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140

Throw hither all your quaint enameli'd eyes,
That on the green turf suck the honied showers,
And purple all the ground with vernal flowers.
Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies,

Te flagrantis atrox hora caniculæ The rather lambs in February Nescit tangere.

are the earlier lambs. In the Manuscript it was first The rather lambs been starved with sparely, then altered to stintly, cold. and then to sparely again ; and And we still use rather for sooner. in the next line Throw hither That forsaken dies, imitated from was at first Bring hither &c.

Shakespeare, Winter's Tale, act 138. Swart for swarthy is com- iv. s. 5. mon in Shakespeare. The dogstar is so called by turning the

-pale primroses,

That die unmarried, &c. effect into the cause. Compare B. and Fletcher's Philaster, act Milton had at first written unV. S. 1.

wedded instead of forsaken. The

whole was thus, -whose still shades The worthier beasts have made their that unwedded dies layers, and slept

Colouring the pale cheek of unenjoy'd Free from the Siriun star.

love ; T. Warton. which was a closer copy of his 139. The term cyes is tech- original in Shakespeare, nical in the botany of flowers. -pale primroses T. Warton.

That die unmarried, e'er they can

behold 142. Bring the rathe primrose

Bright Phæbus in his strength, a &c.] The primrose, being an

malady early flower, is at first very ac- Most incident to maids. ceptable, and being a lasting flower, it continues till it is put And then followed these lines in

Milton's Manuscript, out of countenance by those which are more beautiful, and And that sad flow'r that strove so dies forsaken and neglected. To write his own woes on the ver. Jortin.

meil grain ;

Next add Narcissus that still weeps The flowers here selected are

in vain, either peculiar to mourning, or The woodbine, and the pansy freakt early flowers, suited to the

age

with jet, of Lycidas. The rathe primrose

The glowing violet, is the early primrose, as the word

The cowslip wan that hangs his pen.

sive head, is used in Spenser, Faery Queen,

And every bud that sorrow's livery b. iii. cant. 3. st. 28.

Let daffadillies fill their cups with Too rathe cut off by practice criminal:

tears, December Shepherd's Cal.

Bid amarantus all his beauty shed,

&c. Thus is my harvest hasten'd all too rathe.

But he altered them in the Ma

wears.

,

The tufted crow-toe, and pale jessamine,
The white pink, and the pansy freakt with jet,
The glowing violet,

145
The musk-rose, and the well-attir'd woodbine,
With cowslips wan that hang the pensive head,
And every flower that sad embroidery wears :
Bid amarantus all his beauty shed,
And daffadillies fill their cups with tears,

150 To strow the laureate herse where Lycid lies. For so to interpose a little ease, Let our frail thoughts dally with false surmise. nuscript, as they now stand in 144. -and the pansy freakt the printed copies; and for the with jel] Mr. Meadowcourt progarish columbine he substituted poses to read streakt with jet, the well-attired woodbine ; and for which is a more usual word: sad escutcheon wears, sad em- but freakt is the word in Milbroidery wears.

ton's Manuscript as well as in all 142. The particular combina- the editions, and I suppose he tion of “ Rathe primrose” is pere meant the same as freckled or haps from a Pastoral called a spotted. Palinode by E. B. probably Ed. 152. For so to interpose a little mond Bolton, in England's He

ease, licon, edit. 1614.

Let our frailthoughts dally wilh And made the rathe and timely prime

false surmise.] rose grow.

This is extremely tender and T. Warton. natural. He had said, 143. The tufted crow-toe,] This -the laureate herse where Lycid lies, is the hyacinth, that sanguine

For so, says he, let us endeavour flower inscribed with woe, as above.

for Richardson.

a moment to deceive ourAn undoubted imitation of selves, and fancy that at least

his
corpse

is Spenser, in April.

present.

Aye me! Whilst thee the shores, Bring hither the pinke, and purple

and sounding seas
cullumbine,
With gilliflowres;

Wash far away &c.
Bring coronations, and sops in wine,

-jacet ipse procul, qua mixta supreWorne of paramours: Strowe me the ground with daffa

Ismenon primi mutant confinia ponti, downdillies, And cowslips, and kingcups, and says Statius of young Crenæus loved lillies ;

killed fighting in the river IsThe prettie pawnce, And the chevisawnce,

menos, ix. 358. Richardson. Shall match with the faire flowre

153. Let our frail thoughts] delice.

Altered in the Manuscript from Bowle. Let our sad thoughts.

mum

155

Aye me! Whilst thee the shores, and sounding seas
Wash far away, where'er thy bones are hurld,
Whether beyond the stormy Hebrides,
Where thou perhaps under the whelming tide
Visit'st the bottom of the monstrous world;
O whether thou to our moist vows denied,
Sleep’st by the fable of Bellerus old,

160

153. —with false surmise.). The seems rather to mean in some proper sense of the passage re- place, than to some place. quires a semicolon after surmise ; 156. Whether beyond &c.] Wheand it appears in the edition of ther thy body is carried north1638. The second edition, of wards or southwards. 1645, evidently from an over- Whether beyond the stormy Hebrides, sight, has a full point after surmise, which has been implicitly the western islands of Scotland, continued ever since. T. Warton. Where thou perhaps under the whelm154. Whilst thee the shores,]

ing tide, Altered in the Manuscript from it is humming tide in Milton's Mafloods. But Mr. Jortin says shores nuscript, is improper, and fancies it should

Visit'st the bottom of the monstrous be shoals, the shallow waters, world. brevia. In the Mask 115, The sounds and seas—the sounds, freta.

Virgil, Æn. vi. 729. If Milton wrote shores, he per- Et quæ marmoreo fert monstra sub haps had in his mind this passage æquore pontus. of Virgil, Æn. vi. 362. where So classical is Milton in every Palinurus, who, like Lycidas, part of this poem. had perished in the sea, says, 156. See On the death of a Nunc me fluctus habet, versantque in fair Infant, note, v. 38. E. litore venti.

158. - monstrous world.] The On which line Pierius observes, sea, the world of monsters, Horace, Litus non tam de sicco, quàm de Od. i. iii. 18. Qui siccis oculis asperginibus et extrema maris ora,

monstra natantia. Virgil, Æn. vi. intelligitur. But yet, though a

729. Quæ marmoreo fert monstra dead body may be said to be sub æquore pontus. T. Warton. washed on the shore by the re

159. -moist vows] Our vows

As if turning tides, the shore can hardly accompanied with tears. be said to wash the body; and he had said vota lachrymosa. T.

Warton. the expression is harsh and uncouth.

160. Sleep'st by the fable of

Bellerus old, &c.] Milton doubt--whilst thee the sounding seas ing which way the waves might Wash far away, &c.

carry the body of Lycidas, Far

away, that is, in some remote drowned in the Irish sea, imaplace, whatsoever it be. He gines it was either driven north

.

Where the great vision of the guarded mount
Looks toward Namancos and Bayona's hold;

ward beyond the Hebrides, or still there; which kind of monelse so far southward as to lie " sters to deal with was his old sleeping near the fable, or fabu- “ exercise.” Of this race of gilous mansions of old Bellerus, ants, we may suppose, was Bellewhere the great vision of the rus: but whoever he was, the guarded mount looks towards alteration in Milton's Manuscript the coast of Spain. But where was certainly for the better, to can we find the place which is take a person from whom that thus obscurely described in the particular promontory was delanguage of poetry and fiction ? nominated, rather than one who The place here meant is probably gave name to the county at a promontory in Cornwall, known large. The fable of Bellerus and at present by the name of the the vision of the guarded mount is Land's End, and called by Dio- plainly taken from some of our dorus Siculus Belerium promon- old romances, but we may pertorium,

perhaps from Bellerus one ceive what place is intended, the of the Cornish giants, with which Land's End, and St. Michael's that country and the poems of mount in Cornwall. old British bards were once filled. 160. So Drayton, Polyolb. s. A watch-tower and light-house xxiii. formerly stood on this promon- Then Cornwall creepeth out into the tory, and looked, as Orosius says, westerne maine, towards another high tower at As, lying in her eye, she pointed still Brigantia in Gallicia, and con

at Spaine. sequently toward Bayona's hold. But what is the meaning of See Orosius and Camden, who - The Great Vision of the Guardconcludes his account of this " ed Mount?" And of the line part of Cornwall with saying, immediately following, “ Look that no other place in this island “ homeward angel now, and melt looks directly to Spain. Meadow- “ with ruth?" I flatter myself I court.

have discovered Milton's original It may be farther observed, and leading idea. that Milton in his Manuscript Not far from the Land's End had written Corineus, and after- in Cornwall, is a most romantic wards. changed it for Bellerus, projection of rock, called Saint Corineus came into this island

Michael's Mount, into a harbour with Brute, and had that part of called Mounts-bay. It gradually the country assigned for his share, rises from a broad basis into a which after him was named very steep and narrow,

but Cornwall.

" To Corineus, says craggy, elevation. Towards the “ Milton in the first book of his sea, the declivity is almost per“ History of England, Cornwall, pendicular. At low water it is

as we now call it, fell by lot; accessible by land: and not - the rather by him liked, for many years ago, it was entirely “ that the hugest giants in rocks joined with the present shore, “ and caves were said to lurk between which and the Mount,

Look homeward Angel now, and melt with ruth:
And, O ye Dolphins, waft the hapless youth.

a

a

the mo

there is a rock called Chapel-rock. Michael, anciently covered with On the summit of Saint Michael's thick wood, as we learn from Mount a monastery was founded Drayton and Carew. There is before the time of Edward the still a tradition, that a vision of Confessor, now a seat of Sir Saint Michael seated on this Crag, John Saint Aubyn. The church, or Saint Michael's chair, appeared refectory, and many of the apart- to some hermits: and that this cire ments, still remain. With this cumstance occasioned the foundmonastery was incorporated a ation of the monastery dedicated strong fortress, regularly garri- to Saint Michael. And hence soned: and in a Patent of Henry this place was long renowned for the Fourth, dated 1403,

its sanctity, and the object of nastery itself, which was ordered frequent pilgrimages. Carew to be repaired, is styled Fortali- quotes some old rhymes much to tium. Rym. Fød. viii. 102, 340, our purpose, p. 154. ut supr. 341. A stone-lantern, in one of the angles of the Tower of the Who knows not Mighel's Mount and

Chaire, church, is called Saint Michaels

The pilgrim's holy vaunt? Chair. But this is not the ori. ginal Saint Michael's Chair. We Nor should it be forgot, that this are told by Carew, in his Survey monastery was a cell to another of Cornwall, “ A little without on a Saint Michael's Mount in “ the Castle (this fortress) there Normandy, where was also a “ is a bad [dangerous] seat in a Vision of Saint Michael. craggy place, called Saint Mi

But to apply what has been “ chael's Chaire, somewhat daun- said to Milton. This Great Vision gerous for accesse, and there- is the famous Apparition of Saint “ fore holy for the adventure.” Michael, whom he with much Edit. 1602, p. 154. We learn sublimity of imagination supposes from Caxton's Golden Legende, to be still throned on this lofty under the history of the angel crag of Saint Michaels Mount in Michael, that “ Th' apparacyon Cornwall

, looking towards the “ of this angell is manyfold. Spanish coast. The guarded “ The fyrst is when he appeared mount on which this Great Vision “ in mount of Gargan, &c." appeared, is simply the fortified Edit. 1493. fol. cclxxxii

. a. Wil- Mount, implying the fortress liam of Worcestre, who wrote above mentioned. And let us his travels over England about observe, that Mount is the pecu1490, says in describing Saint liar appropriated appellation of Michael's Mount, there was an this promontory. So in Daniel's “ Apparicio Sancti Michaelis in Panegyricke on the King, st. 19. “ monte Tumba antea vocato “ From Dover to the mount.« Le Hore Rok in the wodd." With the sense and meaning of Itinerar. edit. Cantab. 1778. p. the line in question, is immediately 102. The Hoar Rock in the Wood connected that of the third line is this Mount or Rock of Saint next following, which here I

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