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Sea-girt it lies, where giants dwelt of old,
Now void, it fits thy people: thither bend
Thy course, there shalt thou find a lasting seat;
There to thy sons another Troy shall rise,
And kings be born of thee, whose dreadful might
Shall awe the world, and conquer nations bold.”

DANTE.
Ah Constantine, of how much ill was cause,
Not thy conversion, but those rich domains
That the first wealthy pope receiv'd of thee.d

DANTE. Founded in chaste and humble poverty, 'Gainst them that rais’d thee dost thou lift thy horn, Impudent whore, where hast thou plac'd thy hope? In thy adulterers, or thy ill-got wealth? Another Constantine comes not in haste.f

b From Milton's Hist. Engl. Prose Works. T. Warton. b. i. Pr. W. ii. 5. These Frag. c Infern. c. xix. See Hoole's ments of translation were col- Ariosto, b. xvii. v. 552. vol. ii. p. lected by Tickell from Milton's 271. Prose Works. More are here d From Of Reformation in added. But those taken from England, Prose Works, vol. i. p. the Defensio are not Milton's, 10. but are in Richard Washington's e Parad. c. xx. So say Tickell Translation of the Defensio into and Fenton, from Milton himEnglish. Tickell, supposing that self. But the sentiment only is Milton translated his own Latin in Dante. The translation is Defensio into English, has in- from Petrarch, Sonn. 108. "Funserted them among these frag- “ data in casta et humili poverments of Translations as the pro- “tate, &c.” Expunged in some ductions of Milton. Birch has editions of Petrarch for obvious reprinted Richard Washington's reasons. T. Warton. . translation, which appeared in f From Of Reformation, &c. 1692, 8vo, among our author's Prose Works, vol. i. p. 10.

ARIOSTO.8
Then past he to a flow'ry mountain green,
Which once smelt sweet, now stinks as odiously:
This was the gift, if you the truth will havé,
That Constantine to good Sylvester gave.h

HORACE.
Whom do we count a good man? Whom but he
Who keeps the laws and statutes of the senate,
Who judges in great suits and controversies,
Whose witness and opinion wins the cause?
But his own house, and the whole neighbourhood,
Sees his foul inside through his whited skin."

EURIPIDES.
This is true liberty, when freeborn men
Having ť advise the public may speak free;
Which he who can, and will, deserves high praise:
Who neither can nor will, may hold his peace,
What can be a juster in a state than this m

HORACE."
Laughing, to teach the truth,
What hinders? As some teachers give to boys
Junkets and knacks, that they may learn apace.'

1

8 C. xxxiv. 80. Tickell and IKETIA. V. 440. Fenton have added some lines m Milton's Motto to his “ Arefrom Harrington's version. T. “opagetica, A Speech for the Warton.

liberty of unlicensed Printing, From Of Reformation, &c. &c.” Prose Works, vol. i. 141. Prose Works, vol. i. p. 10.

n Sat. i. i. 24. Epist. i. xvi. 40.

• From Apol. Smectymn. * From Tetrachordon, Prose Prose Works, vol. i. 116. Works, vol. i. 239.

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HORACE.P
Joking decides great things.
Stronger and better oft than earnest can.9

SOPHOCLES. Tis you

that say it, not I. You do the deeds, And

your ungodly deeds find me the words.s

SENECA.
There can be slain
No sacrifice to God more acceptable,
Than an unjust and wicked king."

p Sat. i. 8. 14.

9 Apol. Smectymn. vol. i. p. 116.

Electra, v. 627.

• From Apol. Smectymn. ibid. t Hercul. Fur.

• From Tenure of Kings, &c. Prose Works, vol. i. 315.

r

XIX.

On the new forcers of conscience under the Long

Parliament.

BECAUSE

you have thrown off your Prelate Lord, And with stiff vows renounc'd his Liturgy, To seize the widow'd whore Plurality

From them whose sin ye envied, not abhorr'd,
Dare ye for this adjure the civil sword

To force our consciences that Christ set free,
And ride us with a classic hierarchy

5

This copy of verses was first common complaint against a added in the second edition of want of toleration. The church the author's poems in 1673, and of Calvin had now its heretics. I

suppose was made, when the T. Warton. Directory was established, and 2. And with stiff vows reno

nounc'd disputes ran high between the his Liturgy,] The Directory was Presbyterians and Independents enforced under severe penalties in the year 1645, the latter in 1644. The legislature propleading for a toleration, and hibited the use of the Book of the former against it. And in Common Prayer, not only in the Manuscript it is not in places of public worship, but in Milton's own hand, but in private families. T. Warton. another, the same that wrote 3. -the widow'd whore] In some of the Sonnets.

the Manuscript it was at first 1. Because you have thrown off

-the vacant whore. your Prelate Lord, &c.] In railing at establishments, Milton not 7. —with a classic hierarchy] only condemned episcopacy. He In the Presbyterian form of gothought even the simple institu- vernment there were congregations of the new reformation too tional, classical, provincial, and rigid and arbitrary for the natural national assemblies. See what freedom of conscience. He con- the author says in his Observatended for that sort of individual tions on the Irish peace, p. 356. or personal religion, by which vol. i. edit. 1738. * Their next every man is to be his own impeachment is, that we oppose priest. When these verses were the Presbylerial government, the written, which form an irregular hedge and bulwark of religion. sonnet, presbyterianism was tri- " Which all the land knows to umphant: and the independents “ be a most impudent falsehood, and the churchmen joined in one having established it with all

Taught ye by mere A, S, and Rotherford ? Men whose life, learning, faith, and pure intent

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freedom, wherever it hath “ churches here in this island “ been desired. Nevertheless, os and abroad. Lond. 1644." In

as we perceive it aspiring to quarto. The Dedication is sub“ be a compulsive power upon scribed A. S. The independents “all without exception in pa- then retorted upon A. S. in a

rochial, classical, and provin- pamphlet called “ A Reply of “cial hierarchies, or to require the two Brothers to A. S. “the fleshly arm of magistracy “ Wherein you have Observa“ in the execution of a spiritual ~ tions, Annotations, &c. upon “ discipline, to punish and amerce “the Apologeticall Narration. " by any corporal infliction those “ With a plea for liberty of “ whose consciences cannot be “ conscience for the apologists “edified by what authority they

authority they church-way: against the cavils are compelled, we hold it no « of the said Ă. S. formerly

more to be the hedge and bul- " called M. S. to A. S. &c. &c. wark of religion, than the " Lond. 1644,” In quarto. I

Popish and Prelatical courts, quote from the second edition " or the Spanish Inquisition." enlarged. There is another piece

8. Taught ye by mere A. S. by A. s. It is called a Reply and Rotherford ?] The indepen- "to the second Return." This dents were now contending for I have never seen.

His name toleration. In 1643, their prin- was never known. cipal leaders published a pam- Samuel Rutherford, or Rutherphlet with this title, An Apo- foord, was one of the chief com

logeticall Narration of some missioners of the church of Scot“ Ministers formerly exiles in land, who sate with the Assembly “ the Netherlands, now members at Westminster, and who con“ of the Assembly of Divines. curred in settling the grand “ Humbly submitted to the ho- points of presbyterian discipline. “nourable Houses of Parliament. He was professor of divinity in

By Thomas Goodwyn, Sy- the university of Saint Andrew's, “ drack Sympson, Philip Nye, and has left a great variety of Jer. Burroughs, and William Calvinistic tracts. He was an

Bridge, the authors thereof, avowed enemy to the indepen“ Lond. 1643.” In quarto. Their dents, as appears from his Dissystem is a middle way between putation on pretended liberty of Brownism and presbytery. This conscience, 1649. This was anpiece was answered by one A. S. swered by John Cotton a Sepathe person intended by Milton. ratist of New England. It is “ Some Observations and Anno- hence easy to see, why Ruther“ tations upon the Apologeticall ford was an obnoxious character " Narration, humbly submitted to Milton. Rutherford's Letters, “ to the honourable Houses of called Joshua Redivivus, are a “ Parliament, the most reverend genuine specimen of the enthu" and learned divines of the As- siastic cant of the old Scotch " sembly, and all the protestant Divines. Their ninth edition

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