The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences: Founded Upon Their History, Հատոր 1

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J. W. Parker, 1847
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Brown
9
Contractility a peculiar Power
10
Cuviers view
11
Elementary contractile Action
12
Strength of Muscular Fibre
13
Sensations become Perceptions
14
By means of Ideas
15
OF THE FUNDAMENTAL ANTITHESIS OF PHILOSOPHY
16
Law of Cooling 17 Theory of Exchanges
17
Air Thermometer
18
Theory of Heat
19
Other Instruments
20
Reflex Muscular Action
21
Scales of other Quantities Art 21 Tastes and Smells 22 Quality of Sounds
22
Articulate Sounds
23
Transition
24
ESTABLISHMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE IDEA
49
OF TECHNICAL TERMS
51
OF EXPERIENCE
62
OF THE GROUNDS OF NECESSARY TRUTHS
66
THE FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS ARE NOT DERIVED FROM
74
BOOK II
82
OP SOME PECULIARITIES OF THE IDEA OF SPACE
88
OF THE DEFINITIONS AND AXIOMS WHICH RELATE
91
OF SOME OBJECTIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN MADE TO
101
PAGE
102
OF THE PERCEPTION OF SPACE
111
OF THE IDEA OF TIME
125
OF THE AXIOMS WHICH RELATE TO NUMBER
132
OF MATHEMATICAL REASONING
141
THE DOCTRINE OF MOTION
150
BOOK III
164
MODERN OPINIONS RESPECTING THE IDEA OF CAUSE 701
170
OF THE AXIOMS WHICH RELATE TO THE IDEA OF CAUSE
177
OF THE PARADOX OF UNIVERSAL PROPOSITIONS
245
OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LAW UNIVERSAL
254
OF THE GENERAL DIFFUSION OF CLEAR MECHANICAL
262
Additional Note to Chapter IV On the Axioms which relate
274
ON PECULIARITIES IN THE PERCEPTIONS OF THE DIF
286
The Paradoxes of Vision
291
The Perception of Visible Figures
302
OF THE MEASURE OF SECONDARY QUALITIES
319
Scales of Colour
326
Scales of Light
333
The Ideas of Space and Number are clear from
345
Electricity
347
Voltaic Electricity
348
Light
349
Crystallization
352
Chemical Affinity
354
General Remarks
355
Like repels like CHAP II OF THE CONNEXION OF POLARITIES
357
Controversy on this
400
Lockes Denial of Substance
412
W P
421
BOOK VII
439
APPLICATION OF THE IDEA OF SYMMETRY to CRYSTALS
447
BOOK VIII
466
THE METHODS OF NATURAL HISTORY AS REGULATED
479
MATTER
543
254
562
ATTEMPTS TO ANALYSE THE IDEA OF LIFE
571
Application
580
continued VOLUNTARY MOTION
600
OF TIIE IDEA OF FINAL CAUSES
618
This included in the Notion of Disease 12 It belongs to Organized Creatures only 13 The term Final Cause
628
Law and Design 15 Final Causes and Morphology 16 Expressions of physiological Ends 17 The Conditions of Existence
632
Divisions of such Sciences
642
The Study of Causes
643
Ætiology 4 Phenomenology requires Classification Phenomenal Geology
645
Phenomenal Uranology 6 Phenomenal Geography of Plants and Animals
648
Phenomenal Glossology
649
The Study of Phenomena leads to Theory
651
No sound Theory without Ætiology
652
Causes in Palætiology
654
Various kinds of Cause
655
Hypothetical Order of Palætiological Causes
656
In Geology 14 In the Geography of Plants and Animals 15 In Languages
661
Construction of Theories
663
No sound Palætiological Theory yet extant
664
Doctrine of Catastrophes 2 Doctrine of Uniformity
665
Is Uniformity probable a priori ? 4 Cycle of Uniformity indefinite
670
Uniformitarian Arguments are Negative only
671
Uniformity in the Organic World
674
Origin of the present Organic World
675
Nebular Origin of the Solar System
677
CHAP IV OF THE RELATION OF TRADITION TO PALÆTIOLOGY Art 1 Importance of Tradition
680
The asserted presumption of Teleology 19 Final Causes in other subjects 20 Transition to Palætiology
681
The Sacred Narrative
683
Difficulties in interpreting the Sacred Narrative
684
Such Difficulties inevitable
686
Science tells us nothing concerning Creation
687
Scientific views when familiar do not disturb the authority of Scripture
688
In what Spirit should the Change be accepted
691
In what Spirit should the Change be urged
694
Duty of Mutual Forbearance
695
Case of Galileo
696
SPECULATIONS
700
The Origin of things is not naturally discoverable 2 Yet has always been sought after 3 There must be a First Cause
702
This is an Axiom 5 Involved in the Proof of a Deity 6 The Mind is not satisfied without it 7 The Whole Course of Nature must have a Cause 8 Necess...
704
Idea of a First Cause is Necessary
706
Conception of a First Cause 12 The First Cause in all Sciences is the same 13 We are thus led to Moral Subjects Conclusion of Part I
707
Integrant Molecules

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Common terms and phrases

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Էջ 278 - Secondly, such qualities which in truth are nothing in the objects themselves but powers to produce various sensations in us by their primary qualities, ie by the bulk, figure, texture, and motion of their insensible parts, as colours, sounds, tastes, &c.
Էջ 384 - Have not the small particles of bodies certain powers, virtues, or forces by which they act at a distance, not only upon the rays of light for reflecting, refracting, and inflecting them, but also upon one another for producing a great part of the phenomena of nature?
Էջ 429 - All these things being considered, it seems probable to me that God, in the beginning, formed matter in solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, moveable particles, of such sizes and figures, and with such other properties, and in such proportions to space, as most conduced to the end for which He formed them...
Էջ 429 - ... even so very hard as never to wear or break in pieces, no ordinary power being able to divide what God himself made one in the first creation.
Էջ 52 - Words convey the mental treasures of one period to the generations that follow ; and laden with this, their precious freight, they sail safely across gulfs of time in which empires have suffered shipwreck, and the languages of common life have sunk into oblivion.
Էջ 19 - Parallelograms upon the same base and between the same parallels, are equal to one another.
Էջ 429 - While the particles continue entire, they may compose bodies of one and the same nature and texture in all ages: but should they wear away, or break in pieces, the nature of things, depending on them, would be changed.
Էջ 278 - Qualities thus considered in bodies are, first, such as are utterly inseparable from the body, in what estate soever it be ; such as in all the alterations and changes it suffers, all the force can be used upon it, it constantly keeps; and such as sense constantly finds in every particle of matter which has bulk enough to be perceived, and the mind finds inseparable from every particle of matter, though less than to make itself singly be perceived by our senses...
Էջ 42 - knows that there is a mask of theory over the whole face of " nature, if it be theory to infer more than we see. But other •' men, unaware of this masquerade, hold it to be a fact that " they see cubes and spheres, spacious apartments and winding " avenues. And these things are facts to them, because they " are unconscious of the mental operation by which they have " penetrated nature's disguise2".
Էջ 419 - ... that dephlogisticated or pure air is composed of water deprived of its phlogiston and united to elementary heat and light...

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