Handbook of Merchant Marine Development and Regulation in the United States: For the Use of Delegates to the Inter-American Maritime Conference to be Convened at Washington, D.C. on November 25, 1940

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1940 - 177 էջ
 

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Common terms and phrases

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Էջ 24 - agreement" in this section includes understandings, conferences, and other arrangements. The board may by order disapprove, cancel, or modify any agreement, or any modification or cancellation thereof, whether or not previously approved by it, that it finds to be unjustly discriminatory or unfair as between carriers, shippers, exporters, importers, or ports, or between exporters from the United States and their foreign competitors, or to operate to the detriment of the commerce of the United States,...
Էջ 47 - It is necessary for the national defense and development of its foreign and domestic commerce that the United States shall have a merchant marine (a) sufficient to carry its domestic waterborne commerce and a substantial portion of the waterborne export and import foreign commerce of the United States...
Էջ 24 - ... limiting or regulating in any way the volume or character of freight or passenger traffic to be carried ; or in any manner providing for an exclusive preferential, or cooperative working arrangement.
Էջ 24 - Every common carrier by water, or other person subject to this chapter, shall file immediately with the Commission a true copy, or, if oral, a true and complete memorandum, of every agreement...
Էջ 43 - deferred rebate" in this Act means a return of any portion of the freight money by a carrier to any shipper as a consideration for the giving of all or any portion of his shipments to the same or any other carrier, or for any other purpose, the payment of which Is deferred beyond the completion of the service for which It Is paid, and Is made only If, during both the period for which computed and the period of deferment, the shipper has complied with the terms of the rebate agreement or arrangement.
Էջ 43 - Second. Use a fighting ship either separately or in conjunction with any other carrier, through agreement or otherwise. The term "fighting ship" in this Act means a vessel used in a particular trade by a carrier or group of carriers for the purpose of excluding, preventing, or reducing competition by driving another carrier out of said trade.
Էջ 5 - ... capable of serving as a naval and military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency, (c) owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable...
Էջ 5 - That it is necessary for the national defense and for the proper growth of its foreign and domestic commerce that the United States shall have a merchant marine of the best equipped and most suitable types of vessels sufficient to carry the greater portion of its commerce and serve as a naval or military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency, ultimately to be owned and operated privately by citizens of the United States...
Էջ 5 - ... owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, and (d) composed of the bestequipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient citizen personnel. It is declared to be the policy of the United States to foster the development and encourage the maintenance of such a merchant marine.
Էջ 22 - ... a truce between the contending lines. To terminate existing agreements would necessarily bring about one of two results: the lines would either engage in rate wars which would mean the elimination of the weak and the survival of the strong, or to avoid a costly struggle, they would consolidate through common ownership. Neither result can be prevented by legislation, and either would mean a monopoly fully as effective, and it is believed more so, than can exist by virtue of an agreement.

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