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XII. Apologus de Rustico et Hero.* RUSTICUS ex malo sapidissima poma quotannis
Legit, et urbano lecta dedit Domino: Hinc incredibili fructus dulcedine captus,
Malum ipsam in proprias transtulit areolas.
Mota solo assueto, protenus aret iners.
Damnavit celeres in sua damna manus;
Parva licet, grato dona tulisse animo !
Nunc periere mihi et fætus, et ipse parens.
XIII. Ad ChrisTINAM SUECORUM REGINAM,
nomine CROMWELLI.* BELLIPOTENS virgo, septem regina trionum,
Christina, Arctoï lucida stella poli!
Poems, has printed a very loose I should rather think they were but witty English Epigram un- Milton's, being more within his der the name of Milton, which province as Latin Secretary. had long before appeared among Newton. the poems of Lord Rochester, These lines are simple and who has every pretension to be sinewy. They present Cromwell its right owner. To this Mis- in a new and pleasing light, and cellany Fenton has prefixed a throw an air of amiable dignity long Dedication to Lord Dorset. on his rough and obstinate chaSee p. 286.
racter. They are too great a
compliment to Christina, who * This piece first appeared in was contemptible both as a queen the edition 1673.
and a woman. The uncrowned
Cromwell had no reason to ap* These verses were sent to proach a princess with so much Christina, Queen of Sweden, with reverence, who had renounced Cromwell's picture, and are by her crown. The frolics of other some ascribed to Andrew Mar- whimsical modern queens have vell, as by others to Milton: but been often only romantic. The
Cernis, quas merui dura sub casside rugas,
Utque senex armis impiger ora tero:
pranks of Christina had neither Marvell satirised the dissipations, elegance nor even decency to and profligate amours of Charles deserve so candid an appellation. the Second with much wit and An ample and lively picture of freedom. her court, politics, religion, in- I must however observe, that trigues, rambles, and masque- this Epigram appears in Marvell's rades, is to be gathered from Miscellaneous Poems, fol. Lond. Thurloe's State Papers. She had . 1681. p. 134. Where it follows all the failings of her own sex,.. other Latin poems of the same without
any of the virtues of the class and subject: and is immesex she affected to imitate. She diately preceded by a Latin abdicated her kingdom in 1654. distich, entitled, In Effigiem Oli-. So that this Epigram could not veri Cromwelli,
“ Hæc est quæ have been written after that time. “ toties, &c." Then comes this It was sent to the queen with Epigram there intitled “ In ean- . Cromwell's picture, on which it “dem [effigiem] reginæ Sueciæ was inscribed. It is supposed « transmissam. Where the seto be spoken by the portrait. cond distich is thus printed,
Doctor Newton, whose opinion is weighty, ascribes these lines
Cernis quas merui dura sub casside
rugas, to Milton, as coinciding with his
Sicque senex armis impiger ora fero. department of Latin Secretary to Cromwell. See also Birch's And in to the Reader, these Life of Milton, p. lxii. Toland, poems are said by his pretended by whom they were first printed, wife, Mary, to be " printed acfrom common report, indeci- “cording to the exact copies of sively gives them either to Mil- my late dear husband, under ton or to Andrew Marvell. Life,“ his own hand-writing, &c."., I p. 38. Prose Works, vol. i. p. 38. think we may therefore fairly Tol. I suspect, that Milton's ha- give them to Marvell. But see bit of facility in elegiac Latinity Marvell's Works, Lond. 4to. had long ago ceased: and I am 1766. vol. iii. p. 489. inclined to attribute them to Of Marvell's respectand friendMarvell, so good a scholar, as to ship for Milton some proofs apbe thought a fit assistant to Mil- pear, among other anecdotes of ton in the Latin Secretaryship, Milton and his friends not geneand who, as Wood says, was rally known, in the Second Part
very intimate and conversant of Marvell's Rehearsall Trans“ with that person.” Ath. Oxon. prosed. Lond. 1673. 8vo. This ii. 818. Again, he calls Marvell, book is an attack on Dr. Samuel “ sometimes one of John Milton's Parker, famous for his tergiver
companions.” Ibid. p. 817. sation with the times, now an And he adds, that Marvell was antipuritan in the extreme, and “ cried up as the main wit-' who died Bishop of Oxford, and
monger surviving to the fana-, King James's popish president of “tical party." In other words, Magdalen College, Oxford. See
Invia fatorum dum per vestigia nitor,
5 Exequor et populi fortia jussa manu. p. 377. He reproaches Parker, “ you there used, he is too genefor having in his Reproof, and rous to remember. But he his Transproser Rehearsed,“ run “never having in the least pro“ upon an author John Milton, “ voked you, for you to insult “ which doth not a little offend “thus over his old age, to tra“me." He says, that by acci- “ duce him by your scaramucdent he never saw Milton for “cios, and in your own person, two years before he wrote the “ as a schoolmaster, who was First Part of his Rehearsall, which “ born and hath lived more inParker had attributed to Milton. “ genuously and liberally than “ But after I undertook writing yourself; to have done all “ it, I did more carefully avoid " this, and lay at last my simple “ either visiting or sending to o book to his charge, without “him, lest I should any way “ever taking care to inform « involve him in my conse- “ yourself better, which you had “quences.—Had he took you in “ so easy an opportunity to do: “ hand, you would have had " --it is inhumanly and inhos“ cause to repent the occasion, pitably done; and will, I hope, “ and not escaped so easily as “be a warning to all others, as “ you did under my Transprosal
. “ it is to me, to avoid (I will not " -John Milton was and is, a say) such a Judas, but a man
man of as great learning and “ that creeps into all companies, “ sharpness of wit as any man. “ to jeer, trepan, and betray “ It was his misfortune, living " them.” The First Part of this “ in a tumultuous time, to be Rehearsall was published 1672. “ tossed on the wrong side; and This was in answer to a Preface “ he writ flagrante bello, certain written by Parker to Bishop
dangerous treatises.-At his Bramhall's Vindication of Him
majesty's happy return, John self, &c. Lond. 1672. 8vo. Re“ Milton did partake, as you printed by itself the next year.
yourself did, for all your huf- Parker replied in A Reproof, &c. “fing, of his royal clemency, Lond. 1673. Marvell answered " and has ever since expiated in a Second Part of the Rehear“ himself in a retired silence. It sall Transprosed, cited above.
was after that, I well remem- And here it must be remarked, “ber it, that being one day at that Marvell was mistaken in “his house, I there first met supposing the Transproser Re“ you, and accidentally.-Then hearsed, in which most of this “ it was, when you, as I told abuse of Milton appears, to be
you, wandered up and down written by Parker: it was written
Moorfields, astrologizing upon by R. Leigh, formerly of Queen's “ the duration of his majesty's College Oxford, but now
government, that you fre- player, Oxon. 1673, 12mo.
quented John Milton inces- which the writer styles Milton “ santly, and haunted his house the blind author of Paradise Lost, " day by day. What discourses and talks of his groping for a
Ast tibi submittit frontem reverentior umbra :
Nec sunt hi vultus regibus usque truces.
beam of light, in the Apostrophe “expelled the university, a vaHail, holy light, &c. p. 41. In “ gabond, a ragged and hungry another place, Milton is called a “poetaster, kicked and cudgschismatick in poetry, because he “ elled in every tavern, he was writes in blank-verse, p. 43. See “ daily chastised for his impualso p. 126. seq. He is traduced “ dence. At length he was made
à Latin Secretary and an “under-secretary to Cromwell, English Schoolmaster, p. 128. “ by the procuration of Milton, Other scurrilities follow for « to whom he was a very acseveral
ceptable character, on account scene to be recited. I must not 6. of a similar malevolence of forget, that in the Reproof, disposition, &c." B. iv. p. really written by Parker, Milton 275. This passage was perhaps is called " friend of ours.” p. written about the year
Paradise Lost had now been Marvell was appointed as- published thirteen years, and its sistant secretary to Milton in excellencies must have been 1657. See Sec. P. Rehears. fully estimated and sufficiently Transpros. ut supr. p. 127, 128. known; yet in such terms of And Christina ceased to be contempt, or rather neglect, was queen of Sweden in 1654. At its author now described, by a least therefore, when these lines popular writer, certainly a man were written, Marvell was not of learning, and very soon afterassociated with Milton in the wards a bishop. See Life of secretaryship.
Bathurst. I must add, that neither Mar- To recur to the text, which vell nor Milton lived to read perhaps has been long ago forgot. the abuse which Parker bestowed Milton, has a prolix and most on both of them, in his posthu- splendid panegyricon queen mous Commentarii sui temporis, Christina, dictated by the supLond. 1727. 8vo. I will translate position that she dismissed Sala small part only. He is speaking masius from her court on account of the pamphleteers against the of his Defence of the King. See royal party at Cromwell's ac- Milton's Prose Works, ii.
p. 329. cession. “ Among these calum- What ground Mr. Warton had “niators was a rascal, one Mar- for his suspicion, that “ Milton's “ vell. As he had spent his “ habit of facility in elegiac La“ youth in debauchery, so from “ tinity had long ago ceased," “ natural petulance, he became he does not specify, nor is it " the tool of faction in the easy to conjecture. I should not
quality of satyrist. Yet with willingly persuade myself that
more scurrility than wit, and our author could soon lose any " with a mediocrity of talents, faculty which he had acquired. “ but not of ill-nature. Turned Besides these verses must have “out of doors by his father, been written before 1654, and only nine years before that, when patriotic, disinterested princess, he published a collection of his Dunster. Latin and English poems in 1645, Dr. Symmons concurs with he had added to his seventh Newton, Birch, and Dunster, in Elegy ten lines, which suffi- assigning these verses without ciently shew that he then per- hesitation to Milton. He remarks fectly retained his Elegiac La- also, that at the time when tinity. It was also an employ- “ Milton praised Christina, he ment which, we may well sup- praised a queen who possessed pose, he was fond of, as at this • the affections of a happy peotime he certainly thought highly ple, who extended the most of Christina. He was indeed “ liberal patronage to the learnrather unfortunate in his selec- « ed, and who was the theme of tion of a favourite from among « almost unbounded panegyric the crowned heads of his time; “ with all the princes of Eubut he saw only the bright side ropean