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PAGE.
Artichoke, Jerusalem.....

251 Essay on the Army Worm, by J. Kirk-
Birds, Catalogue of Ohio........ 359 patrick.....
Board of Agriculture, Proceedings of.... i Essay an Practical Drainage.
Bonnie Scotland.....

xxix Prize, by Prof. Mot.... Breeding, Principles of.

279 Experiments on the formation and depth
Atavism....

291 of roots, and on the germinating
Influence of parents on offspring.. 296 power of seeds.....
Transmissible qualities...... 298 Fair of 1860.....
Inheritance of qualities.... 303

Entries, reports and awards...
Influence of progenitors according

Shorthord8...........
to race.......

305 Over fattening of Shorthords... Influence according to sex.

306 Devons, awards and report on.. Review....

313 Work-oxen, &c., do..... Addenda...

315

Sweepstakes Cattle, do.... Cashmere Goats...

xlix

Thoroughbred Horses, do Catalogue of Ohio Birds....

359 Bonnie Scotland.... Committees of Sepate and House of Reps.,

Roadsters, entries, awards and Report of on Birds.......

381

reports on... Convention of Presidents of County Socie

Horses of all work, do.... ties.......

exii Draft Horses, do.... Corrections to Catalogue of Birds. 480 Matched Horses and Mares, do. Cotton Tree.....

12 Sweepstakes Horses, do....... Drainage, Essay on

103 Jacks and Mules, do......
In United States....

104 Sheep-Saxons, do ..
John Johnston's system of.... 104 Merinos and Grades, do....
Practical........

111 Cashmere Goats, do....
Materials for Water Courses.. 112 Southdown and Fat Sheep, do.
Brush Drains.....

114

Swine-Large Breeds, do.....
Plug draining or subsoil drain'g 117 Suffolk and Small Breed-en.
Wedge and shoulder Drains .. 119

tries, awards and report on..
Mole Plow.....

120 Poultry...... Shanghae Plow....

124 Machinery, Engines, &o...... Sheep Drains...

135 Agricultural Machines-1st Di. Stone Drains,

137

vision...... Tile Draips....

145 Sorgho Machines and EvaporaSize of Tile....

153

tors..... Depth of Drains....

158

Agricultural Machines—22 Di-
Distance between Drains. 171

vision.....
Manufacture of Tiles .... 182 Agricultural Machines- 3d Di.
Selection of Material ........ 182

vision......
How does water enter the Tiles. 207 Eagle Corn and Cob Mill.....
How long will Tile last...... 209 Tools and Household Imple-
Laying out Drains ...

211

ments-entries, awards and Main Drains .....

218

report on...
Draining tools, implements, &o 222 Plows....
Digging under-drains........ 227 Vehicles.....
Time to cut Drains and lay Tile 233 Knitting and Sewing Machines
Obstructions in Drains .... 235

Mill Fabrics....
Conclusion........

239 Needle, Shell and Wax Work..
Mole Plows in Madison Co.... 241 Household Fabrics...
Drainage Fund in France....

243

Worked Metals......
Laws of Ohio relat'g to Drain'ge 245 Stoves, Castings, &c.....

xxxiii

XXXV xxxix

xl xliv xlvi xlvii xlviii xlix liv lv

โ Isi

Ivi Iviii

lviii

lix

lix

la lx

lxi lxii lxii lxiii Ixiii lxiii lxiv Ixy lxv

PAGE.

PAGE.

Fair of 1860-Continued.
Cabinet Ware......

lxvi Franklin County Society, Address to, by Coopers' and Carpenters' Ware Ixyi

H. O. Noble, Esq.......

451 Saddlers' and Shoemakers' Ware Ixvi Game Law.....

397 Chemicals lxvii Goats, Cashmere....

xlix Philosophical and Surgical In Growth of Character-Address of H. O. struments........ ..... lxvii Noble, Esq...

451 Glass, Crockery, Stone Ware, &c. lxviii Helianthus Tuberosus..

251 Natural Minerals..... Ixviii Independent Societies, Statistics of..

94 Field Crops...

lxix lufluence of Forests upon Soil and Cli-
Flour and Grain.....
lxix mate..

255 Butter, Bread, &c. entries,

Laws of Ohio for the Encouragement of awards and report on..... Ixix Agriculture.....

481 Statements of Butter.....

Ixx

An act for the encouragement of
Cheese-entries, awards and re-

agriculture......

481 port on....

lxxi
Amendment....

483 Honey, Sugar and Preserves... Lxii

An act to create a permanent agri-
Vegetables, Roots, &c........ lxxiii

cultural fund.....

... 483 Commended lxxvi

Further amendment to act for en.
Flowers-Professional List-en.

couragement of agriculture.... 484 tries, awards and report on.. lxxvi An act to protect agricultural fairs Flowers - Amateur List- entries,

and fair grounds....

484 awards and report on....... lxxvii

Amendment to an act for encour-
Apples-entries, awards and re.

agement of agriculture....... 485 port on........

lxxx An act to protect agricultural fairs 486 Peaches, Pears, Plums, &c.-en

An act to provide for organization tries, awards and report on lxxxiv

and regulation of district fairs.. 486 Grapes-entries, awards and re Laws relating to Public Shows...... 486 port on..... Ixxxyi Amendment....

486 Paintings, Drawings, &c.-en. Explanations..

486 tries, a wards and report on.. lxxxvii Mahoning County Society, address by Musical Instruments - entries,

Hon. E. Whitllesey

425 awards and report on.....

.Ixxxviii Mineral substances affording food for
Opinions of the Press.... .lxxxviii

young animals......

339 Ohio Cultivator. ...Ixxxviii | Noble, H. O., address of .

451 Ohio Farmer...

xci Ohio State Fair for 1860........ xiv Cincinnati Commercial.... xcvi Over fattening of Shorthorns

xvii Farms - Premium......

56 Plant, (the,) and temperature of the air. 317 Field Crops-Statements of County So Practical drainage, essay on........

103 cieties..... 58 President's report

7 Flax-Culture...... 399 Principles of breeding...

279 in West Flanders... 409 Prize essay, by Prof. Mot

97 Communication from W.J. Harris 423 Proceedings of State Board of AgriculFood for Young Animals...

339 ture for 1860...... Forests, their Influence upon Suil and Protection of Birds and Game, report of Climate.... 255 committee on

381 Influence of Forests ........ 261 Reports of County Societies....

1 Influence of Forests upon Rain .. 265 Report of committees on Game Law... 381 Swamps removed by clearing land 273 Roots and Plants, formation and depth of. 323 Influence of Forests upon Winds. 274 Rules for organization and management Value of various kinds of timber of County and District Societies ... 488 for fuel.......... 274 Seeds, germinating power of......

323 Native forest trees in Ohio....... 277 Shorthorns, overfattening of

xvii

.

i

PAGE

PAGE State Board of Agriculture, December State Fair, 1860...................... xiv

meeting of...... ........... ciii Statements of Field Crops............. cii State Board of Agriculture, proceedings of. i Statement of competitors for premiums

Premiums for Live Stock, 1860... v for farms, crops,&c., to County Societies 56
Cattle ........
Tree cotton.........

12 Hor'es .......

vii Statistics of County Agricultural Societies 78 Sheep .......

x Treasurer's account.. Swine .....

xi Whittlesey, Hon. Elisha, address of.... 425 xii / Young animals, food for..... ....... 339

v Tree att

Poultry

PRESIDENT'S REPORT.

To the General Assembly of the State of Ohio :

In submitting the fifteenth annual report of the Ohio State Board of Agricul. ture, I am happy to communicate to the General Assembly that the past has been a very fruitful season, and the labors of our farmers have been rewarded with bountiful harvests.

The condition of the agriculture of this State is still improving, as is evidenced by the increased demand for improved implements, and the attention paid in many. parts of the State to drainage. This is a step in the right direction, and when well introduced will go far to obviate the extremes of dry and wet seasons, which have so materially affected our crops beretofore. The expense of draining a farm either with timber or tile drains, is very great, and in some portions of the State the mole plow has been substituted with beneficial effect. It is still a question with many as to the permanence of the drains thus made, but all agree that thus far they have been of essential service, and if they should last but one or two seasons, they will have more than paid the cost, and proven the necessity of a thorough system of drainage.

For some years past the wheat crop of the State has been steadily diminishing in quantity, and so uncertain has it become, from the depredations of insects, and the diseases to which it is subject, that the quantity of land cultivated in this im. partant crop is annually diminishing.

From the returns of the United States census, and those of the assessors, we find that

In 1839 the wheat crop of Ohio was............16,571,661 bushels.
In 1849

............14,487,351
In 1859

............13,345,844 " The years 1849 and 1969 are certainly to be regarded as most unfortunate, and should not be considered as a test of the capacity of our soil for the successful cultivation of this crop, as in the one case, with every indication of a large yield, the crop was a few days before harvest suddenly blighted by the rust, and in the other by an extraordinary frost on the 5th of June; much of the wheat was killed.

But the Assessors' returns for the intermediate years show a gradual diminution in the quantity per acre as well as in the number of acres sowo.

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The crop of 1860 was good, and though in some portions of the State injured by the midge, is presumed to be nearly up to our best years. The crops of corn, oats, barley, and hay, were unusually good.

A large portion of the personal property of the State subject to taxation, consist of live stock; as by the returns of the Assessor's for 1860, there were :

Horses ............. 709,713 Valued at ........837,660,141
Cattle ..............1,776,061

........ 20,385,966
Mules ....
7,624

536,250 Sheep ..............3,442,856

... 5,879,357 Swine ..............1,918,225

.... 5,121,286 The aggregate value as listed for taxation.......... $69,583,000 Certainly an interest worthy of the care of the Legislature. During the past year a contageous and fatal disease appeared among the cattle af our Eastern States, which excited considerable alarm among that portion of our citizens largely engaged in the culture of this stock. I would respectfully recommend the passage of a stringent law to prevent the introduction into the State of any cattle from an infected district. For some years past a fatal disease has prevailed among swine, which has occasioned serious loss to many of our farmers. Reluce tant as I am to make to the General Assembly any recommendation which involves the expenditure of money, I deem it my duty to suggest the propriety of encouraging the establishment of schools of veterinary science.

Such institutions are numerous in Europe, and have had a most beneficial effect. $o deficient are we in this respect, that though the State annually sustains a loss of several millions by the injury and death of animals, which by proper treatment might be saved, our farmers, not knowing where to go for information on the nature and cure of the maladies of which their animals die, are compelled to let matters take their course, or what is worse, trust to the boasted skill of some ignorant pretender.

The eleventh annual fair was held at Dayton September 25th, 26th, 27th, and 28th, and was largely attended by exhibiters and spectators. The exhibition in all its departments was highly successful, and those of live stock and agricultural implements, superior to any former exhibition of the Board. The list of awards will be found among the accompanying papers.

I refer to the report of the Corresponding Secretary for a detailed statement of the condition of the agriculture of the State, and to that of the Treasurer for the condition of the finances of the Board, both of which are herewith Respectfully submitted,

A. WADDLE,
President Ohio State Board of Agriculture.

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