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life that wanted many and many years to have the guilt washed off, which it had contracted by its avarice and extortion. In a word, when the remembrance of his deeds gave pricks to his conscience, and tortured him with the frightful ideas of the punishments that were due to them in another world, he took up resolutions of seeking out ways and means to make his abode in this as long as it was possible. In order to this, he pitched upon Dr. Radcliffe, as the only person capable of giving him relief in his dangerous estate. But nature had still such a predominance in him notwithstanding his weakness, and his old habitual sin of covetousness had so mạch gained the ascendant over his other passions, that he was at a loss how to keep the Doctor from discovering who he was, while he applied to him for a true account and cure of his distemper. At last he and his wife agreed to give the Doctor a visit at his own house, in order to save the charge of coming to theirs ; and, after taking their coach to the Royal Exchange, went into an hack that carried them to Bloomsbury, where, with two guineas in hand, and in a very mean habit, Mr. Tyson opened his condition to the Doctor, still insisting upon his poverty and having advice upon reasonable terms. But neither his sickness nor his apparel had disguised him so much as to deceive the doctor, who had

sooner heard what he had to say and taken his gold, but told him, “ he might go home and die and be damned, without a speedy repentance, for both the grave and the devil were ready for one Tyson of Hackney, who had raised an immense estate out of the spoils of the public and the tears of orphans and widows, and would certainly be a dead man in ten days. "Nor was the event contrary to the prediction ; for the wretched usurer returned to his house quite confounded with the sentence that had been passed upon him, (part of which was fulfilled in eight days, by his death, though we will not be so presumptuous to say that relating to his after state was,) and by bidding adieu to this world, left his earthly possessions to a son, who, it is hoped, knows how to make a better use of them.”

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The Doctor's invitation to Prince Eugene will also set his character in a strong light. The coolness with which he turns from the hopeless case of his patient to a friendly invitation of the sick man's uncle, is particularly admirable.

“ The same year, upon the coming over of Prince Eugene of Savoy to persuade the British court to enter into the Emperor's measures, which were for the continuance of the war with France and Spain, till the kingdoms possessed by the latter, with its dominions in the West Indies, were restored to the house of Austria ; the Chevalier de Soissons, his highness's nephew, in a nightly encounter with the watch, was so bruised, that he was thrown into a violent fever, which was falsely said to terminate in the small-pox, to cover the reproach of such an unprincely disaster. Hereupon, Dr. Radcliffe being called upon for his advice, very frankly told the prince, That he was extremely concerned he could be of no service to him, in the recovery of a person so dear and nearly related to him, as the Chevalier, since the Sieur Swartenburgh, his highness's physician, had put it out of his power, by mistaking the nature of the distemper; but that he should hold it amongst the greatest honours he had ever received, if he might have the happiness of entertaining so great a general, to whose noble achievements the world was indebted, at his poor

habitation.' In pursuance of which invitation, after the chevalier was interred amongst the Ormond family in Westminster-Abbey, and the prince had dined and supped with several of the chief nobility, he bethought himself of paying a visit to Dr. Radcliffe, and sent him word he intended to foul a plate with him on such a day. The Doctor made provision accordingly; and instead of ragous and other fine kickshaws, wherewith other tables had been spread, ordered his to be covered with barons of beef, jiggets of mutton, legs of pork, and other such substantial British dishes, for the first course, at which several of the nobility, who were perfect strangers to whole joints of butcher's meat, made light of his entertainment. But the prince, upon taking his leave of him, said, in French, · Doctor, I have been fed at other tables like a courtier, but received at your's as a soldier, for which I am highly indebted to you, since I must tell you, that I am more ambitious of being called by the latter appellation than the former. Nor can I wonder at the bravery of the British nation, that has such food and liquor (meaning some beer he had drank of seven years old) of their own growth, as what you have thus given proof of.”

When the Doctor could not cure his patients, he could generally satisfy them with regard to the day and even hour of their death. His prophetical powers in this respect were astonishing. Many instances are given in the course of his life. When the Dutchess of Marlborough applied to him to go down to Cambridge to her son, the Marquis of Blandford, who had been improperly treated for the small-pox by the physicians of the university, having heard the detail of their procedure, he answered, “Madam, I shall only put you to a great expense to no purpose, for you have nothing to do for his lordship now, but to send down an undertaker to take care of a funeral ; for I can assure your grace, he is dead by this time, of a distemper called the Doctor, that would have been recovered from the smallpox without the intervention of that unfortunate malady." Nor was he out in his conjectures, for the dutchess was no sooner in her apartments at St. James's House, but a messenger arrived with the news. He was equally accurate in the case of Prince George, the husband of Queen Anne, who had been advised to go to Bath ; and whether from the gaiety of the place, or the change of air, he was thought to be much recovered.

“The skill of the physicians who advised the journey was highly applauded, and every one's concern for so valuable a life was laid aside, but Dr. Radcliffe's, who, with his wonted spirit of prediction, said, the ensuing year would let them all know their mistakes in following such preposterous and unadviseable counsels, since the very nature of a dropsy might have taught those whose duty it was to prescribe proper medicaments for the cure of it, and might lead them into other precautions for the safety of so illustrious a patient, than the choice of means which must unavoidably feed it.' In justification of these sentiments, his royal highness fell into a relapse, and after a six months' struggle with the fierceness of his distemper, was seized, after such a manner, with violent shiverings and convulsions on the twenty-second of October, that his physicians were of opinion, that Dr. Radcliffe was the only person now to be applied to, since they were at their ne plus ultra, and had gone through all the recipes their art could furnish them with. In pursuance of this advice, her ma. jesty, who could set apart former prejudices and resentments out of concern for the preservation of so inestimable a life, caused him to be sent for in one of her own coaches, and was pleased to tell him, that no rewards or favours should be wanting, could he but remove the convulsions she was troubled with, in the cure of those which her beloved husband bore. But the Doctor, who was unused to flatter, instantly gave the queen to understand, that nothing but death could release his royal highness from the pangs he was afflicted with, and said, “That though it might be a rule amongst surgeons to apply caustics to such as were burned or scalded, it was very irregular among physicians to drive and expel watery humours from the body, by draughts of the same element. However, he would leave something in writing, whereby such hydropicks and anodynes should be prepared for him, that should make him go out of this world with the greater ease, since he had been so tampered with, that nothing in the art of physic could keep the prince alive more than six days. Accordingly, he departed this life on the sixth day following, to the great grief of the queen and the whole court.”

We have many proofs of the Doctor's wit scattered here and there; the following is said to have passed between the celebrated painter, Sir Godfrey Kneller, and our physician. Sir Godfrey, who lived in the adjoining house to the Doctor, had given the latter leave to open a door into his garden. The Doctor's servants abused the privilege, and made“ sad bavock among Sir Godfrey's hortulanary curiosities.”

“ So that the person aggrieved found himself under the necessity of letting him that ought to make things easy, know, by one of his servants, That he should be obliged to brick up the door in case of his complaints proving ineffectual. To this the Doctor, who was very often in a choleric temper, and, from the success of his practice, imagined every one under an obligation of bearing with him, returned answer, ' That Sir Godfrey might do what he pleased with the door, so that he did not paint it. Hereupon the footman, after some hesitation in the delivery of his message, and several commands from his master, to give it him word for word, told him as above. very good friend, Dr. Radcliffe, say so ? cried Sir Godfrey. Go you

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back to him, and after presenting my service to him, tell him, that I can take any thing from him but physic.'

Sir Godfrey perhaps had the advantage here: the Doctor's wit is, however, perhaps better displayed in his remarks on a rival physician.

“ In the same year, Dr. Edward Hannes (afterwards Sir Edward) having acquired a sufficient stock of reputation at Oxford, left that university in hopes to rival our grand preserver of health and life in London. But though he was a most excellent scholar, and well versed in the knowledge of chemistry and anatomy, though he outdid all the competitors he had left behind him; though he set up a very spruce equipage, and endeavoured to attract the eyes and hearts of the beholders by the means of it; he found himself fall short of his accompts, and not able to cope with many of the old practitioners, particularly Dr. Radcliffe, who was as superior to him as the young fry of the university were inferior. He therefore bethought himself of a stratagem; and to get into repute, ordered his footman to stop most of the gentlemen's chariots, and inquire whether they belonged to Dr. Hannes, as if he was called to a patient. Accordingly, the fellow, in pursuance of his instructions put the question in at every coach-door, from White-hall to the Royal Exchange; and as he had his lesson for that end, not hearing of him in any coach, ran up into Exchange-alley, and entering Garraway's Coffee House, made the same interrogatories both above and below. At last, Dr. Radcliffe who was usually there about Exchange time, and planted at a table with several apothecaries and chirurgeons that flocked about him, cried out, Dr. Hannes was not there, and desired to know who wanted him. The fellow's reply was, Such a lord and such a lord;' but he was taken up with dry rebuke, ' No, no, friend, you are mistaken, the doctor wants those lords.'”

Dr. Radcliffe was never married, and dying without children, he made the university of Oxford his principal heir. His friends observing the accumulation of his vast wealth, recommended marriage to him, and pointed out the daughter of a wealthy citizen. The Doctor had a most ungallant hatred of the whole sex, which, on this occasion, he however consented to overcome.“ Accordingly, his advances were made in due form, pecuniary arrangements nearly finished, and the marriage almost fixed, when the experienced eye of the doctor made a discovery in his intended' bride, which produced the following letter.

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Sir,

“The honour of being allied to so good and wealthy a person as Mr. S-d, has pushed me upon a discovery that may be fatal to your quiet, and your daughter's reputation, if not timely prevented. Mrs. Mary is a very deserving gentlewoman; but you must pardon

VOL. VI. PART II.

S

me, if I by no means think she is fit to be my wife, since she is another man's already, or ought to be. In a word, she is no better and no worse than actually pregnant, which makes it necessary that she be disposed of to him that has the best claim to her affections. No doubt you have power enough over her to bring her to confession, which is by no means the part of a physician. As for my part, I shall wish you much joy of a new son-in-law, when known, for I am by no means qualified to be of so near a kin. Hanging and marrying I find go by destiny, and I might have been guilty of the first had I not so narrowly escaped the last. My best services to your daughter, whom I can be of little use to as a physician, and of much less in the quality of a suitor. The daughter of so wealthy a gentleman as Mr. S. can never want a husband, therefore the sooner you bestow her the better, that the young Hans en Kelder may be born in wedlock, and have the right of inheritance to so large a patrimony. You'll excuse me for being so very free with you; for, though I cannot have the honour of being your son-in-law, I shall ever take pride in being among the number of your friends; who am,

Sir,
Your most obedient Servant,

John RADCLIFFe."

The Doctor was, however, a favourite of the female sex, and not always the injured person. Among others, he attracted the notice of a lady of quality, whose individuality is now lost under the name of Lady Betty. She contrived to be out of order week after week, and, at last, fairly exhausted the patience of the Doctor at being sent for on so many trifling occasions. Whereupon he told her father, that it was his opinion that her ladyship stood more in need of a confessor than a physician, for he was convinced her mind was more distempered than her body. But it was in vain, that the Doctor was dull and avoided his patient-he was, at last, informed, by means of the lady's maid, that he alone must be that confessor.

“ Hereupon he gave his attendance, to hear what she had to say, which made a discovery that struck him with amazement. How to answer her directly he knew not, for she had made a sort of ambiguous confession, which had only pointed out her great respects for a certain person without any name, he thereupon told her, That her case was somewhat difficult, but he did not doubt to ease her of all her anxieties, on that account, in a month's time.' Accordingly, the young lady formed an inconceivable joy to herself; but the Doctor immediately laid the whole affair before the Lord of

her father, with a caution to him not to let the daughter know he was any wise apprised of it, since it was in his power to prevent her flinging herself away with a man much beneath her, by a speedy contract of marriage with some person of equal extraction : this advice was readily embraced and gratefully acknowledged, and the lady, who is

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