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Vote on each action.

Commonwealth shall be, and hereby is, vested with all the necessary authority and power annually to levy and collect, in the manner herein provided, the necessary taxes required, in addition to the annual State appropriation, and shall have, and be vested with, all necessary power and authority to comply with and carry out any or all of the provisions of this act.

Section 403. The affirmative vote of a majority of all the members of the board of school directors in every school district in this Commonwealth, duly recorded, showing how each member voted, shall be required in order to take action on the following subjects:

Fixing length of school term.
Adopting text-books.

Appointing or dismissing district superintendents, assistant district superintendents, associate superintendents, principals, and teachers.

Appointing tax-collectors and other appointees.
Levying and assessing taxes.
Purchasing, selling, or condemning land.

Locating new buildings or changing the locations of old ones.

Dismissing a teacher after a hearing.
Creating or increasing any indebtedness.
Adopting courses of study.
Establishing additional schools or departments.
Designating depositories for school funds.

Entering into contracts of any kind, including the purchase of fuel or any supplies, where the amount involved exceeds one hundred dollars.

Fixing salaries or compensation of officers, teachers, or other appointees of the board of school directors.

Section 404. The board of school directors in every school district in this Commonwealth may adopt and enforce such reasonable rules and regulations as it may đeem necessary and proper, regarding the management of its school affairs and the conduct and deportment of all superintendents, teachers, and other appointees or employees during the time they are engaged in their duties to the district, as well as regarding the conduct and deportment of all pupils attending the public schools in the district, during such time as they are under the supervision of the board of school directors and teachers, including the time necessarily spent in coming to and returning from school.

Section 405. The board of school directors in every school district of the first or second class shall, and in every district of the third or fourth class may, prescribe, adopt, and enforce such reasonable rules and regulations as it may deem proper, regarding the management, control, or prohibition of exercises, athletics, or games of any kind, taken part in or played

Rules and regulations.

Rules as to athletics and games.

Removal of officers

Surrender of property->y re

by any pupils as members of or in connection with any public school, and regarding the organization, management, supervision, control, or prohibition of school publications, and of organizations or societies of the members of any class or school, and may provide for the suspension, dismissal, or other reasonable penalty in the case of any superintendent, teacher, appointee, employee, or pupil who violates any of such rules and regulations.

Section 406. The board of school directors in any school district in this Commonwealth, except as herein and employes. otherwise provided, shall after due notice, giving the reasons therefor, and after hearing if demanded, have the right at any time to remove any of its officers, employees, or appointees for incompetency, intemperance, neglect of duty, violation of any of the school laws of this Commonwealth, or other improper conduct.

Section 407. On the removal by the board of school directors of any officer, employee, or appointee, such officer, employee, or appointee shall surrender and de moved others. liver to the secretary, or other person designated by the board, any and all papers, property, and effects of the school district in his hands at the time of such removal.

Section 408. The board of school directors shall exercise general supervision over the schools of their re- Visits. spective districts, and shall, except in districts having district superintendents or supervising principals, ly one or more of their number visit every school in the district at least once a month, and shall cause the report of such visit to be entered on the minutes of the board.

Section 409. In every school district the board of Powers. school directors created under the provisions of this act shall succeed to, and shall have and possess, all the powers, rights, and privileges, not inconsistent with this act, which the present existing board of school directors, board of school controllers, or board of public education, in its respective district, now lawfully has.

ARTICLE V.

SCHOOL FINANCES.

Finances.

Section 501. All taxes required by any school dis- mine trict in this Commonwealth, in addition to the State appropriation, shall be levied by the board of school directors therein.

Section 502. There shall be but one levy of school taxes made in each school district in each year, which shall be assessed, levied, and collected for all the purposes provided in this act, and shall be uniform throughout the territorial limit of each school district.

Taxes.

Collection of taxes.

Taxes in new districts.

Section 503. Every school district in this Commonwealth may, in addition to the present manner and remedies provided by law for the collection of school taxes, maintain an action in assumpsit for the collection of any unpaid school taxes, before any magistrate, justice of the peace, or alderman, or in any court of record; and to any judgment obtained for such taxes there shall be added a penalty of ten per centum, together with costs of suit, upon which judgment an execution may be issued without any stay of execution, and no defendant in any such judgment shall have the right to any exemption of property levied upon to collect the same.

Section 504. In case a new school district is created after the taxes have been assessed and levied in the district out of which it is partly or wholly created, but before the beginning of the school year therein, then, in such cases, all the taxes assessed and levied in said year by the board of school directors, on the property or residents within the limits of the new scuool district, shall be collected by the tax collector of the district out of which the new district was created, and all such taxes collected on property or from residents within the limits of the new school district shall be paid over by him to the treasurer of such new school district.

Section 505. In order to adjust and equalize the pay. ment of any indebtedness of any school district, subschool district, or ward school district, existing at the time of the approval of this act, and which is assumed by any district hereby established, such district may refund any part or all of such indebtedness assumed by it, and issue refunding bonds therefor, which shall become due and payable within thirty years after the approval of this act.

Indebtedness.

May create indebtedness and issue bonds.

SCHOOL BONDS. Section 506. The board of school directors in any school district in this Commonwealth, in any year, in order to purchase or acquire proper sites or grounds for school buildings, or any lands additional to any present school sites or grounds, or to erect, enlarge, equip or furnish any school building, or to repair or rebuild any new or old building, or in order to pay or refund any existing indebtedness of any school district, or to pay any indebtedness incurred by any municipality for or on account of any school district or for school purposes, as is herein required to be assumed by any school district hereby established, or to refund as herein authorized to any municipality the amount of any such indebtedness, may create and incur an indebtedness against any such school district, and issue bonds to secure the same, for any and all such pur

poses, or may create and incur an increase of any ex-
isting indebtedness against any such school district,
for any or all such purposes, to any amount that the
total indebtedness of such school district, including the
indebtedness of any sub-school or ward school district
therein, if any, shall never exceed seven per centum
upon the assessed value of the taxable property for
school purposes therein; such indebtedness or increase
of indebtedness shall be incurred, and bonds issued
therefor, only at the time of assessing and levying the
annual school taxes.
Section 507. All bonds issued by any school district When

When payable. in this Commonwealth after the approval of this act shall be made payable and become due at stated periods, not exceeding thirty years after the date thereof, and the school district issuing the same shall, in its annual tax levy, provide, in such manner and at such times as it may determine, for the payment thereof within thirty years with interest: Provided, That any school district hereafter issuing any bonds may provide therein for its right to anticipate the payment thereof at such stated times as it may deem proper.

CERTIFICATES OF INDEBTEDNESS. Section 508. Any school district having no indebt- Temporary debt. edness or whose indebtedness is less than two (2) per centum of the total valuation of the taxable property for school purposes therein, mày at any time, by or through its board of school directors, incur, in addition to any bonds herein authorized, a temporary debt, or borrow money, which in school districts of the first and second class shall not exceed two-tenths of one (1) per centum, and in school districts of the third and fourth class one-half of one (1) per centum, of the total amount of taxable property in such school district, and issue an obligation Obligations for. therefor, under the seal of the district, if any, properly attested by the president and secretary thereof, payable within two years from the date thereof, and bearing interest not exceeding the legal rate, but no such obligation shall be sold at less than par: Provided, That the Proviso. incurring of any such temporary debt, or borrowing money upon such obligation, shall receive the affirmative vote of not less than two-thirds of the members of the board of school directors therein: Provided, further, Proviso. That the total amount of all indebtedness in any school district issuing such obligations shall not, at any time, including all such obligations, exceed two per centum of the total valuation of taxable property therein: Pro- Proviso. vided, further, That all such obligations, issued by any school district as herein provided, shall be paid by the district on or before coming due, and shall not be ex. tended or renewed: Provided further, That any school Proviso. district incurring any temporary debt and issuing such

Depositorio.

obligations, in the manner herein provided, shall provide from its current revenue for the payment of the same.

SCHOOL DEPOSITORIES. Section 509. The board of school directors in any school district in this Commonwealth may designate one or more banks or trust companies as a depository or depositories for its school funds. No such depository shall be named unless it receives a majority of the votes of the entire school board elected or appointed in such district, and such depository before receiving any of the school funds shall furnish a proper bond, in such amount and with such surety or sureties as may be required, to be approved by the board of school directors, and conditioned upon the faithful keeping, paying out, and accounting for of all the school funds and property of said school district that may come into its hands, as well as for the payment of all interest on money deposited in such depository in accordance with any contract made by it with said school district. The funds of the school district shall be deposited, as directed by the board of school directors, in such depository, by the school treasurer, in the name of the school district; and after any funds have been deposited with such regularly designated depository by any school treasurer, he shall thereafter be relieved from all liability therefor, and all school orders, drawn on the school treasurer for any funds so deposited by him, shall be endorsed by said treasurer and made “Payable at..............

.........depository of the School District of ............................”: Provided, That no school district in this Commonwealth shall deposit with any designated depository any amount in excess of thirty-three and one-third per centum of the total capital stock and surplus of such depository.

Section 510. Every bank or trust company designated as a depository for school funds in any school district in this Commonwealth shall at the end of every month make a report to the school treasurer, to the board of school directors, and to the school controller, if any, stating the amount of school funds deposited with it during the month, together with the balance on hand at the beginning of the month, as well as the amount of school funds disbursed by it during the month, any accrued interest paid or due, and the balance remaining on hand at the time of making the report.

Proviso.

Duties of depository.

Payments.

SCHOOL ORDERS. Section 511. All payments made by the board of school directors of any school district from the school funds shall be made by proper school orders drawn on

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