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and Western Rivers. The Statistics of the Army in Mexico show the fearful ravages of disease among the soldiers. The tabular view of all the railroads in this country is continued from the last volume; and the comparative view of the debts, property, and general financial condition of all the States, has been corrected with great care from the latest official returns. The table of the Traffic of the German Railways will be new to most of our readers. The titles of the public laws and joint resolutions are given as last year. The abstracts of the laws have been carefully prepared, and made more full than formerly. They are now sufficiently full for all but professional use. The information concerning the individual States is as full as in former years. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently asked to correct them. The European part of the work has been thoroughly revised, and is believed to be accurate. The Chronicle of Events and the Obituary Notices are more extended than in former years.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the heads of Departments at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain some errors: persons who detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor that he cannot suitably acknowl. edge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible; and this end can be obtained only by the coöperation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the “Editor of the American Almanac," Boston.

Boston, Mass., Sept. 30, 1848.

CONTENTS.

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PAGE

Abstracts of Public Laws

205 Electric Telegraph, The..

336

Alabama...

274 Emigration to the U. S. in 1847

American Obituary

323 Ephemeris of the Sun

47

American States

314 European States

Appropriations for 1849

205 Events, General, in 1847

311

Arkansas.

287

1818.

316

Army List

110 Executive Government

97

Army Officers, Pay of..

114 Expenditures of U. S. for 58 years ..... 162

Army in Mexico, Statistics of..

193 Exports of each State for 1847

147

Arsenals in the United States

112 Exports, Value of, in 1847.............. 142

Articles imported in 1847

137 Exports for 57 years .

163

Articles exported in 1847

142 Festivals of the Church .........

5

Banks. See the several States.

Finances of the States..

.182, 183

British American Provinces.

314 Fixed Stars, Apparent Places of

55

Cabinet, Officers in the ........

97 Florida.

Calendar : January, &c..

10 Flowering of Fruit-trees in 1848 ..

94

Capitals of States..

190 Flowering of Fruit-trees for 9 years .. 94

Celestial Phenomena, Signs, &c.

3 Flowering of Trees and Shrubs at Natch-

Chargés d'Affaires of U. S. in 1848. 121 ez in 1848 ..

94

Chronicle of Events .

341 Foreign Goods imported.....

137

Chronological Cycles

4 Foreign Ministers.

125

Church Festivals.

5 Foreign Trade, Countries of

145

Circuit Courts.

.104, 107 France.

317

Cities, Population of

223 Franking Privilege .....

Cities, Table of Principal

223 Frosts and Snows for 9 years

94

Coast Survey of the U.S.

65 Fruit-trees, Flowering of, for 9 years 94

Collectors of Customs.....

103 General Events in 1847

341

Colleges

184

1848

316

Colleges, Annual Expenses in

187 Georgia

271

Commerce

137 Government, Seats of, in different States. 190

Commerce of the Lakes and Western

Governors of States.

191

Rivers...

218

Great Britain.

317

Commercial Marine of the U. S.

146 House of Commons.......

322

Commissioners, U.S., in Foreign countries 120

House of Lords.

Commons, House of.

322

Ice-Trade of the U. S....

175

Congress

130 Illinois.

Connecticut

241 Mlinois, New Constitution of..

302

Consuls, Foreign, in U. S.. ............ 126 Immigration as affecting Population in

Consuls in Foreign Countries. .......... 121 the U.S....

170

Corrections and Additions .... ....... 370 Import, Articles of, in 1846 and 1847. 137, 139

Countries whence Goods are brought

Imports for 58 years

163

Darkness of the Nights ....

8 Imports of each State for 1847

147

Dead-Letter Office

156 Imports paying ad valorem Duties .. 137, 141

Dead Letters, Number and Contents of .. 156 Imports paying Specific Duties...... 138, 141

Debt of the United States ..........

160, 163 Indiana

299

Debts of the States

182, 183

Intercourse with Foreign Nations ......

Delaware.

256 Iowa.

Departments, Officers in the ........ 98 - 100 Jewish Calendar

5

Discs of Venus and Mars

41 Judiciary, U. S..

104

District Courts...

106, 108 Jupiter's Satellites, Eclipses of.......... 40

District of Columbia

313 Kentucky

291

Eclipses in 1849

34 Lakes and Western Rivers, Commerce of 218

Elections, State . .......................

190 Latitude and Longitude of Places ......

43

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...... 189

...... 268

Law Schools .....

......... 188 Railroads in Construction in New Eng.
Laws, Abstracts of Public

....... 205
land

200
Legislatures, State, Meeting of. ...... 190 Railroads in the U.S...

198
Lords, House of .

321 Railways, German, Traffic in 1847 ...... 204
Louisiana

............. 279
Refractions, Dr. Young's

63
Magnetic Telegraph, The .............. 356 Religious Denominations

190
Mahometan Calendar

6 Representatives, Alphabetical List of.... 135
Mail Service for 1847
148 | Representatives, House of........

132
Maine...

225

Resolutions, Public, of 1st Session, 30th
Marine, Commercial, of the U. S...... 146 Congress..

217
Marine Corps.
........................ 119 Revenue and Expenditure ..

157
Maryland ............................ 257 Revenue, U. S., for 58 years............ 161
Massachusett
............. 233

Island.....

.......... 239
Massachusetts, Railroads of ............ 198 Satellites of Jupiter, Eclipses of ......... 40
Medical Schools

189
Saturn's Rings

42
Meteorological Information.......... 83 - 94 Seasons, Beginning and Length of

4
Mexico
314 Senate of the U.S.

130
Michigan
296 Signs of the Planets ...........

3
Military Departments.................. 111 Slaves in the U. S. .............. 192
Military Posts

113 Smithsonian Institution..
Militia Force of the U. S.
... 115 Snows, Frosts and, for nine Years

94
Ministers of U. S. in Foreign Countries.. 120 South Carolina ..
Mint.
167 Southern Railroads

202
Mississippi..
276 Sovereigns of Europe

315
Missouri..

304

Specific Duties. See Imports.
Navigation
........ 145 - 147 Stars, Fixed, Apparent Places of.

55
Navy Department ..
99 State Department..

98
Navy List
115 State Elections, &c..

190
Navy Officers, Pay of...

117 State Finances, Debts, &c. ......... 182, 183
Navy, Vessels of War in
117 Sun, Ephemeris of the

47
New Hampshire
227 Sun's Parallax in Altitude........

64
New Jersey
250 Supreme Court

106
New York.

244
Table of Cities

223
New York, Railroads in.

202 Telegraph, Magnetic
Nights, Darkness of the...

8 | Telegraph, Lines of, in Operation.... 356
North Carolina ....

267 Telegraph, Lines of, in Process of Con-
Obituary, American, in 1847..
323 struction..

357
1848..
330 | Telegraph, Lines projected.

357
Observatories, Lat. and Long. of.
46 Tennessee

289
Occultations
37 Texas ..

281
....... 293 | Texas, Government of, since its Organi-
Oregon Territory
311 zation

281
Parallax in Altitude of the Sun.......... 64 Theological Schools.................... 188
Pennsylvania .
253 Tides, Height of Greatest ....

7
Pensions, Naval, Act concerning.. 215 Tonnage of the U. S............... 145-147
Pole Star, Places of the
53 Trade, Foreign, Countries of .

145
Population of U. S., Increase by Immigra- Traffic of German Railways in 1847..... 204
tion.......
170 | Treasury Department .....

98
Population of Cities.

223 Ventilation of Passenger Vessels
Population of the U. S.
192 Venus and Mars, Discs of ........

41
Postage, Rates of...
152 Vermont.

231
Postage by the New York and Bremen Vessels of War in U. S. Navy

117
Steamers...
154 Virginia.

260
Postage to Europe

154 Virginia, Congressional Districts in, from
Postmasters

100
1790 to 1840

264
Postmasters, Compensation of

151

Virginia, Representative Population from
Post-office, Business of
151 1790 to 1840

264
Post-office Department.
100 War Department

99
Post-office Establishment

148 Western Railroads
Post-office Revenue under the New Law. 150 Western Rivers and Lakes, Commerce of 218
Presidents of the U. S...
97 Wisconsin

..307
Public Lands...

164 Wisconsin, Constitution, Congressional
Public Laws, Abstracts of ..

205

Districts, and Census of.. .307-311
Public Resolutions of Congress.. 217 | Young's Refractions.

..... 356

Ohio .....

...... 209

..........

.........

........

... 203

63
Railroads, Accidents upon, in Massachu- Zodiac, Signs of the...

4
201

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