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Aspicit, et pingues donis Cerealibus agros,
Quodque magis doluit, venerantem numina veri
Sancta Dei populum, tandem suspiria rupit
Tartareos ignes et luridum olentia sulphur ;
Qualia Trinacria trux ab Jove clausus in Ætna
Efflat tabifico monstrosus ob ore Tiphæus.
Ignescunt oculi, stridetque adamantinus ordo
Dentis, ut armorum fragor, ictaque cuspide cuspis.
Atque pererrato solum hoc lacrymabile mundo
Inveni, dixit, gens hæc mihi sola rebellis,
Contemtrixque jugi, nostraque potentior arte.
Illa tamen, mea si quicquam tentamina possunt,
Non feret hoc impune diu, non ibit inulta.
Hactenus : et piceis liquido natat aëre pennis ;
Qua volat, adversi præcursant agmine venti,
Densantur nubes, et crebra tonitrua fulgent.

Jamque pruinosas velox superaverat Alpes,
Et tenet Ausoniæ fines : a parte sinistra
Nimbifer Appenninus erat, priscique Sabini,
Dextra veneficiis infamis Hetruria, nec non
Te furtiva, Tibris, Thetidi videt oscula dantem ;
Hinc Mavortigenæ consistit in arce Quirini.
Reddiderant dubiam jam sera crepuscula lucem,
Cum circumgreditur totam Tricoronifer urbem,
Panificosque Deos portat, scapulisque virorum

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-50

55

-Tandem Tritonida conspicit arcem, sera crepuscula lucem,] Ovid, Ingeniisque, opibusque, et festa pace, Metam. i. 219.

virentem: Vizque tenet lachrymas, &c.

Traherent cum sera crepuscula

lucem. 48. Jamque pruinosas velor superaverat Alpes,] Lucan, i. 183.

55. He describes the procesJam gelidas Cæsar cursu superaveratsion of the Pope to Saint Peter's Alpes.

church at Rome, on the eve of 54. Reddiderant dubiam jan Saint Peter's day.

Evehitur ; præeunt submisso poplite reges,
Et mendicantum series longissima fratrum ;
Cereaque in manibus gestant funalia cæci,
Cimmeriis nati in tenebris, vitamque trahentes : 60
Templa dein multis subeunt lucentia tædis,
(Vesper erat sacer iste Petro) fremitusque canentum
Sæpe tholos implet vacuos, et inane locorum.
Qualiter exululat Bromius, Bromiique caterva,
Orgia cantantes in Echionio Aracyntho,

65 Dum tremit attonitus vitreis Asopus in undis, Et procul ipse cava responsat rupe Cithæron.

His igitur tandem solenni more peractis, Nox senis amplexus Erebi taciturna reliquit, Præcipitesque impellit equos stimulante flagello, Captum oculis Typhlonta, Melanchætemque ferocem, Atque Acherontæo prognatam patre Siopen Torpidam, et hirsutis horrentem Phrica capillis. Interea regum domitor, Phlegetontius hæres Ingreditur thalamos, neque enim secretus adulter Producit steriles molli sine pellice noctes ; At vix compositos somnus claudebat ocellos, Cum niger umbrarum dominus, rectorque silentum,

70

75

56.

58. The orders of mendicant ley proposes Care. Many of friars.

Bentley's emendations are acute: 70. Præcipitesque impellit equos, but he did not understand Mil&c.] See note on Comus, v. ton's manner, nor the genius of 553. And Ovid, Epist. Pont. iii. the English language, or rather

the genius of the language of Sive pruinosi Noctis aguntur equi.

English poetry. Compare Eurip.

Ion, v. 1151. Schol. Phæniss. v. 3. And Sil. Italicus, xv. 285.

71. Captum oculis Typhlonta, -Nox -atro circumdata corpus a- &c.] I believe Milton is the first mictu,

poet who has given names to Nigrantes invexit equos.

the horses of Night. Spenser Our author has “ Night's Car," describes the colour of her four Par. Lost, ix. 65. where Bent- horses, F. Q. i. v. 28. 20.

80

Prædatorque hominum, falsa sub imagine tectus
Astitit; assumptis micuerunt tempora canis,
Barba sinus promissa tegit, cineracea longo
Syrmate verrit humum vestis, pendetque cucullus
Vertice de raso, et, ne quicquam desit ad artes,
Cannabeo lumbos constrinxit fune salaces,
Tarda fenestratis figens vestigia calceis.
Talis, uti fama est, vasta Franciscus eremo

85

80. - assumptis micuerunt tem

poris canis,
Barba sinus promissa tegit,)
This reminds us of Satan's ap-
pearance to our Saviour in the
form of an old man, in the wil.
derness. Par. Reg. b. i. 497

And Satan, bowing low
His gray dissimulation, disappear’d.

84. Satan is here disguised like a cordelier, or Franciscan friar.

86. —Vasta Franciscus eremo, &c.] Francis Xavier, called the Apostle of the Indians, whom he was sent to convert about the year 1542, by Ignatius Loyola. Among his many pretended miracles it is one, that, during this extraordinary progress, he preached to the lions and other beasts of the wilderness. There is an old print of Saint Francis in a desert taming lions.

But an unknown correspondent has thrown new light on the whole of the context. "passage bas properly nothing

“ thongs of leather, crossed, or “ lattice-wise, which are usually “ worn by the Franciscan Friars

although they are dechaussez. “ These are mentioned by Bu“ chanan, as a regular part of “ the dress of the Franciscans. Franciscan. [v. 47. p. 2. edit. “ ut supr.]

“Longo sub syrmate rasum
« Cerno caput, tortum funem, latum-

que galerum,
" Atque fenestratum soleas captare

a cothurnum.
Again, v. 88.
Soleasque æstivum admittere so-

« lem.
Again, below,

" Soleæque fenestra reclusæ.
“ Milton seems to have adverted
“ to this poem, which is a severe
" and laboured satire on the
“ Franciscans. See also Bucha-
“ nan's Somnium, in the Fratres
“ Fraterrimi, where, as here,
“ S. Francis appears to the poet.
“ Carm. xxxiv.
6 Cum mihi Franciscus, nodosa can-

to do with the Jesuit S. Francis “ Xavier. The fenestrati calcei

are (not torn, or full of holes, " like Shakespeare's loop'd and " window'd raggedness' in K. “ Lear, but) the sandals, or soles, “ tied on the foot by straps, or

o nabe cinctus, " Astitit ante tuum, stigmata nota

gerens : " In manibus sacra vestis erat, cum

“ fune galerus, « Palla, fenestratus calceus, hasta,

« liber.

- The

Tetra vagabatur solus per lustra ferarum,
Sylvestrique tulit genti pia verba salutis
Impius, atque lupos domuit, Libycosque leones.
Subdolus at tali Serpens velatus amictu,

90
Solvit in has fallax ora execrantia voces ;
Dormis nate? Etiamne tuos sopor opprimit artus?
Immemor, O, fidei, pecorumque oblite tuorum !
Dum cathedram, venerande, tuam, diademaque triplex
Ridet Hyperboreo gens barbara nata sub axe, ..

95 Dumque pharetrati spernunt tua jura Britanni: Surge, age, surge piger, Latius quem Cæsar adorat, Cui reserata patet convexi janua coeli, Turgentes animos, et fastus frange procaces, Sacrilegique sciant, tua quid maledictio possit, Et quid Apostolicæ possit custodia clavis ; Et memor Hesperiæ disjectam ulciscere classem, Mersaque Iberorum lato vexilla profundo, Sanctorumque cruci tot corpora fixa probrosæ, Thermodoontea nuper regnante puella.

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105

“ Consistently with the figure “ founded the actions of the two “ here described by Milton, the “ synonimous Saints, and attrivasta Franciscus eremo ought " buted the wonders of S. Fran" to be the founder of the Order “ cis Xavier to the Founder of " of friars, S. Francis d'Assise. * the Franciscans." “ And this was certainly his 92. Dormis nate?] This is “ meaning. But although the Homer's, Evdus, 'Asesos vis. Il. ii. “ last S. Francis wrought many 560. See also Par. Lost, b. v. “ pretended miracles in the de- 672. “Sleep'st thou, companion " serts, and travelled into Syria “ dear?" And Virgil, Æn, iv. “ to convert the Soldan of Baby- 560. “Nate dea, potes, hoc sub “ lon, and was at the siege of casu ducere somnos?" - Damieta in the crusades, yet 95. See Mansus, v. 26. “ I cannot, with our author, ac- 101. See note on Lycidas, v.

cuse him of the impiety of con- 110. And Comus, v. 13. Com"verting the Lybian lions. So pare Par. Lost, b. ii. 725, 850, " that at present I am inclined 871. b. iii. 485. And Revelations, "to conjecture, that Milton, at ix. 1. xx. 1. or the age of seventeen, con

105. Thermodoontea nuper reg

115

At tu si tenero mavis torpescere lecto,
Crescentesque negas hosti contundere vires ;
Tyrrhenum implebit numeroso milite pontum,
Signaque Aventino ponet fulgentia colle:
Relliquias veterum franget, flammisque cremabit; 110
Sacraque calcabit pedibus tua colla profanis,
Cujus gaudebant soleis dare basia reges.
Nec tamen hunc bellis et aperto Marte lacesses,
Irritus ille labor ; tu callidus utere fraude :
Quælibet hæreticis disponere retia fas est.
Jamque ad consilium extremis rex magnus ab oris
Patricios vocat, et procerum de stirpe creatos,
Grandævosque patres trabea, canisque verendos ;
Hos tu membratim poteris conspergere in auras,
Atque dare in cineres, nitrati pulveris igne
Ædibus injecto, qua convenere, sub imis.
Protinus ipse igitur quoscunque habet Anglia fidos
Propositi, factique, mone: quisquamne tuorum
Audebit summi non jussa facessere Papæ ?
Perculsosque metu subito, casuque stupentes, 125
Invadat vel Gallus atrox, vel sævus Iberus.
Sæcula sic illic tandem Mariana redibunt,
Tuque in belligeros iterum dominaberis Anglos.
Et, nequid timeas, divos divasque secundas
Accipe, quotque tuis celebrantur numina fastis.
Dixit, et adscitos ponens malefidus amictus,
Fugit ad infandam, regnum illætabile, Lethen.

Jam rosea Eoas pandens Tithonia portas,

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190

nante puella.] The amazon, Thermodontiacus, Metam. ix. 189. Queen Elizabeth. She is admi. And Thermodoontiacus, xii. 611. rably characterised. Audetque vi- 127. The times of Queen Mary, ris concurrere virgo. Ovid has when popery was restored.

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