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Where with her best nurse Contemplation
Examynacyon of A. Askew, p. 24. “ there plant." And in other “ Hath not he moche nede of places. Pope says, helpe who seketh to soche a
Contemplation prunes her rufflid surgeon ?" So also in Isaiah,
wings. ii. 10. • To it shall the Gentiles
See On the Marks of Poetical Imi. “ seek.” T. Warton. 377. She plumes her feathers,] however, in Hughes's Thought
tation, 12mo. 1757. p. 43. I find, I believe the true reading to be prunes, which Lawes ignorantly edit. 1735. vol. i. 12mo. p. 171.
in a Garden, written 1704; Poems,
p altered to plumes, afterwards imperceptibly continued in the Here Contemplation prunes her wings. poet's own edition. To prune
T. Warton. wings, is to smooth, or set them 380. Were all to ruffled,] So in order, when ruffled. For this read as in editions 1637, 1645, is the leading idea. Spenser, and 1673. Not too, nimis. All
, F. Q. ii. iii. 36.
to, or al-to, is, intirely. See She gins her feathers foule disfigured Tyrwhitt's Gl. Chaucer, v. Too. Proudly to prune.
Various instances occur in ChauAnd in the M. M. of Thestylis,
cer and Spenser, and in later
writers. "O how the coate of At their brightest beams “ Christ that was withoui seam Him proynd in lovley wise.
" is all to rent and torn.” HomiThat is, he “pruned his wetted lies, b. i. i. See Hearne's Gl. “ and disordered wings.” Water
Langtoft, p. 663. Observat. on fowl, at this day, are said to Spenser's F. Q. ii. 225. and Uppreene, when they sleek or re- ton's Spenser, Notes, p. 391. 594. place their wet feathers in the 625. And the fifteenth general sun. See commentators on Shake- rule for understanding G. Douspeare, P. I. Henry IV. act i. glass's Virgil, prefixed to Ruddi
man's Glossary in the capital
edition of that translation. And Which makes him prune himself, &c.
Upton's Gloss. v. All. The corWhere Dr. Warburton and Han- ruption, supposed to mer substituted plume. Upton emendation, "all too ruffled," derives the word from the French began with Tickell, who had no brunir, to polish. Nolęs on Spen- knowledge of our old language, ser, p. 446. col. 2. Prune her and has been continued by Fentender wing is in Pope. Prune, ton, and Dr. Newton. Tonson amputo, is sometimes written has the true reading, in 1695, proine, as in Drayton, Polyolb. and 1705. T. Warton. vol. ii. s. iii. p.714. (But see fol. I have restored the old readedit. 1613.) “Here proine, and ing. E.
He that has light within his own clear breast
'Tis most true,
violence ? But beauty, like the fair Hesperian tree
381. He that has light &c.] This 388. of men and herds,] It whole speech is a remarkably fine was at first, men or herds. encomium on the force of virtue: 389. And sits as safe as in a but there is something so vastly senate house ;] Not many years afstriking and astonishing in these ter this was written, Milton's last five lines, that it is impossible friends shewed that the safety of to pass them over without stop- a senate-house was not invioping to admire and enjoy them. lable. But, when the people turn I do not know any place in the legislators, what place is safe whole circle of his poetical per- from the tumults of innovation, formances, where dignity of and the insults of disobedience? sentiment and sublimity of ex- T. Warton. pression are so happily united. 390. For who would rob &c.] Thyer.
These two lines at first stood 384. Benighted walks &c.) In- thus in the Manuscript. stead of these two lines the poet
For who would rob a hermit of his had written at first,
beads, Walks in black vapours, though the
His books, his hairy gown, or maple
dish, noontide brand Blaze in the summer solstice.
393. But beauty, &c.] These Afterwards he blotted them out, sentiments are heightened from and made this alteration much the Faithful Shepherdess, act i. for the better.
Laden with blooming gold, had need the guard
-can such beauty be
Uninjur'd in this wide surrounding Safe in its own guard, and not drawe
waste : Of him that passeth on, to greedy and I know not whether wide is
not better than wild, which seems Compare also Shakespeare, As to be sufficiently implied in
waste. you like it, act i. s. 3. And see
404. it recks] I care not for, below, the note v. 982.
&c. So “ what recks it them?"
Lycid. v. 122. and Par. L. ix. 395. Of dragon-watch with un
173.“ Let it, I reck not." And inchanted eye,] That is, which
ii. 50.“ Of god, or hell, or worse, cannot be inchanted. Here is
« he recked not." See Note on v. more flattery; but certainly such 836. infr. From reck comes retchas no poet in similar circumstances could resist the oppor- Thirty-nine Articles, where the
lessness, or recklessness, in the tunity of paying. T. Warto 400. -as bid me hope] The
common reading is, “ into wretchfirst reading was,
« lessness of most unclean living."
Artic. xvii. As if, yet with a -as bid me think.
manifest perversion of terms, a 403. Uninjur'd in this wild wretched profligacy was intended. surrounding waste.] The verse was
The precise meaning is, a careat first,
lessness, a confident negligence,
consisting “ of the most abanUninjur'd in this vast and hideous
“ doned course of life.” Reck, wild :
with its derivatives, is the lanand at present it stands in the guage of Chaucer and Spenser. Manuscript,
Lest some ill-greeting touch attempt the person
I do not, Brother,
What hidden strength,
409. Secure without all doubt, first passado, and for hope and or controversy :
fear, hopes and fears. Yet where an equal poise &c.] 413. ---squint suspicion.] AlInstead of these lines are the fol- luding probably in this epithet lowing in the Manuscript. to Spenser's description of SusSecure without all doubt or question; picion in his Mask of Cupid,
Faery Queen, b. iii. cant. 12. st. I could be willing though now i th' 15.
dark to try A tough encounter with the shaggicst
For he was foul, ill-favoured, and ruffian,
grim, That lurks by hedge or lane of this
Under his eye-brows looking still rdead circuit,
scaunce &c. To have her by my side, though I were
415. As you imagine ; &c.] This She might be free from peril, where she is.
verse is redundant in the ManuBut where an equal poise of hope script, and fear &c.
As you imagine, Brother; she has a For encounter he had written at hidden strength.
'Tis chastity, my Brother, chastity:
420. 'Tis chastity, my Brother, Where through the sacred awe of chastity;
chastity, She that has that, is clad in
No savage fierce, bandite, or moun.
taineer complete steel,
Shall dare to soil her virgin purity. And like a quiver'd nymph with arrows keen, &c.]
421. The phrase " complete
“ steel” was, I rather think, a Perhaps Milton remembered a stanza in Fletcher's Purple Is
common expression for “ armed
« from head to foot.” It occurs land, published but the pre- in Dekker's Untrussing of the ceding year, b. x. st. 27. It is in a personification of Virgin- Humorous Poet, which was acted chastitie.
by the Lord Chamberlain's ser
vants, and the choir-boys of St. With her, her sister went, a warlike maid,
Paul's, in 1602. Parthènia, all in steele and gilded peared at least before 1598. arms,
Again, in The weakest goeth to In needle's stead, a mighty spear she the wall, of which the first edisway'd, &c.
tion was in 1600. Hence an exSee El. iv. 109. T. Warton. pression in our author's Apology,
421. She that has that, is clad which also confirms what is here in complete steel, &c.] He has said, s. 1. “ Zeal, whose subfinely improved here upon Ho- “ stance is ethereal, arming in race, Od. i. xxii. 1.
“complete diamond, ascends his
“ fiery chariot, &c." Pr. W. i. Integer vitæ, scelerisque purus &c.
114. T. Warton. and the phrase of complete steel 422. And like a quiver'd nymph is borrowed from Shakespeare. with arrows keen] I make no Hamlet speaking to the Ghost, doubt but Milton in this passage act i, sc. 7.
had his eye upon Spenser's Bel-What may this mean,
phæbe, whose character, arms, That thou, dead corse, again in com. and manner of life perfectly cor
plete steel Revisitst thus the glimpses of the respond with this description.
it moon ?
is, that Spenser intended under And the lines following, before that personage to represent the they were corrected, were thus virtue of chastity. Thus in the in the Manuscript,
introduction to the third book of She that has that; is clad in complete his Faery Queen, complimentsteel,
ing his virgin sovereign Queen And may on every needful accident,
Elizabeth, he says, Be it not done in pride or wilful tempting,
But either Gloriana let her choose, Walk through huge forests, and un- Or in Belphæbe fashioned to be: harbour'd heaths,
In th' one her rule, in th other her Infamous hills, and sandy perilous
rare chastity. wilds,
Thyer. VOL. IV.