Sacrificing the Self: Perspectives on Martyrdom and Religion

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Margaret Cormack
Oxford University Press, 18 հլս, 2002 թ. - 176 էջ
Acts of martyrdom have been found in nearly all the worlds major religious traditions. Though considered by devotees to be perhaps the most potent expression of religious faith, dying for ones god is also one of the most difficult concepts for modern observers of religion to understand. This is especially true in the West, where martyrdom has all but disappeared and martyrs in other cultures are often viewed skeptically and dismissed as fanatics. This book seeks to foster a greater understanding of these acts of religious devotion by explaining how martyrdom has historically been viewed in the worlds major religions. It provides the first sustained, cross-cultural examination of this fascinating aspect of religious life. Margaret Cormack begins with an introduction that sets out a definition of martyrdom that serves as the point of departure for the rest of the volume. Then, scholars of Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, and Islam examine martyrdom in specific religious cultures. Spanning 4000 years of history and ranging from Saul in the Hebrew Bible to Sati immolations in present-day India, this book provides a wealth of insight into an often noted but rarely understood cultural phenomenon.
 

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Բովանդակություն

2 Honor and Sacredness in the Roman and Christian Worlds
23
Christian Martyrdom in Its Classical Context
39
4 Murder and Martyrs in AngloSaxon England
58
5 The Revaluation of Martyrdom in Early Islam
78
6 Contemplative Death in Jewish Mystical Tradition
92
7 Martyrdom in Sunni Revivalist Thought
107
Sati Immolations in India
118
9 SelfSacrifice as Truth in India
132
Index
153
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Էջ 10 - And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD.
Էջ 7 - What are you doing here, Elijah?" lo He answered, "I have been very zealous for the LORD, the God of hosts; for the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and killed your prophets with the sword. I alone am left, and they are seeking my life, to take it away.
Էջ 9 - As to Hezekiah, the Jew, he did not submit to my yoke, I laid siege to 46 of his strong cities, walled forts and to the countless small villages in their vicinity, and conquered them by means of well-stamped earth-ramps, and battering-rams brought thus near to the walls combined with the attack by foot soldiers, using mines, breeches as well as sapper work. I drove out of them 200,150 people, young and old, male and female, horses, mules, donkeys, camels...

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