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loytering and unpreaching prelates, which occupy great rooms, and do little good; and that so much more to their shame, because he being a sore bruised man by the fall of a tree, mentioned a little before, and above sixty-seven years of age, took so little ease and care of sparing himself to do the people good. How to speak here of his indefatigable travel and diligence in his own private studies, who notwithstanding both his years, and other pains in preaching, every morning ordinarily, winter and summer, about two of the clock in the morning, was at his book most diligently.

How careful his heart was of the preservation of the church, and the good success of the gospel, his letter can testify, wherewith he admonished such as then were in authority of their duty, and assisted them with his godly counsel. As the diligence of this man of God never ceased all the time of King Edward to profit the church, both publickly and privately, so among other doings in him to be noted, this is not lightly to be overpassed, but worthy to be observed, that God not only gave unto him his spirit, plenteously and comfortably, to preach his word unto his church, but also by the same Spirit he did so evidently foreshew and prophecy of all those kinds of plagues afore, which afterward ensued, that if England ever had a prophet, he might seem to be one; and as touching himself, he ever affirmed, that the preaching of the gospel would cost him his life, to the which he no less cheerfully prepared himself, than certainly was persuaded that Winchester was kept in the Tower for the same purpose, as the event did too truly prove the same. For after the death of the said blessed King Edward, not long after Queen Mary was proclaimed, a pursuivant was sent down (by the means, no doubt, of Winchester) into the country, to call him up, of whose coming, although Master Latimer lacked no fore-warning, being premonished about six hours before by one John Careless, yet so far off was it that he thought to escape, that he prepared himself towards his journey before the said pursuivant came to his house. At the which thing, when the pursuivant marvelled, seeing him so prepared towards his journey, he said unto him, My friend, you be a welcome messenger to me; and be it known unto you, and to all the world, that I go as willingly to London at this present, being called by my prince to render a reckoning of my doctrine, as ever I was at any place in the world. I doubt not but that God, as he hath made me worthy to preach his word before two excellent princes, so will he enable me to witness the same unto the third, either to her comfort or discomfort eternally, &c. At the which time the pursuivant, when he had delivered his letters, departed, affirming that he had commandment not to tarry for him. By whose sudden departure, it was

manifest that they would not have him appear, but rather to have fled out of the realm. They knew that his constancy would deface them in their popery, and confirm the godly in the truth. Thus M. Latimer being sent for, and coming up to London, through Smithfield (where merrily he said, that Smithfield had long groaned for him), was brought before the council, where he, patiently bearing all the mocks and taunts given him by the scornful papists, was cast again into the Tower, where, he being assisted with the heavenly grace of Christ, sustained most patient imprisonment a long time, notwithstanding the cruel and unmerciful handling of the lordly papists, which thought then their kingdom would never fall; yet he shewed himself not only patient, but also cheerful in and above all that which they could or would work against him; yea, such a valiant spirit the Lord gave him, that he was able not only to despise the terribleness of prisons and torments, but also to deride and laugh to scorn the doings of his enemies as it is not unknown to the ears of many what he answered to the lieutenant being then in the Tower: for when the lieutenant's man upon a time came to him, the aged father, kept without fire in the frosty winter, and well nigh starved for cold, merrily bade the man tell his master, that if he did not look the better to him, perchance he would deceive him. The lieutenant hearing this, bethought himself of these words, and fearing lest that indeed he thought to make some escape, began to look more straightly to his prisoner, and so coming to him, beginneth to charge him with his words, reciting the same unto him " which his man had told him before, how that if he were not better looked unto, perchance he would deceive him, &c. Yea, Master Lieutenant, so I said, quoth he, for you look, I think, that I should burn; but except you let me have some fire, I am like to deceive your expectation, for I am like here to starve for cold. Many such like answers and reasons, merry but savoury, coming not from a vain mind, but from a constant and quiet reason, proceeded from that man, declaring a firm and stable heart, little passing for all this great blustering of their terrible threats, but rather deriding the same.

Thus, Master Latimer passing a long time in the Tower, with as much patience as a man in his case could do, from thence was transported to Oxford, with Doctor Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Master Ridley, Bishop of London, there to dispute upon articles sent down from Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester, as is before touched, the manner and order of which disputations between them and the University Doctors, is also before sufficiently expressed; where also is declared, how and by whom the said Latimer, with his other fellow prisoners, were condemned after the disputations, and so com

mitted again to the prison; and there they continued from the month of April above-mentioned to this present month of October; where they were most godly occupied, either with brotherly conference, or with fervent prayer, or with fruitful writing.

Albeit, Master Latimer, by reason of the feebleness of his age, wrote least of them all in this later time of his imprisonment; yet in prayer he was fervently occupied, wherein oftentimes so long he continued kneeling, that he was not able to rise without help; and, amongst other things, these were three principal matters he prayed for:

First, that as God had appointed him to be a preacher of his word, so also he would give him grace to stand to his doctrine until his death, that he might give his heart's blood for the same.

Secondly, that God, of his mercy, would restore his gospel to England once again, and these words, once again, once again, he did so inculcate and beat into the ears of the Lord God, as though he had seen God before him, and spoken to him face to face.

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The third matter was, to pray for the preservation of the Queen's majesty that now is, whom in his prayers he was wont to name, and even with tears desired God to make her a comfort to this comfortless realm of England. These were the matters he prayed for so earnestly; neither were these things desired of him in vain, as the good success thereof after following declare; for the Lord most graciously did grant all those his requests. First, concerning his constancy, even in the most extremity the Lord graciously assisted him. For when he stood at the stake without Bocardo gate at Oxford, and the tormenters about to set the fire to him, and to the learned and godly Bishop M. Ridley, he lifted up his eyes towards heaven, with an amiable and comfortable countenance, saying these words, Fidelis est Deus, qui non sinit nos tentari supra id quod possumus. God is faithful, which doth not suffer us to be tempted above our strength; and so afterwards, by and bye, shed his blood in the cause of Christ; the which blood ran out of his heart in such abundance, that all those that were present, being godly, did marvel to see the most part of the blood in his body to be gathered to his heart, and with such violence to gush out, his body being opened by the force of the fire; by which thing God most graciously granted his request, which was, that he might shed his heart blood in the defence of the gospel. How mercifully was heard his second request in restoring the gospel once again unto this realm, these present days can best record. And what then shall England say now for his defence, which being so mercifully visited and refreshed with

the word of God, so slenderly and unthankfully considereth either her own misery past, or the great benefit of God now present? The Lord be merciful unto us. Amen.

Again, concerning his third request, it seemeth likewise most effectually granted, to the great praise of God, the furtherance of his gospel, and to the unspeakable comfort of this realm. For whether at the request of his prayer, or of other God's holy saints, or whether God was moved with the cry of his whole church, the truth is, that when all was deplorate and in a desperate case, and so desperate that the enemies mightily flourished and triumphed, God's word banished, Spaniards received, no place left for Christ's servants to cover their heads, so suddenly, so mainly the Lord called to remembrance his mercy, and forgetting our former iniquity, made an end of all those miseries, and wrought a marvellous change of things; at the change thereof, the said Queen Elizabeth was appointed and anointed, for whom this gray-headed father so earnestly prayed in his imprisonment: through whose true, natural, and imperial crown, the brightness of God's word was set up again to confound the dark and false kingdom of Antichrist, the true temple of Christ re-edified, the captivity of sorrowful Christians released, which so long was wished for in the prayers of so many good men, especially of this faithful and true servant of the Lord, Master Latimer. The same God which, at the request of his holy and faithful saints, hath poured upon us such benefits of his mercy, peace, and tranquillity, assist our most virtuous and Christian princess and her subjects, that we may every one in his state and calling, serve to his glory and walk in one vocation, that we lose not that which they have obtained, but may proceed in all faithfulness to build and keep up the house and temple of the Lord, to the advancing of his glory and our everlasting comfort in him. And thus much concerning the doings and laborious travels of Master Latimer.

And thus hast thou, gentle reader, the whole life of Master Latimer, a worthy doer in the church of Christ, set forth with all his sufferings and painful travels, faithful preachings, studious service in Christ's church, his patient imprisonment and constant fortitude in that which he had taught, with all his other proceedings from time to time, since his first springing years to this present time and month of Queen Mary, being the month of October, 1555. In the which month, he and Master Ridley were both brought forth together, to their final examination and execution. Wherefore we will now, by the grace of Christ, prosecute the rest that remaineth concerning his last examination, degrading and constant suffering, with the order and manner also of the commissioners, which were, Master

White, Bishop of Lincoln, Master Brooks, Bishop of Gloucester, with others. First, the commission from Cardinal Pole, legate à latere, was read; and Dr. Ridley was examined, and after Master Ridley was committed to the Mayor, then the Bishop of Lincoln commanded the bailiff to bring in the other prisoner, who, as soon as he was placed, said to the lords:

Lat. My lords, if I appear again, I pray you not to send for me until you be ready; for I am an old man, and it is great hurt to mine old age, to tarry so long gazing upon the cold walls. When the Bishop of Lincoln said:

Lin. M. Latimer, I am sorry you are brought so soon, although it is the bailiff's fault, and not mine; but it shall be amended.

When Master Latimer bowed his knee down to the ground, holding his hat in his hand, having a kerchief on his head, and upon it a night-cap or two, and a great cap (such as townsmen use, with two broad flaps to button under the chin) wearing an old thred-bare Bristol frize gown, girded to his body with a penny leather girdle, at the which hanged by a long string of leather his testament, and his spectacles, without case, depending about his neck upon his breast. After this, the Bishop of Lincoln began on this manner:

Lin. Master Latimer, you shall understand, that I and my lords here, have a commission from my lord Cardinal Pole's Grace, legate à latere to this realm of England, from our most reverend father in God, the Pope's Holiness, to examine you upon certain opinions and assertions of yours, which you, as well here openly, in disputations, in the year of our Lord, 1554, as at sundry and at divers other times, did affirm, maintain, and obstinately defend. In the which commission, he specified two points: the one which we must desire you is, that, if you shall now recant, revoke, and disannul these your errors, and, together with all this realm, yea, all the world, confess the truth, we, upon due repentance of your part, should receive you, reconcile you, acknowledge you no longer a strayed sheep, but adjoin you again to the unity of Christ's church, from the which you, in the time of schism, fell. So that it is no new place to the which I exhort you. I desire you to return thither from whence you went. Consider, Master Latimer, that without the unity of the church is no salvation, and in the church can be no errors. Wherefore, what should stay you to confess that which all the realm confesseth, to forsake that which the King and Queen their majesties have renounced, and all the realm recanted; it was a common error, and it is now of all confessed; it shall be no more shame to you than it was to us all. Consider, Master Latimer, that within these twenty years, this realm also, with all the world, confessed one church, ac

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