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21st. The duke of Ormond has told the queen, “ he is satisfied Sterne should be bishop, and she con“ sents I shall be dean; and I suppose warrants will “ be drawn in a day or two. I dined at an ale“ house with Parnell and Berkeley ; for I am not in “a humour to go among the ministers, though “ lord Dartmouth invited me to dine with him to “ day, and lord treasurer was to be there. I said I “ would, if I were out of suspense.

“ 22d. The queen says, the warrants shall be “ drawn, but she will dispose of all in England anıl “ Ireland at once, to be teased no more. This will

delay it some time, and while it is delayed, I am not sure of the queen, my enemies being busy. I hate

" this suspense.

u in.

“ 23d. I dined yesterday with general Hamilton : “ I forgot to tell you. I write short Journals now. “ I have eggs on the spit. This night the queen has 66

signed all the warrants, among which, Sterne is bi“ shop of Dromore ; (and the duke of Ormond is to “ send over an order for making me dean of Șt. Pa“ trick's. I have no doubt of him at all, I think “ tis now past. But you see what a condition I am

I thought I was to pay but six hundred “pounds for the house, but the bishop of Clogher says eight hundred pounds; first fruits, about one hundred and fifty pounds Irish; and so with a patent, &c. a thousand pounds in all; so that “I shall not be the better for the deanery these " three years. I hope, in some time, they will be

persuaded here to give me some money to pay " off these debts. I must finish the book I am “ writing, before I can go over ; and they expect I “shall pass next winter here, and then I will drive


" them

“ them to give me a sum of money. However, I “ hope to pass four or five months with you. I “ received your's to night; just ten weeks since I “ had your last. I shall write next post to bishop “ Sterne. Never man had so many enemies of Ire“ land as he. I carried it with the strongest hand

possible. If he does not use me well, and gently, in “ what dealings I shall have with him, he will be the “ most ungrateful of mankind. The archbishop of York, my mortal enemy, has sent, by a third hand, " that he would be glad to see me.

Shall I see him or not? I hope to be over in a month. I shall an“swer your rattle soon ; but no more Journals. I “ shall be very busy. Short letters from hence- , “ forward. I shall not part with Laracor; that is “all I have to live on, except the deanery be worth “ more than four hundred pounds a year *. Is it? “ Pray write me a good humour'd letter immedi

ately, let it be ever so short. This affair was “ carried with great difficulty, which vexes me. But “ they say here, it is much to my reputation, that I have made a bishop, in spite of all the world, and

the best deanery in Ireland . “ 26th. I was at court to day, and a thousand people gave me joy; so I ran out. I dined with *lady Orkney. Yesterday I dined with lord trea

surer, and his Saturday people, as usual ; and was “ so be-dean'd, &c. The archbishop of York says he will never more speak against me.

From an examination of this extract, we shall clearly see, that the great obstacle to Swift's preferment, was the prejudice conceived against him by

* This deanery was worth more than seven hundred.
+ The most considerable in point of rank, but not income.


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the queen, and not any neglect or want of friendship in the ministry. He seems to have been himself of this opinion, where he says, upon finding that none of the deaneries were given to him, “I “ bid Mr. Lewis tell my lord treasurer, that I take

nothing ill of him, but his not giving me timely notice, as he promised to do, if he found the queen would do nothing for me.

And afterward, in the progress of this affair, he expresses his suspicion more strongly in that point, where he says,

“ This will delay it some time, and « while it is delayed, I am not sure of the queen, my enemies being busy. I hate this suspense.” It is evident also, that the lord treasurer, upon hearing Swift's declaration to Mr. Lewis, was greatly alarmed, and began to bestir himself with all his might. The warrants for the deans were immediately stopped, to prevent Swift's departing, as he threatened he would. And though the affair was not carried on with that dispatch, which Swift's impatience required, yet it is evident, the treasurer was exerting his utmost endeavours to accomplish the point for him in his own way. He was by no means satisfied that his friend should be sent to Ireland, and was there fore using all his influence to get him a canonry of Windsor, which he knew also would be much more agreeable to him. The affair of the deanery was easily settled, as we see from the fol. lowing passage in the Journal : “ Mr. Lewis tells “ must be a prebendary of Windsor. Thus he pers “ plexes things,” &c. In the whole progress of this affair, Swift speaks peevishly of the lord treasurer, and, with all the captiousness of a jealous lover, who will not come to an explanation. The treasurer was really exerting all his endeavours to serve his friend, in the way which he knew would be most agreeable to him ; though, according to his usual reserve, he did not care to inform him of the difficulties in his way. And Swift, who was too proud to inquire into this, suspected him either of want of zeal, or indulging his usual procrastination, which is obvious, from all the expressions relative to him in the above quotations. But the truth of the whole matter appears to be this: The queen was willing enough that Swift should have a moderate provision made for hiin in Ireland, in order to send him into banishment, in a decent, though not very honourable manner. And the minister, on the other hand, wanted to keep him with him at all events. We find, with regard to the Windsor promotion, the queen

me, that the duke of Ormond has been to day " with the queen, and she was content that Dr. “Sterne should be bishop of Dromore, and I, dean " of St. Patrick's; but then out came lord treasurer, " and said, he would not be satisfied, but that I


continued inflexible, not only against the solicitations of the treasurer, but of lady Masham, who was her nearest favourite, after the duchess of Somerset. How zealous that lady was in his cause, may be seen in a passage of the above quotation, where, speaking of her, he says, “ She said much “ to me of what she had talked to the queen, and “ lord treasurer. The poor lady fell a shedding of tears openly. She could not bear to think of my having St. Patrick's," &c.

We find afterward, when the lord treasurer saw that the queen was obstinate with regard to this point, there was another bar thrown in the way of


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Swift's promotion in Ireland, probably contrived between him and the duke of Ormond; which was, that the duke should demur against Sterne's being inade a bishop; nor can this change in the duke of Ormond, when he had before consented to Sterne's promotion, be rationally accounted for in any other way. This probably was the treasurer's last effort, to oblige the queen to do something for Swift in England; but when Swift himself continued resolute in the other point, probably on a suspicion, that the queen could not be wrought upon to prefer him in England, and urged the duke of Ormond to the accomplishment of it, and upon his demurring, expressed himself resentfully; the duke, who loved Swift sincerely, could stand it no longer, but as Swift mentions in the Journal, “ with great kind

ness, he said he would consent, but would do it “ for no man else but me," Gc.

But there is one circumstance in this transaction, that seems very unaccountable ; which is, that Swift was not immediately made bishop of Clogher, instead of dean of St. Patrick's. We do not find, that Dr. Sterne had one friend in the world to recommend him, but Swift himself. On the contrary, we see he was obnoxious to the ministry, but particularly so to the duke of Ormond, then lord lieutenant of Ireland, who was chiefly to be consulted in the disposal of preferments there. When it comes to the push, the only objection the duke offers to Swift's getting St. Patrick's, is his dislike of Sterne, and the reluctance he shows at his being promoted to a bishoprick. Now, was not this difficulty easily smoothed away, by making Swift at once bishop of Clogher? And would not the mi

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