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The generous never recount minutely the actions they háve-done, nor the prudent those they will-do.
RULE IV. Sentences which follow in the same train of thought, are connected by the rising inflection, which, when used for this purpose, may be styled the conjunctive slide :
To find the nearest way from truth to truth, or from purpose to effect; not to use more instruments when fewer will be sufficient; not to move by wheels and levers what will give way to the naked hánd; is the great proof of a vigorous mind, neither feeble with helpless ignorance, nor overburdened with unwieldy knowledge.
The conjunctive slide, at the end of the members in the former principal branch of the above sentence, must be made to ascend one above the other, so that the voice may attain the highest inflection, or the suspensive slide, at the word “hand.' The sentence, however, will receive greater force by terminating each of these members, except the last, with the falling inflection, or disjunctive slide. See Rule xv, p. 31.
(a) When the members of a sentence are connected by the conjunctions, for, therefore, because, that (i. e. in order that), lest, the conjunctive slide is frequently changed for the disjunctive :
Cast thy bread upon the waters; for thou shalt - find it after many days. Eccl. i. 1.
Fear God and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. Eccl. xii. 13.
The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water; therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with. Prov. xvii. 14.
Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour. Eccl. iv. 9.
My son, be wise, and make my heart glad ; that I may answer him that reproacheth me. Eccl. xxvii. 11. .
Remove far from me vanity and lies; give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me; lest I be full and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord ? or lest I be poor, and take the name of my God in vain. Prov. xxx. 8, 9.
RULE V. A question beginning with a verb, ends with the suspensive slide :
1. Is the weather favourable * ?
2. Would you do your homage the most agréeable way? would you render the most accéptable-of-services ? offer unto God thanksgiving.
* A question thus constructed appears to be the first member of an antithetic sentence; 'Is the weather fávourable, (or not)?' and therefore ends with the suspensive slide.
· EXCEPTION 1. When the question is equivalent to an assertion, it ends with the conclusive slide :
1. Is he not rightly named Jacob? Gen. xxvii. 36. i. e. he is rightly named Jacob.
2. Is it not wheat-harvest to-day? 1 Sam. xii. 17.
EXCEPTION 2. When the question is introduced as a quotation, it becomes equivalent to an assertion, and therefore ends with the conclusive slide:
1. They say of me, Doth le not speak pàrables ? Ezekiel xx. 49.
EXCEPTION 3. When the question implies more than is expressed, it ends with the conclusive slide, given with considerable force; i. e. with the STRONG EMPHASIS. See Rule XXII.
1. But in suspending his voice, was the sense suspended likewise ? Did no expression of attitude or countenance fill up the chasm ?–Was the èye-silent? - Did you narrowly look? STERNE.
RULE VI. A question asked by means of an interrogative pronoun or adverb, ends with the conclusive slide :
Which is the lètter?-_Where is the màn* ?
* A question thus constructed, is equivalent to a declarative sentence, “ Tell me, which is the letter ?” and therefore ends with the conclusive slide.
It is however to be observed, that the interrogative words which and where receive the suspensive slide.
· Whó continually keeps this globe in which we dwell, in its òrbit? Whó giveth day and night, summér and winter, seedtime and harvest? Whố produces every plant, and brings forth successively every ànimal? Whó sendeth the early and the latter rdin ? Whó supplies the returning wants of every living being?
EXCEPTION 1. If the question is expressed elliptically by a single pronoun or adverb, it requires the suspensive slide :
1. Whố? Whất ? Hỏw?
2. And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? Gen. xxvii. 32.
EXCEPTION 2. When a question beginning with an interrogative pronoun or adverb, is used as a quotation in the former part of a sentence, it ends with the suspensive slide * :
1. And when thy Son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What mean the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgements, which the Lord our God hath commánded you? then shalt thou say unto thy Son, We were Pharaoh's bondmen in Egypt. Deut. vi. 20.
* A sentence, so constructed, belongs to Rule 111. (b.)
2. If thou shalt say in thy heart, These nations are more than I: how can I disposséss them? Thou shalt not be afraid of them. Deut. vii. 17, 18.
RULE VII. When interrogative sentences are connected by the disjunctive 'or,'expressed or implied, the questions that precede the 'or, end with the suspensive slide, and those which follow it, end with the conclusive slide :
1. Are you toiling for fáme, or labouring to heap up a fòrtune * ?
2. Do the perfections of the Almighty lie dórmant? Does he possess them as if he possessed them nót? Are they not rather in continual exercise ?
3. Does God, after having made his creatures, take no further-care-of-them? Has he left them to blind fate or undirected chánce? Has he forsaken the works of his own hánds? Or does he always graciously preserve, and keep, and guide them?
RULE VIII. Interrogative sentences, joined by the conjunctive ‘or,' expressed or implied, end with the suspensive slide :
Should these credulous infidels, after all, be in the right, and this pretended revelation be all a fable; from believing it, what hårm-could-ensue? Would it render princes more tyrannical, or subjects more un
* Sentences thus constructed, may be considered to be antithetic sentences, and ranged under Rule 111. (e.)