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fair fabric, but what he fully paid for, so that he may be owned the sole founder thereof. But all his charity could not secure him from sequestration in our troublesome times. All I will add is this, as he hath "built a house for God," may God (in Scripture phrase *) "build a house for him!" I mean, make him fruitful and fortunate in his posterity.


PAULINUS DE LEEDS, born in this county, where there be three towns of that name in one wapentake. It is uncertain in which of these he was born, and the matter is of no great concernment. One so free from simony, and far from buying a bishopric, that, when a bishopric bought him, he refused to accept it: for, when king Henry the Second chose him bishop of Carlisle, and promised to increase the revenue of that church with three hundred marks yearly rent, besides the grant of two church livings and two manors near to Carlisle, on the condition that this Paulinus would accept the place, all this would not work him to embrace so wealthy an offer.† The reasons of his refusal are rendered by no author; but must be presumed very weighty, to overpoise such rich proffers; on which account let none envy his name a room in this my catalogue. He flourished about the year of our Lord 1186.

WILLIAM DE LA POLE, born at Ravensrode in this county, was, for wealth and skill in merchandize, inferior to none in England. He made his abode at Kingston-upon-Hull, and was the first mayor of that town. When king Edward the Third was at Antwerp, and much necessitated for money (no shame for a prince always in war to be sometimes in want) this William lent him many thousand pounds of gold; in recompence whereof the king made him his valect (equivalent to what afterward was called gentleman of the bedchamber) and lord chief baron of his Exchequer,§ with many other honours; amongst which this was one, that he should be reputed a banneret, not that he was really made one, seeing the flourishing of a banner over his head, in the field, before or after a fight, was a ceremony essential thereunto: but he had the same precedency conferred upon him. I find not the exact date of his death, but conjecture it to be about the year 1350.


1. William Eastfield, son of William Eastfield, of Tickell, Mercer, 1429.

2. John Ward, son of Richard Ward, of Howdon, Grocer,


*Exod. i. 21.

† Godwin, in his Catalogue of Bishops, out of R. Hovenden Camden's Britannia, in Yorkshire. Sed quære, because he appears not in Sir Henry Spelman's Catalogue.-F.

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3. William White, son of William White, of Tickhill, Draper,


4. John Rudstone, son of Robert Rudstone, of Hatton, Draper, 1528.

5. Ralph Dodmer, son of Henry Dodmer, of Pickering-leigh, Mercer, 1529.

6. William Roch, son of John Roch, of Wixley, Draper, 1540. 7. Richard Dobbes, son of Robert Dobbes, of Baitby, Skinner, 1551.

8. William Hewet, son of Edmund Hewet, of Wales, Clothworker, 1559.

9. John Hart, son of Ralph Hart, of Sproston-Court, Grocer, 1589.

10. Richard Saltonstall, son of Gilbert Saltonstall, of Halifax, Skinner, 1597.

11. William Cravon, son of William Cravon, of Appletreewick, Merchant Tailor, 1610.



John archbishop of York, and Richard earl of Salisbury;-Edmund Darel, knight, and Robert Hopton, knight, (knights for the shire) ;-Commissioners.

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Here is a very slender return of gentry, hardly worth inserting, and bearing no proportion to the extent and populousness of the province.* The reader may remember, how the main design driven on in this inquiry was (whatever was pretended to detect such as favoured the title of the house of York. Now the gentry of this county were generally addicted to that party, which made them so remiss in this matter, slightly slubbering it over, doing something for shew, and nothing to purpose. And this being the last catalogue which occurreth in this kind, we will here take


The worst I wish our English gentry is, that, by God's blessing on their thrift, they may seasonably out-grow the sad impressions which our civil wars have left in their estates, in some to the shaking of their contentment. I could wish also that, for the future, they would be more careful in the education of their children, to bring them up in learning and religion; for I suspect that the observation of foreigners hath some smart truth therein, "that Englishmen, by making their children gentlemen before they are men, cause that they are so seldom wisemen."

Indeed learning (whatever is fondly fancied to the contrary) is no more a burden to the bearer thereof, than it is cumbersome for one to carry his head on his own shoulders. And seeing gentry alone is no patrimony, which (as the plain proverb saith) "sent to market will not buy a bushel of wheat," it is good even for those of the best birth to acquire some liberal

* See the Worthies General of England, cap. 14.

quality, which, in case of casualty, may serve them for a safe second, and besteed them toward the attaining of a livelihood. I could name the Scotch nobleman, who, having lost his land and honour, through the default of his father, in the reign of king James, maintained himself completely by the practice of physic and chemistry, much, in my mind, to his commendation. And it is reported to the praise of the Scotch nobility, that anciently they all were very dexterous at surgery; and particularly it is recorded of James the Fourth king of Scotland, “quòd vulnera scientissimè tractavit,”* (that he was most skilful in handling of wounds.) It is good also for those of great descent to acquaint themselves with labour, not knowing what evil may be on the earth; and the Romans (all know) did choose their wise men, not by their white but hard hands, whence the name of Callidi took its denomination.

But, above all, religion is the greatest ornament, without which all emblems of ancestry are but putamina nobilitatis, the husks and empty shell of nobility. Yea, when a fair coat of arms belong to one of foul manners, it is so far from being a credit unto him, that such arms give the lie to the bearer thereof, as tacitly upbraiding him for being unworthy of his own extraction.

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