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Would have been held in high esteem with Paul, 10

Must now be nam’d and printed Heretics
By shallow. Edwards and Scotch what d'ye call:

But we do hope to find out all your tricks,
Your plots and packing worse than those of Trent,

That so the Parliament

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appeared at Glasgow so late as fessedly levelled against the Apoin 1765. T. Warton.

logeticall Narration above men12. By shallow Edwards &c.] tioned, and entitled,

6. AntaIn the Manuscript it was at first pologia, or a full answer to the harebrain'd Edwards. He wrote Apologeticall Narration, &c. the Gangræna, a book in which - Wherein is handled many of the errors, heresies, blasphemies, " the Controversies of these and lewd practice, which broké “ times, by T. Edwards, Minout in the last four years (1642, “ ister of the Gospel. Loud. 1643, 1644, 1645,) are recited: "1644." In quarto. But Edsee Collier's Ecclesiastical His. wards had some time before pub, tory, vol. ii. p. 855. Mr. Thyer lished his opinions against congives this account of it, that it was gregational churches,

“ Reasons published in 1646, and dedicated “ against the independent goto the Parliament by Thomas “ vernment of particular congreEdwards, minister of the Gospel, gations: as also against the and was intitled Gangræna, or a “ toleration of such churches to Catalogue and Discovery of many

« be erected in this kingdome. of the errors, heresies, blasphemies, Together with an answer to and pernicious practices of the “ such reasons as are commonly Sectaries of this time, vented and alledged for a toleration. Preacted in England in these four “ sented in all humility to the last years. Scotch what d'ye call “ honourable House of Commight be perhaps the famous "mons, &c. &c.


By Thomas Alexander Henderson, or as that “ Edwards, &c. Lond. 1641." expression implies some hard In quarto. However, in the name, George Gillespie, a Scotch Gangrena, not less than in these minister and commissioner at two tracts, it had been his busiWestminster, called Galaspe in ness to blacken the opponents of Whitlock, and Galasp in one presbyterian uniformity, that the of our author's Sonnets: and Parliament might check their nothing could be expressed with growth by penal statutes. Against greater contempt.

such enemies, Milton's chief hope 12. It is not the Gangrena of of enjoying a liberty of conThomas Edwards that is here the science, and a permission to be object of Milton's resentment. of any religion but popery, was Edwards had attacked Milton's in Cromwell, who for political favourite plan of independency, reasons allowed all professions. in a pamphlet full of miserable See Sonn. xvi. 11. T. Warton. invectives, immediately and pro- 14. Your plots and packing



May with their wholesome and preventive shears
Clip your phylacteries, though bauk your ears,

And succour our just fears,
When they shall read this clearly in your charge,
New Presbyter is but Old Priest writ large.



worse than those of Trent,] The 17. Clip your phylacteries, fainous Council of Trent. T. though bauk your ears,] That is, Warton.

although your ears cry out that 17. Clip your phylacteries, they need clipping, yet the mild though bauk your ears,] So we and gentle Parliament will conread as it is corrected in the tent itself with only clipping table of errata in the edition of away your Jewish and persecut1673: in all the editions it is ing principles. Warburton. falsely printed bank your eurs.

The meaning is, “check your This line in the Manuscript was

insolence, without proceeding thus at first,

"to cruel punishments." To

balk is to spare. T. Warton. Crop ye as close as marginal P--S

20. New Presbyter is but Old

Priest] He expresses the same He means Prynne, who had been sentiment in other parts of his sentenced to lose his ears, and works. Bishops and presbyters afterwards was sentenced to lose are the same to us both name and the remainder of them, so that thing, &c. See his Speech for he was cropt close indeed: and the liberty of unlicensed printthe reason of his calling him ing, vol. i. p. 153. ard the conmarginal is expressed in his trea- clusion of his treatise, entitled, tise of The likeliest Means to re- The Tenure of Kings and Mamove hirelings out of the Church. gistrates. And yet a late hot querist for 20. writ large.] That is, “ tithes, whom ye may know by more domineering and tyran“ his wit's lying ever beside him nical. Warburton. “ in the margin, to be ever be- This is the sense implied, but “ side his wits in the text; a certainly with the allusion, inti66 fierce reformer once, mated by Dr. Newton, to the “ rankled with a contrary heat, derivation of the word Priest by “ &c.” Vol. i. p. 569. edit. 1738. contraction from Presbyter. E.


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To the Nightingale.
O NIGHTINGALE, that on yon bloomy spray

Warblest at eve, when all the woods are still,
Thou with fresh hope the lover's heart dost fill,

The Sonnet is a species of to any number of stanzas or poetry of Italian extraction, and verses. (See note *,


182. Canthe famous Petrarch hath gained zone.] It is certainly one of the reputation of being the first the most difficult of all the lesser author and inventor of it. He kinds of poetry, such simplicity wrote great number in com- and such correctness being remendation of his mistress Laura, quired in the composition: and with whon he was in love for I have often wondered that the twenty years together, and whose quaintness and exactness of the death he lamented with the same rhymes alone did not deter Milton zeal for ten years afterwards: from attempting it, but he was and for the tenderness and de- carried on by his love of the Italicacy of his passion, as well as lians and Italian poetry: and for the beauty and elegance of other celebrated writers have his sentiments and language, he been equally fond of copying is esteemed the great master of Petrarch, as Bellay, Ronsard, love-poetry among the moderns, Malherb, &c. among the French; and his Sonnets are universally Sidney, Spenser, Shakespeare, allowed to be the standard and &c. among the English ; but perfection of that kind of writing. none of them have conformed so The Sonnet, I think, consists exactly to the Italian model as generally of one thought, and Milton: and he is the last who that always turned in fourteen excelled in this species of poetry, verses of the length of our he- which was almost extinct among roics, two stanzas or measures of us, till it was revived of late four verses each, and two of with good success by an ingenithree, the first eight verses hav- ous gentleman in Dodsley's Mising no more than two rhymes: cellanies. and herein it differs from the 1. Guitone d'Arezzo, who flouCanzone, which is not confined rished about the year



of day,


While the jolly hours lead on propitious May.
Thy liquid notes that close the

First heard before the shallow cuckow's bill,
Portend success in love; O if Jove's will
Have link'd that amorous pow'r to thy soft lay,

be sur

sing &c.

many years before Petrarch was vii. 435. how fond our poet was born, first used the measure ob- of the nightingale, and this adserved in the Sonnet; a measure,

dress to her is founded upon the which the great number of simi- same notion or tradition as Chaular terminations renders easy in cer's verses of the cuckow and the Italian, but difficult in our the nightingale. language. Dr. J. Warton.

But as I lay this other night waking, Dr. Johnson remarks, that, for I thought howe lovirs had a tokining, this reason, the fabric of the re- And amonge 'hem it was a com

mune tale, gular Sonnet has never succeeded

That it were gode to here the in English. But surely Milton

nightingale, and others have shewn that Moche rathir than the leudè cuccoo this inconvenience

may mounted, and excellence results

4. While the jully hours lead on from difficulty. T. Warton. Of the two stanzas, into which

propitious May.) Because the the first eight lines of the Sonnet singing in April. So Sydney,

nightingale is supposed to begin are to be distributed, the first

in England's Helicon, Signat. O. verse chimes with the last, and

edit. 1614. the two intermediate ones with each other. The six concluding

The nightingale, so soone as Aprill

bringeth lines may either be confined

Unto her rested sense a perfect wakwithin terminations of two simi

ing, lar sounds alternately arranged, While late bare earth proud of new or may be disposed, with two clothing springeth, additional rhymes, into a qua

Singes out her woes, &c.

T. Warton. train and a couplet.

Milton has not always ob- 6. First heard before] Virgil, served this arrangement of the Æn. iv. 24. terminations in the six conclud

Sed mihi vel tellus obtem prius ima ing lines. See the Sonnets to dehiscat, Fairfax and to Cromwell. He Anle pudor quam te violo, aut tua seems to have regarded the order jura resolvo. of this part of the sonnet as sub- See Cerda. Richurdson. mitted in a great degree to his 6. First heard before the shaldiscretion. In the construction low cuckow's bill, &c.] That is, of the Sonnet Drummond seems if they happen to be heard beto have been the peculiar object fore the cuckow, it is lucky for of Milton's applause and imita- the lover. But Spenser calls the tion. Symmons.

cuckow the messenger of' spring, 1. We have observed, P. L. and supposes that his trumpet

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