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CAROL. I. 1 Sam. Aylmer, arm.

Cleydon. Arg. a cross S. betwixt four Cornish choughs proper. 2 Joh. Prescot, mil.

S. a chevron betwixt three owls Arg. 3 Maur. Barrowe, arm.

S. two swords in saltire Arg. hilted betwixt four flowers

de-luce O. within a border compone of the second and

Purpure. 4 Brampt. Gourden, arm. ut prius. 5 Hen. Hookenham, arm. 6 Johan. Acton, arm. 7 Rob. Crane, mil.

Chyston. Arg. a fess betwixt three cross croslets fitchée G. 8 Will. Some, mil.

G. a- chevron betwixt three mallets O. 9 Edw. Bacon, mil. ut prius. 10 Joh. Barker, arm. ut prius. 11 Joh. Rouse, mil.. ut prius. 12 Phil. Parker, mil.

ut prius. 13 Ed. Duke, arm.

Brampton. Az, a chevron betwixt three sterns Arg. membered G. 14 Joh. Clench, arm. 15 Sim. Dewes, mil.

Stow-Hall. O. three quatrefoils G. 16 Will. Spring, arm.

ut prius. 17 Will. Castleton, arm. 18 Maur. Barrowe, arm. ut prius. 19 20 Joh. Cotton, arm. 21 22 Tho. Blosse, arm.


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QUEEN ELIZABETH. 18. John HighAM, Arm.—I find this passage in the ingenious Michael lord Montaigne in France, in his “Essay of Glory:"*

“I have no name which is sufficiently mine. Of two I have the one common to all my race, yea and also to others. There is a family at Paris, and another at Montpelier, called Mon

* Lib. ii. cap. 16.

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taigne; another in Britany, and one in Zantoigne, surnamed De la Montaigne. The removing of one only syllable may so confound our web, as I shall have a share in their glory, and they perhaps a part of my shame. And my ancestors have been heretofore surnamed Heigham, or HIQUEM, a surname which also belongs to a house well known in England.”

Indeed the Highams (so named from a village in this county)* were (for I suspect them extinct), a right ancient family; and Sir Clement Heigham (ancestor to this John our sheriff), who was a potent knight in his generation, lies buried under a fair tomb in Thorning-church in Norfolk.

20. Robert Jermin, Mil.—He was a person of singular piety, a bountiful benefactor to Emanuel College, and a man of great command in this county. He was father to Sir Thomas Jermin (privy councillor and vice-chamberlain to king Charles the First); grandfather to Thomas and Henry Jermin, esquires ; the younger of these, being lord chamberlain to our present queen Mary, and sharing in her majesty's sufferings during her long exile in France, was by king Charles the Second deservedly advanced Baron, and Earl of St. Alban's.

33. Nicholas Bacon, Mil.—He was son to Sir Nicholas and elder brother to Sir Francis Bacon, both lord chancellors of England; and afterward by king James, in the ninth of his reign, on the 22d of May, created the first baronet of England.

36. Thomas Crofts, Arm.--He was a man of remark in his generation; father to Sir John Crofts, grandfather to .... Crofts,t who, for his fidelity to his sovereign during his suffering condition, and for several embassies, worthily performed to the king of Poland and other princes, was created Baron Crofts by king Charles the Second.

CHARLES I. 15. SIMONDS DEWES, Mil.—This Sir Simonds was grandchild unto Adrian Dewes, descended of the ancient stem of Des Ewes, dynasts or lords of the Dition of Kessel in the Duchy of Gelderland; who came first thence, when that province was wasted with civil war, in the beginniifg of king Henry the Eighth.

He was bred in Cambridge, as appeared by his printed speech (made in the Long Parliament), wherein he endeavoured to prove it more ancient than Oxford. His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity; preferring rust before brightness, and more conforming his mind to the garb of the former than mode

• Camden's Britannia (in English) in Suffolk.

† William lord Crofts of Saxham ; so created 18th May, 10 Car I. He was twice married, but left no issue.- Ev.

of the modern times. He was studious in Roman coin, to discriminate true ones from such as were cast and counterfeit. He passed not for price to procure a choice piece; and was no less careful in conserving, than curious in culling, many rare records. He had plenty of precious medals, out of which a methodical architect might contrive a fair fabric for the benefit of posterity. His treasury afforded things as well new as old, on the token that he much admired that the ordinances and orders of the late Long Parliament did in bulk and number exceed all the statutes made since the Conquest. He was loving to learned men, to whom he desired to do all good offices; and died about the


of our Lord 1653.


To conclude our description of Suffolk, I wish that therein grain of all kinds may be had at so reasonable rates, that rich and poor may be contented therewith. But if a famine should happen here, let the poor not distrust Divine Providence, whereof their grandfathers had so admirable a testimony, 15. .; when, in a general dearth all over England, plenty of pease did grow on the sea-shore near Dunwich (never set or sown by human industry) which, being gathered in full ripeness, much abated the high prices in the markets, and preserved many hun- dreds of hungry families from famishing.



John BATTERLEY, divine and antiquary; born at Bury 1647;

died 1708. Sir Robert BEDINGFIELD, lord Mayor of London in 1707; born

at Halesworth. William Blair, surgeon and author; born at Lavenham 1766 ;

died 1822. Edmund Bohun, political and miscellaneous writer ; born at

Ringsfield; living at the end of the 17th century. Robert BLOOMFIELD, author of “The Farmer's Boy." &c. ; born

at Honnington near Bury 1766; died 1823. William Bond, translator of Buchanan, and actor, who died on

the stage while acting in Zara 1735. Peregrine BRANWHITE, ingenious poet and writer; born at

Lavenham 1745; died 1794. William BURKITT, divine, commentator on the New Testa

ment; born at Hitcham 1650; died 1703: Edward CAPELL, commentator on Shakspeare; born at Tros

ton near Bury 1713; died 1781.



George CRABBE, divine and poet, author of “The Village,"

“The Borough," &c.; born at Aldeburgh 1754 ; died 1832. Rev. Sir John Cullum, bart. divine and author of the “His

tory of Hawsted;" born at Bury 1733; died 1785. Arthur Duck, author of a volume of poems called “The

Thresher's Miscellany;" born at Ipswich 1680. John EACHARD, divine and wit; born about 1636; died 1776. Laurence ECHARD, divine and historian; born at Barsham

1671; died 1730. Dr, William ENFIELD, Unitarian divine, compiler of “The Speaker,” and numerous other works; born at Sudbury

1741; died 1797. Henry FALCONBERGE, divine and benefactor; born at Beccles;

died 1713. Giles Firmin, nonconformist divine, physician, and author of

"The Real Christian;" died 1697. Thomas GAINSBOROUGH, landscape and portrait painter; born

at Sudbury 1727; died 1788. Edmund GILLINGWATER, historian of his native town; born

at Lowestoff; died 1813. Thomas HERNE, controversialist; died 1722. Elizabeth INCHBALD, dramatic writer and actress; born at Stan

ningfield 1756; died 1821. Joseph KEBLE, lawyer and author ; born 1632; died 1710. Richard Kidder, learned bishop of Bath and Wells; died 1703. John Kirby, author of the “Suffolk Traveller,” &c.; died

1753. John Joshua KIRBY, F.R.S., A.S., son of the preceding, author of a well-known treatise on Perspective; born at Parham

1716; died 1774. William LAYTON, divine and antiquary ; born at Sproughton

1751; died 1831. Sir Andrew LEAKE, naval commander; born at Lowestoff ;

died 1705. Capel Lofft, barrister, patron of Bloomfield; born at Bury

1751; died 1824. George PRETYMAN, (Tomline), bishop of Winchester ; born

at Bury 1753; died 1827. Clara REEVE, learned lady, author of “ The Old English

Baron,” &c.; born at Ipswich 1723; died 1807. Humphrey REPton, landscape gardener and essayest; born at

Bury 1752; died 1818. William SANCROFT, archbishop of Canterbury, author of various works, sent to the Tower by James II. ; born at

Fressingfield 1616; died 1693. Anthony Sparrow, bishop of Norwich, author ; born at Dep

den; died 1685. Edward Thurlow, lord high chancellor ; born at Ashfield

1732; died 1806.

Thomas Thurlow, bishop of Durham, and brother of the

chancellor ; born at Ashfield; died 1791. Sarah TRIMMER, author of tracts, &c. for the moral and re

ligious instruction of youth ; born at Ipswich 1741; died

1810. Admiral Samuel UVEDALE; born at Barking 1729; died 1809. Dr. Samuel VINCE, professor of astronomy at Cambridge, author

and mathematician; born at Fressingfield; died 1821. William WOTTON, learned divine and author; born at Wren

tham 1666; died 1726. Arthur Young, agriculturist and author; born at Bradfield

hall 1741; died 1820.

The county of Suffolk cannot as yet boast of a regular historian ; though Kirby's "Suffolk Traveller," published in 1735 and 1764, may be considered as the foundation for any future county history. Various publications, however, of a local nature bave appeared at different times, which may greatly contribute to the assistance of the future historian of the county; as the histories of Bury St. Edmund's, by E. Gillingwater (1804), by the Rev. W. Yates (1805), and others; Histories of Hawsted, by the Rev. J. Cullum (1784 and 1813); of Fram. lingham, by R. Hawes and R. Löder (1798); of Lowestoff, by E. Gillingwater (1780); of Hengrave, by J. Gage; and of Elmeswell and Campsey Ash (1790) ; the Lowestoff Guide (1812); and the History of Ipswich (1830).--ED.

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