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head of his party of horse. Yet the king's forces allege demonstration of conquest, that prince Maurice and Sir Ralph Hopton remained at the heads of their troops all night, and next morning found themselves possessed of the field and of the dead, as also of three hundred arms, and nine barrels of powder, the enemy had left behind them.
ROUNDWAY FIGHT. Five days after, prince Maurice with the earl of Carnarvon returning, and the lord Wilmot coming from Oxford, with a gallant supply of select horse, charged the Parliament forces under the conduct of Sir William Waller. With him were the horse of Sir Arthur Haslerigg, so well armed that (if of proof as well within as without) each soldier seemed an impregnable fortification. But these were so smartly charged by the prince, that they fairly forsook the field, leaving their foot (which in English battles bear the heat of the day) to shift for themselves.
In the mean time Sir Ralph Hopton, hurt lately (with the blowing up of powder), lay sick and sore in the town of the Devizes. His men wanted match, whom Sir Ralph directed “ to beat and to boil their bed-cords,” (necessity is the best mother of ingenuity), which so ordered did them good service; when, marching forth into the field, they effectually contributed to the 'total routing and ruining of the Parliament foot which remained.
THE FAREWELL. This county, consisting so much of sheep, must honour the memory of king Edgar, who first freed the land from all wolves therein. For the future, I wish their flock secured, 1. From two-legged wolves, very destructive unto them: 2. From Spanish ewes, whereof one being brought over into England, anno .... brought with it the first general contagion of sheep : 3. From hunger-rot, the effect of an over-dry summer.
I desire also, that seeing these seem to be of the same breed with Laban's * and Jethro's sheep,t which had their solemn times and places of drinking (which in other shires I have not observed), that they may never have any want of wholesome water.
WORTHIES OF WILTSHIRE WHO HAVE FLOURISHED SINCE
THE TIME OF FULLER.
Joseph Addison, statesman, essayist, and poet, “ the great, the
wise, and good;" born at Milston 1672; died 1719. Christopher ANSTEY, author of a humorous poem,
Genesis xxix. 8.
+ Exodus üii, 1.
WORTHIES SINCE THE TIME OF FULLER.
tled “The New Bath Guide;" born at Harden Huish,
1724 ; died 1805. John AUBREY, topographer and antiquary ; born at Easton
Piers about 1626; died 1700. Dr. Thomas BENNET, divine, linguist, and controversialist,
born at Salisbury 1673; died 1728. Sir Richard BLACKMORE, physician and voluminous poet; born
at Corsham; died 1729. Mary CHANDLER, ingenious poetess; born at Malmsbury
1687; died in 1745. Samuel CHANDLER, brother of Mary, dissenting divine and
controversialist; born at Malmsbury 1693; died 1766. Thomas CHUBB, deistical controversialist; born at East Harn
ham near Salisbury 1679; died 1747. John Collinson, divine and historian of the county of Somer
set; born at Bromham; died 1796. Mary Delany, inventor of the paper mosaic" for imitating
flowers by means of tinted papers; born at Coulston 1700;
died 1788. Humphrey Ditton, mathematician and theologian ; born at Sa
lisbury 1675; died 1715. Charles Dryden, son to the poet, author of some Latin poems
and translations; born at Charlton: died 1704. Stephen Duck, originally an agricultural labourer, poet, and
divine; born at Charlton near Marlborough; died 1756. Bryan EDWARDS, merchant, and historian of the West Indies;
born at Westbury 1743; died 1800. John EEDES, divine and author; born at Salisbury 1609 ;
murdered in his house 1667. James Eyre, lord chief justice of Common Pleas; born 1734. Sir Michael Foster, justice of the King's Bench, and author;
born at Marlborough 1689; died 1763. Sir Stephen Fox, statesman and loyalist, the first projector of
Chelsea College; born at Farley 1627 ; died 1716. William Goffe, author of "Londinium Triumphans ;" born at
Earl Stoke; died 1682. Thomas Gore, antiquary, heraldic and political writer; born at
Alderton in 1631, and died there 1684. James Harris, author of “ Hermes, or a philosophical inquiry
concerning Universal Grammar;" born at Salisbury 1709;
died 1780. James Harris, earl of Malmsbury, son of the preceding, di
plomatist; born at Salisbury 1746; died 1820. Dr. William HARRIS, dissenting divine, biographer, and histo
rian; born at Salisbury 1720; died 1770. Walter Harte, divine, historian, and poet; born at Marlbo
rough about 1697; died 1774. Richard HaYTER, theological writer; born at Salisbury 1611; died 1684.
Sir R. C. Hoare, baronet, antiquary, and historian of Wilt
shire; born at Stourhead 1758; died 1838. Thomas Hobbes, political and moral philosopher, writer on
theology and metaphysics ; born at Westport in Malmsbury
1588; died 1679. John Hughes, moralist, and dramatic poet; born at Marlbo
rough 1677; died 1720. Edward Hyde, earl of Clarendon, lord chancellor of England,
historian, born at Dinton 1608; died 1674. George Keate, poet and miscellaneous writer; born at Trow
bridge about 1730; died 1797. George Lavington, bishop of Exeter, of great piety and learn
ing; born at Mildenhall 1683; died 1762. Edmund Ludlow, colonel, independent republican, author of
“Memoirs of his own Times;" born at Maiden Bradley 1620;
died 1693. Narcissus MARSH, archbishop of Armagh in Ireland, benefactor,
author, and scholar; born at Hannington 1638 ; died 1713. Rev. Dr. J. MARSHMAN, oriental scholar; born at Westbury
Leigh 1769; died at Serampore 1838, Dr. Nevil MASKELYNE, astronomer; born at Purton 1732 ;
died 1811. Thomas MERRIOTT, divine and author; born at Steeple Lang
ford; died 1662. . George Montagu, naturalist and author; born at Lackham;
died 1815. John Norris, platonist, mystical divine, and poet; born at
Collingbourne Kingston 1657; died 1711. William Pirt, the patriotic earl of Chatham ; born at Stratford
House, Old Sarum, 1708 ; died 1778. Francis Potter, divine, and excellent mechanic; born at Mere
1594 ; died 1678. Henry SACHEVERELL, notorious political preacher; born at Marl
borough 1672; died 1724. Dr. John Scott, divine, author of “ Christian Life," &c.; born
at Chippenham 1638; died 1694. Samuel SQUIRE, bishop of St. David's, Greek scholar; born at
Warminster 1714 ; died 1766. Nathaniel STEPHENS, learned divine; born at Stanton Bar
nard; died 1677. Thomas TANNER, bishop of St. Asaph, learned antiquary, au
thor of the “Notitia Monastica;" born at Market Lavington
about 1673; died 1735. John Tobin, dramatic author; born at Salisbury 1770; died 1804. Dr. Edward Wells, theologian and scholar; born at Corsham
1663; died 1727. Thomas Willis, physician and author; born at Great Bedwin,
about 1621; died 1675. Philip WITHERS, divine and miscellaneous writer ; born at
Westbury; died 1790.
WORKS RELATIVE TO WILTSHIRE.
Sir Christopher Wren, architect of St. Paul's Cathedral Lon
don, Greenwich Hospital, &c. born at East Knoyle 1632 ; died 1723.
The History of Wiltshire, a county so fertile in antiquities of every period, was early attempted by Mr. Aubrey, a native thereof, who died in 1700 ; but the accomplishment of this important object was reserved for that distinguished patron of topographical literature, Sir Richard Colt Hoare, of Stourhead. In 1812, he produced, in imperial folio, his splendid edition of the Ancient History of South Wiltshire; and subsequently undertook the History of Modern Wilts, which was brought out in separate Hundreds. He commenced with the Hundred of Mere in 1822; which was soon followed by the Hundred of Heytesbury (1824); of Branch and Dole (1825); of Everley, Ambresbury, and Underditch (1826); of Dunworth (1829); of Westbury and Warminster (1830), of Downton and Damerham; of Chalke, &c. The principal topographical Works of a local nature are, Dr. Stukeley's Accounts of Abury and Stonehenge (with various publications on the same subject by different authors); the Rev. E. Ledwich's Antiquitates Sarisburienses (1777); The Beauties of Wiltshire (1801-25), Account of Corsham House (1806), History of Salisbury Cathedral (1814), and Illustrations of Fonthill Abbey (1828), by that indefatigable topographer and antiquary, Mr. J. Britton; J. M. Moffat's History of Malmsbury (1805); Descriptions of Fonthill Abbey, by J. Storer (1812); by J. B. Nichols, and by J. Rutter (1828); the Rev. W. L. Bowles's Histories of Bremhill (1828), and of Lacock Abbey ; Waylen's History of Devizes (1839), &c.- Ed.
WORCESTERSHIRE hath Staffordshire on the north, Warwickshire on the east, Gloucestershire on the south, Hereford and Shrop-shires on the west. It is of a triangular but not equilateral form, in proportion stretching from north to south, twenty-two miles; south to north-west, twenty-eight miles; thence to her north-east point, twenty-eight miles; be this understood of the continued part of this shire, which otherwise hath snips and shreds cut off from the whole cloth, and surrounded with the circumjacent countries, even some in Oxfordshire distanced, by Gloucestershire interposed.
What may be the cause hereof, it were presumption for me to guess, after the conjectures of so many learned men. Some conceive that such who had the command of this county (probably before the Conquest), and had parcels of their own land scattered in the vicinage, desired to unite them to this county, so to make their own authority the more entire.* Or else as a worthy writer will have it (rendering a reason why part of Devonshire straggleth into Cornwall) it was done that there might rest some cause of intercourse betwixt this and the neighbouring counties ;” adding moreover, “that a late great man ensued and expressed the like consideration, in the division of his lands betwixt two of his sons.”+ All I will say is this, that God, in the partage of Palestine (reader, if you forget I must remember my own profession) betwixt the twelve tribes, on the same account (as the learned conceive) made some tribes to have in-lots within another; “and Manasseh had, in Issachar and in Asher, Bethshean and her towns, and Ibleam and her towns, &c." I
This county hath a child's portion (and that, I assure you, a large one) in all English, and especially in these
LAMPREYS. In Latin Lampetræ, à lambendo petras, (from licking the rocks,) are plentiful in this and the neighbouring counties in the
• Camden's Britannia, in Worcestershire.