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Book I. city of London continued doubtful which
sovereign they should own, but much more inclined to the king than to Matilda, for near two months; at the end of which time, that princess having advanced as far as St. Albans, a body of the chief citizens waited on her there, and, after fome treaty with her, consented to receive her within their walls. A few days before Midsummer The entered into that city, with a great train of fpiritual and temporal lords, and with her uncle, the King of Scotland, who came to assist, as a feudatory, at her coronation. She then took up her refidence at the palace of Westminster, built by William Rufus, and remained there some time, to order and compose the state of the kingdom. The earl of Glocester served her well in this necessary work. He negociated with the barons of the opposite faction, allured the haughty by caresses and the mercenary by promises, was full of humanity, moderation, and courtesy, in all his deportment. Nor did he merely employ fair appearances, or smooth words, to reconcile the inclinations of the people to that change which had espoused his sister's cause, or submitted to her power, he tried to reform the administration of justice, and restore the good ancient laws; being thoroughly sensible, that more stability would be given to government, by these acts of beneficence, than by force and fear, to which, he knew, the spirit of the people could not
long be subjected. Had the been guided by Book I. his wisdom, the whole kingdom would soon. have acknowledged her sovereignty, without further opposition: but all his endeavours were defeated by the perverseness of her conduct. The pride and haughtiness of her temper were so swelled by this sudden gale of prosperity, that they bore her far from the course which his prudence desired to make her steer. From the day, in which the king was delivered to her a prisoner, her looks, her mien, her language, were absolutely changed. She assumed an air so imperious, that one would have thought her another Semiramis, giving laws to a nation long accustomed to servitude, rather than a princess of England, making her way, through many obstacles, to the limited government of a free people, not sufficiently convinced of her right to their fealty. Her Grandfather, William the Conqueror, was hardly more Vid. auctores despotick at the end of his reign, than the at citat. ut fuprà. the beginning of a yet unassured and unsettled authority, even before the crown, so lately worn by her valiant antagonist, was placed on her head. Some of the party of Stephen, who came to offer their allegiance and services to her, she received with great coldness, others the drove from her presence with upbraidings and threats. All the grants made by that prince, even those to the church, she precipitately revoked, to give them to her favorites. From those who had submitted to
Book. I. her she often took a part of their lands and
and possessions, as fines for their past conduct;
mand, or, at least, to grant them, out of Book. I. compassion to their present great distress, a. longer time for the payment; promising her, that, when peace should be perfectly established, as their riches would encrease, so should also their zeal for the support of her government. But, before they had ended their remonftrance, with rage in her eyes, frowns on her brow, and such a disorder of paffion, as equally destroyed the majesty of the queen
and the softness of the woman, she told them, that they had frequently and lavishly granted their money to Stephen, for his support, and to her detriment, having been long combined with her enemies, as she had felt to her cost; and therefore they must not expect that she would shew any lenity to them, or remit the least part of the sum The had demanded. So ill did she understand the art of converting subdued enemies into friends, which, so far as it can be done without alienating those by whose assistance they were subdued, is of all arts the most neceffary in revolutions of government!
Nor was her behaviour more gracious to her friends themselves When the bishop of Winchester and the earl of Glocester were suitors to her for any of the king's party, she frequently rejected their interceffions with great rudeness, suffering them to kneel to her, without rising up: a pride, which, contrafted with the familiar and obliging behar viour of Stephen, appeared the more offeri
Pook I. five and insupportable to a free people. In
a vain did her brother, to whom the owed her A. D. 1141.
success, suggest to her right measures, and
made her friends. But while she was lulled Vid, apétores
in all the security of insolent folly, and incitat, ut fuprà. tent upon nothing but her approaching co
ronation, for the ceremonies of which the