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by the editors of the Complément was that of gined, on which the doctor suffered from the miso1632 : Adam Islip, London. I feel persuaded capnic prejudices of a fair hostess. He writes that those dictionaries that have attached to the

“ In 1774, I, by invitation, visited William Sumner, word the meaning "to fondle, dandle," &c. have Esq., brother of Dr. Robert Sumner, at Hatchlands. Í been guided by the authority of Cotgrave; and preached at the parish church of Hatchlands, and left the that he himself, or whoever first affixed that place rather suddenly, because would not permit meaning, was led, by some oversight, to confound again. She had played the same trick to her husband's

me to smoke. Though often asked, I never would go coqueliner with a remarkably similar word, dode.

brother, Dr. Sumner, Great George Street, Westminliner, which really does mean “ to fondle,” &c., ster. The Doctor resisted and prevailed,” &c. and which is thus given in the Complément : But Parr had his revenge in another way,

“ DODELINER, V. a (V. lang.) Bercer, Caresser, Remuer he tells us with much naïveté : doucement. Il s'emploie encore aujourd'hui dans le langage familier."

“She died while I lived at Colchester, and, at the reJohn WILLIAMS.

quest of her husband, I wrote the epitaph for her, but Arno's Court.

without much praise.” – Memoirs by Johnstone, p. 771.

Parr it appears, as he advanced in life, became

less tyrannical and exacting. I quote the followDR. PARR AND TOBACCO.

ing from an article entitled “Parr in his latter (2nd S. ix. 159.)

Years," in the New Monthly Magazine :The anecdotes of Dr. Parr remind me of ano

“After dinner he took three or four glasses of wine, ther, the entire truth of which is, I imagine, and then asked for his pipe, withdrawing from the table somewhat questionable. It is contained in the to the chimney, that he might let the smoke pass up, “ dedication" to a little volume entitled The Social which I discovered to be his common custom. There he Pipe, or Gentleman's Recreation, 12mo. 1826.

began to puff away in clouds, engrossing by far the largest The Doctor, it seems, was on a time invited to

share of the conversation, which all were contented to re

sign to him.” — Vol. xvi. p. 481. dinner by "a gentleman, whose wife, a fine lady, had an intense aversion to smoking.' After din- In Parr's copy of the Hymnus Tubaci of Thorias ner the party adjourned to the drawing-room, he had written “See Philips's Latin Verses on where “ the Doctor began to feel certain cravings Tobacco.” Did he allude to the Ode to Henry for the stimulating fumes of his beloved pipe." St. John, commencing – The lady of the house, on the alert, caught the

“Oh! qui recisæ finibus Indicis half whispered word, and at once interposed her

Benignus Herbæ, das mihi divitem

Haurire succum, et suaveolentes veto. The doctor remonstrated : “No pipe, no

Sæpe tubis iterare fumos,” &c. ?
Parr," was his well-known motto. “Why not,
Madame ? " said he, “I have smoked a pipe with

I do not know what else in Latin Philips has my king, and it surely can be no offence, or dis

written on the subject. The latter was so fond of grace to a subject to permit me the like indul- tobacco, that, as one of his biographers has obgence.” The lady, however, was inexorable, on

served, he has managed to introduce an eulogy which the following colloquy ensued :

upon it in every one of his pieces, except Blen

heim. In his Cyder, in apostrophising Experience, Doctor. “ Madam!”

he goes rather out of his way to introduce his WIFE. “Sir!" DOCTOR. “Madam, you are —

favourite subject: WIFE. “I hope you will not express any rudeness,

“ To her we owe Sir."

The Indian weed, unknown to ancient times, DOCTOR. (Raising his voice) “Madam, you are - the

Nature's choice gift, whose acrimonious fume greatest Tobacco-stopper in all England !

Extracts superfluous juices, and refines

The blood distempered, from its noxious salts; This sally caused a loud laugh, it is said, and Friend to the spirits, which with vapours bland disconcerted the fair and obese counterblaster, but It gently mitigates; companion fit did not procure for the doctor

his coveted luxury. Of pleasantry and wine; nor to the bards Now is it on record that Parr did actually on

Unfriendly, when they to the vocal shell

Warble melodious their well-laboured songs." any occasion enjoy the honour of "taking tobac

Book i. line 335. with the king ? He was on intimate terms with that amateur of pipes and pipeing, the Duke Hawkins Browne will be remembered

The imitation of the same author by Isaac of Sussex, as the letters from his royal highness to Parr, preserved by Dr. Johnstone, vouch, and

“ Little tube of mighty power,” &c. had doubtless smoked many a pipe in his company in the Cambridge Tart, and published separately, at Kensington Palace.

8vo. 1744. The anecdote of Sir Isaac Newton and the to- One more anecdote from the New Monthly Mabacco-stopper is still better known. See Facetie gazine :Cantabrigienses, 3rd ed. p. 394.

" The Doctor's pipes were generally presents from his This was not the only occasion, it may be ima- friends. Mr. Peregrine Dealtry, in particular, used often


to supply him. Once he received at Hatton a box of Dr. Johnstone tells us that –
very handsome pipes, with a plume of feathers in the
bowl, which, to the best of my recollection, were a present

“ Whenever he (Dr. Parr) came to Birmingham he from the Prince of Wales. The Earl of Abingdon gave

never failed to smoke his pipe with Mr. Belcher." him a superb Turkish pipe. Trivial as the circumstance This was a highly respectable bookseller in the may be thought, I will just mention that the Doctor, Bull-Ring in that town. when smoking, always held the bowl of the pipe with

I would also ask the object of the custom alhis finger and thumb, although the heat would not have been endurable by a person unaccustomed to that habit." | luded to in the following extract from the Letters -New Monthly Magazine, Sep. 1826.

of Charles Lamb by Talfourd ? Parr and his pipe will go down to posterity to

“ He (Lamb) had loved smoking not wisely but too gether; so thoroughly is the instrument and the well,' for he had been content to use the coarsest varieties

of the great herb.' When Dr. Parr, who took only the Habit associated with the man. In a rough mezzo finest tobacco, used to half fill his pipe with salt, and caricature, intended as a “Pre-face to Bellende- smoked with a philosophic calmness, saw Lamb smoking nus,” the doctor is inhaling a pipe of portentous the strongest preparations of the weed, puffing out smoke length, while with clenched "fist and beetling like some ferocious enchanter, he gently laid down his brows, he puffs out a volume of smoke, amidst pipe and asked him “how he had acquired his power of which we read the minacious legend“ Damn rdv smoking at such a rate ?' Lamb answered, "I toiled

after it, Sir, as some men toil after virtue." - Part 2, deiva.” Dawe also, in his very characteristic p. 88. portrait of the doctor, has placed one of his

I conclude this gossiping paper, which might favourite "churchwardens " in his hand. Thus Frank Vandermine, a Dutch artist who resided in able matter which will save it from combustion,

serve to light a pipe with, but for the more valuLondon, and who it is said painted with a pipe in with another quotation : his mouth, bidding objecting sitters go to another

“ I am not convinced that this habit was productive of artist, has perpetuated himself in a mezzotint

bad consequence to his health, tho' it was often inconprint from his own portrait entitled “The venient to his friends. Tobacco has been called the anoSmoker” (Wine and Walnuts, vol. ii. p. 14.). dyne of poverty, and the opium of the western world.

There would appear to be a strong affinity be- To Parr, whose nerves were extremely irritable, and sentween theology and tobacco. Pope has

sibility immoderate, perhaps it was a necessary anodyne. “ History her pot, Theology her pipe;"

" It calmed his agitated spirits; it assisted his private

ruminations; it was his companion in anxiety; it was and Swift includes “best Virginia among those his helpmate in composition. Have we not all seen him things which, in the possession of his Country darkening the air with its clouds when his mind was Parson,

labouring with thought? His pipe was so necessary for « Are better than the Bishop's blessing."

his comfort that he always left the table for it, and the

house of the person he visited, if it was not prepared. Indeed smoking bas ever been the habit of stu- His pipe produced another inconvenience at table: at one dious literary men, especially those of the critical time be selected the youngest lady to light it after the genus. Aldrich, Hobbes, and Newton are known cloth was drawn, and she was obliged to stand within to have been most inveterate smokers ; Boxhor- his arms, and to perform various ludicrous ceremonies.

Latterly his best friends persuaded him to decline this nius, the learned professor of Leyden, was so addicted to the habit, that he had a hole cut in practice.” — Memoirs of Parr, by Dr. Johnstone, p. 815.

WILLIAM BATES. the rim of his hat to support his pipe while study

Edgbaston, ing and writing; and Porson is reported by Rogers (Table Talk) to have said that “when smoking began to go out of fashion, learning be- “FELLOWES' VISIT TO LA TRAPPE,” ETC. gan to go out of fashion too.” The extent of THE NOTE ON IT IN WILLIS'S CATALOGUE. Parr's addiction to the habit was thought worthy In “N. & Q.” (2nd S. ix. 403.) Ababa asks to of note among his German brethren even. Wolf whom this note refers, and what are the grounds says of him that, “Er soll es manchmall an einem for the story? The first question is easily answered. Abend, bis zu 20 Pfeifen gebracht haben” (Litt. The Rev. Sir Harry Trelawny, Bart. of TreAnal. iv. 553.); but Dr. Johnstone thinks this an

lawny, Cornwall, grandfather of the Radical memexaggeration, and that a fourth part of the quan- ber for Tavistock. That he became a Roman tity would be nearer the mark. An interesting Catholic is, I firmly believe, the single grain of letter from Dr.J. Uri, to make a provision for whose truth in the marvellous story. But had he at any old age Parr had exerted himself, is preserved. period of his life been a disappointed candidate for Writing to Dr. Kett, and alluding to a promised the "Papal Diadem," and in despair buried himvisit of Parr, he says :

self in La Trappe, it is utterly impossible Mr. "Promiserat se sequenti die ante meridiem venturum. Fellowes's journey could have had any reference Itaque expectans eum lapides nigros super foco large to such an event . Sir H. T., who was for reposui ; tubos candidos, quibus fumus tabaci exhauriri solet, præparavi; sellus, remotâ paululum mensâ, ad

about ten years vicar of Egloshayle, was non-reignem admovi; at, eheuí non contigit mihi ipsum vi

sident. A curate attended to the duties of the dere," &c.

parish, but the vicar occasionally visited it from

of age.

Trelawny; and I find on inquiry that he cele- have been indifferent to a change to Romanism. brated his last marriage” there on the 9th April, Some years later Drew must have lamented his 1804.” The late Mr. Davies Gilbert (Hist. of mistaken notion of the baronet's “stability of senCorn., vol. iii. p. 300, 1.) says "he resigned his timent." living on becoming a Roman Catholic.” But Lady Trelawny died in Nov. 1822. By the another county historian, C. S. Gilbert, more cor- way, how absurd is the note-writer's fancy that rectly, and probably receiving his information a married man could have been a candidate for from Sir H. T. himself, has given the true reason the “ Papal diadem!” As Pius VII. died in Aug. for the resignation — that Sir H. T. would not 1823, when Drew's book was probably going to undertake to comply with the Act (then passed) press, Sir H. T.'s change of religion, if it imme“obliging the clergy to residence.” “The resig- diately followed his wife's death, must have been nation," he adds, was matter of deep regret to known to Drew, or at any rate would have been Sir H. T." Though he resigned in 1804, he was too recent to have allowed him to become a canstill a clergyman of our church in 1824, and he didate. Before his own death, in Feb. 1834, there could not therefore have been a candidate for the were, however, two vacancies in the Papal chair: Papal chair previous to Mr. Fellowes' journey in one in 1829, the other in 1831, and it is certainly 1817, or indeed for many years after it, for the possible that so eccentric a person as the baronet very good reason that the next vacancy did not may have aspired to the Popedom; but if he did, occur until 1823, on the death of Pius VII., who his friends never heard of it. had been elected in 1800. 'A glance at Mr. Fel- Was there then no story respecting him which lowes' book, in which but one chapter is devoted to the heated imagination of the note-writer may La Trappe, will suffice to show that the only per- have magnified ? I can give you one which owed son he there conversed with, " appeared a young its origin to a very trifling circumstance. After man about five-and-twenty.” Unluckily for the the baronet had fixed his residence in Italy, and note-writer Sir H. T. was then above sixty years but a very few years before his death, he applied

to the (then) vicar of Pelynt for a certificate of the I have not been able to ascertain in what year death and burial of his lady. Presently, I am inhe became a Roman Catholic, but there is ample formed, there arose in the neighbourhood a evidence that this last of many changes in his “general impression that he was endeavouring to creed occurred very late in his life. In 1816 he obtain the dignity of a cardinal.” Mr. Davies bad not “left the church of his Fathers,” for Gilbert, however, who was a diligent collecPolwhele (Hist. of Corn., vol. v. new ed. 1816), tor of Cornish gossip, could never have heard after noticing that Sir H. T. had “ progressed of this, or he would certainly have printed it, as through every stage of theological opinion,” be- he has another rumour respecting Sir H. T., who, coming in turn “Methodist,” “Calvinistical Dissen- it is said, received the nominal honour from the ter," "Socinian," and "clergyman," adds: "about Holy See of being appointed a bishop in partibus two months previous to this his last gradation he infidelium." That Mr. D. G. would not have published a letter on the sin of subscription!” missed recording whatever he picked up may be Eight years later he had not“ left the church of his judged from his description of the funeral cereFathers.” Drew, in the 2nd vol. of his and Hitchins' monies at Trelawny the year after the baronet's Hist. of Cornwall (1824), referring to some ob- death. servations in the 1st vol. (for which Hitchins, I cannot discover the way in which the story whose unfinished work he completed, was probably that he buried himself in La Trappe could have responsible) respecting the “ versatility of the originated. I am positively informed that the baronet's theological opinions,” regrets they baronet's surviving acquaintances are “perfectly should not have been qualified by remarking that convinced he never was a Trappist." If the obitustability of sentiment which has accompanied a ary notice in the Gent.'s Mag. for June, 1834, cormaturity of judgment resulting from inquiry, and rectly states that a daughter was with him to the rendered permanent by conscientious investiga- last," it is certain he could never have been, even tion. More than forty-six (43 ?) years have elapsed for a short period, the inmate of a Trappist mosince this pious and worthy country, gentle- nastery. man has enjoyed the honour of being a clergyman It may be thought I have occupied too much of of the Church of England," &c. Drew also calls your space in the refutation of an idle story, alhim the resident proprietor of Trelawn (which though I have, in doing so, been led to give some Prew considered the proper name of the place). notice of an eccentric, but in some respects estiIn 1824, then, Sir H. T. had changed neither his mable and highly-gifted individual. You may, faith nor his residence. Drew, a native of St. however, consider it not undesirable to mark with Austell, within twenty miles of Trelawny, could reprobation the prevailing tendency to render not have been ignorant of Sir H. T.'s where- secondhand books more attractive by connecting abouts, and being a zealous Methodist would not them with stories as absurd and unfounded as that ber, per,

of the “Three Black Crows." In saying this I but surely I should want some better evidence do not mean to disparage Mr. Fellowes' book, which than the Public Advertiser of Feb. 18, 1757, in many years ago I read with interest, and which which month he is said to have died. must bave been very popular in its day, as the We now and then find in the obituaries of our first edition was published in 1818, and the fourth periodicals notices of deaths at or over 100 ; and (now before me) in 1823.

H.P. | I am sure that your correspondents who might Penzance.

have a chance of really sifting these statements would be conferring a benefit upon your readers

by giving them the result of a detailed and trust. CENTENARIANISM.

worthy examination.

I think such an one is (2nd S. ix. 438.)

noticed in the Gentleman's Mag. for this month, The possible duration of life in any living crea- as occurring in Cornwall ; and a person living in ture is not merely a curious, but an important the neighbourhood would find the investigation problem, and in relation to man especially, has both curious and instructive. It must, however, engaged the attention of countless philosophers, be borne in mind that the child has been mistaken down to Walker of the Original, who was satisfied for the parent, and that two children have been that men might prolong their existence indefi- named alike – the elder dying and the younger

, a years, and getting the credit the conclusion that nobody died 'till he himself of the prior register. willed it. Upon either of these principles we may imagine the long lists of old-old people which have appeared in your pages, probable. But some way

DERIVATION OF SHAKSPERE (2nd S. ix. 459.) – or other, a stern inquirer into evidence, one who MR. CHARNOCK's derivation of Shakspere from wants proofs

, is always doomed to disappointment, Sigisbert might be a little amended. The ending and without being quite positive, I have very

in personal names is not a corruption of serious doubts whether there is an instance of vert or pert, illustrious, but, according to the any human being having completed his hundredth unanimous opinion of the German philologists, is year in modern times.

from bero, pero, bear; and there is in fact an 0. It is singular enough that most of the cente- G. name Sigipero (see Förstemann's Altdeutsches narians recorded hitherto have been Irish, Scotch, Namenbuch). We do not find the name Sigispero, or Negroes; always in the lower classes of society, but as sigis (which is a Gothic form) appears in and where a register of birth is hardly to be looked many

of the same compounds as sig, e. g. Sigibert for; and yet, without this, the evidence breaks and Sigisbert, Sigifred and Sigisfred, Sigimar down at once.

The nobility and gentry, where and Sigismar, Sigimund and Sigismund, we should these matters are more carefully watched, don't be warranted in assuming a name Sigisper; and afford a single instance; not a case occurs in the

as the High Germ. form sic for sig runs through insurance office registers, though these include a

the whole group, we should have the name Sicismore miscellaneous list, and, å priore, we might per: suppose more likely to embrace some long-lived

Now though the change of Sicisper into Shakindividuals. According to M. S. R. (2nd S. ix. spere would scarcely be justified on etymological 438.) no less than four persons who were at the principles, it might be accounted for by the conbattle of Shirreff Muir reached the age of 100, tinual inclination to twist names into something 111, 111, and 124 respectively; but we want the like a meaning; birth-registers and the identification of the pare theory advances from the ranks of the London

But a formidable opponent to MR. CHARNOCK'S ties.

May I hint to your correspondents that in these Directory, in the form of a Mr. Shakeshaft. He matters neither assertions, nor even convictions, brandishes his weapon, and prepares to do battle are of any avail ; and that all such lists show only for the ancient theory. I think that Mr. Chartime wasted, and I may say, Mr. Editor; your blish his new regime.

NOCK must slay this champion before he can estavaluable paper and ink thrown away, and


your still more valuable space occupied with matter of PenciL WRITING (2nd S. ix. 403.) - S. B. inno possible use to any one ? Take the first name quires when black-lead or other such like material in M. S. R.'s roll, John Effingham; he must have was first used for writing? Martial, in the Fourbeen born in 1613; was made corporal at the teenth Book of his Epigrams, which contains inbattle of the Boyne when 77 — rather slow pro- scriptions to accompany the apophoreta, which it motion — was wounded at Blenheim when 91, was customary to present to guests at banquets, and got his discharge in the reign of George I., suggests, as one suitable for the gift of an ivory year not stated; but if on the day of his accession, tablet, at the age of 101. Now I am not going to deny

“Languida ne tristes obscurent lumina ceræ, the possibility of all or any of these statements ; Nigra tibi niveum litera pingat ebur."-Ep. 5.

And for a tablet of parchment the following: THE GOLD ANTS OF HERODOTUS (2nd S. ix. “Esse puta ceras, licet hæc membrana vocetur: 443.) – Humboldt says as follows (Bohn's edition

Delebis, quoties scripta novare voles.Ib. 7. of Cosmos, vol. v. p. 475.): – Here the use of a substance capable of making a “ I was the more astonished at finding at Capula and black mark on ivory or parchment, and sus

Pazcuaro, and especially near Yurisapundaro, all the antceptible of being erased at pleasure, would seem

hills filled with beautifully shining grains of obsidian to point to black-lead. J. EMERSON TENNENT.

and sanidine. This was in the month of September, 1803.

I was amazed that such small insects should be DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE (2nd S. ix. 403.) – able to drag the minerals to such a distance. It has I doubt much whether any book was ever pub- given me great pleasure to find that an active investilished which would aid G. H. K. in this respect; similar. There exists,' he says, on the high plateaux as, so far as description is concerned, one library is of the Rocky Mountains, and particularly in the neighno guide for another, but each must be taken en- bourhood of Fort Defiance (to the west of Mount Taylor), tirely per se. If G. H. K. means a classified cata

a species of ant which, instead of using fragments of

wood and vegetable remains for the purpose of building logue, nothing will serve his purpose better than the Rev. T. #. Horne's Outlines for the Classifi- grain of maize. Its instinct leads it to select the most

its dwelling, employs only small stones of the size of a cation of a Library submitted to the Consideration brilliant fragments of stones; and thus the ant-hill is of the Trustees of the British Museum, 1825, 4to. frequently filled with magnificent transparent garnets,

G. M. G. and very pure grains of quartz.' (Jules Marcou, Résumé

Explicatif d'une Carte Géogn. des Etats Unis, 1855, p. 3.)" LIBRARY DISCOVERED AT WILLSCOT GLEBEHOUSE (2nd S. ix.511.)—As editor of the Southern

A like desire for the accumulation of brilliantlyTimes, I really think I have a right to complain coloured or shining substances leads the bower of the supercilious tone of MR. J. G. Nichols in bird to decorate his play-ground with glass, shells, questioning its authority for the announcement and brightly-coloured feathers; and teaches crows of a simple fact. As an occasional contributor to and magpies the very inconvenient habit of ap“N. & Q." (though under a nom de plume) there propriating coins and small articles of plate. 'I would be as much probability of such a statement have myself often seen the great water-beetle finding its way to me as soon as to any other (Dytiscus marginalis), while in confinement, select journalist. Besides, I can probably offer Mr. from the shingle at the bottom of his prison grains Nichols a better authority in my principal paper,

of red cornelian and fragments of pink carbonate the Dorset County Chronicle, which, it is well of lime, and carry them about for a long time. known, is constantly in communication with the This was not the habit of a single individual; I dignified and other clergy on similar subjects; have seen many of these insects do the same. and I have no doubt that it was from the Dorset Whether the lustre of the objects had charms for County. Chronicle that the paragraph in question them, or whether they mistook the stones for bits found its way into the Southern Times. “As for of raw meat or worms, I cannot say: certainly the truth of it, your correspondent has a far more

they bit them savagely with their mandibles, reobvious test open to him than calling in question minding me rather amusingly of “The Viper and the authenticity of a newspaper paragraph going

the File."


to the incumbent of Willscot for the Catalogue he de- which suggested that the walls of the church were sires of the books recovered. What puzzles me tolerated depositories for the dead has for some most in Mr. Nichols is, that he denies the minor time been a subject of discussion in “N. & Q.," proposition, yet labours to establish the major, - but towards a satisfactory conclusion little, if any, denies that books have been discovered at Wills. progress has been made. cot because the authority is no better than that The discoveries of bodies there interred have of the Southern Times, but proves conclusively been too numerous to require any farther refernevertheless that such things are as books in ence, either to the forms of the cavities, the places bricked-up closets, and are most wonderful!

in which they are generally found, or the shape

Suolto MACDUFF. or materials of which the coffins are formed. In reference to the paragraph in “N. & Q." But where interments have been made far more (2nd S. ix. 511.) relative to the library found in injurious to the fabric, and not strictly within the Oxfordshire, I may inform thee that on first seeing walls, a short description of such remnants of the paragraph in a local paper, I immediately former mischievous indulgences, happily not comwrote to the gyman of the place, who politely mon, may assist the inquiry. informed me that no such library has been found, In the churches of South Waltham St. Mary and no such person as therein named is known in and of Easton, both in Norfolk, about eight or his parish. I therefore presume the whole is a ten feet of the east walls of the chancels have been hoax.

James Dix. removed to the base of the windows, and arches Grosvenor Mount, Headingley, Leeds.

turned to support the superincumbent walls.

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