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THE RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY;
56, PATERNOSTER ROW; 65, ST. PAUL'S CHURCHYARD;

AND 164, PICCADILLY.

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LONDON : PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, STAMFORD STREET

AND CHARING CROSS,

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PREFACE.

HE publications of the Religious Tract Society have,

for some years past, contained numerous views of Swiss scenery by Mr. E. WHYMPER, who is

preeminent amongst modern engravers for his knowledge of mountain forms and his power of delineating them. His intimate acquaintance with Switzerland has afforded him facilities for its pictorial illustration which few artists have enjoyed. From the great merit of his designs, it has been thought desirable to present them in a collected and permanent form, with the advantages of fine toned paper and careful printing. In order to give somewhat more of completeness to this series of views, a few additional illustrations have been introduced.

The letter-press which accompanies the engravings is quite subordinate to them. The design of the Editor has

been to trace, as briefly as possible, the route marked out for him by the artist, adding such occasional descriptions of scenery as may serve to render the volume available for those who have never seen the places themselves. The material for this has been gathered in a course of frequent, almost annual, visits to Switzerland during the last fifteen years. A few historical and biographical notices of the great deeds which have been wrought or the great men who have lived in the districts under review, will, it is hoped, add to the interest of the volume, and prove suggestive of profitable thought to the tourist.

Notwithstanding the endless variety of grandeur and beauty which Switzerland contains, a narrative of the impressions produced by them upon a single mind must always be characterised by a certain sameness and monotony. The description of one Swiss mountain, or lake, or valley, or waterfall will, with some modifications, apply to the others. A reiteration of similar phrases, an often-repeated recital of similar emotions of awe or delight, can only produce weariness in the reader. The Editor has, therefore, aimed to give variety, by frequently introducing quotations, in poetry or prose, from some of the innumerable authors who have made Switzerland their theme. He desires especially to express his obligations to Messrs. Smith, Elder, and Co.-the publishers of Mr. Ruskin's works—for permission to enrich his pages by several eloquent passages from Modern Painters, the Stones of Venice, and the Seven Lamps of Architecture.

CONTENTS.

NORTH-EASTERN SWITZERLAND AND THE RHINE.

PAGE

VARIOUS ROUTES:

THAT BY BELGIUM AND THE RHINE SELECTED_

BRUGES—THE RHINE-HEIDELBERG-SCHAFFHAUSEN AND THE FALLS
OF THE RHINE-CONSTANCE AND JOHN HUSS-THE HEAD-WATERS
OF THE RHINE-VIÀ MALA—THE SOURCES OF THE RHINE-REICHE-
NAU AND LOUIS PHILIPPE-ZURICH-EINSEDELEN-BASLE

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THE FOREST CANTONS.

LUCERNE—THE RIGHI-LAKE OF LUCERNE-ENGLEBERG-THE TITLIS

-THE DEVIL'S BRIDGE-MURDEROUS CONFLICTS IN THE VALLEY.

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THE SIMPLON ROAD AND THE SWISS-ITALIAN LAKES.

THE ROUTES INTO THE LAKE DISTRICT THE CONSTRUCTION OF

THE SIMPLON ROAD-A WINTER ADVENTURE ON THE SIMPLON-
ITALY—ITALIAN TOWNS—COMO, LUGANO, MAGGIORE, AND ORTA-
THE BORROMEAN ISLANDS-STORM ON LAKE COMO-VENICE .

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