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Externally, dwarf walls on which rest too-fall read the Bible carefully, or even listened to it roofs, forming narrow lean-to's, supply the place when read in the church, they would scarcely of the walls removed. In the interior the spaces have spoken of the phrase so contemptuously, one enclosed remain open and plain recesses, in rear of of them even calling it a vulgarism. I would the present communion tables.

refer them in particular to 2 Kings, ix. 16., Beneath these unsightly adjuncts vaults have " So Jehu rode in a chariot”; and X. 16., been erected, to which they serve as protections, “ So they made him ride in his chariot.” Several but the bodies there deposited can only rest in other passages might be quoted from that“ well of part within the churches. There are no vestiges English undefiled," the Authorised Version of the indicative of sepulchre, but the hollow beneath is Bible, but your readers will probably think these easily detected by the common process of sound- sufficient.

SENESCENS, ing; and that they were built subsequently to the

PAUL HIFFERNAN (2nd S. iv. 190. ; ix. 314.) church may be without difficulty discovered at

Whether by Hiffernan or not, the lines are from the junction of the walls.

The position in society of persðns who could be Seneca, and the ingenious perversion shows that so strangely permitted to disfigure and invade

the they were not mistranslated in ignorance : most revered parts of the sacred edifice for their

“ At ille vultus ignea torquens face, own imagined benefit, is a question certainly

Unum inter omnes quærit et sequitur Lichan.

Complexus aras, ille, tremebunda manu, worthy the attention of antiquaries.

Mortem metu consumpsit, et parum sui

Pænæ reliquit: dumque tremebundum manu
HEREDITARY ALIAS (2nd S. ix. 344. 413.) -

Tenuit cadaver, Hac manu, hac, inquit ferar,

"O fata! victus? Herculem perimit Lichas. Disciples of the “ Judicious Hooker" will not need

Ecce alia clades, Hercules perimit Lichan. to be reminded that his family had the “here- Facta inquinentur: fiat hic summus labor.' ditary alias” of Vowell, or, to write more in- In astra missus fertur, et nubes vago telligibly, bore two surnames.

Spargit cruore: talis in cælum exsilit In Mr. Keble's edition of Hooker's Works there

Arundo, Getica visa dimissa manu;

Aut quam Cydon excussit: inferius tamen is prefixed to Walton's life of him “The Pedigree

Et teľa fugient: truncus in pontum cadit, of Vowell als Hooker of Exeter," from which it

In saxa cervix: funus ambobus jacet." would appear that his father and other members

Hercules Oetæus, a. iii. v. 808. of his family bore these names.

The Italian quotation is from Lodovico Dolci's The great divine himself probably contented translation, 12mo. Venetia, 1560. I do not know himself with the name by which he is so well whether it is inserted for display, or to mislead known to posterity, but from a Note communi- the reader. The following will show that the cated to the editor by the Rev. Dr. Oliver (a English is taken from the Latin, not the Italian :Roman Catholic clergyman, well known in Exe

“Ma egli nel suo volto ter as a local antiquary, concerning whose works

Mostrando ardente face, I see a Query at p. 404. of the current vol. of

Fra tutti solamente N. & Q.") we learn concerning Hooker's uncle

Si mise a seguir Lica. John that “ in early life he used to sign himself

Ed egli, pien di tema
John Vowell alias Hoker, but in late

Abbracciando gli altari

Con la tremente mano,
Hoker alias Vowell.” (Keble, 2nd ed. p. 9.)

Mori per lo spavento This gentleman was first chamberlain of Exeter,

Prima ch'avesse morte, where his portrait is preserved. In 1568 he was

Tel che poco rimase elected M.P. for Athenry in the Irish Parliament,

Di lui: quando lo prese,” &c. and he represented Exeter in the English Parlia

nondimeno il corpo ment of 1571.

Cadde nel mar: e la sua testa e'l collo

Percosse sopra i sassi.”—P. 312. b. He is mentioned in Ware's Writers of Ireland

H. B. C. (book ii. ch. 5.) as “ John Hooker or Vowell, a

U. U. Club. Devonshire man." See also Prince's Worthies of Devon, 387, 8., for an account of his Works. VENTILATE (2nd S. ix. 443. 490.)-Your corre

Is this "alias" still in use? When in Exeter spondents have hardly explained the precise last year I noticed that the name Hooker is still reason of the present prevailing use of the word common there. Sir Wm. Hooker of Kew is of an

6 ventilate.” The Americans some ten years ago Exeter family.

John RIBTON GARSTIN. invaded Mexico, and there first heard the Spanish Dublin.

word ventilar, ventilado, which signifies to discuss,

examine, sift thoroughly, and the use of this Ride v. Drive (2nd S. ix. 326. 394.)—I have been word, with many others, has since then gradually amused by the discussion which has been carried crept into the American idiom, and from America on as to the propriety of the expression “riding come over again to us. I speak with some cerin a carriage." If those who object to it had tainty, as I was in Mexico during the whole of the American war there, and subsequently have two volumes of MS. sermons by Cantrell, notes passed some time in the United States.

upon which, if Mr. CRESWELL is collecting upon

A TRAVELLER. him, may be of use, and are much at his service. CARNIVAL AT MILAN (2nd S. ix. 197. 312. 405.) Some of the sermons in these volumes have evi-The authorities quoted by the Rev. John Wil- dently done good service, some of them having LIAMS are conclusive of nothing but the opinions been preached fifteen or sixteen, or even more, of modern writers—Martene, Baronius, Ferraris, times. On one sermon is this curious note: Benedict XIV., &c.; whilst we are in search, not “ This Sermon I lent to Mr. Wood wch he transcrib'd of opinions, but of historical evidence of contem- and preach'd at ye Visitation at Nott., ffor wch favour he poraries. The question is as to the commence

forgave me the remainder of wt I ow'd His uncle Hayes,

wch as I remember was 50 shillings.” ment of Lent, or the Carnival (= farewell to flesh). I have shown that this commencement A tolerable price to pay in those days for the was identical at Milan and Rome by the testimony loan of a sermon. LLEWELLYNN JEWITT, F.S.A. of St. Ambrose and Gregory the Great in the Derby. fourth and fifth centuries. It is true there is a doubt as to the exact time when the Romish bridge, B.A. 1704-5, M.A. 1710. He became vicar

Henry Cantrell was of Emmanuel College, Camchurch altered the ancient practice by commencing of S. Ålkmund's, Derby, 1712, and was living at it earlier, that is, on Ash Wednesday; and those that town in 1760. Perhaps some of your correwho have investigated the subject vary in attributing this novelty to the eighth and ninth spondents can furnish the date of his death.

C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. centuries, a difficulty arising from the darkness

Cambridge. spread over this period by the ascendency of Rome, then encouraging the propagation of idle SPLITTING PAPER (2nd S. ix. 427.) — The art tales in lieu of history and criticism. The ques- above alluded to was discovered by a young man tion as to which of the days in the six weeks of named Baldwin, now a dealer in old prints, &c. in Lent, and how the churches at Rome and Milan Great Newport Street. Whether he has taught practised fasting, is distinct from the one pro- it, or is willing to teach it to others, I cannot say. posed. We learn, however, from St. Augustin Some years ago he not only split a Bank note, but (Ep. 86. [367] ad Casulan.; Ep. 118 [54], ad papers of much larger size. I have heard that he Januar.), that his mother, being desirous of know- even on one occasion experimented successfully ing whether she should fast on Saturdays (as at on a whole sheet of The Times.

Q. Rome) or not (as at Milan), he consulted St. Ambrose, who said, “ When I go to Rome I fast

PUBLICATION OF Banns (2nd S. ix. 492.) – At on the Saturday, as they do at Rome; when I am the Summer Assizes, Oxford, 1856, in Reg. v. Benhere I do not fast; which Monica received as

son, Clerk, reported in the Oxford Herald of July an oracle from heaven; and it has since passed 12, Baron Alderson ascertained from a witness into a proverb. The seven weeks' feast was never

that the banns were published at Morning Service, in use at Milan, as the Rev. J. WILLIAMS thinks, after the second lesson. He then said : nor in any of the Western churches. Sozomen “I have very great doubt in my own mind whether says:

marriages solemnised when the banns have been so pub

lished, are valid under the Act of Parliament. At Morn“οι δε επτά νηστεύουσι, ώς εν Κωνσταντινοπόλει και τους | ing Service the rubric enjoins that the banns be read at πέριξ έθνεσι μέχρι Φοινίκων” (vii. 19.)

the Communion, immediately before the sermon, and the But Socrates says generally :

law had not altered that injunction. When there was « άλλοι δε παρά τούτους, άλλοι πρό επτά της εορτής εβδομάδων

no Morning Service, then it was provided by the Act της νηστείας αρχόμενοι, ουδέν ήττον και αυτοί τεσσαρα. .

that at Afternoon or Evening Service the banns should be κοστήν τον χρόνον τούτον καλούσι ” (v. 22.)

published after the second lesson.” So that it was always called the Forty (quadra

E. M. gesima), whether consisting of forty hours, threes RUTHERFORD FAMILY (2nd S. ix. 403.) – Some six, or seven weeks.

T. J. Buckton. years since a claim was preferred to the Scotish Lichfield.

Barony of Rutherford, but it was thrown out by Vant (2nd S. ix. 426. 495.) - The proper name

the Peers for insufficiency, as I understand, of

evidence on a particular link of the pedigree. Bullivant I have always looked upon as of Nor- Unquestionably your correspondent would find a man extraetion (though I have no good autho- genealogical table attached to the case. But if it rities to point to), and as being nothing else than I be of any moment to the inquirer, I may

mention a corruption of the words Bel enfent, just as Bel- that in my library I have a somewhat curious collamy seems to be no other than Bel ami.

lection relative to most persons of the name of

P. HUTCHINSON. Rutherford in the south of Scotland, consisting of HENRY CANTRELL, M.A. (2nd S. ix. 464.) – printed papers during the earlier part of the last Besides some of the tracts I have in my possession century.

J. M.

SUBMERGED BELLS (1st S. X. 204.; xi. 176. Etymology of Words in the English Language 274.) The traditions of submerged bells, and, derived from that of the Greek, divided into several in fact, of submerged churches, cloisters, and even Classes according to their distinguishing Circumcities, is by no means an uncommon one. Might stances," by John Hutton, B.D. 4to. not the musical noises, which, at stated times, are He was the friend and correspondent of the said to be heard over the places where the ill- Rev. Thomas Wilson, B.D., rector of Claughton, fated buildings and doomed towns went down, in and Head Master of Clitheroe School, whose Life some instances proceed from those musical in- and Miscellanies have been recently edited for the habitants of the water, whether oysters or fishes, Chetham Society; but the editor did not consider whose vibrating æolus-harp-tones were observed Mr. Hutton's letters of sufficient interest to merit by Tennent in the lake near Batticaloa in Ceylon ? printing.

F. R. R. If we accept of this hypothesis, many spectral

COLONEL HOOKE (2nd S. ix. 466.) - Your corbell- and organ-sounds come within the limits of probability. Put, that the supposed animal by respondent N. H. I, alluding to the signature

“Hoocke" in the Secret History, does not suffie preference fixes upon under-water-ruins as most congenial to its wants and tastes-that it is a kind ciently make allowance for errors of the press so

numerous at the period (1760) when that work of antiquarian fish — and the hypothesis almost becomes a certainty. I will not hint at the pos; History of Colonel Hooke's Negociations, 8c., and

was printed. The title of the book is The Secret sibility of legends as the above having originated although the signature to the letter to M. Chamilin such a crustaceous or testaceous music as that lard is printed Hoocke," yet, in the body of the described by Tennent, because a supposition like work the name is spelt both ways, and in this would completely spoil the poetry of my late 69. 84, 85. 90. 95, and 96. the proper mode of

pages inference.

spelling is adopted—“Hooke.”

It appears that Zeyst, near Utrecht.

this work was originally published in French, The Judas Tree, Cercis siliquastrum (2nd S. and the translator, whoever he was, says :ix. 386. 414. 443.) – In reply to your correspon- “ The extreme incorrectness of the French edition dent D.'s Query on this subject, I beg to inform which we were obliged to make use of, particularly with him that, during my residence in Somersetshire regard to the proper names, will, we are persuaded, give

this translation a great advantage over the original in some fifteen years ago, a very fine Judas tree

the opinion of every reader, because we have attempted to covered the whole south gable of the rectory | rectify those mistakes, and we hope we have succeeded cottage at West Monkton, near Taunton. It | tolerably well in the attempt." flowered in great profusion every spring, and the I have been unable to meet with this seeds, I think, generally ripened, that they did so edition. In the MS. work in the British Museum, occasionally I am certain, as I raised some plants giving an account of Hooke's negotiations in 1705, from seed. The colour of the blossom corre

he always signs his name “ Hooke," and the work sponded with J. P. O.'s description, being a kind appears to have been revised by himself. of purplish pink. I do not remember ever having The Roman Historian also signed his surname seen, either in this country, in Italy, or in the only, a common custom among the heads of old East, a tree of this kind bearing scarlet flowers. families during the last and preceding century. The Cercis Canadensis, a kindred plant, may

NOEL HOOKE ROBINSON. perhaps do so; but as I am not acquainted with

Britain 1116 B.C. (2nd S. ix. 494.) - Thanks to it I cannot say. I have somewhere seen it stated that the Eng. dation of my Query. Still, does it not suggest

MR. Buckton for his Note; it tends to an eluci. lish specific name arises from a tradition that it itself that correlative evidence of the matter was a tree of this kind on which the traitor Judas quoted from Capgrave must have formerly ex; hanged himself; and as it is a very common tree

isted ? It is not probable that such a careful in the Levant, this may be the case. C. M. O. and learned man as Capgrave could have inserted

The Rev. John HUTTON (2nd S. ix. 444.) was it in the midst of his chronologically arranged and educated at Sedbergh School, and became fellow undisputed facts, without a conviction of its truth. and tutor of S. John's College, Cambridge; B.A. He does not even hint a doubt of its veracity. 1763; M.A. 1766 ; Moderator and Taxor, 1769;

JAMES GILBERT. B.D. 1774. His family had property at Burton in John WYTHERS (2nd S. ix. 388.)– The name on Kendal, co. Westmorland, and he was nominated the tombstone at Battle is Wytbine. A notice of vicar before 1777 (see Nicolson and Burn, vol. i. his life, with remarks on the difficulty arising from P: 236.). He died at Burton in August, 1806, æt. a presumed inaccuracy of description in the insixty-six.

scription will be found in Hastings Past and I am not aware of the title, size, &c. of his Present, p. 185., and Appendix, pp. xliii.-iv., His Tour to the Cares in the West Riding of Yorkshire. will may possibly be in the archives of the Bishop's I have in my possession a MS.“ Treatise on the Court at Chichester.

E. M.

Rev. John WALKER (2nd S. ix. 463.)—The Rev. The Luck of Ladysmede. In Two Volumes. (BlackJohn Walker, a minor canon of Norwich cathe


The readers of Blackwood's Magazine, who remember dral, was vicar of Stoke Holy Cross ; he also held

this picturesque story of the times of the Crusaders, will the livings of St. John's Timberhill, St. Peter per

be glad to have the opportunity of reading it in a colMountergate in Norwich, and the vicarage of lected form – a form which will probably introduce the Bawdsey in Suffolk. He was born' at Oxford, author to a new circle of admirers. educated at Magdalen College, and dying in Nor- Our English Home; its Early History and Progress, wich, Nov. 12, 1807, aged fifty-three, was buried with Notes on the Introduction of Domestic Inventions. in the cathedral there.

(J. H. Parker.) Mr. Walker was the author of a volume of author remarks, a closer study of the antiquities of do

This is an admirable little volume - and if, as the poems, published by his son by subscription, de- mestic life will not lessen, but rather heighten, our indicated to Lord Braybrooke, containing the terest in the grander and more imposing episodes of our Georgic of Hesiod in his “Works and Days,” national history, this sketch of our social progress is well “Mirth," a poem, Sonnets, Odes, with various

calculated to furnish us with that knowledge in a very smaller pieces of poetry.


amusing and instructive form. Tombland, Norwich,

The Ballads and Songs of Yorkshire, transcribed from

Private Manuscripts, Rare Broadsides, and Scarce PubliGay (2nd S. viii. 145.) - G. T. Q. asks, If R. cations, with Notes and a Glossary. By J. Davison IngleLuck, who was some time master of Barnstaple dew, M.A. (Bell & Daldy.), school , and the author of an 8vo. volume of Poems, Inglede w for a volume in which they will find, carefully

The good people of Yorkshire are indebted to Mr. published in 1736, was Gay's “master, his mas

edited and noted, the best ballads connected with their ter's son, or his master's successor " ?

county. They are of all ages and dates; and as many of He was his master; and one under whom, Dr. them, besides giving utterance to the popular feeling, do Johnson states, Gay was likely to form a taste so in the popular dialect, the book has a double claim to for poetry.” Johnson's Lives, "Gay;" Lysons' the attention of the antiquary — being as interesting for Devonshire, p. 38.

its illustration of the Yorkshire Dialect, as it for the

specimens it gives of the Yorkshire Musé. Although your correspondent says there is “ mention of Gay” in Luck's Poems, I fancy he

The next work to be published by the Chetham Society will find, if he will look carefully through the English scholars who may be fortunate enough to meet

is one which will be sure to engage the attention of all volume again, that Lysons is correct in saying with it. It is a Bibliographical Account of his own (Devonshire, p. 38.) that in one of the poems Library, by the Rev. Thomas Corser, of Stand. The first Gay is “ alluded to as having been the author's volume is, we believe, nearly ready; and we congratupupil.”


late the Members of the Chetham Society on this wide and

wise extension of its objects. Bristo).




WANTED TO PURCHASE. Lectures on the History of the Church of Scotland from Particulars of Price, &c. of the following Books to be sent direct to the Reformation to the Revolution Settlement. By the late the gentlemen by whom they are required, and whose name and ad

dress are given for that purpose :
Very Rev. John Lee, Principal of the University of Edin-
burgh, with Notes and Appendices from the Author's

EYRE'S AUSTRALIA. 2 Vols. 8vo.
Papers. Edited by his Son, the Rev. William Lee. 2 GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. Supplement, Part I. 1833.
Vols. 8vo. (Blackwood.).

Alison's EUROPE. Vol. IX. (10 Vol. Edition.)


NICHOLS' LITERARY ANECDOTES. Vols. I. to VII. A popular and modern History of the Established Kirk PAXTON'S MAGAZINE OF BOTANY. Vol. XVI. Or Nos. 1. to 4., 6. and 12. of Scotland has long been wanted, and we anticipate Wanted by Wm. Dawson and Sons, 74. Cannon Street, City, E.C. therefore a ready welcome for these two readable and useful volumes from the members of that communion, if not from the English public. The writer is so thorough a Presbyterian as to be hardly able to spare one good

Notices to Correspondents. word for any prelatical opponent; and even the Sermons

The length of the article on the Scottish Ballad Controversy " has comof the erudite, imaginative, and saintly Leighton are dis

pelled us to postpone it to next week; until which time, orring to an acmissed with a line of supercilious criticism. There is a cident, we are obliged to defer Mr. Bolton Corney's interesting Specimen

of the State of Shaksperian Bibliography, fragmentary and disjointed character about some parts of these volumes which mark them as an unfinished and


next Saturday's (July 14) "N.&Q." posthumous work; wbile the author's style is altogether A. A. D. We should like not only the name of our Correspondent but devoid of those graces of diction, or that pictorial grouping also to see the original MS. of persons and incidents, which recent historical works R. Ixolis. "The Death of the Black Prince," a MS. tragedy, 4to. was have almost accustomed us to expect. But having pointed

lot 1458 in Dr. Gregory Sharpe's Sale Catalogue, and sold for 6s. The

author is unknown.The Rector of Helmdon about 1680_1684 was the out these defects, we ought, in justice to the venerable Rer. William Richarıls. The name of the Rer. F. Newnham does not and much respected author, to state that they were occur in Romilly's Catalogue of Cambridge Graduates. written at a very early period of his life, and without any "NOTES AND QUERIES" is published at noon on Friday, and is also

issued in MONTALY PARTS. "The subscription for STAMPED COPIES for view to publication. Not the least valuable part of the Sir Months forwarded direct from the Publishers (including the Halfbook is the Appendix, which contains many curious and yearly InDRX) is 11s. 1d., which may be paid by Post Office Order in


186. FLEET STREET, E.C.; to whom interesting articles.

all COMMUNICATION STOR TAI EDITOR should be addressed,

choice of two of the most admired plays · The LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 14. 1860.

comical history of the merchant of Venice, and The

tragedy of Macbeth. No. 237.-CONTENTS.

In 1765 Johnson printed a list of the early YOTES:-- Specimen of the State of Shaksperean Biblio- quarto editions of the plays, which had been given I raphy, 21 - Charles Marshall not the Inventor of the to him by Mr. Steevens. We therein read Electric Telegraph, 22 - Strange Passage in the History

“1. Merchant of Venice, William Shakespeare, 1600, of the Duke of Buckingham, 23 - Feudal Homage of the Steward of Scotland to the King of England, 24.

J. K. [R.] for Thomas Heyes.

2. Do. W. Shakespeare, 1600, T. (J.) Roberts. MINOR NOTES:- The Dog of Montargis - Ordination Fees 3. Do. William Shakespeare, 1637, M.P. for Laurence - A Note on Cairns - French Puzzles - Population of our

Haves. Chief Cities and Towns at the latter Part of the 18th

*4. Do. William Shakespeare, 1652, for William Leake. Century, 25.

The asterisk prehxed to No. 4. indicates that the ediQUERIES: – Nisbet's Cæsar's Dialogue: God and the tion was ‘in no former tables.'' King, 26 — Richard, Seventh Earl of Anglesey, 27 – Irish Knights - Antrobus – Stewart, Earl of Orkney - Miss

This list was re-edited by Steevens in 1766, Parsons and D

- Simon Paap, the Dutch Dwarf -- and in 1793; also by Reed in 1803. Its correctJohn Greenhalgh — The Fruit of the Forbidden Tree Poisonous - Amsterdam Theatre burnt-"A Collectioner:”

ness shall be tested. I contend that the edition what? - Babylon – Miss Edwards - The Father Rector printed by J. Roberts was the first, and am sure at Burells -- Charles II. - Campbell of Dunstaffnage - that the asserted edition of 1652 is a non-entity.

The Sprig of Shillelah" - Thomas Bedwell – Carleton and Chamberlain, 27.

In support of these arguments I must give the QUERIES WITH ANSWERS : “Pallas Anglicana” – Rev.

titles of the two editions of 1600. Of the others Charles Jenner Portrait of Colonel Barré Sir John it may be sufficient to speak narratively. Perring, 30.

“The excellent history of the merchant of Venice. REPLIES: --Scotish Ballad Controversy, 30 – Manuscript With the extreme cruelty of Shylocke the lew towards

Key to Beloe's Sexagenarian, 33 - Country Tavern Signs, the saide merchant, in cutting a iust pound of his flesh. 34 - Poor Belle - The Judges' Black Cap - Olivers and And the obtaining of Portia, by the choyse of three Helmsley Manifold Writers · Tap Dressing Notes

caskets. Written by W. Shakespeare. Printed by J. on Bugs - Armorial Bearings -- Storin Glass Domesday Book – “King's Prerogative in Impositions” — Whistle

Roberts, 1600.” 4o.

A-K in fours. Tankards - Randle Cotgrave - Army and Navy, &c., 37.

“ The most excellent historie of the merchant of Venice. Notes on Books.

With the extreame crueltie of Shylocke the lewe towards the sayd merchant, in cutting a iust pound of his flesh;

and the obtayning of Portia by the choyse of three chests. Notes.

As it hath beene diuers times acted by the lord chamber

Jaine his seruants. Written by William Shakespeare. SPECIMEN OF THE STATE OF SIIAKSPEREAN

At London, printed by I. R. for Thomas Heyes, and are BIBLIOGRAPHY.

to be sold in Paules Church-yard, at the signe of the

Greene Dragon. 1600.” 4o. A-I in fours; K two leaves. А query

has been made as to the state of Shak- The identity of J. Roberts and I. R. is proved sperean bibliography, and it still awaits an answer by the device at the end of the two editions. -- in lieu of which, as it would open a wide field Now, I believe the edition printed by J. Roberts of discussion, I produce this short note.

to be the EDITIO PRINCEPS, 1. Because it was enWhen we reflect on the incomparable celebrity tered for publication in 1598 : the other edition of our dramatist, on the number of his editors and was not entered till 28 Oct. 1600. 2. Because annotators, and on the efforts of successive col- the title is more brief - and it seems improbable lectors of book-rarities, we are apt to rely on the that a full title should be reduced. 3. Because bibliographic statements of former writers, and in cases of dispute arising out of rival claims to to doubt if any further particulars of that de publication it was customary to require the second scription are in reserve for fresh inquirers. claimant to employ the first as the printer of the

But, as Bacon says, “ the opinion of plenty is book in question: so we see it above. Herbert amongst the causes of want," and the remark is mentions à similar case with regard to the same not inapplicable to this question. We have been printer. over-awed by the fame of Steevens, of Reed, of Roberts seems to have been connected with the Malone

, etc. Now, they were as far from being theatres, as he held the copyright of the bills for faultless as were many of their contemporaries

, players, but Hayes succeeded in establishing bis and I protest — not in pride, but as a warning claim to the merchant of Venice, and the editor of and an encouragement to others, that I scarcely the folio of 1623 adopted his text. ever scrutinise a subject without finding scope for The reported edition of 1652 I can soon decriticism, either as to facts or inferences. I am molish. - I have the edition of 1637, and the said persuaded, therefore, that a studious re-examina- reported edition of 1652. The former was printed tion of the early editions of the works of Shak- by M. P. for Laurence Hayes

, and the latter is Spere would lead to the correction of many errors said to be printed for William Leake. The leaf

A 4 being loose, I suspected a trick of the trade, no more than a specimen, and make and so it proved. Master Leake had cancelled

and oversights.

I promise

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