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May trace huge forests, and unharbour'd heaths,
423. May trace huge forests, Manners, nor smooth humanity, &c.] Shakespeare's Oberon would whose heats breed his child-knight to " trace
Are rougher than himself, and more
misshapen, " the forests wild.” Mids. N.
Thus mildly kneel to me? Sure Dream, act ii. s. 3. In Jonson's
there's a power Masques, a fairy says, vol. v. 206. In that great name of Virgin, that
binds fast Only we are free to trace
All rude uncivil bloods, all appetites All his grounds, as he to chace.
That break their confines: then, T. Warton. strong Chastity, &c.
T. Warton. 423. —huge forests, and unharbour'd heaths,
426. —bandite, or mountaineer] Infamous hills, and sandy peril. A mountaineer seems to have ous wilds, &c.]
conveyed the idea of something Perhaps there is more merit in very savage and ferocious. In Horace's particularizations, Od. the Tempest, act iii. s. 3. xxii. 5.
Who would believe that there were Sive per Syrtes iter æstuosas,
Dewlapp'd like bulls, &c.
In Cymbeline, act iv. s. 2.
Yield, rustic mountaineer,
Who call'd me traitor, mountaineer. Infames scopulos Acroceraunia. 425. Where through the sacred Again, act iv. 8. 2. rays of chastity,
That here by mountaineer lies slain. No savage fierce, bandite, or
In Drayton, Mus. Elys. vol. iv. mountaineer, Will dare to soil her virgin pu
This Cleon was a mountaineer,
And of the wilder kind.
T. Warlon. kneels to a virgin-shepherdess in 428. Yea there,]. In the Manu. a forest.
script it is, Yea eu'n where &c. -Why should this rough thing, who
429. By grots, 'and caverns never knew
shagg'd with horrid shades,] This
She may pass on with unblench'd majesty,
verse Mr. Pope has adopted in English poets; and he was here his Eloisa to Abelard.
pilfering from obsolete English Ye grots, and caverns shagg'd with poetry, without the least fear or horrid thorn.
danger of being detected. T. 429. Again, in the same poem,
430. She may pass on with unI have not yet forgot myself to stone.
blench'd majesty,] So Hamlet,
speaking of the king, at the conAlmost as evidently from our clusion of act the second, author's Il. Pens. v. 42.
-I'll observe his looks, There held in holy passion still, I'll tent him to the quick; if he but Forget thyself to marble.
I know my course. Pope again, ibid. v. 244.
Thyer. And low-brow'd rocks hang nodding o'er the deeps.
unconfounded. See Steevens's From Il. Pens. y. 244.
note on blench, in Hamlet, at the There under ebon shades, and low
close of the second act. And brow'd rocks. And in the Messiah, v.
Upton's Gloss. Spenser, v. Blend. 6.
And Tyrwhitt's Gloss. Ch. v. -Touch'd Isaiah's hallow'd lips with Blent. "In B. and Fletcher's Pilfire.
grim, act iv. s. 3. vol. v. p. 516. So in the Ode, Nativ. v. 28.
-Men that will not totter
Nor blench much at a bullet.
T. Warton, See supr. at v. 26.380. And infr. at v. 861. And Essay on Pope, Unblenched, not disgraced, not p. 307. s. vi. edit. 2.
injured by any soil. Johnson. This is the first instance of 432. Some say no evil thing that any degree even of the slightest walks by night, &c.] There are attention being paid to Milton's several such beautiful allusions smaller poems by a writer of to the vulgar superstitions in note since their first publication. Shakespeare; but here Milton Milton was never mentioned or had his eye particularly on acknowledged as an English Fletcher's Faithful Shepherdess, poet till after the appearance of act i. He has borrowed the Paradise Lost: and long after sentiment, but raised and imthat time these pieces were to proved the diction. tally forgotten and overlooked.
Yet I have heard, my mother told it It is strange that Pope, by no
me, means of a congenial spirit,
And now I do believe it, if I keep should be the first who copied
My virgin flow'r uncropp'd, pure,
chaste, and fair, Comus or Il Penseroso. But
No goblin, wood-god, fairy, elf, or Pope was a gleaner of the old
In fog, or fire, by lake, or moorish fen,
Satyr, or other pow'r that haunts the 434. —stubborn unlaid ghost, groves,
That breaks his magic chains at Shall hurt my body, or by vain illu.
curfew time.] sion Draw me to wander after idle fires :
An unlaid ghost was among the &c.
most vexatious plagues of the 482. Milton had Shakespeare the evils deprecated at Fidele's
world of spirits. It is one of in his head, Hamlet, act i. s. 1.
grave, in Cymbeline, act iv. s. 2. Some siy, that ever 'gainst that sea.
No exorciser harm thee,
Nor no witchcraft charm thee, Wherein our Saviour's birth is cele.
Ghost unlaid forbear thee ! brated, &c. But then they say no spirit walks The metaphorical expression is abroad, &c.
beautiful, of breaking his magic But the imitation is more imme. chains, for“ being suffered to diately from the speech of the 66 wander abroad.” And here too virgin shepherdess in Fletcher, the superstition is from Shakejust quoted. Ibid. p. 108.
speare, K. Lear, act iii. s. 4. Yet I have heard, &c.
« This is the foul Flibertigibbet:
“ he begins at curfew, and walks Another superstition is ushered in with the same form, in Par. also Cartwright, in his play of
« till the first cock." Compare L. X. 575.
the Ordinary, where Moth the Yearly enjoin'd, some say, to undergo
antiquary sings an old song, act This annual humbling, certain num. ber'd days.
ii. s. 1. p. 36. edit. 1651. He
wishes, that the house may re-, And the same form occurs in the main free from wicked spirits, description of the physical effects of Adam's fall. Ibid. x. 668.
From curfew time
To the next prime. Some say, he bid his angels turn askance
Compare note on Il Pens. 82. The poles of earth twice ten degrees, and the Tempest, act v. s. 1. &c.
where Prospero invokes the elves T. Warion.
To hear the solemn curfew. 433. For moorish fen,] The Manuscript has moory fen: and That is, they rejoice because they in the next line for meagre hag are then allowed to be at large was at first wrinkled hag. till the cock-crowing. See Mac
434. Blue meagre hag, &c.] beth, act ii. s. 3. T. Warton. Perhaps from Shakespeare's 436. --swart fairy of the mine,]
Blue-eyed hag" Temp. act i. Swart or swarthy. See the note S. 2.
on Paradise Lost, i. 684.
Hath hurtful pow'r o'er true virginity.
436. In the Gothic system of killed twelve miners with his pneumatology, mines were sup- pestilential breath. Ad calc. De posed to be inhabited by various Re Metall. p. 538. Basil. 1621. sorts of spirits. See Olaus Mag. fol. Drayton personifies the Peak nus's Chapter de Metallicis Dæ- in Derbyshire, which he makes monibus, Hist. Gent. Septen- a witch skilful in metallurgy. trional, vi. x. In an old trans- Polyolb. s. xxvi. vol. iii. p. 1176. lation of Lavaterus de Spectris
The sprites that haunt the mines she et Lemuribus, is the following could correct and tame, passage. “ Pioners or diggers
And bind them as she list in Saturne's is for metall do affirme, that in
dreaded name. “ many mines there appeare Compare Heywood's Hierarchie "straunge shapes and spirites, of Angels, b. ix. p. 568. edit. “ who are apparelled like unto 1685. fol. “ the laborers in the pit. These This passage of G. Agricola is « wander
up and downe in caves quoted by Hales of Eton, in a “ and underminings, and seeme Sermon on Rom. xiv. 1. And
to besturre themselves in all by Bishop Taylor, in his second “ kinde of labor; as, to digge Sermon on Tit. ii. 7. By both, “ after the veine, to carrie to with the same humorous appli
gether the oare, to put into cation to theological controvertbasketts, and to turne the ists. And in the quarto edition
winding wheele to draw it up, of Hales's Golden Remains, pub“ when in very deed they do lished by Bishop Pearson, there “nothing lesse, &c."-" Of is a frontispiece in three divi
ghostes and spirites walking by sions: in the lowest, a represent
night, &c." Lond. 1572. bl. ation of Agricola's mine, with lett. ch. xvi. p. 73. And hence reference to the citation, and this we see why Milton gives this explanation, Controversers of the species of fairy a swarthy or times, like spirits in the mineralls, dark complexion. Georgius with all their labor, nothing is Agricola, in his tract De Sub- done. T. Warton. terraneis Animantibus, relates 441. Hence had the huntress among other wonders of the
Dian her dread bow, same sort, that these spirits some
- Fair silver-shafted queen, for times assume the most terrible ever chaste.] shapes; and that one of them, So Jonson to Diana. Cynth. Rev. in a cave or pit in Germany, act v. s. 6.
Wherewith she tam'd the brinded lioness
450 And noble grace that dash'd brute violence With sudden adoration, and blank awe? So dear to heav'n is saintly chastity, Queene, and huntresse, chaste and This reminds one of the “ drib- to faire.
bling dart of love," in M, for
T. Warton. Measure. Bolt, I believe, is Milton, I fancy, took the hint properly the arrow of a crossof this beautiful mythological in- bow. Fletcher, Faithf. Sheph. terpretation from a dialogue of act ii. s. 1. p. 134. Lucian's betwixt Venus and Cu
With bow and bolt, pid, where the mother asking To shoot at nimble squirrels in the her son how, after having attacked all the other deities, he
T. Warton. came to spare Minerva and
448. —unconquer'd virgin,] He Diana, Cupid replies, that the former looked so fiercely at him, vanquish'd, at last unconquer'd;
wrote at first eternal, then unand frightened him so with the and with great propriety, for in Gorgon head which she wore upon her breast, that he durst called addpcotos Dec, and wagdavos
Greek authors Minerva is often not meddle with her- -хан ора
αδμης. . δε δριμυ, και επι του στηθους έχει προσαπον τι φοβερον, εχιδναις κατακομον, the snaky locks, and noble grace
450, 451. Rigid looks refer to δνπερ εγω μαλιστα dedica TETŲ, yoce je, kot qevyw. Stav odw. to the beautiful face, as gorgon
is represented on ancient gems., auto. p. 34. ed. Bourdelot-and that as to Diana she was always
Warburton. so employed in hunting, that he blank ave?] It was at first,
452. With sudden adoration, and could not catch her - ουδε καταλαβειν αυτην οδοντε, φευγουσαν αει δια
With sudden adoration of her pure. Twv ogwe. lbid. Thyer.
445. The frivolous bolt of Cu- this he altered to of bright rays, pid;] Bolt was anciently a ry and then to and blank awe. common term for arrow. Wit- 453, So dear to heav'n is saintly ness the old proverb, The fool's chastity, &c.] So Spenser, relatbolt is soon shot. Peck.
ing how Florimel, in danger of