Page images

ought to be more heartily secEvery family should have a amount of information of per

a valuable work for posterity, and onded than she has hitherto been. copy. The work contains a large sonal value to every Vermonter who would acquaint himself with the early history of his state.

First Lessons in Mechanics with Practical Applications, designed for the use of schools, by W. E. Worthen. Publiched by C. Appleton and Co, New York. This is a small octavo of 192 pp. It contains thirty-six lessons-illustrative of the simple mechanical powers, the composition and resolution of forces, center of gravity, mechanical work, animal powers, water power, gravity, steam engine, geering, machines, friction, etc. Its author aims to bring his work to the comprehension of the pupils in our common schools. The language is simple and extensive use is made of pictorial Illustrations.

New Englander.-This Quarterly for April presents a rich table of contents, viz: Review of Buckle's History of Civilization, Congress and the Territories, Conscience as Contrasted with the Discursive Reason, The Test-Hour of Popular Liberty and Republican Government, Is the Doctrine of Annihilation Taught in the Scriptures? Review of "Spare Hours," The Princeton Review and Rev. Dr. Squier, Goldwin Smith and the Bampton Lectures for 1858, Sketch of the Life of Professor William A. Larned, Noah's Prophecy: "Cursed be Canaan," Notices of Books.

The American Journal of Science and Art for May contains, -Remarks on Period of Elevation of Mountain Ranges at source of the Missouri River, the Chemical Constitution of the Wax of the Myrica Cerifera, Action of Sulphur and Phosphorus Groups on Solutions of Metals, Account of two Meteoric Fireballs of August 2d and 6th 1860, On Orthite from Swampscot, Mass.; New Metal in Oregon, Methylamine, On Prof. Hall's Claim of Priority in the Determination of the Age of the Red Sandrock Series of Vermont, Influence of Diffraction upon Microscopic Vision, Discovery of Microscopic Organisms in the Selicious Nodules of the Paleozoic Rocks of New York, Colorado River of the West, Enumeration of the Plants of Dr. Parry's Collection in the Rocky Mountains in 1861, Scientific Intelligence.

The several monthlies for June are promptly at hand, as follows: The Atlantic Monthly for June is as usual, richly freighted with good things. Every patriot should read this and

The Continental Monthly, both of which aim not only to excel in literature, but also to give the views of our best statesmen upon matters of political and national interest.

Harper's Magazine.-The illustrated articles are, Broadway, A Congerous Journey, The Catawissa Railroad, and Rough Riding Down South. We notice besides, George Bancroft, and Burr's Conspiracy. The other articles are good. The Weekly is rich as usual. A good time to subscribe, as this number commences new volume.

Godey's Ladies' Book.-The ladies will be glad to learn that this favorite Periodical is as good as eve:, and, if possible, a little better.

Arthur's Home Journal and The Home Monthly should find a welcome in every family. Their pages are instructive and characterized by a high-toned morality.

Peterson's Ladies' National Magazine has its usual varietyEngravings, Fashion Plates, Stories, Patterns, Receipts, etc.

Music from Horace Waters, Broadway, New York.-Better times are coming! Where Liberty dwells there is my country. These are spirited patriotic songs. The first is a resume in eight stanzas, of the result of the war thus far, most happily alluding therein to our principal Generals.

We thankfully acknowledge the receipt of public documents from Hon. Charles Sumner, of Mass., and Judge Collamer and Justin S. Morrill, of this State. We have also received the Eighth Annual Report of the Board of Education for Chicago, Ill., 1861; the Seventeenth Annual Report of the Board of Education of Albany, N. Y.; the Report of the Superintendent of Common Schools of Conn., May 1862.

REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS, Brattleboro. This is a neatly printed and ably written document, and worthy of perusal by all who may have access to it. The Superintendent H. A. Wilson, A. M., has been for many years at the head of a popular school in New York, and, having retired from the active duties of his profession, is devoting himself with untiring zeal to the improvement of the schools in his adopted town. The Graded School in the East Village has been throughly renovated. Strict regulations have been adopted, scholars tardy or absent a limited number of times without satisfactory cause, are deprived of the privileges of the school the remainder of the current term. A regular course of study has been prescribed, assigning certain studies to each term. The schools of the town are represented to be, for the most part, in a flourishing condition. Heads of Families, 586; children of school age, 997; pupils registered, 782; weeks taught by males, 71; by females, 448; school expenses, $3,721,41; public money, $1,392,93; raised on grand list or scholar, $2,328,48.

[graphic][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

"More schools in Vermont fail, or are broken up, from want of discipline than from all other causes combined." So said Secretary Adams before Windham County Institute at Townsend, a few days since. No other man in the State has had so good an opportunity to judge. During these six years, he has lived among our schools, as a trav eller amid the Catacombs of Rome. He found them almost as lifeless as the mummies of those tombs, and in attempting the work of their resurrection, he has accurately observed all the agencies employed and marked the hin drances and failures that have come in his way.

"Lack of discipline" is a radical defect in our schools. It seems appropriate, therefore, to enquire the causes and the cure.

One important cause of defective discipline in the school is the want of government in the family. Children who rule at home, are unwilling to submit to authority at school. And it is not an unfrequent occurrence for parents to interfere with school discipline. They listen to the complaints of their children, censure the teacher in their presence, and thus encourage a spirit of rebellion. And when submission and obedience are insisted on by the master, they either remove their children from the school, or aid them in resisting his authority. And do not the children rule in a majority of the families in Ver. mont ?

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »