After Collapse: The Regeneration of Complex Societies
From the Euphrates Valley to the southern Peruvian Andes, early complex societies have risen and fallen, but in some cases they have also been reborn. Prior archaeological investigation of these societies has focused primarily on emergence and collapse. This is the first book-length work to examine the question of how and why early complex urban societies have reappeared after periods of decentralization and collapse.
Ranging widely across the Near East, the Aegean, East Asia, Mesoamerica, and the Andes, these cross-cultural studies expand our understanding of social evolution by examining how societies were transformed during the period of radical change now termed Òcollapse.Ó They seek to discover how societal complexity reemerged, how second-generation states formed, and how these re-emergent states resembled or differed from the complex societies that preceded them.
The contributors draw on material culture as well as textual and ethnohistoric data to consider such factors as preexistent institutions, structures, and ideologies that are influential in regeneration; economic and political resilience; the role of social mobility, marginal groups, and peripheries; and ethnic change. In addition to presenting a number of theoretical viewpoints, the contributors also propose reasons why regeneration sometimes does not occur after collapse. A concluding contribution by Norman Yoffee provides a critical exegesis of ÒcollapseÓ and highlights important patterns found in the case histories related to peripheral regions and secondary elites, and to the ideology of statecraft.
After Collapse blazes new research trails in both archaeology and the study of social change, demonstrating that the archaeological record often offers more clues to the Òdark agesÓ that precede regeneration than do text-based studies. It opens up a new window on the past by shifting the focus away from the rise and fall of ancient civilizations to their often more telling fall and rise.
Bennet Bronson, Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase, Christina A. Conlee, Lisa Cooper, Timothy S. Hare, Alan L. Kolata, Marilyn A. Masson, Gordon F. McEwan, Ellen Morris, Ian Morris, Carlos Peraza Lope, Kenny Sims, Miriam T. Stark, Jill A. Weber, Norman Yoffee
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Acropolis administrative agricultural Amorite Ancient Angkor Angkorian archaeological architecture areas Belize burials Cambodia Caracol central century ceramic Cerro Baul chapter Chase Chenla Chichen Itza Chokepukio Classic Maya Classic Maya collapse Classic period collapse and regeneration communities complex societies Conlee contexts cultural Curvers Cuzco dynasty Early Bronze Age Ebla economic Egypt elites equid evidence excavated frame Funan Goldstein groups historical household ideology Inca inscriptions institutions Intermediate Period Khmer Khmer empire Kingdom Kolata Late Classic Maya society Mayapan McEwan Middle Bronze Age Middle Horizon monuments Moquegua Valley Morris mortuary Nasca non-elites northern obsidian organization orthopraxy patterns Peru political populations Postclassic Maya Postclassic period postcollapse pottery production region ritual rulers Schwartz settlements sociopolitical Southeast Asia southern strategies structures suggests symbolic Syria template regeneration temples Terminal Classic Tikal tion Tiwanaku Tiwanaku migrants trade traditional transformation Tumilaca Umm el-Marra upper valley urban Wari empire Yoffee