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Articles which arrived at tide-water on the Hudson River by all the New York Canals, in 1842, 1843, 1844, and 1845.

Articles. 1842. 1843. 1844. 1845. Furs, . pounds, 358,700 708,749 Boards, - M feet, 150,657,900, 177,402,600 232,434,700. 237,924,666 Shingles, . M ,7 62,387 78, 72, Timber, . cub. feet, 361,586 586,013 921,982 2,492,668 Staves, . pounds, 55,268,500 56,768,700. 97.533,000. 139,754,800 Wood, - cords, 17,280 17,596 16,550 17, Ashes, . ... barrels, 44,824 77,739 80,646 69, Pork, - do. 79,235 63,777 63,646 45,153 Beef, . ... do. 21,437 47, 50,000 67,699 Cheese, - pounds, 19,004,613 24,336,260 26,674, 27,542,861 Butter and lard, . do. 19,182,930, 24.215,700 22,596,300 24,890, Wool, - do. 3,355,148 216,400 7,672,300. 9,504,039 Flour, . . barrels, 1,577.555 2,073,708 2,222,204 2,517,250 Wheat, bushels, 928,34 827,346 1,262249, 1,620,033 Rye, . do. 32, 46,572 62,239 157,438 Corn, - do. 366,111 186,016 17,861 35,803 Barley, . do. 522,993 543, 818,472. 1,137,917 Other grain, . do. 1,212,517. 1,168,153. 1,166.524, 1,294,609 Bran, &c., ... do. 789,814 702,654 4,177,489 1,067,665 Peas and beans, do, 23,732 14,056 21,176 66,175 Potatoes, . do. 23,364 22,783 18,263 145.569 Dried fruit, ... pounds, 1,141,068 671,000 1,299, 360,966 Cotton, do. 49,600 61,000 79,600 66,800 Tobacco, ... do. 1,117,900 1,860,000 328,900 670,900 Clover seed, . do. 2,411,930 4,343,300 4,594,800 3,161,200 Flax, . . - do. 2,096,360 2,216,900, 3,114,800 8,303,960 Hops, - do. 743,800 835,800 1,319,700 874,200 Spirits, . ... gallons, 711,403 863.255. 1,194,317 1,588,601 Leather, - pounds, 2,015,050 2,684,300 3,909,000 15,363,925 Furniture, ... do. ,368, 1,848,500 2,177,400 2,561,624 Lead, - do. 1,281,100 1,907,700 41,800 223,500 Pig iron, ... do. 5,573, #o o żoło Iron ware, . do. 5,733,038 7,469,500 944.3%. 4665,888 Woollens, ... do. 414,385 476,200 867,200 1,407,529 Cottons, . do. 1,686,850. 1,348,400 1,584,600 1,879,446 Salt, - ... barrels, 25,364 107,955 175,013 72,968 Stone and lime, pounds, 21,290,200 27,212,100 50,159,800 55,344,593 Gypsum, ... do. 739,600 1,893,200 1,891,800 12,263,800 Coal, - do. 17,635,400 13,055,100 18,480,700. 47,798,300 Sundries, ... do. 31,871,620. 47,545,100 ,722, 83,237,259 Merchandise, tons, 369,550 401,600 492, 99,821

Going from tide-water.

Merchandise, tons, 94.218 113,686 135,616 195,000

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STATISTIcs of MAssachusetts, IN 1845. Cotton Spindles: No. of 817,483. Hands employed, 1257 Cotton consumed, lbs. 56,901,954. Machinery manufactories: No. of, 114 Value of cotton cloth, $11,164,212 Value of machinery, $2,022,648 Cotton yarn not made into Capital invested, $1,103,850 cloth, lbs. 1,360,026 Hands employed, 2,421 Value of cotton yarn, $284,061 Sythe manufactories: No. of, 20 Cotton batting, lbs. 2,506,565, No. of sythes, 170,328 Value of cotton batting, $158,014 Capital invested, $69,590 Capital in cotton manufacture, $17,739,000 Hands employed, 171 Males employed, 6,303, Aze manufactories: No. of, 35 Females employed, 14,407. Axes, and other edge tools, 55,537 Calico manufactories: No. of, 14 Capital invested, $48,225 Calico printed, yds. 40,855.810 Hands employed, 94 Value of calico, $4,779,817. Cutlery manufactories: No. of, 14 Value of the goods bleach- Value of cutlery $148,175 ed and colored, 92,000 Hands employed, 197 Capital invested, $1,401,500 Tack and Brad manufactories: No. of, 26 Males employed, 1,887. Tacks and brads, lbs. 3,058,175 Females employed, 166 Capital invested, $123,225 Goods bleached or col’d, yds. 22,291,008 Hands employed, 269 Hands employed, 211 Plough manufactories: 73 Woollen: Capital invested, $58,575 Sets of woollen machinery, 514 Hands employed, 158 Wool consumed, lbs. 15,387,448 Copper manufactories: No. of, 19 Broadcloth, yds. 1,022,359 Copper, lbs. 2,430,000 Cassimere, ... 2,451,458. Value of copper, $610,950 Satinet, “ 3,558,720 Hands employed, 197 Kentucky jeans 4. 1,652,345 Brass foundries: No. of, 26 Flannel or blanketing, “ 4,490,937 Walue of articles manufactured, $331,890 Woollen yarn, not made Capital invested, $167,600 into cloth, lbs. 256,205 Hands employed, 145 Capital invested, $5,604,002 Paper manufactories: No of 89 Males employed, 3,901. Paper stock consumed, tons 12.885 Females employed, 3,471. Quantity of paper, reams 607,175 Carpeting mills: No. of, 17| Capital invested, $1,144,537 Carpeting, yds. 1,158,958 Hands employed, ,369 Capital invested, $488,000 Saddle, Harness and Trunk manuMales employed, 715 factories: No. of, 299 Females employe 319 Value of goods made, $422,794 Worsted goods factories: No. of 10 Hands employed, 648 Worsted goods, yds. 2,321,338. Upholstery manufactories: No. of, 58 Walue of such $382,858. Value of Upholstery, $354.261 Capital invested, $514,000 Hands employed, 275 Males employed, 298. Hat and Cap manufactories • No. of, 143 Females employed, 548 Walue of hats and caps, $734,942 Hosiery manufactories: No. of, 17| No. of hats and caps, 677,347 Value of Hosiery, $62,492. Hands employed, 1,003 Capital invested, $42,500 Cordage manufactories: No. of, 49 Males employed, 53 Cordage, - Ibs. 9,398,783 Females employed, 185| Walue of cordage $906,321 Linen manufactories: No. of, 3| Hands employed, t;47 Capital invested, $79,000 Salt manufactories: No. of, 562 Silk manufactories: No. of, 8 Salt, bushels 330.112 Sewing silk, lbs. 22,509 Value of salt, $79,980 Capital invested, $38,000 Hands employed, 584 Rolling, Slitting, and Nail mills: No. of 32 Vehicle manufactories: No. of, 563 Iron not made into nails, tons 14,942 Value of vehicles, $1,343,576 Nails, lbs. o Hands employed, 1,881 Capital invested, $1,906,400 Oil and Sperm Candle manufactoHands employed, 1,729 ries: No. of, 60 Forges: No. of, 152| Oil galls. 3,743,828 Articles of wrought iron, tons 5,218 value of oil, $2,945,493 Capital invested, $377,685| Sperm Candles, lbs. 2.241,192 Hands employed, 422 Value of sperm candles, $668,303 Hollow ware, furnaces for: No. of, 91 Hands employed, 3.06 Hollow ware and castings, tons 20,002|Soap and tallow candle manufactoValue of do., $1.280,141 ries: No. of, 109 Capital invested, $718,270. Soft soap, bbls. 18,949

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Hard soap, Ibs. 13,350,700

Tallow candles, Ibs. 1,802,444

Capital invested, $406,872

Hands employed, 343

Cabinet Ware manufactories: No. of, 449

Value of cabinet ware, Jll,47l>.i)79

Capital invested,

Hands employed,
Tin Ware manufactories: No. of

Value of tin ware,

Hands employed, Flouring mills: No. of,

Flour and other grain,

Hands employed, Tanneries: No. of,

Hides binned,

Capital invested.

Hands employed, Boots, No. of pairs, Shoes, No. of pairs,

Value of boots and shoes,

Males employed,

Females employed,
Straw bonnets and hats, No. of,

Value of do. do.

Females employed, Bricks, No. of thousands,

Value of bricks,

Hands employed,
Wooden ware, value of,

Hands employed,
Sashes, doors, &e., value of,

Hands employed,
Vessels launched,

Tonnage,

Value of vessote,

Hands employed, Boats built,

Value of boats,

Hands employed,

Value of all other articles manufactured, $4,758,384

Capital invested, 1,587,700

Hands employed, 3.232

Lumber, thousands of, 83,995

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Value of lumber, $588,245

Hands employed, 2,506

Firt wood, cords 358,554

Bark, cords 9.957

Charcoal, bush. 775,925

Oil. coal, !fc., consumed in manufacturing:

Sperm on, galls. 282,754

Value of sperm oil, $255,434

Whale oil, galls. 56,548

Value of whale oil, $26,043

Other kinds of oil, galls.

Value of all other o3,
Anthracite coal, tons

Value of anthracite coah 5j.*jo,-n*

Bituminous cool of the U. S., chal. 16,388 Value of do $147,917

Foreign bituminous coal, chal. 22,085 Value of do. $190,405

Value of all other American articles, excepting cotton, wool and iron, $3,144,288

Value of all other foreign articles, excepting cotton, wool and iron, $2,055,082

IVhale fishery, vessels in the, 479

Sperm oil, galls. 6,704,716

Whale oil, galls. 9,572,990

Other oil, galls. 72,409

Whalebone, Ibs. 2,937,509

Capital invested, $11,805,910

Hands employed, 11,378

Mackerel and codfisheries, vessels in, 967 Tonnage, 51,796

Mackerel, bbls. 86,528

Codfish, qtls. 334,901

Salt consumed in these fisherbush. 491,054

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Capital invested,
Hands employed,

Fruit,

Hops,

Tobacco,

Honey,

Maple sugar,

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Many of the minor kinds of manufactures are omitted in the preceding list.

New York State Census, In 1845.

The population of the several counties will be given in the subsequent part of this volume, under the head of New York.

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Unmarried females between 16 and 45, - 161,334 Do. do. under 16, . - - 490,709 No. of marriages year preceding, 27,783 Males born do. do. - 46,817 Females born do. do. - - 42,938 Males died do. do. 18,722 Females died do. do. 17,562 Persons born in this State, 1,894,278 Do. New England, - 228,881 IDo. Other States, - - - 83,642 Do. Mexico or Spanish America, 977 Do. Great Britain and dependances, 277,890 Do. France, - - . 10,619 Do. Germany, . - 49,558 Do. Other European countries, . . 8,222 Total of foreigners, - 347,266 Children between 5 and 16, - - - 664,520 Do. attending common schools, . - - 493,539 Do. do. private do. 58,320 Do. do. academies, 13,679 Do. do. colleges, - - 11,301 Deaf and Dumb, under 12, 157 males 109 females between 12 and 25, 290 “ 283 {{ of all ages, 1,064. Blind, under 8 years, 33 “ 41 to between 8 and 25, 148 “ 110 to. of all ages, 877. Idiots, under 21, 373 “ 315 {< over 21, 539 “ 388 ** whole number, 1,620. Lunatics, under 21, 65 “ 49 44 over 21, 946 “ 1,085 k Indians, 743 “ 683 ** CHURCHES IN THE STATE of NEw York. Cost of Of im- Of real buildings. provements. estate. 782 Baptist, - . . $1,903,782 $158,354TS375,923 268 Episcopal, . - 1,830,080 187,302 534,649 669 Presbyterian, - - 2,421,790 250,065 519,922 271 Congregational, - - 648,332 49,826 115,685 1123 Methodist, - . 1,905,442. 157,802 419,706 104 Roman Catholic, - 655,140 75,233 248,89 260 Dutch Reformed, - 1,292,688 119,463 366,7 112 Universalist, - 288,608 17,126 49,044 65 Unitarian, - - 166,069 14,904 59,054 15 Jews, - - 89.45 9, 18,085 153 Quakers, - - 156,383 19,214 84,317

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XXV. CENSUS OF BOSTON, IN 1845.

This census was taken under the direction of the City Government, by Lemuel Shattuck, Esq., who has published the results in an octavo volume of 275 pages, "embracing collateral facts and statistical researches, illustrating the history and condition of the population, and their means of progress and prosperity." This is one of the most thorough and well-digested statistical works that have been published in the United States, and it may be recommended to the attention of the National and several State governments, aa a good model of the proper mode of taking a census, and collecting and publishing istics, when they have occasion to order the preparation of

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