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"And he marvelled because of their unbelief."-MARK VI. 6.

WHEN He, by whom the world was made, condescended to dwell among men, and so was "in the world," the world "knew him not." "He came unto his own, and his own received him not." They "hid as it were their faces from him; he was despised, and they esteemed him not." And by none of our Lord's countrymen was that saying more fully verified, than by the Nazarenes. In Nazareth he appeared as an infant; at Nazareth he was brought up; they had the honor of seeing the first indications of his superior wisdom and piety. It was at Nazareth that "the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was with him." To Nazareth he returned, after his celebrated conversation with the doctors in the temple; and there he was subject to Mary, his real mother, and to Joseph, his reputed father; while he "increased in wisdom and in stature, and in favour with God and man." It was at Nazareth that he wrought in the occupation of a carpenter, till the time came for his commencing his public ministry. It was at Nazareth, in fine, that he did many of his most wonderful works. His brethren,- that is, his kinsmen,— all lived there; and this, together with other circumstances, would naturally beget in our Savior some particular attachment to a place with which he had been so long connected: it would be his wish, that the companions of his early life should be made partakers of the benefits of his religion. Accordingly we find, that at the commencement of his ministry he went to Nazareth; and entered into the synagogue, "as his custom was.' ."—I wish parents to notice this, for their encouragement to train their children to early habits of piety; as his custom was or had been, " on the sabbath-day he stood up to read ;" and

there he delivered a discourse founded on a passage in Isaiah. At the first part of his discourse his countrymen were delighted, and "wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth." But when he began to make a proper application of his subject, as it became him to do, their anger was greatly roused; and but for an interference of his miraculous power, his life had paid the forfeit of his fidelity. They "rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong. But he," perhaps rendering himself invisible, or them powerless," passing through the midst of them, went his way." So ungrateful a reception might well have discouraged him, or induced him to abandon them for ever, as persons who judged themselves, passed sentence on themselves, as unworthy of eternal life. But our Savior, rich in mercy, and slow to anger, has here taught us to be "patient in tribulation," and to persevere in doing good, though in doing it we suffer only ill. Mark tells us, and we have reason to believe, from comparing other circumstances, that it was only a few months after, that "he came to his own country, and when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue." As on the former occasion, the people were at first struck with admiration, and confessed that "mighty works were wrought by his hands." But, notwithstanding their conviction of the truth of his teaching, and the dignity of his public ministry, their minds were filled with prejudice; their evil heart of unbelief was not subdued; and they were not prepared to render him that practical homage which was due to the true Messiah. To justify themselves in their infidelity, they pretended to doubt the truth of his mission; and they basely and ungenerously recounted the meanness and obscurity of his parentage, and the deficiency of his education: "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him." The cause of this was, that their hearts were full of blindness and prejudice, their minds were worldly and carnal, and their reasonings were false and deceitful. And the effects of this were deplorable; for it is said that "he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them. And he marvelled because of their unbelief." -The sin of unbelief is here represented in a two-fold point of view.

1. As injurious to those who exercise it. "He could there do no mighty work." They did not believe in his power, and therefore they came not to him for cure; and he could not obtrude his goodness upon them, or force them to receive benefits from him, consistently with his

plan and determination. "How much," says the excellent Dr. Doddridge, "did these Nazarenes lose, by their obstinate prejudices against Jesus! How many diseased bodies might have been cured, how many lost souls might have been recovered and saved, had they given him a better reception!" And you will, no doubt, join in the pious wish which the Doctor adds: "May divine grace deliver us from that unbelief, which does, as it were, disarm Christ himself, and render him a savor of death, rather than of life, to our souls!" But unbelief is here represented,

2. As exceedingly unreasonable and absurd. "He marvelled because of their unbelief; "-it excited the surprise of Christ. Unbelief is altogether without reason; it is not to be vindicated. It is contrary to the duty of the situation and circumstances under which men are placed; it is contrary to what might reasonably be expected from such men under such circumstances. It is to this last view of unbelief that we propose now to attend. We shall, first, explain what we mean by unbelief; and, secondly, justify the sentiment of surprise which existed in the mind of Christ on the occasion before us.


Unbelief, in general, is the rejection of God's revealed truth; and, in particular, it implies the refusal and neglect to receive and act on the testimony God has given of his Son, as the only and all-sufficient Savior of guilty men.

1. The unbelief of some is TOTAL. Messiah a denial of his Messiahship being the way to life and blessedness.

This implies a rejection of the

a total refusal to admit of his Such were the Sadducees

such were many of the ancient Jews-and such are evidently the majority of them to this day. Nor does it apply to Jews alone: the same word which tells us that the doctrine of Christ was 66 a stumblingblock to the Jews," tells us that, by the wise and philosophic Greeks, it was despised as "foolishness." All men in the present day have not even nominal faith in Christ. I speak not now of the thousands of heathens who are not believers in Christ; their case, whatever it may be, is not unbelief in the gospel;-"How shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? And, how shall they hear without a preacher?"- their case is rather matter of our compassion than of our surprise. But it is matter of surprise that, in a Christian country, many to whom the gospel is preached, many who have heard the joyful sound of salvation, that many of these should despise the majesty of the gospel, and refuse to give it that credence which it demands from them.

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2. Not only are they unbelievers who reject, but such as mutilate and corrupt Christianity. There are many who profess to admire, and even to defend with zeal and learning, its exterior form and structure, who are yet among the very foremost to deprive it of all its beauty, and to rob it of its peculiar excellency. Amongst these, I cannot but include those who, while they admit the Messiahship of Christ, deny his divinity, his atonement, and his dwelling in the hearts of believers by his Holy Spirit. These are such distinguishing points in Christian truth, that he who systematically denies them cannot, with propriety, be called a believer in Christ. He admits the general words of Scripture, but he puts his own sense upon these words, sense very different from that which was put upon them by the primitive church—a sense very different from that which was plainly taught by Christ himself, and by his apostles. He builds the fabric of his hopes on a different foundation from that which God has laid in Zion, namely, on Christ, who "gave himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savor," and by whose blood alone we can be cleansed from sin; and he regards as so enthusiastic the idea of the indwelling of Christ in the hearts of his people by his Holy Spirit, that there is no room in his creed for the dominion of Christ as King in Zion. Thus, though he believes the words of Scripture, he believes them not in their true sense and as he is not a believer, he is, of course, an unbeliever. This statement is no violation of true candor, for that requires attention to be paid to truth; and that candor which does not render due homage to the truth, is sin. However common and fashionable this spurious candor may be among men, it is an abomination to God, whose truth it, in fact, denies. For those who believe not, we are required to feel the tenderest pity; for them we are to use our best efforts, to offer up our most fervent prayers. Perhaps the passage which will best explain our duty in this respect, is found in the epistle to Timothy ;-"The servant of the Lord must not strive but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient, in meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; and that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will." Now, this passage, so far from warranting indifference to the truth, represents the truth as a matter of the greatest importance; the very end of our instructions is here stated to be that such persons may be brought to repentance and acknowledging of the truth; and it is only as they repent and acknowledge the truth, which they before denied, that they can be recovered out of the snare of the devil, and brought to true repentance. That

is a false love, a fictitious tenderness, which represents error as not dangerous; and which declares that it matters not what we believe, though God declares that he that believeth not the gospel, the pure unmutilated gospel, shall be damned. Let us not hide the truth, which we are called by God as a church to exhibit. It is not for the support of light and unimportant truths that the church is called "the pillar and ground of the truth: "-no: the truth is of importance; it is essential to salvation; and men should see in our whole manner that we consider the truth as nothing less than a matter of life and death.

3. The neglecters of the gospel, as well as its rejecters and corrupters, are guilty of unbelief, though in a more mitigated form, I grant. These hold the truth, but they hold it in unrighteousness; like a man who holds a torch, only to convince those who behold him that the person who bears it is going sadly out of the way. Our Lord condemns all such; and it is evident they deserve condemnation, because no salutary effects are produced by their profession of faith. Such persons are unbelievers, and it is necessary that the truth should be told them. Faith works by love: the faith of God's elect is not a mere opinion; it implies a belief of the excellency, the suitableness, the efficacy of the gospel; such a conviction of this as will lead men to embrace the Lord Jesus Christ as the chief subject, the substance of the gospel; such a conviction as leads to the use of Christ for the ends for which God has given him, namely, for "wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption."

Now, if such persons are not believers at all, how awfully prevalent is the sin of unbelief! Among those who call our Savior Lord, and who, generally speaking, receive his truth, how many are there who do not believe with the heart unto righteousness! They have no clear view of their need of Christ as a Savior; no decided reliance upon him; no clear application of his merits and atonement. They hear and read of Christ; they join in hymns to his praise; they approach him with their lips; - but there is no affectionate trust of the heart. These, then, are unbelievers: God the Judge will not admit that this faith is saving; it is dead faith, and cannot save them.

4. Even in those who are partly renewed by grace, there are the secret workings of this principle. Though it is in a form more mild, it is yet to be discovered; and, in proportion as it exists, it mars the progress of the work of grace in their souls. I may instance a case or two.

There is the penitent sinner, who is seeking, but has not yet found, the pardon of his sins. In such persons there is to be perceived some good thing toward the God of Israel; and much that, if followed up,

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