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either, nor does it pass current among our naval officers; in the Pacific, and should it turn out to be at the north extreme of the reef off Isle St. Mary, it will be entitled to its place in our cabinet of Curiosities in Hydrography, some account of which we gave in our volume for 1844, and to which we shall return with a few more similar contributions in another number.]
ADDITIONAL HARBOUR Lights at OSTENDE.-Notice was given from this office on the 27th of December, that the Belgian Government was about to establish additional Harbour Lights at the entrance of the Port of Ostende, and it now appears by a recent communication that those lights were first shown on the 21st of January.
Seamen will therefore observe :
1. That the Green light on the Western Pier is intended merely to indicate the position of the Pier-head.
2. That the entrance of the harbour must not be attempted, unless the Red light of the Eastern Pier is also shown.
3. That when both of these lights are shown, they signify that the depth of water, between the Pier-heads, is more than 87 and less than 14} English feet.
4. That as soon as there are 144 feet of water, between the Pier-heads, the Red light will be extinguished, and the two usual tide Lights will be shown; one of which stands on the end of the Sea-wall, and the other on the Sand hills, near Fort Imperial.
5. That these tide Lights will in their turn be extinguished when the tide has again fallen 144 feet water ; at which time the Red light of the Eastern Pier, will be re-lighted, and kept burning till the water falls to 84 feet, when it also will be extinguished.
Note.--A Black Buoy, marked with the white letters P,0. has been lately placed in 16 feet, at low water, on the W. end of the Bearland, (or Strooms) Bank, off Nieuport, with the following bearings, Furnes_Tower, S.S.W. Í W.-Nieuport Tower S.b. E.-Middelkerke Steeple, S.E.b.E. } E.-Ostende Light, E.b.S.-Bearings by compass.
AZORES ISLAND.-Sunken Rock.—Her Majesty's Consul at the Azores has reported, that a dangerous reef of rocks on which the sea breaks heavily, has been recently discovered about midway between the Islands of St. Michael and Terceira, by three Merchant vessels, viz : the William, of Bangor, and the Plymouth, of Boston in the United States; and the Tres Amigos, of St. Georges, in Portugal. The places assigned to the rock by these three accounts vary in latitude between 38° 16' and 38° 18' N., and in longitude, between 26° 41' and 26° 50' W. of Greenwich; but from the mean of these positions the eastern high land of Terceira bears N.b.W. by compass 27 miles, and the western end of St. Michaels S.E. & S. 45 miles.
As these reports, made by three different vessels and within a few days of each other, substantially agree, there seems but little reason to doubt the existence of a very formidable danger to navigation in one of the most beaten tracks of homeward-bound vessels, and the less so, as it is well known that more than one submarine volcano has thrown up rocky islands from the bottom of the sea in that very region.
Mariners, therefore, cannot keep too vigilant a look.out when passing through the group, but more especially when between the Islands of St. Michael and Terceira.
Half Moon Car Light.-A notice dated Belize, June, 24th, says the new light at Half Moon Cay, was lighted for the first time, on Thursday night last. It is represented as being very brilliant and very superior to the old one.
H.M.S. Childers, returned to Hong-King on the 28th of October, after a preservation most miraculous. By the violence of the gale, she was driven on the Prata Shoal on the 10th of that month, but at the moment of reaching the outer barrier a tremendous wave lifted her so far over it, that she struck only once, and partially, losing her rudder and false keel. Within the barrier she anchored in smooth water, where she lay 15 days. Her boats had been carried away with one exception, her main-mast was gone, guns, shot, &c., thrown overboard. With the single small boat that was saved, they were enabled after long and tedious sounding over the reef to find a channel deep enough for the brig to reach the outer waters.- Hong Kong Register.
It is also stated that H.M.S. Scout has met with an accident in the River Min.
Death from Lightning.-On Sunday last, Rees Jones, chief mate of the schooner Margaret und Rachel, of Limerick, was struck dead by lightning. The vessel, which was bound to this port from Limerick, encountered a heavy storm after her departure, and on Sunday night, when she was off Tory Island, the storm increased, accompanied with thunder and lightning. The deceased was engaged in clewing up the top-sail, and stood by the chain, when a flash of lightning struck the vessel, ran along the chain, and coming in contact with the deceased, knocked him dead upon the spot. A boy, named Evan Jones, who was standing near the deceased, had his band severely burnt by the lightning. The schooner arrived here on Wednesday night. - Liverpool Mercury.
NEW YORK-August 19th : Current-Gulf Stream.-" This was thrown from her Britannic Majesty's sloop Electra, on the 18th of March, 1848, when on the pas sage from Sacrificios to Cat island. The lighthouse at the south-east Pass of the Mississippi, bearing W.S.W. about 18 miles. — A. W."
The above slip (observes the Galveston News of the 27th ult.) was yesterday picked up on the beach, within a mile of this city, securely enclosed in a bottle. It must have drifted on shore within a day or two. The point where it was thrown into the Gulf Stream is probably about 300 miles to the E. of this placc, so that it has been carried to the W. by the current for the past four months, at the rate of pearly three miles per day. This, we suppose, is the point wanted to be determined.
Abstract of the passage made by H.M. steam ship Terrible, from Corfu to Gibraltar in 1846.
ft, in tns cwtt. c. q. lb tns, cwt|Knts. G. lbs lbs
2 5&6 8 18 10 4 2 7 2
3 8 50
9.08 104 none WbSS. W.S.W. 2 S 2 do 8 18 0
0 34 71 8 2 14 34 7 16 34 5 8 50 22...23 234 1 0
9.75 10 none
W.N.W. Westerly 3 8 2 do 7118 6 76 10 44 181 17 1 18 44 18 5 21 71 850
7679 10 none
W.b.N. W.N.W. hd s 2 do 74 18 3 96 7 50 4 2 13 9 50 4 3 73 8 9 50 24...25 176 0 194 9:10 10
W.b.N. N.W. 3 S 2 do 17 18 1116 5 43 10 2 5 0 25 54 514 0271 850
4 3 89 4 8 50
8.79 10 none W. W.
S 2 do 17.17 914 6 155 72 6 0 14 55 7 3 81 5 8 50
2 2 do 7317 7 155 11 25 132 6 3 1756 513 49 3 8 50
0 111 8:18 11
11 hd. s. head sea-s. smooth- -Coal used:- Newcastle, Welsh, and Sunderland of middling quality._Retribution in company;
N. Shields Clarence Alexandria Liverpool Cardigan B. Ja. 11, 104 Agnes 75 Hull Marshall Sunderland Hull
East Coast Sept. 24. Ailsa Annan Blair
Richibucto Bay Fundy June 11,cd Amelia Faversham Hedly
Faversham Off Bridlgt'n Sept. 24, cs
with G. Tell Off I, Wight Oct. 2, Anne 80 Cowes Yacht
Shingles Aug. Ariel
London Caldbeck Genoa Southampt'n Off Leghorn June 2. Belleisle
Hooghly Sept. 12, Benares Townsend
April 20. Britannia
Bahia C. Brazil Oct. 27, Id Britannia 85 Sunderland Egglestone Shields Naples Kentish K. Sept, 19, cs
Jamaica London Capricorn
Hogsties Aug, 10, cs Williamson
Greenock Jamaica Captain Ross
Sapt. 22, es Caroline Newport Gothay
Barnstaple Barcelona Seven Stones Sept. 29.cd
Feb. 13. Cestrian 90 Liverpool Armstrong Bonny
Jan, 8, Chieftan
McDonough London Riga
St. Johns Nova Scotia May 24. Defiance
Steer N. Orleans Liverpool M.JMississipi June 19. Eleanor
Hartlepool 95 Hartlepool Hudson
Gunfleet 8. Sept. 29, cs Fin McCoull
Tuskar June 29. Aberdeen Flora
Foulla I. Oct. 30, cs
London at sca Sept. 25 cs Genl. W. Nott
Swansea 34° N. 63o W. May 22. 100 Gipsey
June 23, es
Boston 45° N. 31° W Aug. 19 cs Gowrie Waterford Perkins
Margate S. Mar. 1, cd Grace
Woof Liverpool Madras Covelong June 21, es Helena
Perth McAllum Newcastle Tonningue Off Scarbro" July 21,cs
105 Leigh Grant Jackey
Galatz Leith Foundered Dec.
Montrose abandoned Dec. 17. Jane
Sunderland Annison in contact with Dolphin off Shipwasb Sept. 30, cs Jane
Halifax Passed water logged and abandoned 37° N. 37°W. Sept. 3.
Sept. 8. John Geddie 110
Liverpool Petersburg Stoneskar Sept. 25,'cs John Renwick
Ascension Valparaiso Talcuhano July 5, cs Kingston
Neeve Petersburgh Liverpool Nargoe I. Sept. 3, cs Lowca Whitehaven Dobson Hull
Liverpool Orkneys Oct. 3, cs
Harana Belize Gloucester June 10, Malvina 115 Jersey Alexander Monto Video Cork
Rio S. Frans July 30, cs Margaret Scott Watson
Latheren B Sept. 24, cs Liverpool Mary Ann Nelson
abandoned Whitehaven Cardiff
Sept. 25, cs Mary Hibbert
Wilson Bermuda St. Stephens 38°N. 65°W. Aug, 31, cs Medusa
Davis Quebec Belfast abandoned Nov. 7. Nankin
Calcutta London at sea Juiy 18. es Patty
P. Madox Woodbridge Cork sand Sept. 24, es Peel's Own
Richibucto C. North Sept, 18,60 Peru
White Sunderland Wallace C. Breton Aug. 50,es Pepang Liverpool Hawkins Cronstadt Liverpool
Ronaldsha Oct. 1, os Prince Charlie 125 Clasgow
Cumberland Oct. 17. Rosebud North Liverpool Riga
North Sea Oct. 9. Royal Sovereign London
Hamburgh Quebec Castlehorn June. St. Vincent Glasgow Mowatt
Granvilie B. Sept. 7. Sarah Sydney Seagrove Sydney N. Caledonia Lefoo
Feb, 13. Speculator 130 Williams London Cork
Foundered Nov. 9, ce Superb
Caernarvon Hughes Bangor Whitstable Goodwin Oct. 3, cs Sylph Seaton Linn
Shields London Gunfleet July 20, cs Ulster Belfast crew landed at Falmouth Nov. 10, having sunk
at sea. Union Stonehouse
Newcastle Aberdeen Aberdeen C. Jan.8, CS Velocity, steamer
Stuart Newcastle Abordeen Aberdeen P. Oct. 21 cs Villa Nova 136 Bristol Williams Cronstadt Bristol Hasbro' sind Sept.24, cs Waterwitch Jersey
Zante Newfounl’nd Aug. 27, es William Tell Workington Farren Quebec Whitehaven Atlantic Oct. 11, cs William Hartlepool Reetz Baltic,
Leosoe Oct 26, ed William Hinch 140
Sheridan St. John Cork abandoned Sept 4.
The Canal del Arsa is situated in the Gulf of Fiume on the Istrian Coast, and is the shipping port of the coal mines in that district. Although such a magnificent harbour with plenty of fresh water, it has never been surveyed until now. Even Capt. W. Smyth, who surveyed most of the harbours of the Adriatic, omitted the Canal del Arsa. It is not noted in the Italian charts,
The coal pits are situated about four miles from the wharf, and when the Terrible was receiving her coal, they were sending down about twenty tons per day. The coal is well adapted for steam purposes, more particularly when the Tubular Boilers are used. The pits are very rudely worked at present.
BALTIC AND NORTH Sea Canal.-Hamburg, Jan. 24.--A gigantic enterprize is at this moment in contemplation, namely, to unite the Baltic and North Sea, from Kiel to the mouth of the Elbe. Without such communication between the two seas, independent of foreign ports of the Sound and the two Belts, the maritime power of Germany cannot prosper as it should. A few months since the Central Power sent Captain Moring, deputy to the National Assembly, to the place, for the purpose of obtaining exact information. The captain has accomp!ished his mission with great zeal and skill. He proposes that the line of communication should go from Kiel-one of the best ports of Europe, if not of the world—to Bruntsbuttel, at the northern mouth of the Elbe, and on the other side to Cuxhaven (the Southern Mouth); and that this junction should be effected by means of a canal of a perfectly simple construction, without sluices, which should traverse the soil of Germany alone, and be protected against every attack by the Eider and the Oder Canal.
The result of the preparatory examination shows that the ground itself offers but few obstacles, the country being very flat, and in no part much above the level of the sea. The proposal that the work should be carried on by the Imperial troops, who will probably be assembled in great numbers in the Duchies during the spring, is highly approved.
Jan. 9th, 1849. LIGHTNING AT SEA.-Sir.—Many communications have appeared in the pages of the Nautical Magazine, relative to the effects of lightning in ships, the following account of the damage done by it to H.M.Š. Glory, 98, off Cape Finisterre in 1805, when on our way to form a junction with Admiral Sir Robert Calder, is not I think unworthy of record. The accident occurred only four days before the action off Ferrol, and when it is remembered that the combined feet under Villeneuve was superior to the British feet, and that our defeat would have been most disastrous to this country, the absence of such a ship as the Glory would have been severely felt.
I am, &c.,
A GLOBY. To the Editor N.M.
On the 18th July, 1805, weather lowering with every appearance of a gathering storm, at 6h. A.m., reefed. At 9h. tremendous thunder and lightning, wind and rain. At 9h. while close reefing the top-sails, the ship was struck by lightning which carried away the main-top-gallant-mast, shivered the main-top-mast, and so seriously damaged the main-mast, that NO. 3.–VOL. XVIII.