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The house of Pindarus, when temple' and tow'r
Went to the ground: and the repeated air

Of sad Electra's poet had the pow'r
To save th' Athenian walls from ruin bare.


To a virtuous young Lady. LADY, thạt in the prime of earliest youth

Wisely hast shunn’d the broad way and the green, And with those few art eminently seen,

11. — temple and tow'r] See Αγαμεμνονος και κορα, ηλυθον Ηλεκτρα note, P. R. iii. 268. E.

Ποτι σαν αγροσειραν αυλαν 12. - and the repeated air &c.] Παντας επικλασθηναι, και φανήναι I

suppose this refers to a passage σχετλιον εργον, την ούτως ευκλεα και in Ρlutarch's Life of Lysander. τοιουτους ανδρας φερουσαν ανελειν και When that general had taken die yaour been the wom. Vol. i. p. Athens, he proposed to change 441. edit. Paris. 1624. the government. Some he


12. The lines of Euripides are moved in council that the Athe. at v. 168. It appears, however, nians might be reduced to slavery, that Lysander ordered the walls when at the same time Erianthus and fortifications to be demothe Theban proposed wholly to lished. See Plutarch. Opp. tom. destroy the city, and leave the ii. Vit. p. 807. Par. 1572. 8vo. country desolate: but a little af- By the epithet sad, Milton deterwards, at an entertainment of nominates the pathetic character the captains, one of them re

of Euripides. Repeated signifies peated some verses out of Eu- recited. But it has been ingeripides's Electra, beginning thus, niously suggested, that the epi

thet sad belongs to Electra, who Electra, oh unhappy queen! very often calls herself OIKTPA, Whither wou'd you fly ? return; TAXAINA, &c. in Euripides's Your absence the forsaken groves And desert palace seem to mourn.

play; and says, that all the city

gave her the same appellation, This struck them, and


κικλησκουσι δε μ' AΘΛΙΑΝ Ηλεκthem occasion to reflect, how

τραν πολιηται.

T. Warton. barbarous it would appear to lay

14. To save th' Athenian walls that city in ruin; which had been by ruin bare.] See our author's renowned for the birth and edu. Psalm vii. 60. cation of so many famous men,

Fall on his crown with ruin steep. ειτα μεντοι συνουσίας γενομένης των The ineaning in both instances ηγεμονων παρα ποτον, και τινος Φω- is obvious and similar. κεως ασαντος εκ της Ευριπιδου Ηλε - This is one of Milton's best. κτρας την παροδον, ης και


Sonnets. T. Warlon.


That labour up the hill of heav'nly truth,
The better part with Mary and with Ruth

Chosen thou hast; and they that overween,
And at thy growing virtues fret their spleen,

anger find in thee, but pity' and ruth. Thy care is fix'd, and zealously attends

To fill thy odorous lamp with deeds of light,

And hope that reaps not shame. Therefore be sure Thou, when the bridegroom with his feastful friends

Passes to bliss at the mid hour of night,
Hast gain’d thy entrance, Virgin wise and pure.


V. 5.

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5. —with Mary and with Ruth] and the reader may see parallel So it is in Milton's Manuscript, instances in Spenser's Faery and in the edition of 1673. In Queen, b. i. cant. 6. st. 39. and the first edition of 1645 it was b. vii. cant. 6. st. 38. falsely printed

11. And hope that reaps not

shame.] ENTIS OU XATELIO Xuver. Rom. -with Mary and the Ruth.

Hurd. 6. -overween,] Par. Lost, 12. Thou, when the bridegroom x. 878. “ Him overweening to with his feastful friends] Feast“over-reach." See note on Co- ful is an epithet in Spenser. He mus, 309. T. Warton.

alludes to the midnight feasting 7. And at thy growing virtues] of the Jews before the consumIn the Manuscript it was at first, mation of marriage. T. Warton. And at thy blooming virtue or prosper

13. Passes to bliss at the mid ing

hour of night,] Instead of this

line he had written at first, 8. —but pity' and ruth] Here Ruth and ruth are made to rhyme

Opens the door of bliss that hour of to each other, and it may per

night: haps offend the niceness of mo- but he rightly altered it, the betdern ears that the same word ter to accommodate it to the pashould rhyme to itself though in rable to which he is alluding. different senses: but our old See Matt. xxv. poets were not so very delicate,

To the Lady Margaret Ley.*
Daughter to that good Earl, once President

Of England's Council, and her Treasury,
Who liv'd in both unstain’d with gold or fee,

And left them both, more in himself content,
Till sad the breaking of that Parliament

Broke him, as that dishonest victory
At Chæronea, fatal to liberty,

Kill'd with report that old man eloquent.
Though later born than to have known the days


father flourish'd, yet by you, Madam, methinks I see him living yet;



* We have given the title pose that this Sonnet was comwhich is in Milton's Manuscript, posed. To the Lady Margaret Ley. She 6. -as that dishonest victory was the daughter of Sir James &c.] This victory was gained Ley, whose singular learning by Philip of Macedon over the and abilities raised him through Athenians and their allies; and all the great posts of the law, till the news being brought to he came to be made Earl of Athens, that old man eloquent, Marlborough, and Lord High Isocrates, who was near a hunTreasurer, and Lord President dred years old, died within a of the Council to King James I. few days, being determined not He died in an advanced age, to survive the liberties of his and Milton attributes his death to country. ετελευτα τον βιον επι the breaking of the Parliament; Χαιρωνιδου αρχοντος, ολιγαις ήρειραις and it is true that the Parlia- υστερον της εν Χαιρώνεια μαχης,

duoly ment was dissolved the 10th of δεοντα βεβιωκως εκατον έτη, γνωμη March, 1628-9, and he died on χρησαμενος, αμα τους αγαθοις της the 14th of the same month. He toews our yratanure Toy ÉAUTOV Biov. left several sons and daughters; Dionysius Halicarnass. de Isoand the Lady Margaret was crate, vol. ii. p. 150. edit. Hudmarried to Captain Hobson of son. Plutarch


that he abthe Isle of Wight. It appears stained from food for four days, from the accounts of Milton's and so put a period to his life,

life, that in the year 1643 he having lived 98, or as some say - used frequently to visit this 100 years. See Plutarch's Lives

lady and her husband, and of the ten Orators, vol. ii. p. about that time we may sup- 837. edit. Paris, 1624.


So well your words his noble virtues praise,

That all both judge you to relate them true,
And to possess them, honour'd Margaret.

XI. On the detraction which followed upon my writing

certain treatises.*

A BOOK was writ of late call’d Tetrachordon,

And woven close, both matter, form, and stile; The subject new: it walk'd the town a while, Numb’ring good intellects; now seldom por’d on.

* When Milton published his many respects of Milton, and in books of Divorce, he was greatly which much acuteness of argucondemned by the Presbyterian ment, and comprehension of clergy, whose advocate and reading, were idly thrown away, champion he had been before. was received with contempt, or He published his Tetrachordon rather ridicule, as we learn from or Expositions upon the four Howel's Letters. A better proof

A chief places in Scripture, which that it was treated with neglect treat of marriage or nullities in is, that it was attacked by two marriage, in 1645; and soon nameless and obscure writers after we may suppose he com- only; one of whom Milton calls, posed these two Sonnets, which a Šerving-man turned Solicitor! were first printed in the edition Our author's divorce was on of 1673, and to which we have Platonic principles. He held, prefixed the title that he himself that disagreement of mind was has in the Manuscript.

a better cause of separation than 1. A book was writ of late &c.] adultery or frigidity. Here was In the Manuscript he had written a fair opening for the laughers. at first,

For this doctrine Milton was I writ a book of late call'd Tetrachor

summoned before the Lords. don,

But they not approving his acAnd weav'd in close, both matter,

cusers, the presbyterian clergy, form, and stile;

or thinking the business too speIt went off well about the town a while, culative, he was quickly disNumb'ring good wits, but now is seldom por'd on.

missed. On this occasion Mil.

ton commenced hostilities against The reader will readily agree, the Presbyterians. He illustrates that it was altered for the better. his own system in this line of

1. A book was writ of late Par. Lost, ix. 372. calld Tetrachordon,] This ela

Go, for thy stay, not free, absents borate discussion, unworthy in

thee more.



Cries the stall-reader, Bless us! what a word on

A title page is this ! and some in file
Stand spelling false, while one might walk to Mile-

End Green. Why is it harder, Sirs, than Gordon,
Colkitto, or Macdonnel, or Galasp?
Those rugged names to our like mouths grow sleek,

, That would have made Quintilian stare and gasp. 11 Thy age, like ours, O Soul of Sir John Cheek,

Hated not learning worse than toad or asp,
When thou taught'st Cambridge, and King Edward



Milton wished he had not 9. -or Galasp.] He is George written this work in English. Gilespie, one of the Scotch memSee the Defensio secunda. "Vel. bers of the Assembly of Divines, “ lem hoc tantum, sermone ver- as his name is subscribed to “ naculo me non scripsisse: non their letter to the Belgic, French, “ enim in vernas lectores inci- and Helvetian churches, dated “ dissem, quibus solenne est sua 1643. There are two or more “ bona ignorare, aliorum mala Letters from Samuel Rutherford, “ irridere.” Prose Works, ii. to Gilespie, in Joshua Redivivus, 331. T. Warton.

quoted above. See p. ii. epist. 5. Cries the stall-reader,] So 54, 55. p. 408. seq. p. i. epist. in Apol. Smectymn. sect. viii. 114. p. 165. epist. 77. p. 122. T. “ In the language of stall-epistle Warton.

nonsense. Pr. W. 122. T. 10. Those rugged names] He Warton.

had written at first barbarous, 9. Colkitto, Macdonnel, and then rough hewn, and then Galasp?] Milton is here collect- rugged. ing, from his hatred to the Scots, 12. Sir John Cheek] Or Cheke. what he thinks Scottish names He was the first Professor of the of an ill sound. Colkitto and Greek tongue in the university Macdonal, are one and the same of Cambridge, and was highly person; a brave officer on the instrumental in bringing that royal side, an Irish man of the language into repute, and reAntrim family, who served un- storing the original pronunciader Montrose. The Macdonals tion of it, though with great opof that family are styled, by way position from the patrons of igof distinction, Mac Colleittok, norance and popery, and espethat is, descendants of lame cially from Gardiner, Bishop of Colin. Galasp is a Scottish writer Winchester, and Chancellor of against the Independents; for the University. He was afterwhom see verses on the Forcers wards made one of the tutors to of Conscience, &c. T. Warton. Edward VI. See his life by

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