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The Country Gentlewoman.

THE PARLOUR GARDENER.

CHAPTER X.

proceed to garden there accordingly, as you would on the ground.

THE GARDEN UPON THE LARGEBALCONY.

VIRGINIA CREEPER.

H

THE TERRACE BALCONY.

The Terrace Balcony-Boxes to furnish it-Running

PLANTS FOR THE BALCONY-WISTERIA AND Shrubs : Glycine (Wisteria), Virginia

eper, Buddlea, Clianthus (Crimson-glory Pea) --Assorted Plants --Seedling Ranunculus—Manner of assorting the

At each end of the balcony, a box (its Shades—Use made of the Plants propagated in the Portable Greenhouse : Pinks, Hyacinths, Tulips, length equal to the width of the balcony), Crocuses , Pelargoniums, Chrysanthemums, Fuchsias

, which two boxes have a special destination : Lantanas, Heliotropes, Mignonette-Utility of this it is there that you must plant a Glycine or last-Winter Dress of the Terrace Balcony –Galan- Wisteria, and a Bignonia

, or Virginia Creeper thus (Snowdrop) - Japan Quince-Hellebore-Christmas Rose-Variegated Holly.

-the running stems of which are to be

trained parallel to each other along the APPY the person who, in the interior balustrade. Thus, without encumbering the

of any large city, possesses a large balcony, you will have, in the spring, the balcony with an exposure ever so little to

beautiful bunches of amethyst flowers of the south. It is almost equal to the possession the Wisteria, hanging gracefully outside, of a garden.

and shedding an odour the most delicately sweet of almost any of the whole vegetable

kingdom ; and in the autumn the Virginia We may consider as garden terraces those Creeper, in bunches of a rich red, will renew long and wide balconies extending, if not all the decoration. During the intermediate along the front of the house, at least for a heats, the abundant foliage of these two sufficient distance to admit of our gardening plants will very advantageously protect the there in a far less confined space than in the boxes of ornamental plants from the burning mere verandah of a window. Access to such contact of the solar rays. You need not conbalconies being had through windows reaching trive any other shelter for them. down to the floor, before each window an interval should be reserved, to allow you to

BUDDLEA AND CLIANTHUS. approach the balustrade, and lean on your To procure still more shade, add to the elbows whilst looking out. Should it be your above a robust plant of Buddlea globosa good fortune to occupy a home rendered at on one side, and Clianthus Dampieri on the once healthy and agreeable by such an appen- other. dage as a spacious balcony with a good expo- The Buddlea, raised about 5 feet high, and sure, the side spaces, intermediate to those left to itself from this height, will fall in all kept open in front of the windows, may be directions, with as much grace as do the supplied with wooden boxes longer than they flexible branches of the Weeping Willow. At are wide, painted a dull red or maroon, and each extremity of the slender and supple filled with good garden earth, mixed with branches will open a long bunch of flowers.

You have but to consider these Should it so happen that some of these boxes as the borders of a parterre, and flowered branches, in the exuberance of their

manure.

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spirits, stray off so far as to pay a visit to to each colour. Prepare papers in which to your next-door neighbours, they, especially wrap the roots, by marking each paper with whilst taking the air at their windows, will one of the numbers on your list ; and when have no cause to complain of the intrusion. you wrap up the roots, for putting by till the

The Clianthus—to which you must give following spring, place all of the same colour as a support, four rods of white osier tied and shade together in one paper, bearing the together - will very soon hide this support proper nuinber. By this means, when they under its abundant vegetation, adorned with are to be planted the second year, you will a profusion of flowers of the finest carnation be enabled to arrange the deep and light colour.

colours artistically. The deep colours are If these two shrubs occupied the middle always the least numerous. of the balcony, they would take up too much Observe, I beg of you, ladies, that if you room and prevent your seeing out; but placed take care of your Ranunculuses when in at the two angles, they give a little shade, bloom, watering them at the proper times, fresh and perfumed, which contributes to and do not allow them to be wasted in render more delightful still those moments of bouquets by indiscreet visitors, the finest the day that one likes to pass, with book in among them will give you a good supply of hand, upon the balcony in the midst or fertile seed. The plants that you will obtain choice flowers.

by sowing these seeds will not reproduce

exactly the colours of the parent flowers; but OTHER PLANTS.

the choicest flowers, you will be sure to have The various ornamental plants of each sea- a beautiful mixture, presenting the finest son—the principal of which I have indicated shades in proper proportions.


to you as being suitable for making a show

PLANTS PROPAGATED IN THE PORTABLE in the garden at the window, at the different

GREENHOUSE.
exposures-can, of course, be made use of in
decorating a balcony large enough to serve

The boxes of the great balcony—I suppose the purpose of a terrace.

them to be large enough-will naturally be

the receptacle for the plants reared in your SEEDLING RANUNCULUSES.

portable greenhouse ; and among these will If, as I advised, you have amused your- be your seedling Pinks, that will all find an self in rearing in the cold portable green appropriate place there. A group of variehouse of your parlour, a supply of young roots gated Tulips, another of Hyacinths, blue, rose, of the Ranunculus obtained from seeds, you and pale yellow ; elegant borders of Crocuses will, after having used such of these little roots which you have taken care to alternate, white as were requisite for the ornamenting of your violet and golden yellow ;-these will enamel flower-stand, have a considerable number your parterre from the very setting in of of them left. In the spring, when you have spring. Do not be afraid to multiply by cuts no longer cause to dread the appearance of tings your Pelargoniums, Chrysanthemumsany more lingering frosts, plant this resi- Fuchsias, Lantanas, and Heliotropes, in order, due of those little roots in one of the boxes that your boxes may be kept constantly on your balcony. They will give you, for a filled with plants in flower. You will never month's time, a profusion of flowers of varied have too many, if you be sedulous not to shades, some deep and lively, the others leave empty places in them. With this pale and delicate. The first year, these view, be always careful to sow seeds in shades will necessarily be mingled together the place of the plants you have transat hazard. When you come to pull up the planted. You will be surprised to see how roots, after the bloom, you must observe the very large a quantity of plants a space apcolour of the flowers of each plant, and write parently so small can hold, if you do what is these colours in a list, with a number affixed requisite to make each one of your boxes

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present constantly, from spring to autumn, a variegated, is far from being without charms. full bouquet, rich in its variety of colours and Plant there those beautiful tufts of the Galanof perfumes. As regards perfume, sow thus, its white flowers bordered with green. Mignonette everywhere. It thrives in the Its common name, Snowdrop, may perhaps shade of the other plants, takes up but be more familiar to your ears; and this name little room, and keeps out of sight, its per- its robust temperament fully justifies, for it is fume only disclosing its presence; and pro- endowed with a most hardy constitution-one vided that you take care not to let it exhaust that enables it to bloom bravely between two itself in producing too many seeds (the pro- frosts, so that when a pale ray of sunshine duction of seeds not being the business of comes to melt a thick layer of snow, one is your garden), it will continue to bloom until agreeably surprised to find the Snowdrop in the end of October, holding on till after the full flower. first serious frost. The previous white frosts One or two plants of the Christmas Rose will then have already killed first the Balsams (Helleborus niger), two or three Hollies, with and the China Asters, then the Tagetes and their variegated leaves, green and white, the Ageratums of Mexico, afterwards the Petu- among which the fruit shines like coral beads, nias; the Chrysanthemums alone will remain. and an Aucuba or two-these will clothe your Then it is that you will congratulate yourself great balcony with attractions that may tempt for having sown a great deal of Mignonette. you out there to inhale the wintry air, exSo long as it continues to bloom it will con- cept on the worst days of this worst of the tribute largely—now in a far larger propor- seasons. You will have received there, from tion than before—to the pleasantness of the autumn, the last of her flowers as a souvenir visits you will continue to pay, in November, of past joys. You will now obtain there to your balcony garden, on the few fine days from her grim successor, 'a present, accepwhich the departing year may yet have in table in itself, and yet more so as a harbinger store for you.

of the coming spring.

And thus, ladies, the refined and refining WINTER DRESS OF THE BALCONY GARDEN.

pleasures which the practice of gardening Winter is decidedly come. Your faithful affords will have been enjoyed by you, in all little Mignonette, yielding at length to what their variety, without your leaving the house. the jurists call force majeure, has abandoned Before leaving the subject of the balcony you and disappeared from your boxes; your garden, I would strongly advise, before Chrysanthemums have taken shelter within any plants are put into it, that a glass screen doors, that they may there continue to pre- should be erected at each end, so as to keep sent you with flowers. Now, then, as they off the wind. It might be constructed of can no longer wear their summer garments, rough plate glass; and if the screens were give to the borders of your balcony parterre returned about 2 feet in front, they would be their winter dress, which, though much les sll the more useful.

I he Country Gentlewoman

443

PARSNIPS AND SALSIFY, AND HOW TO COOK THEM.

,

'HE Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) is one of the dished Parsnips, and also add some bread

the edible roots.

BAKED PARSNIPS.

It can be eaten from An excellent dish is made by cooking November to May, but is in its best con- equal quantities of Parsnips and Onions dition in the spring. It may be kept in the together, stewing the latter at least an hour cellar if not allowed to wither, but it is best and a-quarter, then adding milk, and thickenwhen permitted to remain in the opening with meal. ground.

With a litter or covering of some sort, this can also be done advantageously even in the north of Scotland. Much of Scrape off the skin smoothly from good the flavour and of the saccharine principle sized Parsnips, and bake in a quick oven which in the spring is largely developed in this until perfectly tender and brown. It can be root, are lost in the ordinary method of cook- done in an hour, or even less, but the time ing. We will try to avoid this loss.

required will depend on the heat of the fire

and on the size of the roots. Parsnips can STEWED PARSNIPS.

also be steamed to good advantage. Both The Parsnip is an edible that imparts much of these methods preserve the sweetness of of its sweetness and flavour to the water in the roots, and the baking concentrates it. which it is cooked, and when this is thrown away it is irretrievably lost, leaving the root

SALSIFY, OR VEGETABLE OYSTER. comparatively flat and tasteless. But when these qualities are thus preserved and restored,

This plant, the botanical name of which is

a any one eating the root so dressed for the Tragopogon porrifolium, is also a wholesome first time will be surprised at its richness and and nutritious root, but much more delicate flavour.

than the Parsnip. It is similar to the latter To prepare them for cooking, they can be in its winter-keeping peculiarities and in its scraped and sliced lengthwise, according to time of use, but it is not so sweet nor so the common custom ; but a much more expe

large. ditious, and in some respects a more tasteful method, is to wash and cut them across in The roots should be washed and scraped, slices of, say inch thick, and then pare them. and washed again very thoroughly. 13

. In Then put them to stew, with water enough scraping, it is well to hold them in a cloth, or to cover them. Stew until perfectly tender— paper to prevent staining the hands with the it may require three-fourths of an hour, and juice, though this stain can be removed with if you can so time it, have the water reduced pumice stone or lemon-juice. Halve them to a thin syrup, being very careful not to lengthwise, and stew with very little water scorch it. Simply dish these and pour the until tender —say forty minutes- dish them, syrup over them, and you will have a most reduce the juice as much as possible, add delicious dish without any further seasoning cream, salt, and scald slightly ; pour it over whatever.

the Salsify. Serve warm.

If cream or cor. If any are left, they can be eaten cold, or densed milk cannot be had, add milk, and browned on a gridiron.

thicken with flour or wheat meal. Another Another way is to add milk or cream to way is to omit the milk, salt, and thicken the syrup, thicken with flour, and pour over entirely with cooked pearl barley or rice.

STEWED SALSIFY.

SALSIFY AND MACCARONI.

elegant dish, finely developing the flavour of Stew the prepared Salsify fifteen minutes, the “vegetable oyster," while the maccaroni then add half or two-thirds as much dry is about as digestible as it can be anywhere maccaroni (by bulk), stew gently half an

-much more

so than when baked with hour longer, or until the ingredients are both cheese. of them perfectly tender, and the water At table, any of these dishes may be served pretty well done out. Remove from the fire, with chicken, veal, &c. alt, and fill half full of sweet cream, or con- The flavour of the Salsify is not sufficiently densed milk. Cover and keep warm for ten decided to make it of much value in soups.minutes, then serve. This is really an Julia Colman, Rural New Yorker.

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