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Strive to keep up a frail and feverish being,
fax's Tasso, c. xiii. 20. Shake- if he had said just before speare, K. Lear, act ii. s. 2. Two
Beyond the written date of mortal Gent. Verona, act i. 8. 1. It is a change : pound in Hudibras. A pinner is and therefore I cannot but think a shepherd in some parts of Eng, that he blotted out this line not land, one who pins the fold. without reason. In old deeds, among manorial
8. Besides, an allusion to the rights, the privilege of a pinfold written date of Scripture would for pound is claimed. T. Warton.
be improper in the person of the 8. Strive to keep up a frail and attendant spirit. For the same feverish being,] This endeavour
reason there seems to be an imis in itself no fault; it becomes propriety in supposing an alluso only as it is circumstanced :
sion to St. Peter's golden key in and the Trinity manuscript gives v. 13, where see the note. E. this circumstance, which was
11. Amongst the enthron'd Gods therefore necessary to the justo, on sainted seats.] So this verse ness of the thought,
stands in Milton's manuscript as Beyond the written date of mortal well as in all his editions : and change.
yet I cannot but prefer the read. By the written date is meanting of Mr. Fenton's editions, Scripture, in which is recorded Amongst th' enthroned Gods
sainted seats. the abridged date of mortal life. Warburton.
11. Shakespeare, Anton. Cleop. I am still inclined to think act i. s. 3. that this line is better omitted.
Though you in swearing shake the For though it may not be a fault throned Gods. in itself to
See note on Par. L. v. 535. T.
Warton. Strive to keep up a frail and feverish being,
13. —thut golden key, &c.]
This seems to be said in allusion yet it certainly is so to strive to keep it up
to Peter's golden key, mentioned
likewise in Lycidas, 110. Unmindful of the crown that virtue gives :
Two massy keys he bore of metals
twain, and he could not have added
(The golden opes, the iron shuts
amain.) -the crown that virtue gives After this mortal change
And this verse, which was first
That opes the palace of eternity :
But to my task. Neptune besides the sway
written That shows &c. after- 22. That like to rich and various wards altered,
gems inlay That opes the palace of eternity,
The unadorned bosom of the
deep,] Mr. Pope has transferred with a
The first hint of this beautiful paslittle alteration into one of his Satires, speaking of Virtue,
sage seems to have been taken
from Shakespeare's Rich. II. act Her priestess Muse forbids the good ii. sc. 1. where John of Gaunt
to die, And opes the temple of eternity.
calls this island by the same sort 13. Jonson, Hymen, v. p. 296.
of metaphor, of Truth.
- this little world, Her left [holds] a curious bunch of
This precious stone set in the silver sea. golden keys,
22. But Milton has heightened With which heaven's gate she locketh and displays.
the comparison, omitting ShakeWhere displays is opens.
speares petty conceit of the silver
sea, the conception of a jeweller, Warton. 18. But to my task &c.] These
and substituting another and a four lines were thus in the ma
more striking piece of imagery.
This rich inlay, to use an expres. nuscript before they were al
sion in the Paradise Lost, gives tered.
beauty to the bosom of the deep, But to my business now. Neptune, else unadorned. It has its effect Of every salt food, and each ebbing bare earth, before the creation,
on a simple ground. Thus the stream, Took in by lot 'twixt high and nether was “ desert and bare, unsightly, Jove
unadorned.” P. L. vii. 314. The rule and title of each sea-girt isle.
Eve's And they were altered with great
are unadorned, reason, no verb following the Ibid. iv. 305. T. Warton. nominative case, Neptune.
By course commits to several government,
28.—the best of all the main,] at Ludlow castle with great soSo altered in the manuscript from lemnity. On this occasion he -the best of all his empire. was attended by a large con
29. He quarters] That is, Nep- course of the neighbouring notune: with which name he ho- bility and gentry. Among the nours the king, as sovereign of rest came his children; in parthe four seas; for from the ticular, Lord Brackley, Mr. ThoBritish Neptune alone this noble mas Egerton, and Lady Alice, Peer derives his authority. War- -To attend their father's state, burton.
And new-intrusted sceptre. 32. With temper'd awe to They had been on a visit at a guide
house of their relations the EgerAn old and haughty nation, ton family in Herefordshire; and proud in arms.]
in passing through Haywood That is, the Cambro-Britons, who forest were benighted, and the were to be governed by respect Lady Alice was even lost for a mixed with awe. The Earl of short time. This accident, which Bridgewater, " A noble Peer of in the end was attended with no o mickle trust and power," was bad consequences, furnished the now governor of the Welch as subject of a Mask for a Michaellord-president of the principality. mas festivity, and produced Co“ Proud in arms,” is Virgil's mus. Lord Bridgewater was ap
belloque superbi.” Æn. i. 21. pointed Lord President, May 12, T. Warton.
1633. When the perilous ad34. Where his fair offspring, venture in Haywood forest hapnurs’d in princely lore, &c.] I have pened, if true, cannot now. be been informed from a manuscript told. It inust have been soon. of Oldys, that Lord Bridgewater after. The Mask was acted at entered upon his official residence Michaelmas, 1634. T. Warton.
Lies through the perplex'd paths of this drear wood,
43. And listen why, for I will The two words are often thus tell you now
joined in the old metrical roWhat never yet was heard fc.]. mances. And thus in Spenser's Horace, od. iïi. i. 2.
Astrophel. Favete linguis: carmina non prius Merrily masking both in bowre and Audita
hall. Virginibus puerisque canto.
And his Colin Clouts come home Milton might justly enough say
again. this, since Comus is a deity of
And purchase highest roome in bowre his own making: but the same allegory has been introduced by Where room is place, as in St. most of the principal epic poets Luke xiv. 8, 9, 10. Shakespeare under other personages. Such has bower for chamber, Coriolan. are Homer's Circe, Ariosto’s Al- act iii. s. 2. So Chaucer, Mill. T. cina, Tasso's Armida, and Spen- 259. And Spenser, Prothalam. ser's Acrasia.
st. viii. T. Warton.
46. Bacchus, that first &c.] From old or modern bard, in hall or bower.
Though he builds his fable on Alluding to the ancient custom
classic mythology, yet his mate
rials of magic have more the air of poets repeating their own
of inchantments in the Gothic verses at public entertainments.
romances. Warburton. Thyer. 45. From old or modern bard,] transform'd,] They were changed
48. After the Tuscan mariners It was at first in the manuscript, by Bacchus into ships and dolBy old or modern bard
phins, the story of which meta45. -in hall or bower.] That morphosis the reader may see in is; literally, in hall or chamber. Ovid. Met. iii. Fab. 8.
Coasting the Tyrrhene shore, as the winds listed,
48. This story is alluded to in Homer's Circe, represents all Homer's fine hymn to Bacchus; sensual pleasures; and Bacchus, the punishments he inflicted on in the heathen mythology, only the Tyrrhene pirates are the sub- presides over that of drinking. jects of the beautiful frieze on Thyer. the Lantern of Demosthenes, de- 58. Whom therefore she brought scribed by Mr. Stuart, in his up, and Comus nam'd,] This Antiq. of Athens, p. 33. Dr. J. line was at first in the ManuWarton.
script, Lilius Gyraldus relates, that this history was most beautifully
Which therefore she brought up, and
nam'd him Comus. represented in Mosaic work, in the church of St. Agna at Rome, 58. —and Comus nam'd.] Docoriginally a temple of Bacchus. tor Newton observes, that Comus And it is one of the pictures in is a deity of Milton's own making. Philostratus. T. Warton. But if not a natural and easy
50. —who knows not Circe, &c.) personification, by our author, of See Boethius, 1. iv. m. iii. and the Greek KOMOE, Comessatio, Virgil, Æn. vii. 11. 17. Alcina it should be remembered, that has an enchanted cup in Ariosto, Comus is distinctly and most C. X. 45. T. Warton.
sublimely personified in the Aga54. -clust'ring] See the notes, memnon of Æschylus, edit. Stanl. Par. L. iv. 303. E.
p. 376. v. 1195. Where says 55. With ivy-berries wreath'd,] Cassandra, “ That horrid band, , Nonnus calls Bacchus xoguuso- " who sing of evil things, will pogos, b. xiv. See also Ovid, Fast. never forsake this house. Bei. 393. and our author, El. vi. 15. “ hold, Comus, the drinker of T. Warton.
« human blood, and fired with 57. Much like his father, but new rage, still remains within his mother more.] This is said, “ the house, being sent forward because Milton's Comus, like “ in an unlucky hour by the