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Latin, as I wish to make the most of the Council of Trent; I acknold my time. (St. Aug.contr. Ado. Legit. ledge that the words are used; bt-12 et Prophet. lib. ii. cap. 9, vol. viii. why endeavour to bring the whold on p.599.) “As we receive, with a faith- subject into ridicule? If this is ful heart and mouth, the Mediator permissible in his treatment of of God and of men, Christ Jesus, subject so awful, let him reflec who tells us that his body is to be whether the sanction of his es eaten, and his blood is to be drunk ; ample will not afford justificatia although it may appear more horri. for ridicule to the followers of Carna ble to eat the flesh of a man than to lisle, and all those men who blas destroy it, and to drink human blood pheme Christianity? When he sets than to shed it. Again, they (some the example, will they not be quite, of the Jews) were converted: they ready to follow ? Again, then, the were converted and baptized. They reverend gentleman alluded to our approached to the table of the Lord, Saviour appearing in the midst of and now, believing, they drank that his disciples, when the doors were blood which, in their ungovernable shut; but can the learned gentle fury, they themselves had shed.” man possibly account for the ap

Now, gentlemen, methinks my pearance of our Saviour after hefacetious orientalist is preparing al. I had been dead? Can the learned. ready to open his ears to take ad- gentleman tell me by what tranvantage of it, (laughter.] “Christ scendant miracle it was that our took earth from earth, inasmuch as blessed Lord was transfigured? If flesh is from earth, and this flesh he he cannot tell me how it was he took from the flesh of Mary; and, appeared in the midst of his discibecause he conversed with us in the ples when the doors were shut; flesh, he gave us this same flesh to and if he cannot, we are not bound eat for our salvation. . . . . But no to give him an answer when he asks one eats that flesh without adoring it us, how the Lord of heaven and first ; not only is it no sin to adore earth is received by the faithful in 'it, but we sin if we adore it not." every region of the globe, or how (St. Aug. Enarr. in Psalm. Opera, he appears at the same time on all Bened. Edit. vol. iv. pars 2.) lour altars. All we know is, that

Is not now my reverend friend we have his unerring word for it: prepared to banish St. Augustine —“this is my body, this is my from the code of Calvin, when he blood.” The apostles were bidden addresses the consecrated bread, to do the same, “in remembrance and adores Christ in the Sacra- of him ;” that is, to consecrate as ment? Will he admit him to be a he consecrated. They consecrated member of his Church? Is it not after him-as I am prepared to high time that he should anathema- prove when that subject is distize St. Augustine, as being idola- cussed--the successors of the apotrous in the object of his worship?stles consecrated successively after If I am not mistaken, we shall hear them, the consecration has been very little from the works of St. going on from apostolic times to Augustine on future occasions, the present day, and all the nations quoted by my reverend opponent. of the earth cry out with one voice With regard to the “bones and in testimony of the sacred fact. nerves of the Son of God,” a sub- The learned gentleman gravely preject + ?rh the reverend gentle- tends to prove that it interferes

acknowledge it is in with God's government,—those are

his words, which I do not well | History of the Church : he tells comprehend; but I ask what he you that St. Austin brought over all can easily comprehend-viz. how those usages and practices, which he accounts for this harmonious are known and adhered to in the consent of nations, for that tra- Roman Church ; and will any one dition which is uninterruptedly deny that the doctrine of Transubhanded down from age to age. I stantiation was likewise included ? challenge him to answer me,- I would, moreover, ask this quesWhen did Transubstantiation arise tion :-Did Protestants introduce in the world—when was the doc- Christianity into every nation of trine first preached ? Sometimes the earth ? Read, again, upon this be tells us that it was in the eigbth point, the pages of your own hiscentury, and that Pascasius Rad- torian, Milner, and you will find bert wrote the first treatise on it. that in every age the only way in But I have already told him that which he proves the visibility and Pascasins only wrote copiously, on the sanctity of the Church, in the what others had written less exten- six first centuries, in the seventh, sively. I wish it to be thoroughly eighth, nay in the ninth, is by elucidated this night, and I shall bringing forward on the scene some now proceed to give you my ideas illustrious Catholic saints; for there on that divine sixth chapter of were no Protestants in existence to John, and leave you to draw your attract his notice. I say, therefore, own inference from our respective here I must fling back the compliinterpretations, so soon as you shall ment to my reverend antagonist; have heard me. This, then, is what when he opposes me with the I am most desirous to hear Gospel, the Gospel “stares him in thoroughly elucidated, - to know the face”-the Gospel cries out which is the primitive doctrine, the loudly for the doctrine of Catholics. primitive religion,—the body and I think the rev. gentleman himself the blood, or mere bread and wine? will not hesitate to acknowledge, I find that England was converted that, as far as the literality of the to Christianity in the sixth century. words go, it is in our favour. All Was the doctrine of Transubstan- that the learned gentleman can do tiation brought over by those holy, or say, is to draw a fine and figurathose immortal men, wbo came to tive distinction from all these pas. rescue this island from the depths sages. The words, I have before of blasphemy and idolatry? Was said, are strong, aye, infrangibly Protestantism, or was Catholicity strong, strong enough to delude, if believed by those sainted, those we Catholics labour under error, illustrious men-by St. Augustine many centuries, to believe in Tran and others ? Read the monuments substantiation; strong enough to of antiquity to ascertain the truth make those “fallible” fathers, as of it; look at the letters of Gregory my opponent calls them,-and I the Great, which are still quoted in acknowledge they are fallible,-to many of your histories; look at the make them all with one voice agree letters of Gregory the Great, I say, that Christ did not intend to be bidding Augustine to wear the pall understood figuratively, but liteduring the cclebration of Mass; rally, and that he meant in reality look at all the histories which in- his flesh and his blood. St. Maruform us on the subject; look at the thus, who wrote in the Syriac lanProtestant Dean Milner, in his guage, says, “Christ called it not

the figure of his body, but said, this lics in Transubstantiation; now, at is my body, this is my blood.” The least, they surely will see that our learned gentleman then introduces Lord and Saviour meant to convey another subject, which I defer to the idea, that it was to be representhe end, until I have answered tative of his body; surely this is some remarks of his, taken, if I sufficient to open the eyes of those mistake not, from Dr. Adam Clarke. poor, benighted Roman Catholics." Dr. Adam Clarke, I believe, from Well, my friends, what did Dr. whom my learned friend has culled Wiseman do in the midst of the all those ingenious passages, such tumult? Why he proved, demonas, “I am the door,” “I am the stratively, that so far from that vine," came into contact, some language labouring under any peryears ago, as I dare say my friend ury of expression as to painting the very well remembers, with a most idea in question, that it was the powerful giant in polemics of our most potent, the most copious lanChurch, of the name of Dr. Wise-guage ever spoken by the mouth of man. Dr. Adam Clarke, who man; that there were actually forty brought up all those strange objec-one modes of expressing that idea tions against the doctrine of Tran- in that very language, all of which substantiation, was, as it appeared, he has written down, and presented not quite satisfied with the long to the learned, and all the learned string of parabolic expressions, such have approved of them, and have as, "I am the door,” “I am the declared, that Dr. Adam Clarke is vine,” &c. &c.; but he thought to wrong ; that he had no ground, no overturn the doctrine of Transub- right to make the assertion,-in stantiation, by declaring, that our one word, that it was rank innblessed Lord and Saviour said, posture practised on the British “This is my body, this is my l public. blood,” because, forsooth, there But what did the followers of was such a penury of expression in Dr. Adam Clarke say? What did the language in which he spoke, the Rev. Mr. Horne say? Why, that there was no word to express in the next pamphlet that he pubthe idea, “this is figurative of, this lished, he artfully omitted the mat. is representative of, or this stands ter, without ever making the least for my body," and that therefore apology for the thousands of Chrisour blessed Saviour, according to tians whom he had been deluding him, was necessitated to have re- by such a false, though plausible course to, in order to express his argument. Forty-one well-proved meaning, the substantive “to be,” words to express this idea! many and said, “This is my body, this is more one night introduce like. my blood.” This accordingly was wise, but there were forty-one, soon spread all over England, and most fittingly squaring with the the Rev. Mr. Horne, who had expression of the idea. Subse. written rather a virulent pamphlet quently, as a dernier ressort on the against the doctrine of Transub-part of the baffled theologians, Dr. stantiation, immediately took up, Lee, Professor of Hebrew in the and disseminated far and wide, the University of Cambridge, and of grand discovery. Protestants na- the oriental languages, was applied turally enough began to say, "Now to, who delivered his opinion that we can account for the belief of Dr. Wiseman was undoubtedly those poor deluded Roman Catho- right; that there were so many unmotested words to correspond to doctrine, “ucas God," means “the the espression of the sentiment; representative of God," and nothing that it was a copious language, in- else; and he would have thus arstead of being one, as Dr. Adam gued much more plausibly and Clarke wished to insinuate, desti- felicitously than Dr. Adam Clarke rate of phrases to express common urged his argument, inasmuch as, ideas. I am sorry to make an ob- in St. Paul's epistles, Christ is servation of this kind on a learned called the image of God. Yes, he man ; but when that learned man would have afforded a strong argucalls Catholics “the most stupid of ment by which the Unitarians might mortals," and wonders, to use his fortify themselves with redoubled om expression,“ how we can be obstinacy in their unbelief. The leve such a congeries of absurdities learned gentleman has insinuatedas the dogmas of our creed, I can- and it is a stale argument used by Dot refrain from exclaiming—Thus the divines of the Church of Eng. it is, my friends, that, in the nine- land, though not so usual now as in teenth century, the enemy of Catho- former days, that adoring Christ in licity retires to his gloomy cell, in the Eucharist overturns the chief order to forge a new thunderbolt evidence of Christianity, which is against the immortal dogma of the senses. Transubstantiation, and comes out But the learned gentleman should of it, if I may use a poetical simile, I know, if he has read the fathers, as on the occasion, like Salmoneus, I am sure he has-he should know, glittering and flashing for awhile, that almost all the fathers have al. and dazzling all eyes with the mimic luded to the frequency with which splendour of his invention, till at our senses are deluded, and to that length the “non imitabile fulmenfrequency with which in the Bible of a Wiseman dashes the impostor we find they have been deluded. to the ground, and exposes him to We read of it in Luke xxiv. 16, 31: every eye, an object of pity, of “But their eyes were holden, that derision, and contempt! But what they should not know him.” Again, has he in reality done? Why he “And their eyes were opened, and has given an additional strength to they knew him; and he vanished the argument of Transubstantiation; out of their sight.” Again, St. he has adorned it with a greater John, xx. 14-16 :-“And when lustre than that with which it ever she had thus said, she turned hershone before. Again, he little self back, and saw Jesus standing, knew, also, that, in urging such an and knew not that it was Jesus. argument against the doctrine of Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why Transubstantiation, he was aiding, weepest thou ? whom seekest thou? materially aiding the Unitarians in She, supposing him to be the gartheir views of our doctrine as to dener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou the divinity of Christ. If such a have borne him hence, tell me theory had once been admitted into where thou hast laid bim, and I will modern theology, in the schools of take him away. Jesus saith unto Calvin or Luther, the Unitarian 'her, Mary. She turned herself, and vould immediately have exclaimed,' saith unto him, Rabboni; which is “In the beginning was the word, 'to say, Master.” Again, St. Matand the word was with God, and thew, xxviii. 9: “And as they went the word was God,”-he would to tell his disciples, behold, Jesne men have said, according to your met them, saying, All bail. In

they caine and held him by the feet, and I believe, that if I were called and worshipped him.” Again, St.on to explain all the notum argu. Jolin, ü. 18: “Then answered the mentum congeries of ideas in Calvin's Jews and said unto him, What sign Catechism, I should be much more shewest thou unto us, seeing that ignorant. But in order that he may thou doest these things ? ” Then, I have more solid ground to go upon, when “ Jacob wrestled with the I shall prove to him that the species, angel,” were not his senses de- or the host-that is the proper word, ceived ? But I say, in answer to and not wafer"-after the words the learned gentleman, that I would of consecration, become really the much rather disregard my senses body and blood of our Lord : that than disbelieve the words of the is, they become our blessed Lord's Omnipotent God. His word cannot body, soul and divinity, and that the deceive me, my senses may possibly blessed Lord of heaven and of earth be deceived, are frequently deceived; in this sacrament is not liable to nay, in common material life they those outrages, those corporeal conare deceived. The eye is frequently tingencies of which he has so feel. deceived: put a stick in the water ingly complained. that is straight, and it will appear Good God! such a strain of argucrooked; the senses can be deceived. ment is really astonishing! It gives

The Icarned gentleman, in bis an opportunity to Deists to ridicule sterility of anything like solid argu- the whole fabric of the Christian inent against us, has endeavoured religion. It might be said by them, to draw an argument from the pic- if you believe Christ to have been tures painted by Roman Catholic thus liable to accident, and that he artists of the Church of Rome, where was “ truly God and truly man,” the Saviour is looking up. But that how was it that, when a little child does not furnish any argument as to going into Egypt, he was secure the posture of the Saviour at the last from accident? Suppose a wild supper. The artist, whoever he may beast of the desert bad darted upon be, can know nothing on that awful him and devoured him ? Let me subject, except that Christ was tell you, my friends, if the Lord seated at a table, with his twelve of heaven and earth is where the disciples, and took bread and blessed Host is supposed to be, he is as able it, and did not say, "this is the to protect himself now by his own figure of my body," as St. Maruthus divinity, as he was when in the arms observes, but “this is my body, this of Mary and of Joseph. We find even is my blood.” And I would rather a poet, St. Thomas Aquinas, who believe his divine word, than believe wrote long before the Reformation, the infallibility of my senses. But who wrote long before Protestants I am astonished that the learned arose to declaim against the docgentleman should have inquired into trine of Transubstantiation, expressour doctrine of the Eucharist so ing in that immortal hymn, which superficially. I do not mean to say Sir Walter Scott says " is one of the that he is superficial in any of the finest that ever flowed from the peu branches of learning, except in the of man,” expressing himself on the tenets of my own Church. As to subject with more accuracy that my these, I must own, and sure I am theological opponent. He will inthat the learned gentleman will not form my learned friend on this subcontradict me, he has manifested ject. It is not for the sake of my some degrec of ignorance this night; poetry, or mode of translating it,

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