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The Compiler of this volume is a native of Michigan, and although long an exile from its borders, he has never lost his affection for the beautiful country. He has revisited it a number of times, and in a former publication did what he could to make known its physical attractions and aboriginal lore. Whilst cognizant of the fact that an admirable History of the Territory was in existence, and that one or two good Gazetteers of the State had been published, he felt convinced that there was still needed, for the use of the general public, a more comprehensive volume, and that want he has now endeavored to supply. His leading object has been to prepare an authentic book of reference, rather than to make any display as a writer; and while he has been contented to perform the duties of a literary scout, the success of his present enterprise has been assured by the effective artillery of James H. Lanman and General John Robertson. To the first, who is a relative of the Compiler, he is indebted for the history of the Territory, from its earliest settlement down to the organization of the State; and the latter, who was the able and indefatigable Adjutant-General of Michigan during the War for the Union, has contributed a complete account of the important part which the State took in subduing the Rebellion. Not only has he chronicled the action of the Legislature, but he has taken special care to place upon the record, in compact form, the heroic achievements of the Officers and Soldiers who have honorably identified their names with the State of their nativity or adoption.
With regard to the biographical part of this volume, the Compiler alone is responsible. Although most of this information has been obtained from original sources, he did not deem it advisable to amplify his records more than was absolutely necessary. He regrets, however, that a few of his notices are more brief than they should have been; and, if any persons have been omitted altogether, who deserved notice on account of their association
with Michigan, it is because his efforts to obtain the proper data were unsuccessful. His leading intention has been merely to give the salient points in the lives of the persons who pass under consideration, referring the reader, who may desire further information, either to the historical narratives in the present volume, or to the more elaborate biographies hitherto published. Indeed, so far as the numerous officers are concerned, who acquired reputation during the Rebellion, or died the death of heroes, their services were found to have been so well depicted by General Robertson, that the Compiler has generally omitted their names altogether in his department of the work. To the many friends who have kindly assisted him, by their correspondence, he would tender his grateful acknowledgements. And, to the People of Michigan, he now dedicates this Historical Record, as an expression of his regard for their superior intelligence, persevering enterprise and exalted patriotism.
General Description of the State.-Its Soil and Scenery; Heavily Timbered Land;
Oak Openings; Burr Oak Plains; Prairies; Rivers ; Lakes; Wild Ani
mals; Birds and Fishes ......
Raymbault; First Arrival of White Men at Saut de Ste. Marie ; Father
gan, and Superior ......
antry; The Jesuits ; French Soldiers ; French Policy; Indian Mythology;
Frontier Posts, and the Fur Trade at Michilimackinac and Detroit......
British Troops Advance into Canada; Battle of Quebec ; Death of Wolfe
ance; Bellestre ; Surrender of Detroit.................................................... Condition of the Country under the English-Pontiac forms a Confederacy to attack
the English Posts; War breaks out; Siege of Detroit; Battle of Bloody
street arrives ; Peace concluded; Death of Pontiac ......
Administration of the Law; Criminal Trial ; Quebec Act; Mineral Rock
English refuse to surrender the Posts : Indian Disaffection; Indian Coun-,
cil at Detroit; Message from the Spanish Settlements on the Banks of the
connection with the Fur Trade; Currency employed in the Fur Trade ...... Condition after the Surrender of the Posts.- Michigan erected into a Territory; Gen
eral Hull appointed Governor; Detroit destroyed by Fire; Administration
gan; Representations of William Hull; Appointed to Command the West-
Peace concluded .........
tory; Its Condition at that Time; l'ublic Lands brought into Market;
of making Surveys; Controversy with Ohio; State Organized .....
as a State ; Stevens T. Mason the first elective Governor; Act passed for
under French, English, and American Rule...........
Features; Homeopathic Controversy ; Action on the Admission of Women
Agriculture.- Population and Statistics; Government Lands; Value of Crops ;
Fruit Culture; Counties of the State ; Increase of Population.......
Salt Springs of Saginaw - Plaster Beds of the Grand River; Magnetic
tions in Michigan.......
Railroad and Branches; Detroit and Milwaukee Railroad; Flint and Pere
Lumbering Interest.--The Pine Forests ; The Hard-wood Forests; Amount of
Lumber Manufactured; Climate of the Lumber Region ; Various Attrac-
The Fisheries.—Their Commercial Value; Variety of Fish Taken ; Principal Lo
calities where the Business is Carried on...............
Commerce.—The Great Lakes; Their Coast Line and Area; The Steamboat and
other Shipping; European Consumers of Grain; The Northern Peninsula;
Mary; Indebtedness of the State; Banking Institutions.......
Their Annuities and Condition; Ancient Gardens and Mounds; Ancient
Michigan; The Saginaw Valley, Its Lumber, Salt Springs and Gypsum
gion, its Lumbering and Agricultural Interests..... Notes.-Order of Odd-Fellows; Nativities of Population
HISTORY OF MICHIGAN DURING THE REBELLION.
Military Department of Michigan from 1861 to 1871.........
Record; Origin of the Information .................................... ...... ........
edictory Message of Governor Moses Wisner; Sentiments of Governor
of the Legislature and its Action ; Curious Telegram.....
of Michigan; Camp of Instruction; Progress of Recruiting; Message of Governor Blair; Action of the Legislature; Re-inforcements Demanded; Action of the Adjutant General; Patriotism of the Churches; Additional