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hearing, was so speedily cast out. No attempt seems to have been made to restore it in Scotland when Episcopacy came back in 1661-62. Archbishop Sharp, indeed, is said to have frowned on much more moderate proposals for the embellishment of the Church service. After the Revolution, in the reign of Anne, the English Prayer-Book began to come into use among the Scottish Episcopalians; but the poverty of the Non-juring section of them, and the lack of a clear desire, Bishop Dowden opines, "for the definite expression of the doctrine taught with emphasis in the Communion Service of 1637,"1 militated against a restoration, even among them, of King Charles I.'s Scottish Liturgy, though a reprint of it (said to be a very careful one) was made by the Earl of Winton in 1712.2 Bishop Rose (died 1720) and Bishop John Falconer (died 1723) made, ií is true, occasional use of it; but in 1724 when Bishop Gadderar published the first of the "wee bookies," the process began of accepting and utilising, indeed, the Scottish Liturgy of 1637, but of altering it in various ways, particularly by transposing several parts of it, with the result that the Scottish (Episcopal) Communion Office of 1764, while indebted for many things to the Book of 1637, differs from it materially in the order of the Prayers in the Communion Service, putting, for one thing, the “Oblation” before, instead of after, the “Invocation of the Holy Ghost.” 3 In Eng

1 Annotated Scottish Communion Office, p. 57.

2 Edinburgh, James Watson, 1712. The “nominal prayers” were reproduced in this edition exactly as they stood in 1637-. King Charles,” “ Queen Mary,” and “Prince Charles

appearing in the printed text.

3 A table showing the various Orders is given below, pp. 279, 280. For a discussion of their relative merits, see Sprott, ‘Wor

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land, as will be seen in the Notes appended to this edition, a number of the changes (though not the most important) made by the framers of the Scottish Book were adopted at the Revision of 1661-62 ; and the circumstances attending the consecration of Bishop Seabury led to its having considerable influence when it became needful to provide a special Prayer-Book for the Protestant Episcopal Church of America. In several particulars it won the praise of L'Estrange as an improvement on the English Book ; 1 it has been noticed by all the historians of the Book of Common Prayer; and in the Church of Scotland it is beginning again, notwithstanding the natural prejudice occasioned by the manner and the results of its first appearance, to receive the study which on its own account it so well deserves.

Besides the edition of 1712, already referred to, it has been republished as one of the “Documents connected with the Liturgy of the Church of England" in the ‘Reliquiæ Liturgicæ,' edited by the Rev. Peter Hall, M.A.,2 as well as in the more splendid series of William Pickering, while its “Order of the Administration of the Lord's Supper or Holy Communion” is given in Bishop Dowden's Annotated Scottish Communion Office.'

Of all of these I have made use in preparing the text of the present edition (Dr Sprott kindly going over it with the edition of 1712 in his hand); and I have besides had before me two copies of the ship and Offices of the Church of Scotland,' and Dowden, ' Annotated Scottish Communion Office,' pp. 79-96.

1 Alliance of Divine Offices.

2 Bath, 1847. Text only : as the present edition, the spelling has been modernized.

3 London, 1844. Text only: it is printed in black letter.

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original edition, one belonging to the library of the University of Glasgow, and another, once the possession of Bishop Rattray, most generously lent me by the Rev. Archibald Fleming, of S. Columba's Church, London. To both these gentlemen my most cordial thanks are due; as also to the Right Hon. the Earl of Rosebery, K.G., for permission to inspect at Dalmeny the English Prayer-Book of 1637 containing King Charles I.'s final, and autograph, alterations for the Scottish Liturgy, and to insert here a collation of these and some account of that most precious and pathetic volume (see Appendix to Introduction); to the Rev. W. H. Hutton, S. John's College, Oxford, for a photograph of a page of Archbishop Laud's Diary confirming it seems to me) the conjecture that the said PrayerBook had belonged to the Archbishop, and had received from him some annotations before the King requisitioned it; to the Right Rev. Bishop Dowden, for lending me the sheets of the Prose Psalter of 1636, which he was fortunate enough to rescue, with his monograph thereon; to the Very Revv. the Deans of Armagh and S. Patrick's, for the trouble they took in answering my inquiries as to the copies of the alterations preserved in Ireland; to Mr J. R. Garston of Braganston, for information in regard to a contemporary Irish PrayerBook with Kalendar containing the name of S. Patrick; to Colvin B. M. Smith, Esq., M.D., of Norwich, for ascertaining that the Prayer-Book with

| This volume contains many annotations in the handwriting of that learned bishop ; but they are not of the liturgical value one might have expected, being merely such as would enable him to use the book when saying the service of the English Book of Common Prayer. There are entries of births, deaths, and marriages of his family on a fly.leaf.

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these alterations written in by Laud, once belonging to the Library of that city, has been given up as lost ;? to my friend since our college days, Charles Creighton, Esq., M.D., for researches in the Library of the British Museum ; to Professor Hume Brown, for allowing me to transcribe certain Minutes as yet unpublished of the Scottish Privy Council ; and to Mr W. Maxwell Cooper of the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, and the officials of the Glasgow University Library, for much kind assistance rendered to me in my search for materials likely to help me in

my task.

An apology is due to the Church Service Society, and to the subscribers to the series, of which this volume forms one, for the long delay in its appear

ance.

JAMES COOPER.

8 THE COLLEGE, GLASGOW, September 1904.

i Some account of the lost Norwich book is written on the fly-leaf of the copy of ed. 1 of 1637 Prayer-Book preserved in the Cathedral Library at Armagh :-“This book was col. lated with the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England printed in 4to 1632, which book was altered in the margin in Abp. Laud's own hand to be sent into Scotland, as the Book of Common Prayer to be printed for the use of that Church; and the differences between this and that book so altered are noted in the places where they occur. The book so altered is in the Library of the city of Norwich, and was given to it by the Rev. Mr Watson, Rector of Hingham in Norfolk. The places also in this book which are taken from those alterations are marked either by a line drawn under them or by commas in the margin.” An account of the Armagh book will be found in the Irish ‘Ecclesiastical Journal,' February 1842.

APPENDIX TO THE INTRODUCTION.

A. Letter from Archbishop Laud to the Bishop of

Dunblane concerning the Communion in the
Chapel Royal, the Book of Ordination, and the
Liturgy.

April 20th 1636.--I have received other letters from you, by which I find you have written to his Majesty about the Communion in the Chapel Royal, concerning which the King holds his former resolution ; That he would be very glad there should be a full Communion at all solemn times as is appointed. But because men do not always fit themselves as they ought for that great and holy work, therefore his Majesty will be satisfied if every one that is required to communicate there do solemnly and conformably perform that action once a-year at least, And in conformity with this you are to signify once a-year unto his sacred Majesty who have communicated within the compass of that year, and who not : And of this you must not fail.

By these last letters of yours, I find that you are consecrated ; God give you joy. And whereas you desire a copy of our Book of Ordination, I have here sent you one. And I have acquainted his Majesty with the two great reasons that you give why the Book which you had in

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Prynne, Hidden Works (ii), pp. 152 sqq. Prynne adds, “The copy is indorsed with his own hand."

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