the same argument, ver. 155.

Thou who shalt stop where Thames

translucent wave. Αδμητας αδμητα

T. Warton. 'Puoios yevsobw. i. e. virgo virginem liberet. Vid. 862. In twisted braids of lilies scholia in locum. Thyer.

knitting 857. In hard-besetting need ;]

The loose train of thy amberIt was at first, In honour'd virtue's dropping hair.] cause; and this was altered in We are to understand waterthe Manuscript to In hard dise lilies, with which Drayton often tressed need.

braids the tresses of his water861. Under the glassy, cool, nymphs, in the Polyolbion. See translucent wave.] Shakespeare, Note on Arcades, v. 97. T. WarHamlet, a. iv. s. 1.

ton.

863. The loose train of thy There is a willow grows askant the amber-dropping hair.] We have

brook That shews his hoar leaves in the an amber cloud," above v. 333. glassy stream.

And in L'Allegro,

as the sun is T. Warlon. 6 robed in flames and amber

Listen for dear honour's sake,
Goddess of the silver lake,

Listen and save.

865

Listen and appear to us
In name of great Oceanus,

midst of heaven

stream.

“ light." v. 61. But liquid am- distinguished them by the epiber is a yellow pellucid gum. thets and attributes which are Sabrina's hair drops amber, be- peculiarly assigned to each of cause in the poet's idea, her them in the best classic authors. stream was supposed to be trans- Great Oceanus, in Hesiod parent. As in Par. Lost, b. iii. Theog. 21. Sexsavoy te pesya. Nep358.

tune and his mace or trident are And where the river of bliss through very well known, and th earth

shaking is the translation of that Rolls o'er Elysian floures her amber common Greek epithet vorindo,

or svogiyalos. Tethys, the wife of And when Choaspes has an

Oceanus, and mother of the “ amber stream.” Par. Reg. b. iii. Gods, may well be supposed to 288. But Choaspes was called have a grave majestic pace ; the golden water. Amber, when

Ωκεανον σε θεων γενεσιν, και μητερα applied to water, means a lu

Τηθυν. . Hom. Iliad. xiv. 201. minous clearness: when to hair, and Hesiod calls her the venerable a bright yellow. Amber locks Tethys, HoTvic Tydus. Theog. 368. are given to the sun in Sylvester's By hoary Nereus' wrinkled look, Du Bartas more than once. And and he had called him before to Sabrina's daughters by Wi

ver. 835. aged Nereus; and so thers, Epithal. edit. 1622. See he is called in all the poets, as Note on Par. Reg. ii. 344. iii

. 288. in Virgil, Georg. iv. 392. GranAnd Sams. Agon. v. 720. T. dævus Nereus. Hesiod assigns Warton.

the reason, Theog. 233. 865. ---silver lake,] Par. Lost,

Νηρεα σ' αψευδεα και αληθεα γείνατο vii. 437. Of the birds.

Ποντος, Others on silver lakes, and rivers, &c. Πρεσβυτατον παιδων αυταρ καλεουσι T. Warton.

γεροντα, , 867. Listen and appear to us

και ηπιος, ουδε

θεμιστεων &c.] Before these verses there Ληθεται, αλλα δικαια και ηπια δηνεα is wrote in the Manuscript, to be

odsy. said. The attendant Spirit first He may be called hvary too on invoked Sabrina in warbled song; another account; for as Servius and now he adds the power of remarks on Virgil, Georg. iv. some adjuring verse, both which 403. Fere omnes Dii marini sehe said he would try: and in nes sunt, albent enim eorum cathe reading of this adjuration by pita spumis aquarum. And the the sea-deities it will be curious Carpathian wizard's hook, Proteus to observe how the poet has who had a cave at Carpathus, VOL. IV.

I

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By th' earth-shaking Neptune's mace,
And Tethys' grave majestic pace,

870

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an island in the Mediterranean and interpreter of Nereus, Oresover-against Egypt, and was a tes, ver. 363. wizard or prophet, and was Nep “Ο ναυτιλoισι μαντις εξηγγειλε μου tune's shepherd, and as such Νήσεως προφησης Γλαυκος, αψευδης θεος. bore a hook. Virgil, Georg. iv. And Apollonius Rhodius gives 387.

him the same appellation, ArgoEst in Carpathio Neptuni gurgite naut. i. 1310.

vates, Cæruleus Proteus,

Τοισιν δε Γλαυκος βρυχιης αλος εξεφαανθη, , -novit namque omnia vates,

Νηρηος θειοιο σολυφραδμων υποφησης. . Quæ sint, quæ fuerint, quæ mox By Leucothea's lovely hands, and ventura trahantur.

her son &c. Ino, flying from the Quippe ita Neptuno visum est: immania cujus

rage of her husband Athamas, Armenta, et turpes pascit sub gurgite who was furiously mad, threw phocas.

herself from the top of a rock

into the sea, with her son MeliBy scaly Triton's winding shell, he was Neptune's trumpeter, and certa in her arms; but Neptune was scaly, as all these sorts of at the intercession of Venus creatures are, squamis modo his changed them into sea-deities,

and pido corpore,

them new names, Leuetiam

gave
qua
humanam

cotheu to her, and to him Palæeffigiem habent, as Pliny says, lib. ix. sect. 4. and his winding being Leucothea or the white

mon. Ovid, Met. iv. 538. She shell is thus described by Ovid,

Goddess may well be supposed Met. i. 333.

to have lovely hands, which I Cæruleum Tritona vocat, conchæque presume the poet mentioned in

sonaci Inspirare jubet

opposition to Thetis feet after-cava buccina sumitur illi

wards: and her son rules the Tortilis, in latum quæ turbine crescit strands, having the command of ab imo.

the ports, and therefore being And old soothsaying Glaucus' spell, called in Latin Portumnus, as he was an excellent fisher or

the mother was Matuta, the diver, and so was feigned to be Goddess of the early morning. a sea-god: and Aristotle writes, Ovid, Fast. vi. 545. that in Delos he prophesied to Leucotheë Graiis, Matuta vocabere the Gods, Αριστοτελης δ' εν τη Δηλιων

nostris, &c. moditelce, Ev Anaq x&TO.RNTAITC METU By Thetis' tinsel slipper'd feet, των Νηρηίδων τοις θεοις καντευεσθαι: this the poet meant as a paraand Nicander says, that Apollo phrase of the word agyucomeça himself learned the art of pre or silver-footed, the epithet by diction from Glaucus, Nixavagos e which she is usually distinguished πρωτο Αιτωλικων την μαντικην φησιν in Homers and the Sirens are Απολλωνα υπο Γλαυκου διδαχθήναι, introduced here, as being seaas they are cited by Athenæus, nymphs, and singing upon the lib. vii

. cap. 12. And Euripides coast. Parthenope and Ligea were calls him the seamen's prophet two of the Sirens; and for this

By hoary Nereus' wrinkled look,
And the Carpathian wizard's hook,
By scaly Triton's winding shell,
And old soothsaying Glaucus' spell,
By Leucothea's lovely hands,

875
And her son that rules the strands,
By Thetis' tinsel-slipper'd feet,
And the songs of Sirens sweet,
By dead Parthenope's dear tomb,
And fair Ligea's golden comb,

880 reason, I suppose the four verses 877. By Thetis' tinsel slipper'd relating to them are scratched feet.] W. Browne has “ silverin the Manuscript. Parthenope's footed Thetis," Brit. Past. b. ii. tomb was at Naples, which was p. 35. Perhaps for the first therefore called Parthenope ; Par- time in English poetry. Silverthenope a tumulo Sirenis appellata. buskined Nymphs are in Arcades, Plin. lib. iii. sect. 9. Silius Ital. v. 33. T. Warton. xii. 33.

878. And the songs of Syrens Sirenum dedit una suum et memo- sweet.] Sandys says, that the rabile nomen

fabulous melody of the Syrens Parthenope muris Achelojas, æquore has a topographical allusion.

cujus Regnavere diu cantus

“ For Archippus tells of a cerLigea was another of the Sirens, « winding

streights and broken

“ taine bay, contracted within and is also the name of a seanymph mentioned by Virgil, « of the windes and beating of

“cliffes, which by the singing Georg. iv. 336. and the poet « the billowes, report a delightdraws her in the attitude, in which mermaids are usually re

“ full harmony, alluring those presented. Ovid of Salmacis,

“ who sail by to approach: when

“ forthwith, throwne against the Met. iv. 310.

“ rocks by the waves, and swalSed modo fonte suo formosos perluit .startus ;

« lowed in violent eddyes, &c." Sæpe Citoriaco deducit pectine crines; Sandys's Ovid's Metam. b. v. p. Et quid se deceat, spectatas consulit 197. edit. 1637. Spenser has undas.

exactly described the seat and 868. In name of great Oceanus.] allegory of the Sirens in the So_Drayton, Polyolb. s. xvii. same manner. F. Q. ii. xii. 30. The court of great Oceanus."

And now they nigh approached to Again, ibid. s. ii. “ The arms of the sted “old Oceanus.And in other Whereas those mermayds dwelt: it places. And in one of Jonson's Queenes Masques, 1616. p. 895.

And calmy Bay, on th’ one side

sheltered, &c. Payre Niger, sonne to great Oceanus.

T. Warton. 880. And fair Ligea's golden

was a still

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