The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts
Contrary to prevailing opinion, the roots of modern science were planted in the ancient and medieval worlds long before the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century. Indeed, that revolution would have been inconceivable without the cumulative antecedent efforts of three great civilizations: Greek, Islamic, and Latin. With the scientific riches it derived by translation from Greco-Islamic sources in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Christian Latin civilization of Western Europe began the last leg of the intellectual journey that culminated in a scientific revolution that transformed the world. The factors that produced this unique achievement are found in the way Christianity developed in the West, and in the invention of the university in 1200. A reference for historians of science or those interested in medieval history, this volume illustrates the developments and discoveries that culminated in the Scientific Revolution.
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In The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages, Edward Grant argues that the Scientific Revolution ignited in Western Europe during the 17th century had historical roots in the late Middle ... Read full review
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al-Ghazali Arabic argued arguments Aristotelian natural philosophy Aristotle Aristotle's natural philosophy arithmetic arts masters assumed astronomy authors Averroes Avicenna Blasius of Parma Boethius Byzantine Byzantine Empire cause celestial bodies celestial region chapter Christianity Church commentaries concept Condemnation of 1277 cosmology curriculum discipline earth elements eternity exact sciences existence faith fourteenth century Galileo Greco-Arabic heavens ideas impetus impressed force intellectual Islam John Buridan late Middle Ages Latin learning logic losophy mathematics medicine medieval natural philosophers medieval science medieval university modern science motive force move mover natural motion natural phi natural philosophy natural place Nicole Oresme pagan Paris physical planets possible principles problems qualities questions resistance role rotation scholars science and natural Scientific Revolution seven liberal arts seventeenth century significant sixteenth speed sphere terrestrial region texts theologians theology things thirteenth century tion tradition translated treatises twelfth century University of Paris vacuum velocity violent motion Western Europe