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975

To triumph in victorious dance
O'er sensual folly, and intemperance.
The dances ended, the Spirit epiloguises.

SPIRIT.
To the ocean now I fly,
And those happy climes that lie
Where day never shuts his eye,
Up in the broad fields of the sky:
There I suck the liquid air
All amidst the gardens fair
Of Hesperus, and his daughters three
That sing about the golden tree:

980

976. To the ocean now I fly, the sky :] And so in Virgil, Æn. &c.] This speech is evidently a

vi. 888. paraphrase on Ariel's song in the

Aēris in campis latis. Tempest, act v. s. 3.

At first he had written plain Where the bee sucks, there suck I,

fields. &c. Warburton,

980. There I suck the liquid

air.] Thus Ubaldo in Fairfax's 976. Pindar in his second Tasso, a good wizard, who dwells Olympic, and Homer in his in the centre of the earth, but fourth Odyssey, describe a happy sometimes emerges, to breathe island at the extremity of the the purer air of mount Carmel. ocean, or rather earth, where c. xiv. 43. the sun has his abode, the sky And there in liquid ayre myself is perpetually serene and bright, disport. the west wind always blows,

T. Wurton. and the flowers are of gold. This luxuriant imagery Milton

982., Of Hesperus, and his has dressed anew, from the class daughters three] He had written

at first, ɛical gardens of antiquity, from

Of Atlas and his nieces three. Spenser's gardens of Adonis fraught with pleasures mani- Hesperus and Atlas were bro

fold," from the same gardens thers. in Marino's L'Adone, Ariosto's 982. The daughters of Hesgarden of Paradise, Tasso's perus had gardens or orchards garden of Armida, and Spenser's which produced apples of gold. Bowre of Blisse. The garden Spenser makes them the daughof Eden is absolutely Milton's ters of Atlas, F. Q. ii. vii. 54. own creation. T. Warton. See Ovid, Metam. iv. 636. And

979. Up in the broad fields of Apollodor. Bibl. 1. ii. s. 11. But

985

Along the crisped shades and bowers
Revels the spruce and jocund Spring,
The Graces, and the rosy-bosom’d Hours,
Thither all their bounties bring;
That there eternal Summer dwells,

what ancient fabler celebrates Our author's favourite tragic these damsels for their skill in poet, Euripides, also celebrates singing; Apollonius Rhodius, an the Hesperides under the title of author whom Milton taught to υμνωδες

rogas.

Herc. Furens, 393. his scholars, Argon. iv. 1396. Dunster.

And again as coidos, Hippol. -Iξον δ' Γερον σιδον και εν Λάδων Εις ετι που χθίζον παγχρυσεα ρυετο μηλα, 740. where see Professor Monk's Xwgon Arhavtos, Xbonos opis: Amoi note, who cites also Hesiod. δε ΝΥΜΦΑΙ

Theog. 274. and 516. as alluding ΕΣΠΕΡΙΔΕΣ ποιπνυον, ΕΦΙΜΕΡΟΝ

to the songs of the Hesperides, ΑΕΙΔΟΥΣΑΙ.

and refers to Heynè, Observat. And hence Lucan's virgin-choir, ad Apollodorum, p. 166. seq. for overlooked by the comment

a full account of the ancient ficators, is to be explained, where tions concerning them. E. he speaks of this golden grove,

984. Along the crisped shades ix. 360.

&c.] These four lines were not

at first in the Manuscript, but Fuit aurea silva, Divitiisque graves et fulvo germine

were added afterwards, I suprami,

pose

when he scratched out Virgineusque chorus nitidi custodia those lines which we quoted at luci,

the beginning Et nunquam somno damnatus lu

984. Compare Il Pens. 50. mina serpens, &c.

That in trim gardens takes his Compare y. 392.

pleasure." And Arcades, 46. But beauty, like the fair Hesperian

-To curl the grove Laden with blooming gold, had need

In ringlets quaint, and the guard

windings wove. Of dragon-watch and uninchanted Where see the notes. I suspect eye.

we have something of L'ArchiMilton says in the text, the tecture du Jardinage here also, in golden tree. Many say that the the spruce spring, the cedarn apples of Atlas's garden were of alleys, the crisped shades and gold: Ovid is the only ancient bowers. T. Warton. writer that says the trees were of 988. That there eternal summer gold. Metam. iv. 636.

dwells,] So Fletcher, Faithful Arboreæ frondes auro radiante niten- Shep. act iv. s. i. p. 163.

On this bower may ever dwell Ex auro ramos, ex auro poma tege

Spring and summer. bant,

T. Warton. Again, ibid. p. 134.

tree

wanton

tes

990

And west-winds with musky wing
About the cedarn alleys fling
Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.
Iris there with humid bow
Waters the odorous banks, that blow

green, &c.

- There the month of May

Pria sul Libano monte ei si ritenne, Is ever dwelling, all is young and E si librò sù l'adeguate penne.

T. Warton. The errata of Milton's own edi.

990. About the cedarn alleys tion, 1673, direct That to be

fling omitted. This is not attended Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.] to by Tonson, edit. 1695. That In the manuscript, these two is omitted by Tickell and Fen- lines were thus at first, ton, and silently readopted by Doctor Newton. T. Warton.

About the myrtle alleys fing

Balm and Cassia's fragrant smells. 989. And west-winds, with musky wing

990. —alleys fling, &c.] In a About the cedarn alleys fling poem by H. Peacham, the Period

Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.] of Mourning, in Memorie of So in the approach to Årmida's Prince Henry, &c. Lond. 1613. garden in Fairfax's Tasso, c. xv. Nupt. Hymn. i. st. 3. Of the 53.

valleys, The winds breath'd spikenard, myrrh,

And every where your odours fling. and balm around.

So in Par. L. viii. 517. Flung Again, c. xviii. 15.

rose, flung odours." T. Warton. The air that balme and nardus

991. Nard and Cassia's balmy breath'd unseene.

smells.] Compare Par. L. b. v.

292. It should be observed, that Mil. ton often imitates Fairfax's ver

- Through groves of myrrh, sion of Tasso, without

And flow’ring odours, cassia, nard, any

and balm, reference to the original. I will A wilderness of sweets. give a remarkable instance, Par.

T. Warton. L. b. v. 285.

992. Iris ihere with humid how] -Like Maia's son he stood He had written at first garnisht And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance fill'd

or garish bow. The circuit wide.

993. —the odorous banks, that

blon So Fairfax, c. i. 14.

Flowers &c.] On Lebanon at first his foot he set, Blow is here used actively, make And shook his wings with roarie

to blow ; as in B. and Fletcher's may-dews wet.

Love's Progress, act ii. s. 1. And There is not a syllable of the in Jonson's Mask at Highgate, last beautiful image in Tasso, Works, p. 882. ed. 1616. T. Warviz. c. i. 14.

ton.

995

Flowers of more mingled hue
Than her purfled scarf can shew,
And drenches with Elysian dew
(List mortals, if your ears be true)
Beds of hyacinth and roses,
Where

Adonis oft reposes,

young Adonis oft

995. Than her purfled scarf can gardens of Adonis. Faery Queen, shew, &c.] Purfled is flourished or b, iji, cant. 6. st. 46-50. wrought upon with a needle,

STANZA 46. from the old French pourfiler. The word occurs in Spenser,

There wont fair Venus often to enjoy

Her dear Adonis' joyous company, Faery Queen, b. i. cant. 2. st.

And reap sweet pleasure of the 13.

wanton boy; A goodly lady clad in scarlet red There yet some say in secret he doth

lie, Purfled with gold and pearl of rich

Lapped in fowers and precious assay;

spicery, &c. and in other places. And in the Manuscript the following lines

STANZA 48. were thus at first,

There now he liveth in eternal bliss,

Joying his Goddess, and of her Yellow, watchet, green, and blew,

enjoy'd ; And drenches oft with manna dew

Ne feareth he henceforth that foe of or with Sabæan dew

his, Beds of hyacinth and roses,

Which with his cruel tusk him deadly Where muny a Cherub soft reposes.

cloy'd : &c. All that relating to Adonis and

STANZA 49. Cupid and Psyche was added af- There now he lives in everlasting terwards.

joy, 997. --If your ears be true.]

With many of the Gods in company,

Which thither haunt, and with the Intimating that this song, which

winged boy follows, of Adonis, and Cupid, Sporting himself in safe felicity : &c. and Psyche, is not for the profane, but only for well purged

STANZA 50. ears. See Upton's Spenser, Notes

And his true love, fair Psyche, with on b. iii. c. 6. Hurd.

him plays, See Note on Arcad. v. 72. So

Fair Psyche to him lately reconcil'd,

After long troubles and unmeet upthe Enchanter above, has ,

brays, " neither ear nor soul to ap

With which his mother Venus her “prehend” sublime mysteries.

revil'd His ear no less than his soul,

And eke himself her cruelly exil'd :

But now in stedfast love and happy was impure, unpurged, and

state unprepared. T. Warton.

She with him lives, and hath him 99. Where young Adonis oft

borne a child,

Pleasure that doth both Gods and reposes, &c.] Here Milton has

men aggrate, plainly copied and abridged

Pleasure, the daughter of Cupid and Spenser in his description of the

Psyche late. VOL. IV.

K

-1000

1005

Waxing well of his deep wound
In slumber soft, and on the ground
Sadly sits th’ Assyrian queen;
But far above in spangled sheen
Celestial Cupid her fam’d son advanc’d,
Holds his dear Psyche sweet intranc’d,
After her wand’ring labours long,
Till free consent the Gods among
Make her his eternal bride,
And from her fair unspotted side
Two blissful twins are to be born,
Youth and Joy; so Jove hath sworn.

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If the reader desires a larger ac

That with her sovereign power and count of the loves of Cupid and

scepter sheen Psyche, he may find it in Apu

All faery lond does peaceable susteen. leius.

But Milton uses it as a sub1001. See Spenser's Astrophel, stantive both here and before in st. 48. T. Warlon.

ver. 893. the azure sheen, and in 1002. --th' Assyrian queen ;] several other places; and he Venus is so called because she makes sheeny the adjective, as in was first worshipped by the the verses On the death of a fair Assyrians. Pausanias, Attic. lib. infant, st. 7. i. cap. 14. πλησιον δε τερον εστιν Or did of late earth's sons besiege the Αφροδιτης Ουρανιας. πρωτοις

de

wall θρωπων Ασσυριoίς κατεστη σεβεσθαι την Of shecny heav'n, &c. Ougavice and from the Assyrians In using sheen for a substantive other nations derived the worship Milton has the authority of of her. Msta de Arouglovs, Kure. Shakespeare, Hamlet, a. iii. sc. 6. Παφιοις, και Φοινικων τοις Ασκαλωνα εχουσιν εν τη Παλαιστινη. σαρα

And thirty dozen moons with bor. de

row'd sheen &c. Φοινικων, Κυθηριοι μαθοντες σεξουσιν. Edit. Kuhnii, p. 36.

1003. See Observat. on Spen

T. Warton. 1003. --in spangled sheen] I ser's F. Q. ii. 181. think this word is commonly

1010. Two blissful twins &c.] used as an adjective, as in Spen- Undoubtedly Milton's allusion at ser, Faery Queen, b. ii. cant. i. large is here to Spenser's garden st. 10.

of Adonis, above cited; but at

the same time his mythology has To spoil her dainty corse so fair and

a reference to Spenser's Hymne sheen :

of Love. For the fable of Cupid and again, cant. ii. st. 40. and Psyche, see Fulgentius, iii. 6.

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