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postmasters will carefully examine all packets, and rate the postage accordingly. When the article to be mailed is a circular, pamphlet, or newspaper, it should be so enveloped, or folded, that it can be distinctly seen at the office to be such, and also that it contain no writing, marks, or sigus, to serve the purpose of written communications. If not done up so as to open at the end, it is to be charged as a letter, by weight.

No packet can be mailed which weighs more than three pounds. Bound books of any size are not included in the term "mailable matter," except books sent by Governors of States.

The establishment of private expresses for the conveyance of any letters, packets, or packages of letters, or other matter transmittable in the United States mail, (newspapers, pamphlets, magazines, and periodicals excepted,) from one city, town, or other place, to any other city, town, or place in the United States, between which the United States mail is regularly transported, is prohibited.

6. Privilege Of Franking.

1. The President, ex-Presidents, and Mrs. Madison, and Mrs. Harrison, retain the franking privilege, as regulated by former laws.

2. The Vice-President, members of Congress, and delegates from Territories

May transmit public documents free during their official terms;

May send and receioe free, newspapers, letters, or packets, weighing under two ounces, during the session of Congress, and for thirty days before the commencement and thirty days after the close of any session;

May receice letters free, not weighing over two ounces, during the recess. This does not include the interval from the close of one Congress to the commencement of the next;

May transmit free written letters from themselces the whole yeai—that is, from sixty days before the commencement of any session, until the meeting of the next Congress.

3. The Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives

May send free public documents during their official terms;

May send and receice free letters, newspapers, and packages, not weighing over two ounces, during the session of Congress, and for thirty days before and after;

May send free letters tcritten by themselces during their official terms.

4. The governors of States may send free the laws, records, and documents of the legislature, to the governors of other States.

5. The three assistant postmasters general

May send free letters, packages, or other matters, relating exclusively to their official duties, or the business of the Post-Office Department j

May receioe'all such letters and documents as relate to their own duties, or that of the department, and have the postages remitted at the city postoffice.

6. Deputy postmasters may send free all such letters and packages as may relate exclusively to the business of their respective offices, and may have allowed all postages paid or charged to them in the settlement of their accounts.

7. Exchange newspapers between editors pass free.

8. Editors or publishers of newspapers may send their papers free within thirty miles of the place of publication.

9. Communications addressed to the officers of the government, heretofore having the franking privilege, touching the business of their respective offices, are to be paid for out of the contingent fond provided for their offices, or out of the treasury.


It is lawful for any person or persons to bring to the Mint gold and silver bullion to be coined; and the bullion so brought is there assayed and coined, as speedily as may be after the receipt thereof; and if of the standard of the United States, free of expense to the person or persons by whom it shall have been brought. But the Treasurer of the Mint is not obliged to receive, for the purpose of refining and coming, any deposit of less value than one hundred dollars, nor any bullion so base as to be unsuitable for minting. And there must be retained from every deposit of bullion below the standard, such sum as shall be equivalent to the expense incurred in refining, toughening, and alloying the same; an accurate account of which expense, on every deposit, is kept, and of the sums retained on account of the same, which are accounted for by the Treasurer of the Mint with the Treasurer of the United States.

Officers of the Mint at Philadelphia.


R. M. Patterson, Director, $3,500
Isaac Roach, Treasurer, 2,000

Franklin Peale, Chief Coiner, 2,000
J. Eckfeldt, Assayer, 2,000


Richard J. McCulloh, Mdter

and Refiner, $2,000

Jas. B. Longacre, Engracer, 2,000

W. C. Dubois, Ass't Assayer, 1,300 Officers of the Branch at New Orleans, La.


J. M. Kennedy, Superintendent, $2,500
Wm. P. Hort, Assayer, 2,000

Phil. B. Tyler, Coiner,

Salary. $2,000

John R. Macmurdo, Treasurer, 2,000

John L. Riddell, Melt. $• Refin., 2,000

Officers of the Branch at Dahlonega, Ga.

3. F. Cooper, Superintendent, $2,000

Daniel H. Mason, Coiner, $1,500

Isaac L. Todd, Assayer, 1,500

Officers of Branch at Charlotte, N. C.

G. W. Caldwell, Superintend. $2,0001 John R. Bolton, Coiner,
J. H. Gibbon, Assayer, 1,500|


1. Statement of the Depositt for Coinage, at the Mint of the United States and its Branches, in the year 1845.

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2. Statement of the Coinage of the Mint of the United States and Branches, in the yearH845.


3. Coinage of the Mint of the United States, from 1792, including the coinage of the Branch Mints from the commencement of their operations, in 1838.



[From the Land Commissioners’ Report for 1845.]

1. Exhibit of the Quantity of Public Land remaining unsold, and in market, June 30, 1845.

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