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PROTESTANT EXPRESSION OF GRATITUDE.
On Monday evening, July 1st, we. Mr. Fince commenced his address rere present at the truly interest- by stating that the object for which ng and gratifying meeting held at they were assembled was one of Lammersmith, by the Protestants the most truly Christian and def that place, for the purpose of lightful that could be imagined. resenting to the Rev. JOHN Cum- They were about to express their LING, Minister of the Scottish esteem and affection towards a hurch, Crown-court, Covent Gar- Christian brother, and thus to dislen, a Polyglot Bible, as an expres- play that spirit of peace and love ion of the gratitude and satisfaction which was characteristic of the elt by the Protestant inhabitants children of God. They were not of Hammersmith, at his most deci- only about to manifest their regard ive overthrow of the errors of the for a Christian brother, but for a Church of Rome, and triumphant Christian minister, one of the amlefence of the great and glorious bassadors of God, whose high and ruths of the Reformation, in his holy office was entitled to the venecontroversy during eleven nights ration of every true disciple of with one of the most subtle their Lord and Saviour. That and learned champions of Popery, minister, too, had the privilege of DANIEL FRENCH, Esq. Barrister- belonging to the Church of Scotat-law, and member of “the Ca- land, a Church which from the era tholic Institute.”
of the Reformation till the present At seven o'clock GEORGE FINCH, day had been distinguished for her Esq., M.P. took the Chair. zeal for the propagation of gospel
After prayer, the representatives truth, and her uncompromising of the Church, the Wesleyans, and protest against Romish error. It the Independents, Messrs. Walker, was most gratifying, too, to think Lovely, and Salter, who were pre- that Christians of various denosent at the Discussion, laid on the minations had united together to table a magnificent Polyglot Bible, present a token of their affection in ten languages, superbly gilt and to Mr. Cumming, thus evidencing bound in morocco, and with the that Reformed Catholics who had following inscription embossed in one common faith, one Lord, one gold letters on the binding : Spirit, and one God and Father of
| all, could coalesce in one common TO THE REV. JOIN CUMMING, M.A., bond of union, when their religion FROM THE PROTESTANTS OF HAMMERSMITH, FOR HIS ABLE AND SUCCESSPUL DEFENCE OF THEIR CAUSE ÎN originating cause of the meeting HIS LATE CONTROVERSY ON CERTAIN POINTS OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC PAITH WITH DANIEL FRENCH, ESQ.
LIC | it was neither more nor less thai. BAKRISTLR-AT-LAW.
their admiration of the temper
spirit, and ability with which his of the Wesleyans, followed up the excellent and truly Christian friend observations of his friend by a very had defended their common faith animated address. He expressed against the subtleties and misre- the profit and pleasure he had reaped presentations of Rome. The pre-throughout the late important dissent which they had selected to cussion, and the great satisfaction confer upon Mr. Cumming harmo. he had in presenting the best of all nized with the whole proceeding. I books. In presenting to him a Bible, they! The Rev. J. CUMMING rose, and proclaimed that “the Bible, and stated that he found it not so easy the Bible only, was the religion to give utterance to the deep sense of Protestants." They recognised of gratitude he felt, not merels it as their armoury for weapons for their costly and elegant preseni, of offence and defence, as their but for the feeling, unanimity, and chief earthly possession, and as the to him hitherto unknown kindness treasury of the Christian Minister. which dictated the gift. He owed They thus honoured the Holy Spirit, much of the success that had folwho had composed the Holy Vo- lowed his humble though laborious lume-Jesus, who was its sum and exertions to the profound attention substance, and of whom it testified, and uninterrupted order maintained -and the God and Father of the by the audience that was night Bible and of the Church, who in after night crowded within those its holy pages had made known to walls; to the indefatigable exertions them his wonderful love in giving of those gentlemen who had just his dear Son to die for them and spoken; and to the efforts especials for their salvation. He (Mr. Finch) of his honourable friend who occowould not detain the meeting with pied the chair, whose munificent further observations at present, but contributions to the Protestant he called upon Mr. Walker to pre-cause were among the least of his sent the Bible to Mr. Cumming good deeds. Mr. Finch, he ob
Mr. WALKER rose as the represerved, had sat up to an early hour sentative of the Church of England | many a morning, copying out those and congratulated Mr. Cumming on valuable Greek and Latin extracts the present occurrence. He said which were, to him of essenua that at first he was afraid of the value, and in other respects, to which discussion, and was among those his presence did not allow him to who preferred to try to prevent it; refer, be assisted him. To Vr. but his experience of its results- Finch's Benedictine Edition of the bis strong impression of the meck- Fathers he expressed himself deer's ness and faithfulness, and complete indebted; but, above all, he felt victory of the Protestant advocate, that the chief spring and source of had, with other reasons, convinced the triumph of truth was, “ Noths him that it had been of essential might, nor by power, but by my service to the people of Hammer- Spirit, saith the Lord of Hosts." smith. He concluded a judicious The Reverend Gentleman nert and most appropriate speech by went over the various assumptions i tendering the Bible to Mr. Cum- the Roman Catholic faith, disprovi: ming, accompanied with his prayers the extravagant clains of Poperi, that every blessing might attend his and contrasting powerfully wish exertions in the Protestant cause. them the distinctive characteristics
Mr. LOVELY, as a representative of the Gospel. He showed ner:
that the prevalence of Popery taught the Church of Rome in other pasthem many important lessons. It sages, their translation“ despeproved the divine guardianship of rately wicked” was not strong the sacred volume. The Romish enough, “malignant so as to be Church, he continued, had had re- incurable, even unsearchably so," course to every expedient to injure was its better rendering. But if or to conceal the sacred volume. they wished a more powerful proof She had corrupted it by pestilential of the wickedness of man's nature, notes—she had concealed it by an they had only to look at that unknown tongue-she had tried to mystery of iniquity, which lorded neutralize its virtues by the acces- it over Europe for centuries, whose sion of the Apocrypha and its priests, like the locusts of Egypt, immoral rescripts — and notwith-had made the garden of the Lord a standing, this Book retained its barren wilderness, and every kingbeauty, its harmony, its vitality, its dom an Aceldama. In Popery, he primeval integrity. (Hear, bear, saw Scripture prophecy fulilled, hear.]
Scripture and the Gospel proved to The prevalence of Popery taught be divine, man corrupt, and Satan them the divine nature of the Gospel. ever active. (Hear, hear.] He reNothing but the Gospel could have joiced that his arduous labours had survived the pressure and the per- given satisfaction-he prayed that secutions to which it had been sub-God might own and bless them jected. It was struck at by the yet more-he hoped soon to meet heresy of Arius in the fourth cen- them again; and, after an hour's tury, and it was long crushed and address, sat down amid much apsmothered by the over-eclipsing plause. superstition of the Roman heresy. Mr. SALTER, the representative But it heard, even in its capti- of the Independents, rose, and in a vity, the voice of him who sum- very neat speech moved a vote of moned Lazarus from the grave, thanks to the honourable Chairman, as that voice poured through the whose kindness, impartiality, and organs of the Reformation, and attention during the late discussion came fresh from its retreats, casting had attracted universal notice. off the incrustations of corruption Mr. FINCH observed in reply, and the cerecloths and trappings that he fully agreed with the sentiof its tomb, and looked once more ments of Mr. Walker, and that he abroad upon the wide world, un- deemed it to be an unspeakable shorn of its splendour,“ in the honour and privilege to be employed beauties of holiness" with the dew in any Christian work; and be of its own bright and holy morn. would add further, that he preferred [Hear, hear, hear.] The prevalence being engaged in such labours of of the Roman superstition taught love in a subordinate office, and as them also the fearful depravity of it were as a hewer of wood and a the human heart. His learned drawer of water, for he felt himself opponent had objected to their to be most unworthy of the distranslation of a passage in Jere- tinguished position in which he had miah, urging that they wilfully been placed as Chairman of the overcharged it in order to establish present meeting. They had now the dogma of Calvinism, that man's arrived at the conclusion of the hcart is corrupt. He had showed proceedings connected with the that, according to the usages of discussion which had taken place
between Mr. Cumming and Mr. (of fact, she left no means untrie French; but although it could not the views of the Reformers vae be said to be a conclusion in which maligned, the corruptions and supa: nothing was concluded, he trusted stitions of Romanism were o that it was only a preface to their cealed, history was falsified, she strenuous and persevering resist-claimed all the fathers and the ance to the incursion of Roman universal voice of antiquity, and by Catholic principles. Let them her subtleties, and assumptions, ed not be deceived, and imagine that fallacies, not unfrequently succeria because the Romish emissaries had in seducing the unvary, and of been foiled in their first efforts, taining proselytes to ber deals ther would desist from their under- creed. When these methods d taking. If some of their advo-persuasion failed, she had recours cates, like Mr. French, preferred to other expedients—she appealed the battle-field, others were more to literary or architectural elhaexpert in sapping and mining, in siasm, and to our ancestral aias wiles and stratagems: the ambition tions. She reminded us that the of Rome was insatiable and bound- our Saxon ancestors were immersed less; she regarded the whole of in the most barbarous idolatry, Great Britain as her patrimony ; ) Augustine vas commissioned w and nothing short of re-possessing Pope Gregory to visit Britain, and the whole kingdom would satiate that he planted therein the standard the cravings of her appetite for of the cross, and rescued our antis dominion. She had recourse totors from paganism. She sumo every expedient to forward her nished us also of the services TEDdesigns. Sometimes she enlarged dered to literature by Pope .ica upon her apostolicity, antiquity, and his successors, and she porte unity, and catholicity; sometimes to the venerable and colossal calle she ventured upon a defence of her drals of England as visible Dikcreed; sometimes she threw a veil ments of Roman Catholic party over the more unsightly portions Although the hour was late, perhaps of her religious system, and endea- the meeting would pardon bin 8 roured to prove that the differences he hazarded a few remarks apon between the Roman Catholic and each of these topics. Hear, bear. the Reformed Catholic creeds were That a very considerable portion of of no real moment; she dropped our Saxon ancestors were converted the more serious charge of heresy, by Pope Gregory's missionaries, I and tenderly inquired whether it would be preposterous to dent: were worth while, for the sake of but the question which immediateit such trivial discrepancies, to rend presented itself to them was, whether, the seamless coat of Christ; at in the event of their embracing the other times she enlarged upon the Romish religion of that das, tor? failings of the Reformers, and should escape the anathemas of ik pointed to Henry the Eighth as Council of Trent? Most assut; the father of the Reformation, and edly they would still be expose libelled the doctrine of Protestants to them. Pope Gregory repudistel as an unholy doctrine which dis- the notion of an Episcopal sup carded good works; sometimes she macy over the whole Christie contrasted the differences and dis- Church, and hence in this funda patations of Protestants with her mental article we should still
+ wh-vaunted unity; in point open to the charge of beres). Other important differences existed converts were in all cases, and under between the Roman Catholicism all circumstances, bound undeviat of the sixth century and that which ingly to adhere to the vices as well was confirmed by the Council of as to the excellences of the creeds Trent. At the former period auri- presented to them by their first cular confession, although much missionary teachers, this concession practised, was not generally exacted would be fatal to the advocates of by a decree of the Church. The the Roman Catholic Church. For Bible, although too little read, was if the Saxon ancestors of the English not regarded as a dangerous book, I people were plunged in the most if indiscriminately perused in the lamentable idolatry, the spiritual vulgar tongue. Transubstantiation condition of the ancient Romans was was not then an article of faith, no less disastrous; and if the former for, a Saxon homily of the ninth were bound to receive, unaltered, century still existed, which was Augustine's creed, the latter were directly at variance with it. The bound, by an equal obligation, to doctrines of grace had not been receive, in its unmutilated integrity, proscribed by the Trentine false the religion of Peter and Paul. Now gospel. There were in the sixth here Protestants were prepared to century no Papal indulgences, or enter into covenant with Rome; and jubilees, or canonization of saints; here they were ready conditionally and the monstrous temporal assump- to pledge themselves to an assimilations of the Popes, which are still tion of their creed to that of Rome. retained by them and their coun- If the Roman Church would only cillors, and which occasioned so resume the religion of the apostles much strife, confusion, and irreligion Peter and Paul, in all its purity and in Christendom, were then unheard simplicity, and cut off all that was of. But even if the religion of extrinsic to it, then the Protestants Pope Gregory and his missionary would pledge themselves to adopt, Augustine had been identically the instanter, the Romish creed. (Hear, same as the Roman Catholicism of hear.] Having said this much rethe present day, were modern Prospecting the conversion of England testants under so strong an obliga- by Augustine, he (Mr. Finch) would tion of gratitude to them that they say a few words upon the papal were bound to prefer a corrupt patronage of literature. The subto a pure Christianity? If they ject might be dismissed without Owed so much to Pope Gregory, much comment; for could any man: who presented to them Christianity in his senses seriously contend that in a corrupt form, altliough far less the patronage of literature was an corrupt than modern Romanism, evidence of orthodoxy? If the pahow much more were they indebted tronage of literature was to be the to the Reformers, who presented it standard, the religion of the heathen to them in its apostolic purity! and Emperor Augustus had paramount if they were under a debt of grati. claims to that of the apostles. In tude to St. Augustine, how much the fourth century the apostate more were they indebted to the Julian might, upon the score of his King of Saints, who had revealed patronage of literature, have justihimself to them in the full effulgence lied his apostasy. In the ninth of his glory! But even if, for argu- and tenth centuries the Caliphs of ment's sake, Protestants assented Bagdat, and other Mahommedan to the antichristian position, that kings, were the great patrons of