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Thus would the attention and interest of the American people be won to our endeavours; and there would be created a greater readiness to give, when each contributor, having a share in the government of the Society and distribution of its funds, would feel more confidence in their being properly managed.

This reorganization of the Parent Society, however, does not necessarily follow from the revival or establishment of State and Auxiliary State Societies, and certainly does not in the least interfere with them, whether it be adopted now, or delayed, or be rejected, or be in fact impracticable.

If these remarks can be of any service to our cause, you may put them to whatever use you please, and give them whatever shape you think best adapted to our purposes. With the highest respect, your servant and friend,

CHARLES C. HARPER. Rev. R. R. GURLEY, Sec. Am. Col. Soc.

We publish the above letter entire not merely from respect to its author, a gentleman entitled to distinguished praise for his services to our cause) but from a full conviction of the utility of the proposed plan, and of the importance of its early adoption throughout the country. The poverty and comparative imbecility of our Institution results we know, not from a prevailing hostility or indifference to its design and operations, but from the want of a well organized system, to excite and concentrate the public charity, and to serve constantly as a ready medium of communication between the Society and all the benevolent minds in our land. In a country like ours, where the funds of every charitable Institution must be made up of numerous small donations, no great enterprise of benevolence can be accomplished, unless the humane and the virtuous are brought to unite their energies, and to act with uniform and unceasing power. We recommend, therefore, the plan suggested in the preceding letter to all our friends, and cannot but express the hope, that it will be executed without delay. The success of this plan, it is obvious, must depend principally upon the efforts of the Committees. Nor is it less manifest that a State Society in each State of the Union, with a zealous and active Committee, would soon bring into well concerted action all the popular feeling which



exists favourable to African Colonization. We may further add, that the establishment of an AGENCY, in connection with each State Society, would, it is believed, contribute greatly to its prosperity and the advancement of the general cause.

Masonic Liberality.

We have received from Thomas' Lodge, Monson, Mass. $20 to aid the object of our Society. We extract the following, from the letter of the Committee, Messrs. Alfred Ely, E. Whitaker, and Abraham Hastnell, enclosing the donation: 66 We cannot avoid expressing to you, our cordial approbation of your Society, and our earnest desires for its prosperity. It aims, we think, to promote the good of our beloved country, while it labours to raise from the dust, and exalt to civil and social happiness, a degraded but interesting portion of the human family. It gives us much pleasure to learn, that it has secured the confidence and patronage of so many, who stand high in talents, in influence, in love of country, and in enlarged philanthropy, and indeed, among all the benevolent plans of the day, devised to ameliorate the condition of men, not one has more just claims to the support, or ought more liberally to receive the charities of every patriot and of every Christian.

66 While we believe it to be the duty of all to aid this Society, we conceive that no class of persons ought to enter more readily into its object, and become its more steady and warm friends, than the Masonic family. Their charity should be as extensive as the world of mankind. To communicate the light of science and true religion, and transmit our free Institutions to Africa, and at the same time give a national and happy social existence to a population which must continue degraded in this land, and from which we have ground for apprehension; is certainly in accordance with the principles and worthy of the labours of our ancient and benevolent Fraternity.

“Our donation is a trifle. We hope it may be an earnest of more; and that all the Lodges in our country will make the interests of the Colonization Society a common cause, and embark a portion of their funds annually, to promote it. It is the cause of patriotism, humanity, benevolence, and human happiness."



RECAPTURED AFRICANS. The ship Norfolk, chartered by the United States Government to convey to Africa certain recaptured Africans, delivered over to the disposal of the Executive by a recent decree of the Supreme Court, sailed a few days since from Savannah for Liberia. Dr. Todsen embarked in this vessel, as the Agent for Government. These Africans (about 130, we believe,) constituted a majority of the whole number captured some years ago, in the Gen. Ramirez. The remainder, are, by the decree of · the Court, given up to the Spanish claimants. It is painful to

state, that by this decree, the families of three men, at least, have been sent to Africa, while they themselves are delivered over to the Spaniards. Unless redeemed by the charities of the humane, they must remain forever separated from those to whom they are bound by the strongest and tenderest ties. By prompt exertions, so distressing a calamity, we trust, will be prevented.

Nathaniel C. Crenshaw, of Hanover county, Va. has recently accompanied sixty-five slaves, part of them emancipated by the will of his uncle, and the remainder by himself, to York, Penn. and placed them there in circumstances to obtain without difficulty, a comfortable livelihood. Among this number, were some of advanced age, whom he would gladly have supported in Virginia; but as they preferred accompanying their friends, he made a donation of about two hundred dollars to each. sent they are capable of maintaining themselves. Mr. Crenshaw is a warm friend to the Colonization Society, and has a number of slaves who are disposed to remove, and whom it is his purpose to send, to the Colony of Liberia. His liberality and magnanimity deserve the highest praise.

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TERMINATION OF SLAVERY IN NEW YORK. The existence of SLAVERY in the state of New York, terminated on the Fourth of the present month. The day was cele

brated by the people of colour in New York and Albany, with-out occasioning any of the disturbances that were apprehended, and with a propriety and order on their part, which did them great credit.

There are now six states, in which there are no slaves, viz: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, New York, and Ohio. In 1820, there were in Rhode Island, 48 slaves; in Connecticut, 98; in Pennsylvania, 211; in Indiana, 190; in Illinois, 917. In some of these states there


be no slaves now; and in all of them, and in several others, provision has been made by law for the termination of slavery. In 1820, New York had 10,088 slaves. New Jersey, at the same time, had 7,557, and Delaware 4,509.

We copy the following abstract of the provisions of the New York Emancipating Law, from the Troy Sentinel.

1. All who were held as slaves previously to the 4th of July, of the present year, are absolutely and unconditionally emancipated.

2. The children of slaves, born after the 4th of July, 1799, and before the 31st of March, 1817, remain the servants of the owners of their mothers, and their representatives, "in the same manner as such children had been bound to service by the overseers of the poor," viz. males until the age of 28 years, and females until the age of 25 years.

3. Children born of slaves since the 31st day of March, 1817, remain servants as aforesaid, until the age of 21 years, and no longer.

4. Children of servants are absolutely free, and their condition, by law, is the same as that of white children, except as to the qualifications for voting at elections.--[Vermont Chronicle.

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Commemoration by the Africans.--In accordance with the feelings expressed by the meeting of respectable coloured people, the proceedings of which were published in this paper; the 4th

; of July, the day when slavery ceased for ever in this state, was celebrated by the class of inhabitants most interested in the event, in an appropriate and highly becoming manner.

Zion Church, at the corner of Church and Leonard streets, was opened, and an oration delivered by Mr. William Hamilton, before the different societies of coloured persons. The church was ornamented with a portrait of Matthew Clarkson, one of John Jay, a portrait and a bust of Daniel D. Tompkins, and a bust of Presid ent Boyer. Many small banners and flags were also displayed. Several hymns, written for the occasion, were sung

On the 5th, the various societies, viz: The Mutual Relief, Wilberforce, Clarkson, Union, Brooklyn, &c. and a large body of coloured people from Brooklyn, and other towns in the state, to the number of between 3 and 4000, formed a line in Hudson square, and marched through the principal streets, under their respective banners, with music, and directed by a marshal on horseback, to Zion Church; where an oration was delivered by Mr. John Mitchell. The church was decorated with banners as the day before. The audience were remarkably well dressed, and conducted themselves in the procession with great propriety.--[N. Y. D. Advertiser.

From the Report of the Church Missionary Society. In respect to the Mission at Sierra Leone, “the only part of the Society's operations which was shaded by doubt, darkness, and difficulty;" Mr. Raymond said, The labours of the Society there were principally directed to the liberated Africans. The congregation was composed of three thousand on the Sabbath, and about half the number on the week days: only here and there one of them consisted of white persons. The attention and serious deportment of these congregations, were truly delightful. The number of scholars was 1,900, the greater part of whom were the children of the liberated Africans. Their conduct, as well as their intellect, was generally very good, and fully equal to those of the poor people of this country. It should be borne in mind that they were in a foreign land, and that their teachers were foreigners, with the exception of a few native teachers. The latter afforded most valuable assistance. But for them, the Mission could not be maintained. Many of them were wanting, and he entreated his Christian friends to pray to the great Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth more labourers.” In the different villages, including Free Town, there were 440 communicants: and although the fact would not be concealed by him, that some few of those had fallen into sin, their moral conduct was, for the most part, such as to prove their genuine piety.

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