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nists. The slave trade has also received a check, and if the noble intentions of the Society can be carried into effect, this unholy traffic will be forever annihilated.
The able speech of Mr. Secretary Clay, recently delivered before the Society, contains a full and explicit declaration of the objects of the Institution, and thoroughly repels the objections which, in the two extremes of the Union, have been repeatedly urged.
The Editor of the Public Leger, a valuable paper published at Richmond, Wayne County, Indiana; announces the arrival of sixty or seventy free negroes lately, under the patronage of the Society of Friends in North Carolina.
He expresses great respect for the benevolent views of this Society, but cannot approve of the removal of the free people of colour to the Western States. We select the following from his observations, to show the opinions entertained in that part of our country.
In consequence of his own inveterate habits, and the no less inveterate prejudices of the whites, it is a sadly demonstrated truth, that the negro cannot, in this country, become an enlightened and useful citizen. Driven to the lowest stratum of society, and enthralled there for melancholy ages, his mind becomes proportionably grovelling, and to gratify his animal desires is his most exalted aspiration Connected by no endearing link to surrounding society, he cannot feel a citizen's nameless incentives to a man. ly and noble conduct. Thus unconnected, in interest and feeling, with those who oppress him, he is too frequently disposed to yield to the allure. ments of vice, and raise his depredating hand against the community which degrades him. We know, from our own observation, that the free negroes in general sustain a character which might be inferred from causes so pernicious. There are worthy exceptions, but, alas! they are “few and far between.”
If, then, they are a useless and dangerous species of population, we would ask, is it generous in our southern friends to burthen us with them? Knowing themselves the evils of slavery, can they wish to impose upon us an evil scarcely less tolerable? We think it a mistaken philanthropy, which would liberate the slave, unfitted by education and habit for freedom, and cast him upon a merciless and despising world, where his only fortune must be poyerty, his only distinction degradation, and his only comfort insensibility And at the same time that the negro's condition is not alleviated, an unkindly act is done to the free states in throwing upon them a population which cannot be useful, but must be dangerous. Dangerous, not only to the free states, but more so to the slave states themselves. If the time should ever come, and it must come, when the oppressed shall rise against the oppressor with a desolating vengeance, the partially enlightened negroes of the free states will be an accession to the sable amount of extermi. nating fury, which will be at once efficient and dreadful. These are gloomy anticipations, we admit, but not the less true. We would say, liberate them only on condition of their going to Africa or Hayti. But because we say so, we must not be deemed advocates for slavery. No, Heaven forbid! Is there an individual whose soul indignantly disclaims so unworthy a bias, and whose heart bleeds for the wrongs of suffering Africa?--our feelings are not less poignant, nor less opposed to the inhuman custom. But the evil is now pending over our land, and it should be averted by prudent and cautious measures. The negro, while in this country, will be treated as an inferior being--but send him to his native Africa, and he may, he will, walk forth in all the equal rights and conscious superiority of man.
Legislature of Alabama.—The Legislature of Alabama, at its last session, passed an act to prohibit the importation of slaves into that State for sale or hire. The act provides that any person carrying negroes into the State after the 1st day of August next, for sale or hire, shall be liable to a fine of $1,000 for each negro carried into the State, and imprisonment. It further provides that persons who carry slaves into the State for their own use, shall not sell or hire them within two years after their arrival.
Abolition of Slavery.--The law for the abolition of slavery in this state, coming into force on the 4th of July ensuing, a meeting of the descendants of Africans has been held in Albany, where, on motion of the Rev. Mr. Paul, a resolve passed to express the gratitude of the Africans to Almighty God, by a public celebration of the day.
[New York Observer.»
Religious Charities in Africa.-At Sierra Leone, is an Auxiliary Bible Society, which in ten years has remitted £800 to the Parent Society. A Prayer-book and Homily Society has also been formed, and flourishes. The Church Missionary Auxiliary supplies instruction to 1550 children, exclusive of those in Freetown; also to 3,100 persons on the Sabbath, and half that number on week days. At all the stations, are nearly 500 communicants. There is also a Society for the relief of the poor, which had in hand at the last report £270. These institutions have been depressed during the trials the colony has had to encounter from pestilence and war, but they are now reviving
Christian Philanthropy. From a highly respectable source we learn that Gerret Smith, Esq. of Peterborough, New York, has the design of establishiing, during the ensuing season, a Seminary for the education of pious and promising young men of colour, who are desirous of qualifying themselves for the Gospel ministry. In pursuance of this object, he is desirous of ob. taining information in answer to the following queries. Are there any young men of suitable qualifications? What are their names? Where do they reside? What is their age? Are they single men? What is their character? Are they professors of religion? What is their desire in regard to education? Mr. Smith is a gentleman of independent fortune and liberal education.
It is stated that the yearly meeting of Friends, late in session in Philadel. phia, have appropriated $3000, towards defraying the expense of removing certain free people of colour from the State of North Carolina, (where their laws will not permit them to remain) to Liberia, Hayti, and the Free States, as they may prefer.
An old gentleman, of the name of Ward, recently died in Pittsylvania county, Virginia; and by his will, liberated his slaves—in number, one hundred and ten. It was intended to remove them to Pennsylvania; but it is now probable that they will be transported to the Colony of Liberia.
The Rev. Robert Cox, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, died lately in Suffolk county, Virginia; and has provided in his will, for the emancipation of all his slaves, (upwards of thirty) and left several hundred dollars, to aid their emigration to Afri
He had offered to transport them to Liberia during his lifetime; but they chose to live with him, and receive wages.
Formation of Auxiliary Societies.
We have been informed of the establishment of several Auxiliary Societies, since the publication of our last number. One of these, is at Lexington, Kentucky; and has been organized under circumstances well adapted to awaken inquiry in reference to the character and objects of our Institution. At Versailles, in the same state, a county Auxiliary has been established, and forty of the most respectable citizens have entered their names as members. The multiplication of Auxiliaries in this state, is confidently expected.
Three additional Societies have recently sprung up in Ohio, and the existence of many others may be expected shortly.
The citizens of Berkley county, Virginia, formed a Society on the 22d February, of which the following is the list of officers:
Philip C. Pendleton, President.
; } Vice-Presidents.
Rev. Charles C. Krauth,
James M. Brown,
James N. Riddle,
Rev. James Boyd, President.
Dr. Robt. I. Kincaid,
Lucas P. Thomson.
We now publish the names of the officers of the Auxiliary Colonization Society in Dinwiddie county, Virginia, and those of the Society in Cincinnati, Ohio; which were not received in time for insertion in our Annual Report. OFFICERS OF THE DINWIDDIE COLONIZATION SOCIETY.
Daniel Gilman Hatch, President.
John N. Fisher,
W. H. Cousins,
Joseph S. Benham, President.
M. G, Williams,
The following is the list of the Frederick county (Maryland) Auxiliary Colonization Society; which was incorrectly published in the last Report of the Society.
Major John Graham, President.
Hon. Abraham Shriver,
Lewis P. W. Balch,
Cloteworthy Birnie, Junr.
Richard H. Marshall,
Latest from Liberia. Letters have been received from Liberia, up to the 11th of February, representing the Colony as in the enjoyment of health, peace, and prosperity. The Colonists are engaged in the construction of new and more extensive fortifications, and various