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Dum canit Assyrios divum prolixus amores ;
Mollis et Ausonias stupefecit carmine nymphas.
Ille itidem moriens tibi soli debita vates
Ossa, tibi soli, supremaque vota reliquit :
Nec manes pietas tua chara fefellit amici;
Vidimus arridentem operoso ex ære poetam.



11. Dum canit Assyrios divum the Humoristi are said, in Maprolixus amores;] The allusion is rino's epitaph, to have been the to Marino's poem Il Adone, chief contributors. prolix enough if we consider its Tasso was buried, in 1595, in subject; and in other respects the church of the monastery of spun out to an unwarrantable Saint Onufrius at Rome; and length. Marino's poem, called his remains were covered, by his Strage de gli Innocenti, was pube own desire, only with a plain lished in 1633, about four years stone. Cardinal.Cynthio, whom before Milton visited Italy. To he made his heir, soon afterthis poem Milton is supposed towards proposed to build a have been indebted in Paradise splendid tomb to his memory; Lost. Mr. Hayley thinks it there- but the design never was carried fore very remarkable, that our into execution. Manso, to whom author should not here have he bequeathed only his picture, mentioned this poem of Marino, and to whom he had committed as well as his Adone. The ob- some directions about his funeral, servation at first sight is perti- coming from Naples to Rome nent and just. But it should be about 1605, and finding not só remembered, that Milton did not much as his name inscribed on begin his Paradise Lost till many the stone under which he was years after this Epistle was writ- lạid, offered to erect a suitable ten, and therefore such a poem monument, but was not percould now be no object. Milton mitted. However, he procured thought it sufficient to character. this simple but expressive inize Marino by his great and po- scription to be engraved on the pular work only, omitting his stone, Torquati Tassi ossa. At other and less conspicuous per- length the monument which now formances. See Kippis's. Biogr. appears, was given by Cardinal Brit. iv. p. 341. Froin what is Bevilaqua, of an illustrious fahere said, however, it may be mily of Ferrara. inferred, that Milton could be For a more particular account po stranger to the Strage, and of the very singular attentions must have seen it at an early and honours which Marino reperiod of his life.

ceived from Manso, the reader is ļ6. Vidimus arridentem operoso referred to the Italian Life of ex are poetam.] Marino's monu- Marino, by F. Ferrari, published ment at Naples, erected by at Venice in 1633, 4to. At the Manso. But the Academy of end of Marino's Strage de gli


Nec satis hoc visum est in utrumque, et nec pia vessant
Officia in tumulo; cupis integros rapere Orco,
Qua potes, atque avidas Parcarum eludere leges :
Amborum genus, et varia sub sorte peractam
Describis vitam, moresque, et dona Minervæ;
Æmulus illius, Mycalen qui natus ad altam,
Rettulit Æolii vitam facundus Homeri.
Ergo ego te, Clius et magni nomine Phoebi,
Manse pater, jubeo longum salvere per æyum,
Missus Hyperboreo juvenis peregrinus ab axe.
Nec tu longinquam bonus aspernabere Musam,
Quæ nuper gelida vix enutrita sub Arcto,
Imprudens Italas ausa est volitare per urbes.
Nos etiam in nostro modulantes flumine cygnos 30
Credimus obscuras noctis sensisse per umbras,
Qua Thamesis late puris argenteus urniş


wing, &c.

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Innocenti, and other poems. See Ionia, is little connected with p. 68, 82, 89, 90. Marino died either of them. E. at Naples in 1625, aged fifty- 28. Quæ nuper gelida, &c.] six.

An insinuation, that cold climates 22. -Mycalen, qui natus ad al- are unfriendly to genius. As in tam, &c.] Herodotus, who wrote Par. Lost, b. ix. 44. the Life of Homer. He was a

-Or cold native of Caria, where Mycale is Climate, or years damp my intended a mountain. It is


those famous hills that blazed in Phae- See note on El. v. 6. ton's conflagration, Ovid, Metam. 30. Nos etiam in nostro moduii. 223. The allusion is bappy, lantes flumine cygnos, &c.] We as it draws with it an implicit northern men are not so uncomparison between Tasso and poetical a race. Even we have Homer.

the melodious swan on our 22. I have corrected the note Thames, &c. on this verse after Bp. Mant in 32. Qua Thamesis, &c.] Spenhis Life of Warton. It is, how- ser. Hurd.

doubtful whether the lonic This very probable supposition Life of Homer was written by may be further illustrated. SpenHerodotus; it is often ascribed ser was born in London, before to Dionysius of Halicarnassus. described as the “Urbs reflua Mycale, which is on the coast of quam Thamesis alluit,unda."


Oceani glaucos perfundit gurgite crines:
Quin et in has quondam pervenit Tityrus oras.

Sed neque nos genus incultum, nec inutile Phoebo, Qua plaga septeno mundi sulcata Trione

36 Brumalem patitur longa sub nocte Boöten. Nos etiam colimus Phæbum, nos munera Phæbo Flaventes spicas, et lutea mala canistris, Halantemque crocum, perhibet nisi vana vetustas, Misimus, et lectas Druidum de gente choreas. Gens Druides antiqua, sacris operata deorum, Heroum laudes, imitandaque gesta canebant; Hinc quoties festo cingunt altaria cantu, Delo in herbosa, Graiæ de more puellæ, Carminibus lætis memorant Corineïda Loxo,


El. i. 9. And he is properly The poetical character of the rạnked with Chaucer. And the Druids is attested by Cæsar, Bell. allusion may be to Spenser's Gall. vi. 4. “ Magnum numerum Epithalamium of Thames, a long versuum ediscere dicuntur.” Episode in the Fairy Queen, iv. 43. Heroum laudes, imitandaxi. 8. See also his-Prothalamium. que gesta canebant;] See almost

34. Quin et in has quondam per- the same verse Ad Patrem, v. 46. "venit Tityrus oras.] Like me too, 45. -Graic de more puellæ,] Chaucer travelled into Italy. In Ovid, Metam. ii. 711. Spenser's Pastorals, Chaucer is

Illa forte die castæ de more puellæ, constantly called Tityrus.

&c. 38. Nos etiam colimus Phoe

46. Our author converts the bum, &c.] He avails himself of three Hyperborean Nymphs who a notion supported by Selden on

sent fruits to Apollo in Delos, the Polyolbion, that Apollo was worshipped in Britain. See his limachus, Hymn. Del. v. 292.

into British goddesses. See Calnotes on Songs, viii. ix. Selden

Ουσις τε, Λοξωσε, και ευαιων Εναέργη, supposes also, that the British

Ouyarsges Bogsao, &c. Druids invoked Apollo. See the next note. And Spanheim on Milton here calls Callimachus's Callimachus, vol. ii. 492. seq.

Loxo, Corineis, from Corineus, a 41. Misimus, et leclas Druidum Cornish giant. Some writers de gente choreas.] He insinuates, hold, that Britain, or rather that that our British Druids were. part of it called Scotland, was poets. · As in Lycidas, v. 53. ihe fertile region of the HyperWhere your old Bards the famous

borei. Druids lie,


Fatidicamque Upin, cum flavicoma Hecaërge,
Nuda Caledonio variatas pectora fuco.

Fortunate senex, ergo quacunque per orbem
Torquati decus, et nomen celebrabitur ingens,
Claraque perpetui succrescet fama Marini,

quoque in ora frequens venies, plausumque vi

Et parili carpes iter immortale volatu.
Dicetur tum sponte tuos habitasse penates
Cynthius, et famulas venisse ad limina Musas :
At non sponte domum tamen idem, et regis adivit
Rura Pheretiadæ, cælo fugitivus Apollo;
Ille licet magnum Alciden susceperat hospes;
Tantum ubi clamosos placuit vitare bubulcos,
Nobile mansueti cessit Chironis in antrum,




52. Tu quoque in ora frequens Εν δομοις γενεσθαι, venies, plausumque virorum,] So Δοκμιαν δια κλιτύων Propertius, as Mr. Bowle ob- Βοσκημασι σοισι συριζων

Ποιμιτας υμεναιους. serves, iii. ix. 32.

Συν δ' επουμαινοντο χαρα μελε. -Venies tu quoque in ora virum.

ων βαλιαι τι λυγκες,

Εβα δε, λιπουσΟθρυThis association of immortality

ος ναπαν, λεοντων is happily inferred.

A δαφοινος ιλα 56. At non sponte domnum ta- Εχορευσε δ αμφι σαν κιθαραν men, &c.] Apollo, being driven

Φοιβε, ποικιλοθριξ from heaven, kept the cattle of

Νεβρος, υψικομων περαν

Βαινουσ' ελαταν σφυρω κουφω, king Admetus in Thessaly, who Χαιρoυσ' ευφρονι μολπα. also entertained Hercules. This

57. See Ovid, Fast. ii. 239. was in the neighbourhood of the river Peneus, and of mount Pe

Cynthius Admeti vaccas pavisse Phe

reas, &c. lion, inhabited by Chiron. It has never been observed, that And Epist. Heroid. Ep. v. 151. the whole context is a manifest

Pheretiades occurs

more than imitation of a sublime Chorus

once in Ovid. From Homer, II. in the Alcestis of Milton's fa

ii. 763. xxiii. 376. vourite Greek dramatist, Euripi- ronis in antrum,] Chiron's cavern

60. Nobile mansueti cessit Chides, v. 581. seq.

was ennobled by the visits and Σε τοι και ο Πυθιος Ευλυρας Απολλων

education of sages and heroes. Hžswoi vaiely

Chiron is styled mansuetus, beΕτλη δε σοισι μηλονoμας

cause, although one of the CenVOL. IV.



Irriguos inter saltus, frondosaque tecta,

rivum: ibi


sub ilice nigra,
Ad citharæ strepitum, blanda prece victus amici,
Exilii duros lenibat voce labores.
Tum neque ripa suo, barathro nec fixa sub imo
Saxa stetere loco; nutat Trachinia rupes,
Nec sentit solitas, immania pondera, silvas;
Emotæque suis properant de collibus orni,
Mulcenturque novo maculosi carmine lynces.

Diis dilecte senex, te Jupiter æquus oportet
Nascentem, et miti lustrarit lumine Phæbus,
Atlantisque nepos; neque enim, nisi charus ab ortu


taurs, and the inhabitant of a Apollo was unwillingly forced cave in a mountain, he excelled into the service of Admetus by in learning, wisdom, and the Jupiter, for having killed the most humane virtues. See a Cyclopes, Alcest. v. 6. Thus, beautiful Poem in Dodsley's Mis- v. 56. cellanies, by the late Mr. Beding

At non sponte domum tamen idem, field, called the Education of &c. Achilles. Mr. Steevens adds, The very circumstance which “ The most endearing instance introduces this fine compliment « of the mansuelude of Chiron, and digression. “ will be found in his behaviour “ when the Argo sailed near the The bank of the river Peneus,

65. Tum neque ripa suo, &c.] “ coast on which he lived. He

just mentioned. came down to the very margin

66. -nutat Trachinia rupes,] “ of the sea, bringing his wife Mount Eta, connected with the “ with the young Achilles in her

mountains, Pelion in which was arms, that he might shew the Chiron's cave, and Othrys men« child to his father Peleus who tioned in the passage just cited was proceeding on the voyage from Euripides.

See Ovid, “ with the other Argonauts. Metan. vii. 353. But with no Apollon. Rhod. lib. v. 553.

impropriety, Milton might here « Πηλείδης Αχιλησ φιλω δειδισκετο πα- mean Pelion by the Trachinian

rock; which, with the rest, bad 64. Exilii duros lenibat voce immunia pondera silvas, and which labores.] Ovid and Callimachus Homer calls elvoosQurdov, frondosay, that he soothed the anxieties

Its Orni are also twice of love, not of banishment, with mentioned by V. Flaccus, Argon. his music. But Milton uniformly b. i. 406. and b. ii. 6. follows Euripides, who says that 72. Allantisque nepos;] See



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